著者
半田 徹 加藤 浩人 長谷川 伸 岡田 純一 加藤 清忠
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.1, pp.43-54, 2009-06-30 (Released:2009-11-05)
参考文献数
27

The purpose of this study was to examine muscle activities during seven traditional different free dynamic exercises designed to strengthen the abdominal muscles. Eleven adult men with experience in weight training were asked to perform three repetitions of LSU, BSU, TSU, TC, RSU, LR and SLR. Activities of the upper rectus abdominis (URA), lower rectus abdominis (LRA), external abdominal oblique (EAO), and rectus femoris (RF) during the hip flexion and hip extension phases of each exercise were examined by electromyography (EMG) and analyzed using root mean square (RMS) values. The following results were obtained: (1) The mean RMS values for the URA were larger during the RSU and SLR than during the other five exercises. The value for the same muscle was larger during the TC exercise than during the LSU, BSU, TSU, and LR exercises. The mean RMS value for the LRA was largest during the RSU exercise, while that during the SLR exercise was larger than those during the LSU, BSU, TSU, TC, and LR exercises. (2) The mean RMS value for the EAO was largest during the SLR exercise, while that during the RSU exercise was second-largest and that during the TSU exercise was third-largest. The mean RMS values for the RF were larger during the RSU and SLR than during the other five exercises. The smallest value for this muscle was recorded during the TC exercise. (3) In most of the exercises, RMS in the hip flexion phase was larger than in the hip extension phase, and each muscle exhibited a knee flexion phase/knee extension phase ratio of between 0.5 and 0.8. However, the ratio for EAO and RF exceeded this range. (4) The muscle activity for the RF muscle in the RSU and SLR exercises was large, implying excessive stress for the lumbar vertebrae. Nevertheless, these exercises induced active muscle activity, and appeared desirable to perform with sufficient attention to safety.These results suggest that RSU and SLR exercises are the most effective movements for stimulating the URA, LRA and EAO. Moreover, TC is an effective movement for training the URA, and TSU is an effective movement for training.
著者
長谷川 伸三
出版者
小樽商科大学
雑誌
商学討究 (ISSN:04748638)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.2/3, pp.83-109, 1982-12-28
著者
長谷川 伸三
出版者
大阪樟蔭女子大学
雑誌
大阪樟蔭女子大学学芸学部論集 (ISSN:18807887)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, pp.51-70, 2006-03-08

京都豊年踊りとは、天保10年(1839)3、4月京都市中におこった熱狂的な踊り現象をさす。本稿では、この豊年踊りの絵画資料を概括し、その伝播過程や絵画の共通性や特異性を検討する。まず木版刷りの史料を検討した。京都で発行された一枚刷り「豊熟都大踊」「みやこおどり 鈴なるこの神徳」(大阪府立中之島図書館)や木版本『町々吉兆都繁栄』(早稲田大学附属図書館)は、この踊りの情報を各地へ伝える役割をはたした。たとえば後者は、『天保雑記』(国立公文書館内閣文庫)や『藤岡屋日記』(東京都公文書館)にそのまま書写されている。次に図巻・屏風の資料を検討した。図巻としては、「蝶々踊図巻」(大阪歴史博物館)と「天保十年豊年踊図巻」(チェスター・ビーティ・ライブラリー、アイルランド共和国ダブリン市)が双璧をなす。また「天保踊図屏風」(京都市歴史資料館)について、写真をかかげ、関連史料と合わせて紹介した。最後に冊子のさし絵を検討した。なかでも「天保視聴記事」(愛知県西尾市立図書館岩瀬文庫)のさし絵は図巻に匹敵し、『天保踊之記』(愛知県大洲市立図書館矢野玄道文庫)は、踊りに使われた衣装や提灯・手燭を図入りで説明している。これらの資料は、文字資料(文書・記録)とあわせて、豊年踊りの実状を詳細に明らかにするであろう。

4 0 0 0 OA 佐幕派史談

著者
長谷川伸 著
出版者
大道書房
巻号頁・発行日
1942
著者
中薗 健一 高野 尊行 根本 真人 長谷川 伸之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本臨床救急医学会
雑誌
日本臨床救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:13450581)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.6, pp.761-765, 2014-12-31 (Released:2015-01-24)
参考文献数
18

集中治療室(ICU)では,時間経過とともに刻々と変化する病態に合わせた薬物治療計画が必要である。そのため,薬剤師による迅速な薬学的介入は重要であると考えられる。今回,ICU専従薬剤師による全身管理への薬学的関与の影響について検討した。方法:那須赤十字病院ICUへ入室した患者を対象とした。2010年1月から12月の270名を専従前群,2013年1月の49名を専従後群とした。薬剤管理指導記録から薬学的介入の内容,薬物治療変更の有無について比較検討した。結果:薬剤管理指導実施率は専従前64.1%から,専従後91.8%へ有意に増加した。薬学的介入による薬物治療変更は,専従前51.3%,専従後73.2%へ有意な増加を認めた。考察:ICUへの薬剤師専従化により,薬学的介入件数,薬物治療変更率はともに増加した。これより,患者の病態変化に合わせた迅速な薬学的介入を行うことができた。
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.23-28, 2014-09-30

The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activation levels of the hip muscles duringpitching motion as ball speed was increased. Six college baseball pitchers were participated in thisstudy. Surface electromyography data were recorded in pivot leg from 6 muscles : adductor longus(AL), gracilis (GR), adductor magnus (AM), rectus femoris (RF) , biceps femoris (BF) and gluteus medius(GM). The pitching motion was divided into 5 distinct phases: wind-up, early cocking, late cocking,acceleration, follow-through. The results demonstrated that high level muscle activity (greater than 40%maximal voluntary contraction) was found in GM during early cocking phase, and in AL, GR, AM andBF during late cocking phase, and in AL, GR and BF during acceleration phase. Then, the activity levelof the hip muscles in the slow ball pitching and fast ball pitching was compared. Significantly highermuscle activity was showed in fast ball pitching in AL, GM, and BF during early cocking phase, in BFand AL during late cocking phase, and in AL, GM, and RF during acceleration phase. The findings fromthis study indicate that high muscle activity have been shown in the abductor of the hip joint duringearly cocking phase that produce translational movement, and high muscle activity have been shown inthe adductor and extensor of the hip joint during late cocking phase and acceleration phase that producerotational movement.
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.49-56, 2018-09-28

The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the muscle morphology of limbsand trunk in baseball pitchers with high ball speed. The high ball speed group (average ball speed isover 140 km/h : n=7) and the low ball speed group (average ball speed less than 130 km/h : n=9) werecompared for muscle mass and muscle thickness. Muscle thickness was measured bilaterally with B-modeultrasonography. In the lean body mass and muscle mass (whole body, upper limbs, lower limbs andtrunk), the high ball speed group showed a significantly higher value than the low ball speed group. Incomparing the muscle thickness of muscle groups, the high ball speed group showed significantly greatermuscle thickness at 5 sites (forearm, lumbar superficial, buttocks, back of thigh, posterior lower leg) onthe throwing side than the low ball speed group. On the other hand, the high ball speed group showedsignificantly greater muscle thickness at 6 sites (anterior abdomen, lateral abdomen, lumbar superficial,buttocks, back of thigh, posterior lower leg) on the nonthrowing side than the low ball speed group.In the comparison of the muscle thickness of individual muscles, the high ball speed group showedsignificantly greater muscle thickness in 3 muscles (spinal erector, gluteus maximus, gastrocnemius) onthe throwing side than the low ball speed group. Also, the high ball speed group showed significantlygreater muscle thickness in 7 muscles (pectoralis minor, rectus abdominis, abdominal internal oblique,transversus abdominal, erector spinae, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris) on the non-throwing sidethan the low ball speed group. These results indicate that baseball pitchers with high ball speed have agreater muscle thickness in trunk rotators and leg extensors.
著者
半田 徹 加藤 浩人 長谷川 伸 岡田 純一 加藤 清忠
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.0907160099, (Released:2009-07-20)
参考文献数
27

The purpose of this study was to examine muscle activities during seven traditional different free dynamic exercises designed to strengthen the abdominal muscles. Eleven adult men with experience in weight training were asked to perform three repetitions of LSU, BSU, TSU, TC, RSU, LR and SLR. Activities of the upper rectus abdominis (URA), lower rectus abdominis (LRA), external abdominal oblique (EAO), and rectus femoris (RF) during the hip flexion and hip extension phases of each exercise were examined by electromyography (EMG) and analyzed using root mean square (RMS) values. The following results were obtained: (1) The mean RMS values for the URA were larger during the RSU and SLR than during the other five exercises. The value for the same muscle was larger during the TC exercise than during the LSU, BSU, TSU, and LR exercises. The mean RMS value for the LRA was largest during the RSU exercise, while that during the SLR exercise was larger than those during the LSU, BSU, TSU, TC, and LR exercises. (2) The mean RMS value for the EAO was largest during the SLR exercise, while that during the RSU exercise was second-largest and that during the TSU exercise was third-largest. The mean RMS values for the RF were larger during the RSU and SLR than during the other five exercises. The smallest value for this muscle was recorded during the TC exercise. (3) In most of the exercises, RMS in the hip flexion phase was larger than in the hip extension phase, and each muscle exhibited a knee flexion phase/knee extension phase ratio of between 0.5 and 0.8. However, the ratio for EAO and RF exceeded this range. (4) The muscle activity for the RF muscle in the RSU and SLR exercises was large, implying excessive stress for the lumbar vertebrae. Nevertheless, these exercises induced active muscle activity, and appeared desirable to perform with sufficient attention to safety.These results suggest that RSU and SLR exercises are the most effective movements for stimulating the URA, LRA and EAO. Moreover, TC is an effective movement for training the URA, and TSU is an effective movement for training.
著者
半田 徹 加藤 浩人 長谷川 伸 岡田 純一 加藤 清忠
出版者
一般社団法人日本体力医学会
雑誌
体力科学 (ISSN:0039906X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.2, pp.159-168, 2005 (Released:2006-12-01)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
3 7

To compare the effectiveness of five different muscle training movements on the biceps brachii, latissimus dorsi and trapezius muscles, eight weight-trained men (age, 20.4±0.5 years) were asked to perform three repetitions, at 70% one repetition maximum, of upright rowing (UR) and bent-over rowing (BR) exercises using a barbell ; and seated rowing (SR), front lat pull-down (LPf) and back lat pull-down (LPb) exercises using a Universal Machine. The activities of the biceps brachii, latissimus dorsi, and trapezius during the elbow flexsion and elbow extension phases of each exercise were analyzed using integrated electromyography (EMG) and normalized I-EMG. The results were as follows :1. The mean nrmsEMG values for the biceps brachii were larger during UR and LPf exercises than during BR, SR, and LPb exercises, suggesting that UR and LPf are more effective than the other movements for training the biceps brachii. The mean nrmsEMG values for the latissimus dorsi were larger during SR, LPf, and LPb exercises, followed by BR and UR exercises (in descending order), suggesting that SR, LPf, and LPb exercises are more effective than the other movements for training the latissimus dorsi.2. The mean nrmsEMG values for the upper trapezius were larger during UR and BR exercises than during SR, LPf, and LPb exercises, suggesting that UR and BR exercises are more effective than the other movements for training the upper trapezius. The mean nrmsEMG values for the middle trapezius were larger during BR and SR exercises than during UR, LPf, and LPb exercises, suggesting that BR and SR exercises are more effective than the other movements for training the middle trapezius. The mean nrmsEMG values for the lower trapezius were larger during BR exercise than during other movements, suggesting that BR exercise is more effective than the other movements for training the lower trapezius.3. In all the exercises, each muscle showed a higher nrmsEMG value during the elbow flexsion phase than during the elbow extension phase. This observation suggests that the training method examined in this study should emphasize the elbow flexsion movement.The present results suggest that UR exercise is the most effective movement for training the biceps brachii and upper trapezius, BR is most effective for training the upper trapezius, middle trapezius and lower trapezius, SR is most effective for training the latissimus dorsi and middle trapezius, LPf is most effective for training the biceps brachii and latissimus dorsi, and LPb is most effective for training the latissimus dorsi.
著者
長谷川 伸 岡田 純一 加藤 清忠
出版者
一般社団法人日本体力医学会
雑誌
体力科学 (ISSN:0039906X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.131-140, 2008-02-01 (Released:2008-08-06)
参考文献数
23

The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in the muscle volume (MV) of the iliopsoas, psoas major, and iliacus muscles, normalized by fat free mass (FFM), in the elderly. The subjects were 15 males and 15 females 65 years of age or over. Serial transverse 1.5T magnetic images (10 mm slice) of each subject were taken between the 12th thoracic vertebrae and the lesser trochanter. FFM was measured with a bioelectrical impedance analyzer. The mean MV of each muscle on the right and left sides were calculated and used for regression analysis of the relationship between MV and FFM.A significant correlation was observed between MV and FFM of the iliacus in both sexes (p<0.01), but not between the MV and FFM of the psoas major. MV normalized by FFM and cross-sectional area (CSA) normalized by FFM2/3 showed significantly greater values for the psoas major in the males than in the females (p<0.001), but there was no sex difference in the MV or CSA normalized by FFM of the iliacus.These results suggest that elderly males tend to have a greater muscle volume and cross-sectional area of the iliopsoas than elderly females, and that these sex differences are attributable to differences in the psoas major.
著者
長谷川 伸 小野 高志
出版者
一般社団法人日本体力医学会
雑誌
体力科学 (ISSN:0039906X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.227-235, 2012 (Released:2012-04-28)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
2 1

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether the baseball pitchers have asymmetric characteristics of muscle thickness (MT) in upper extremities, trunk, and lower extremities because of repetitive pitching. The secondary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between MT and ball speed. Twenty-six college baseball pitchers participated in this study. Twenty-six sites were selected to quantify the asymmetric characteristics of MT. The MT was measured by a B-mode ultrasound. The ball speed, measured by a radar gun, was used to quantify the pitching performance. The MT of forearm, subscapula, and chest in dominant side (pitching side) were significantly greater than those in nondominant side, and the MT of abdomen, lateral abdomen, and anterior thigh in nondominant side were significantly greater than those in dominant side. On the other hand, the MT of forearm in both sides and the MT of lateral abdomen in dominant side were significantly and positively correlated with ball speed. These results suggest that asymmetric muscle thickness in upper extremity, trunk, and lower extremity in baseball pitchers resulted from repetitive pitching, and the MT of forearm and lateral abdomen are related to the ball speed.
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.23-28, 2014

The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activation levels of the hip muscles duringpitching motion as ball speed was increased. Six college baseball pitchers were participated in thisstudy. Surface electromyography data were recorded in pivot leg from 6 muscles : adductor longus(AL), gracilis (GR), adductor magnus (AM), rectus femoris (RF) , biceps femoris (BF) and gluteus medius(GM). The pitching motion was divided into 5 distinct phases: wind-up, early cocking, late cocking,acceleration, follow-through. The results demonstrated that high level muscle activity (greater than 40%maximal voluntary contraction) was found in GM during early cocking phase, and in AL, GR, AM andBF during late cocking phase, and in AL, GR and BF during acceleration phase. Then, the activity levelof the hip muscles in the slow ball pitching and fast ball pitching was compared. Significantly highermuscle activity was showed in fast ball pitching in AL, GM, and BF during early cocking phase, in BFand AL during late cocking phase, and in AL, GM, and RF during acceleration phase. The findings fromthis study indicate that high muscle activity have been shown in the abductor of the hip joint duringearly cocking phase that produce translational movement, and high muscle activity have been shown inthe adductor and extensor of the hip joint during late cocking phase and acceleration phase that producerotational movement.