著者
丸茂 喜高 清水 勇介 竹内 亮佑 綱島 均 小島 崇
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.817, pp.TL0280-TL0280, 2014 (Released:2014-09-25)
参考文献数
9

This study proposes a driving assistance system to inform the notch operation timing for train drivers. The assistance system indicates visually the notch-off position where the driver releases the accelerator. The notch-off position is calculated by the present vehicle acceleration, velocity and position by assuming the constant acceleration. The assistance system also indicates the brake onset and the predicted stopping positions. Two experiments are conducted by using the train-driving simulator. One experiment examines the effects of the notch-off and brake onset timing on the vehicle velocity and the running time. The assistance system makes it possible to adjust the vehicle velocity and the running time. The other experiment examines the three running patterns by combination of the notch-off and the brake onset positions. With the time recovering pattern, which is combination of the higher notch-off velocity and the later brake onset timing, the assistance system realizes the shorter running time in comparison with the standard running pattern. With the energy saving pattern, which is combination of the lower notch-off velocity and the later brake onset timing, the assistance system prevents the time delay by the later brake timing even if the velocity is lower than the standard running pattern.
著者
近藤 千尋 佐野 広季 一宮 暢希 山根 浩二 河﨑 澄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.874, pp.18-00340, 2019 (Released:2019-06-25)
参考文献数
9

This paper describes how to produce a biodiesel fuel (BDF) from the waste soup of ramen noodles, especially focusing on the recovery process of the oil (triglycerides) from a large amount of waste soup or the oily wastewater disposed of by pouring it down the sink by a ramen restaurant. By combining a semi-transparent bucket (~6 L) with a cock and solvent extraction, it is shown that oil can be recovered easily from 300 or more bowls of ramen noodle waste soup, with an energy profit ratio (EPR) of more than 5.2. The initial cost of the bucket is about 1600 yen, so it has little effect on the price of the BDF produced from the oil in the ramen noodle waste soup, and it is shown that the increase in running cost to produce BDF by this method is about 2.3 yen/L if the rate of recovery of hexane (solvent) is over 99%, which is approximately equivalent to the production cost of waste-cooking-oil BDF production by previously reported methods. Furthermore, in the case of applying the proposed method based on the solvent extraction to the recovery of oil from the oily wastewater disposed of by a ramen noodle restaurant, it is shown that oil can be recovered from the waste soup of ramen noodles just after disposal as well as from the oily wastewater that spent one day in the grease trap. In the former case, EPR is 5.0, and the estimated amount of BDF is greater than 100 L/month for one restaurant. However, in the case of using the oily wastewater from the grease trap, EPR is less than 2.0 because of the reduction of yield of BDF due to a greater oxidation deterioration of the recovered oil, when the alkyl catalyst method is used. Therefore, it is desirable to recover oil from the oily wastewater at the drain pipe just after the sink.
著者
三浦 智 鈴木 智裕 小林 洋 藤江 正克
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.850, pp.16-00414, 2017 (Released:2017-06-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 1

Hemiplegic patients often have reduced typing speed due to finger paralysis. Our motivation is to develop a keyboard that enables their typing speed to increase. For this purpose, we have developed a three-dimensional keyboard that reduces the distance that fingers move while typing. In this paper, our objective was to construct the finger model that combines the motion speed and muscle fatigue for design of keyboard that can be typed with fast motion speed and low muscle fatigue. In experiment, we measured the finger position using a magnetic 3D motion device and EMG when the participant pressed the proposed key. The experiment was carried out in a variety of the finger postures. We qualified the motion speed and muscle fatigue at each joint angle. Then, we weighted and combined two of the objective functions. We found out the Pareto solution and get an effective keyboard design straight. In the future, we verify the typing speed and finger muscle fatigue during typing the three-dimensional keyboard that is designed based on our finger model.
著者
品川 晃徳 野澤 久幸 内山 裕太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.854, pp.17-00086-17-00086, 2017 (Released:2017-10-25)
参考文献数
4

It is thought that the first step to understanding vehicle movement is to measure and analyze that movement in order to confirm that it falls within the range of the laws of physics. In the case of a four-wheeled vehicle, in general, the friction limit is defined within the circle of longitudinal acceleration and lateral acceleration through the use of a G-G diagram. Then measurements are taken to confirm that the driving state is within that range. Two-wheeled off-road vehicles are mainly ridden on slippery dirt roads that include steep slopes and rough, uneven surfaces. An analysis method for the driving state and the vehicle movement limits that would be suitable for analyzing the movement of such two-wheeled off-road vehicles under these conditions was examined. These movement limits were then formulated by taking into consideration the coefficient of friction and the road surface gradient in accordance with the basic laws of physics and also by focusing on the vehicle movement in the longitudinal direction. Measurements were also taken during actual off-road riding by top-class Japanese off-road motorcycle riders. It was confirmed that this measurement data was distributed within the range of the assumed vehicle movement limits. Consequently, it was confirmed that it is possible to use such measurements to accurately grasp the vehicle movement limits and the associated driving state for two-wheeled off-road vehicles.
著者
米岡 裕矢 宮田 なつき 前田 雄介
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-00055, (Released:2018-06-08)
参考文献数
16

In this study, we measured and analyzed the degree of posture discomfort with respect to the coordinated range of motion (ROM) of the thumb. For ergonomic assessment of a product CAD model using a digital hand model, such joint properties are necessary to be clarified when estimating possible natural postures to use the product. We concentrated on the thumb, which plays an important part to form various grasps by opposition. To model range of motion considering coordination among joint variables, each subject's hand during a given set of exercises was captured by an optical mocap system. A posture of the carpometacarpal (CM) joint of the thumb was expressed with spherical coordinates to integrate different subjects' ROM easily. The result was shown some characteristics of the thumb such as coordination among joint variables or collision between thumb and other parts of the hand. The posture discomfort data was collected through the experiments for four adults with healthy hand. To control variety of the postures, each subject was asked to reproduce about 45 displayed postures and to answer whether the subject felt discomfort or not in terms of keeping that posture for 10 seconds. The discomfort experiment results were combined into a discomfort possibility map with respect to joint postures. This map can assist product design, for example considering interface layout.
著者
近藤 千尋 佐野 広季 山根 浩二 小坂田 潔 河崎 澄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.847, pp.16-00375, 2017 (Released:2017-03-25)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1

This paper describes how to produce a biodiesel from the oil in the waste soup of ramen noodles, and especially clarifies an amount of oil in waste soup, the energy profit ratio (EPR) of the production of biodiesel from the oil in waste soup of ramen noodles and the engine performance of the biodiesel from waste soup of ramen noodles. As a result, from the waste pig bone (ton-kotsu) soup the recovered tri-glyceride was about 11g per a soup. The biodiesel produced from the oil in the waste soup of ramen noodles by using ordinary alkyl catalyst method has low cold flow properties, due to the high content of the saturated fatty acid methyl ester such as C16:0, C18:0 and so on. And it is estimated that the amount of BDF from a ramen noodle restaurant is about 2.4L if the customers are around 300 per day, and this means that the 9.9 kW co-generation system is able to be operated for an hour per day. About energy profit ratio analysis, if the oil separation process is improved, EPR from the waste soup to biodiesel will become higher than 5.0. Furthermore, engine test is performed by using BDF from the waste soup of ramen noodles as B5. As a result, it is shown that fuel consumption rate and emissions are almost the same as the case of using gasoil.
著者
関根 康史
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.845, pp.16-00250, 2017 (Released:2017-01-25)
参考文献数
14

Recently, AACN (Advanced Automatic Collision Notification) that presupposed cooperation with emergency life-saving organizations is expected. Therefore, emergency life-saving organizations must recognize injury speciation of patients, as quickly as possible. So, the author tried the traffic accident analyzing method by statistical data analysis from combing analysis items analysis items for main site of injury and analysis items for injury contents (indicated in the traffic accident statistics vote by Japanese National Police Agency). And furthermore it is necessary to improve the safety of vehicles not only for same class collisions but also for collisions between vehicles of different types (e.g., between SUVs and sedans). In this study, the author applied the method of analysis as described above for frontal collision between SUVs and middle sedans, and analyzed using statistical data stored in ITARDA (Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis). In the case of fatal or severe injuries, it is shown that the component rate of chest fracture of middle sedan drivers is higher than that of SUVs. It is supposed that the difference in these rates is caused by the vertical offset configuration between the frames of the two different types of vehicles when they crash into each other.
著者
松本 光広
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.834, pp.15-00127, 2016 (Released:2016-02-25)
参考文献数
16

A bicycle wheel consists of a hub, spokes, nipples and a rim. The rim deforms from true circle to irregular circle when a worker assembles the wheel. People can ride a bicycle in safety when the rim is the true circle. The worker needs to correct the deformed rim. The worker can correct the deformed rim through the use of a relation between a nipple position to rotate a nipple rotation angle and rim displacements. I developed a task support equipment to correct the deformed rim through the use of the relation. The worker does not need to know the relation through the use of the developed task support equipment. The worker can correct the deformed rim through the use of the developed task support equipment. The developed task support equipment shows the worker the nipple position to rotate the nipple rotation angle. The worker rotates the nipple as shown by the developed task support equipment. I measured the relation between the nipple rotation angle and the rim displacements. I suggested a method to calculate the corrected rim displacements through the use of the relation. I made up a hardware and a software in the task support equipment. I implemented the method in the software. I checked performance of the developed task support equipment. I corrected the deformed rim through the use of the developed task support equipment. The results have shown the usefulness in the developed task support equipment for correcting the deformed rim.
著者
品川 晃徳 野澤 久幸 内山 裕太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-00086, (Released:2017-06-05)
参考文献数
4

It is thought that the first step to understanding vehicle movement is to measure and analyze that movement in order to confirm that it falls within the range of the laws of physics. In the case of a four-wheeled vehicle, in general, the friction limit is defined within the circle of longitudinal acceleration and lateral acceleration through the use of a G-G diagram. Then measurements are taken to confirm that the driving state is within that range. Two-wheeled off-road vehicles are mainly ridden on slippery dirt roads that include steep slopes and rough, uneven surfaces. An analysis method for the driving state and the vehicle movement limits that would be suitable for analyzing the movement of such two-wheeled off-road vehicles under these conditions was examined. These movement limits were then formulated by taking into consideration the coefficient of friction and the road surface gradient in accordance with the basic laws of physics and also by focusing on the vehicle movement in the longitudinal direction. Measurements were also taken during actual off-road riding by top-class Japanese off-road motorcycle riders. It was confirmed that this measurement data was distributed within the range of the assumed vehicle movement limits. Consequently, it was confirmed that it is possible to use such measurements to accurately grasp the vehicle movement limits and the associated driving state for two-wheeled off-road vehicles.
著者
井上 喜雄 劉 涛 芝田 京子 園部 元康
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.851, pp.17-00029, 2017 (Released:2017-07-25)
参考文献数
11

We aim to clarify dynamics of the wrist turn of the golf swing and the effect of the parameters on dynamic behavior at the wrist turn using the double pendulum model and the modal analysis method. Eigenvalue analysis was carried out and natural frequency and mode were calculated by using linearized equation of motion assuming the exterior angle of the cock angle is small. We found out that the first mode is a rigid mode and the second one is a vibration mode of the double pendulum, and the mode shapes are constant during the wrist turn even though natural frequency changes. By applying the modal analysis method we obtained equations of motion for the rigid mode and the vibration mode separately. Furthermore, using the theory of linear superposition, the equation of motion for the vibration mode was separated again into 3 equations which can help to understand the mechanism of the wrist turn. After accuracy of the proposed method for small exterior angle of the cock angle was confirmed by comparing with the exact solution using numerical integration, the proposed method was applied to the general case with large exterior angle of the cock angle which has nonlinearity, and the mechanism of the wrist turn and the effect of the parameters of the arm and wrist torque on the dynamic behavior at the wrist turn were clarified qualitatively. Finally parameter survey using the numerical integration for the original nonlinear equation of motion was carried out to show the validity of the proposed method.
著者
奥野 航平 松尾 亜紀子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.856, pp.17-00369-17-00369, 2017 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
20

The numerical analysis on the flight stability of the underwater projectiles are performed using computational fluid dynamics code which consists of gas/liquid phases analysis, 2D calculation method. The nose shape effect on the underwater flight stability is conducted. The ogival nose, the flat nose and the spike nose are used for the nose shapes. The static stability is determined by the direction of pressure on the projectile. The pressure on the flat nose makes projectile stable, although pressure on the ogival nose and the horizontal area of flat nose makes projectile unstable. The spike nose is statically unstable, however it is possible to increase the flight stability by changing the spike radius and the spike length. When the part of projectile gets out of the bubble and contacts with water, the water pressure acts as restoring force, which lead to improve the flight stability. This phenomenon is called ‘Tail slapping effect’. Tail slapping effect works most effectively when only backward of the center of gravity of the projectile contacts with water. The Effects is canceled as the angle of attack increases and the front of the projectile contacts with water. As a result, the improvement of stability due to the tail slapping effect is limited.
著者
岸 祐希 金崎 雅博 牧野 好和 松島 紀佐
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.849, pp.16-00454-16-00454, 2017 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
20

When a wing of airplane is designed, it is necessary to have knowledge regarding planforms considered their optimum airfoils in order to design efficiently, because each wing planform has both of advantage and disadvantage. In this study, the wing design problem for supersonic transport is carried out for different planforms for two different planforms. Multi-objective problem, which is minimization drags for two supersonic cruise conditions (transonic and supersonic flight) is solved to obtain knowledge of the supersonic airfoil from the viewpoint of the multi-point design. Two types of planforms are considered—a cranked arrow wing with a high sweep-back angle and a single tapered wing with a low sweep-back angle. Optimization problems are carried out by efficient global optimization, which is evolutionary algorithm based on the Kriging surrogate model. To acquire design knowledge, a parallel coordinate plot and functional analysis of variance (functional ANOVA) are applied. The design results showed the difference airfoil between two planforms. The optimum airfoil for the single tapered wing has a small or negative camber at the leading edge to minimize the supersonic cruising. On the other hand, the optimum airfoil for the cranked arrow wing has an airfoil with a lower thickness and larger camber at the leading edge.
著者
長谷川 雄太 青木 尊之 小林 宏充 白﨑 啓太
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-00441, (Released:2019-02-07)
参考文献数
18

We implement and perform large-scale LES analysis for running groups of cyclists. The mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and coherent-structure Smagorinsky model (CSM) are adopted for the simulations to achieve a high performance computing on the recent GPU supercomputer. In the simulation with 16 cyclists, the mesh spacing around cyclists is 4 mm, and the total number of the mesh is up to 8.1×108 and the number of GPUs utilized is up to 64. Each calculation took 4 or 5 days for the 8~11 seconds of physical duration. The flow around 16 cyclists in various arrangement is calculated, and the results show that the in-line arrangement is more effective than the rhomboid arrangement in the viewpoint of the total aerodynamic drag of the group; however, a specific person in rhomboid arrangement can obtain larger drag reduction and save the endurance. Results on two groups also suggest that the frontal group in rhomboid arrangement will be exploited as the wind protection of the backward groups.
著者
梅田 綾子 清水 悦郎 南 健悟 三好 登志行
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.860, pp.17-00464, 2018 (Released:2018-04-25)
参考文献数
20

In recent years, engineering technology has become essential for our daily life. We cannot live without civil engineering or information technology even for one day. At the same time, as utilizing technologies sometimes infringe human rights, many laws and regulations exist in our society. In spite of importance to collaborate with legal experts for engineer to realize implementation of their new technologies into society, and a lot of efforts of the Professional Committee of Law and Technology in the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, it has not been understood in Japan for a long time. Many issues have been discussed relating to the growing concern about autonomous vehicles, but it seems insufficient from the view of legal and engineering collaboration. In this paper, a case study is introduced that is an example of legal engineering showing countermeasures for legal issues to realize autonomous shipping performed by Robotics Laboratory in Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology. Furthermore, knowledge obtained by this case study is proposed as legal engineering which presents how engineers may identify legal issues and perform risk assessment of their developing technologies. By communicating with legal experts, engineers might be able to perform technology development with legal risk mitigation and take a role for rulemaking especially in the field of soft-law.
著者
熊谷 正芳 石渡 正人 大谷 眞一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.863, pp.18-00139, 2018 (Released:2018-07-25)
参考文献数
18

Residual stress measurements on pipe-shaped Ni-alloy, Inconel 625, were conducted. The pipes were made from a thin plate by roll-bend and weld along longitudinal direction of the pipe. Shot peening processes were performed to the outside surface of the pipes. The stresses were measured using X-ray stress measurement method. The residual stresses on the specimen before shot peening process were around 100 MPa toward longitudinal direction and around 250 MPa toward transvers direction to the welding direction. The residual stresses changed to 800 MPa in compressive by shot peening process. After thermal aging at 1173 K for 1 and 10 hour, the residual stresses changed to −100 MPa on the specimens with and without shot peening in both longitudinal and transvers directions. In addition, optical microscopic observation and the analyses of X-ray diffraction peaks were performed to reveal microstructural features due to welding, shot peening, and thermal aging. Equiaxed and columnar dendrites were generated in the center and the outer of fusion zone, respectively. The grains in the heat affected zone, between the fusion zone and base metal became larger. The grains near the surface even in welds became small by shot peening processes according to analyses of X-ray diffraction peaks. Even though induced compressive residual stresses were released during thermal ageing, refined grains had been smaller than before shot peening process.
著者
川那辺 洋 石山 拓二 塩路 昌宏
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.856, pp.17-00294-17-00294, 2017 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
5

Entrainment process of surrounding fluid for a diesel spray is investigated based on the momentum theory and 1-D simple spray model developed by Musculus et. al. Entrained fluid distribution along the spray axis is theoretically estimated. The results show that the absolute value of entrainment velocity depends on axis location and is inversely proportional to the distance from the nozzle. Therefore, the large amount of entrained fluid comes from the upstream region near field of nozzle. 1-D simple spray model is performed for the same target and the effect of the injection rate on entraining process is clarified.
著者
山本 勝太 牧野 一成 石塚 弘道
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.856, pp.17-00337-17-00337, 2017 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
10

The integrity of railway axles is a critical aspect for ensuring the safety of a railway system. Therefore, non-destructive inspections such as ultrasonic testing and magnetic particle testing are conducted periodically. Some railway operators conduct ultrasonic tests directly on axles mounted on the train. However, the axles have to be disassembled for conducting magnetic particle testing. In the present study, the effects of variable amplitude stress acting on cracks and axle bending stress during ultrasonic test on ultrasonic response are discussed. An ultrasonic test was conducted using a full-scale axle specimen that had fatigue cracks and no artificial notches. The ultrasonic response was evaluated for the cracks whose lengths were 10 mm, 16 mm, and 19 mm. Under an unloaded condition, the ultrasonic response for the 16-mm-long and 19-mm-long cracks was approximately 4 or 7 times higher than that for the 10-mm-long crack, although the cross-sectional area of each of these cracks was approximately 2.5 or 3.5 times larger than that of the 10-mm-long crack. The obtained results indicate that the contribution of the reflection area to the ultrasonic response under a variable amplitude stress differs from that under a constant stress condition. Moreover, the influence of axle bending stress ranging between -50 MPa to +47 MPa on the ultrasonic response was investigated. A higher bending stress led to a higher ultrasonic response. However, the decreasing rate of ultrasonic response caused under compressive stress was lower than the increasing rate under tensile stress. For example, the ultrasonic response was approximately 2 dB lower than that under the unloaded condition at a compressive stress of -30 MPa; however, the ultrasonic response showed an increment of approximately 4 dB at a tensile stress of 30 MPa. A similar trend was observed in the crack of each length. The results denote that the crack position influences the precision of crack detection in ultrasonic inspection. However, considering that the maximum static bending stress of axles used in Japan is 30 MPa, its effect on inservice axle inspection is negligible.
著者
中川 健一 長谷川 裕晃 村上 正秀 大林 茂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.856, pp.17-00165-17-00165, 2017 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
13

Badminton is one of the most popular sports in the world and is famous as the sport having the fastest initial velocity of a batted ball among all ball games. Initial velocity immediately after smashing may reach up to 408 km/h (113 m/s) at maximum. A badminton shuttlecock generates significant aerodynamic drag and it was confirmed that the high deceleration characteristics was related to the slots located at the leg portion of a shuttlecock in the previous study. Turnover refers to the flipping experienced by a shuttlecock when undergoing heading change from nose pointing against the flight path at the moment of impact and a shuttlecock indicates the aerodynamically stable feature for the flip movement just after impact. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of gaps on the aerodynamic stability (turnover stability) of a badminton shuttlecock during the flip phenomenon. In the present study, the flow field around the shuttlecock during impulsive change of an angle of attack (flip movement) was measured by using the smoke flow visualization and the behavior of the shuttlecock during the flip movement was evaluated in comparison with that of the conic model (with no gaps). The turnover stability of a badminton shuttlecock is affected by gaps of the shuttlecock skirt.
著者
鈴木 明宏 茂庭 優貴 石井 賢治 藤原 誠助 永富 良一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.849, pp.16-00450-16-00450, 2017 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
10

Amount of daily physical activity is strongly associated with the prevalence of lifestyle-associated diseases, and thus maintaining a certain level of physical activity is recommended. Amount of physical activity, namely energy expenditure, is commonly estimated from linear regression analysis of oxygen uptake during steady-state exercise of different intensities. Short-duration exercise, mainly walking lasting less than 3 minutes, has been reported to account for over 90% of the daily energy expenditure of healthy adults. The estimation of energy expenditure by ACSM Metabolic Equations used well, however, is based on steady-state exercise of more than 5 minutes, and energy consumption of shorter duration exercise is not commonly considered. Oxygen consumption remains elevated for some period of time after exercise. Then, the estimation of energy expenditure for short duration exercise must include excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). The amount of EPOC change in duration exercise. Therefore, we attempted to elucidate the energy expenditure for VO2 kinetics. Ten healthy participants aged 19-54 y walked and ran for 1, 3 and 5 minutes on a treadmill at constant speed. Oxygen consumption during and post-exercise was measured using a portable gas analyzer in breath-by-breath mode. A best-fit exponential equation to estimate oxygen consumption from exercise duration and walking speed was generated. The root mean square (RMS) of estimate equations was calculated using Leave-one-out cross validation. The RMS(1.44~2.14 ml/kg/min) was lower, and the results of the Bland-Altman analysis revealed neither fixed nor proportional bias with the exception of the decent walking and running. An equation for the estimation of oxygen consumption at shorter durations of exercise was successfully generated. Accumulation of additional data may further improve the equation.
著者
橋本 博文 今井 栄一 矢野 創 渡辺 英幸 横堀 伸一 山岸 明彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
2016

The mechanical thermometer using a bimetallic strip coil was developed for the Tanpopo mission. The Tanpopo mission is a multi-year passive exposure experiment for astrobiology exposure and micrometeoroid capture onboard the Exposed Experiment Handrail Attachment Mechanism (ExHAM) at the Japanese Experiment Module 'Kibo' (JEM) Exposed Facility (EF) on the International Space Station (ISS). The Tanpopo mission apparatuses were launched by the SpaceX-6 Dragon CRS-6 on April 14 2015, from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in the U.S.A. Since its microbial exposure experiment requires recording the maximum temperature that the Tanpopo exposure panel experiences, we have developed a mechanical thermometer with no electric power supplied from the ExHAM. At a given time and orbital position of the ISS, the thermometer indicator was video-imaged by the extravehicular video camera attached to the Kibo-EF and controlled from the ground. With these images analyzed, we were able to derive the maximum temperature of the Tanpopo exposure panels on the space pointing face of the ExHAM as 23.9±5 °C. Now this passive and mechanical thermometer is available to other space missions with no electric supplies required and thus highly expands the possibility of new extravehicular experiments and explorations for both human and robotic missions.