著者
丸茂 喜高 清水 勇介 竹内 亮佑 綱島 均 小島 崇
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.817, pp.TL0280-TL0280, 2014 (Released:2014-09-25)
参考文献数
9

This study proposes a driving assistance system to inform the notch operation timing for train drivers. The assistance system indicates visually the notch-off position where the driver releases the accelerator. The notch-off position is calculated by the present vehicle acceleration, velocity and position by assuming the constant acceleration. The assistance system also indicates the brake onset and the predicted stopping positions. Two experiments are conducted by using the train-driving simulator. One experiment examines the effects of the notch-off and brake onset timing on the vehicle velocity and the running time. The assistance system makes it possible to adjust the vehicle velocity and the running time. The other experiment examines the three running patterns by combination of the notch-off and the brake onset positions. With the time recovering pattern, which is combination of the higher notch-off velocity and the later brake onset timing, the assistance system realizes the shorter running time in comparison with the standard running pattern. With the energy saving pattern, which is combination of the lower notch-off velocity and the later brake onset timing, the assistance system prevents the time delay by the later brake timing even if the velocity is lower than the standard running pattern.
著者
近藤 千尋 佐野 広季 一宮 暢希 山根 浩二 河﨑 澄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.874, pp.18-00340, 2019 (Released:2019-06-25)
参考文献数
9

This paper describes how to produce a biodiesel fuel (BDF) from the waste soup of ramen noodles, especially focusing on the recovery process of the oil (triglycerides) from a large amount of waste soup or the oily wastewater disposed of by pouring it down the sink by a ramen restaurant. By combining a semi-transparent bucket (~6 L) with a cock and solvent extraction, it is shown that oil can be recovered easily from 300 or more bowls of ramen noodle waste soup, with an energy profit ratio (EPR) of more than 5.2. The initial cost of the bucket is about 1600 yen, so it has little effect on the price of the BDF produced from the oil in the ramen noodle waste soup, and it is shown that the increase in running cost to produce BDF by this method is about 2.3 yen/L if the rate of recovery of hexane (solvent) is over 99%, which is approximately equivalent to the production cost of waste-cooking-oil BDF production by previously reported methods. Furthermore, in the case of applying the proposed method based on the solvent extraction to the recovery of oil from the oily wastewater disposed of by a ramen noodle restaurant, it is shown that oil can be recovered from the waste soup of ramen noodles just after disposal as well as from the oily wastewater that spent one day in the grease trap. In the former case, EPR is 5.0, and the estimated amount of BDF is greater than 100 L/month for one restaurant. However, in the case of using the oily wastewater from the grease trap, EPR is less than 2.0 because of the reduction of yield of BDF due to a greater oxidation deterioration of the recovered oil, when the alkyl catalyst method is used. Therefore, it is desirable to recover oil from the oily wastewater at the drain pipe just after the sink.
著者
三浦 智 鈴木 智裕 小林 洋 藤江 正克
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.850, pp.16-00414, 2017 (Released:2017-06-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 1

Hemiplegic patients often have reduced typing speed due to finger paralysis. Our motivation is to develop a keyboard that enables their typing speed to increase. For this purpose, we have developed a three-dimensional keyboard that reduces the distance that fingers move while typing. In this paper, our objective was to construct the finger model that combines the motion speed and muscle fatigue for design of keyboard that can be typed with fast motion speed and low muscle fatigue. In experiment, we measured the finger position using a magnetic 3D motion device and EMG when the participant pressed the proposed key. The experiment was carried out in a variety of the finger postures. We qualified the motion speed and muscle fatigue at each joint angle. Then, we weighted and combined two of the objective functions. We found out the Pareto solution and get an effective keyboard design straight. In the future, we verify the typing speed and finger muscle fatigue during typing the three-dimensional keyboard that is designed based on our finger model.
著者
伊藤 史斗 長谷 和徳 内田 和男
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-00191, (Released:2019-09-11)
参考文献数
15

The frame stiffness in a racing bicycle might influence not only toughness as the frame structure but also performance of an athlete. The purpose of this study is to clarify biodynamic relations between the frame stiffness in a racing bicycle and the physical loads of an athlete by using a forward dynamics simulation model. The human body structure was represented by the 13-rigid-links and 23-degrees-of-freedom model. Based on the theory of multibody dynamics, the frame structure was expressed by combination of 12 rigid pipes, and the frame stiffness was modeled by rotational springs at the connecting joint between the rigid pipes. Spring coefficients were changed according to the thickness of the frame pipes. The pedaling load from the crank was computed by the angular velocity and angular acceleration of the crank. Moreover, the driving force in the bicycle was additionally defined to consider the influence of the frame weight on the human joint load. The human body model was driven by the joint toques to minimize the cost function consisting of the joint loads in the human body and the driving force in the bicycle, and also to keep desired angular velocity of the crank. Validity of the simulation was evaluated by comparing the joint angles and torques with the measured ones. As for the result, the larger stiffness of the frame resulted in smaller the joint loads in the human body, and optimal stiffness would be determined by the balance between the joint loads in the human body and the driving force in the bicycle.
著者
岡田 光貴 末岡 裕一郎 中西 大輔 大須賀 公一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.880, pp.19-00151, 2019 (Released:2019-12-25)
参考文献数
13

This paper is concerned with the demonstration of scallop-like swimming with the aid of robot toy; using jet propulsion by clapping the shells quickly. Previous works from biological approach have indicated what structures contributes to generate the jet propulsion. This paper tries to perform quick underwater locomotion by mimicking the structures of scallop based on constructive approach: development of scallop-like robot with autonomous generation of jet propulsion. After designing the structure and actuation mechanism by mimicking the scallop, we focus on the effect of the mantle property on swimming. Firstly we confirm that developed robot can perform scallop-like swimming. Secondly we also compare the swimming speed by changing the property of designed mantles.
著者
品川 晃徳 野澤 久幸 内山 裕太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.854, pp.17-00086-17-00086, 2017 (Released:2017-10-25)
参考文献数
4

It is thought that the first step to understanding vehicle movement is to measure and analyze that movement in order to confirm that it falls within the range of the laws of physics. In the case of a four-wheeled vehicle, in general, the friction limit is defined within the circle of longitudinal acceleration and lateral acceleration through the use of a G-G diagram. Then measurements are taken to confirm that the driving state is within that range. Two-wheeled off-road vehicles are mainly ridden on slippery dirt roads that include steep slopes and rough, uneven surfaces. An analysis method for the driving state and the vehicle movement limits that would be suitable for analyzing the movement of such two-wheeled off-road vehicles under these conditions was examined. These movement limits were then formulated by taking into consideration the coefficient of friction and the road surface gradient in accordance with the basic laws of physics and also by focusing on the vehicle movement in the longitudinal direction. Measurements were also taken during actual off-road riding by top-class Japanese off-road motorcycle riders. It was confirmed that this measurement data was distributed within the range of the assumed vehicle movement limits. Consequently, it was confirmed that it is possible to use such measurements to accurately grasp the vehicle movement limits and the associated driving state for two-wheeled off-road vehicles.
著者
原 祥尭 坪内 孝司 大島 章
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.834, pp.15-00421, 2016 (Released:2016-02-25)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1 1

We propose a new Grid-based SLAM method with partial map matching for considering previous sensor data in Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter. The partial maps are built probabilistically as accumulated scan shapes for each particle. In conventional Grid-based SLAM methods, Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter is often used. However, the conventional methods sometimes fall into misalignment and fail to build proper maps in large or limited visibility environments. In those environments, the sensor data becomes insufficient shape to match with maps for localization since the sensor field of view is limited. It causes misalignment and failure in localization and map building. Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter of the conventional methods is based on a Hidden Markov Model that uses only current sensor data to estimate robot poses. Hence, if the current sensor data is insufficient, it is difficult to estimate robot poses and build maps correctly. In our new method, the Hidden Markov Model has been extended to utilize a series of sensor data from the past in several seconds to the present. The series of sensor data is accumulated to make scan shape sufficient for the matching in localization. Thus, the proposed method is expected to cover the lack of sensor field of view by means of the accumulation of sensor data, and is capable of mapping in large or limited visibility environments. In our experiments at Tsukuba Challenge 2014 and Tsudanuma Campus, consistent maps were built only by the proposed method. Shape errors of the maps built by the proposed method were smaller than the conventional method.
著者
関根 康史
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.845, pp.16-00250, 2017 (Released:2017-01-25)
参考文献数
14

Recently, AACN (Advanced Automatic Collision Notification) that presupposed cooperation with emergency life-saving organizations is expected. Therefore, emergency life-saving organizations must recognize injury speciation of patients, as quickly as possible. So, the author tried the traffic accident analyzing method by statistical data analysis from combing analysis items analysis items for main site of injury and analysis items for injury contents (indicated in the traffic accident statistics vote by Japanese National Police Agency). And furthermore it is necessary to improve the safety of vehicles not only for same class collisions but also for collisions between vehicles of different types (e.g., between SUVs and sedans). In this study, the author applied the method of analysis as described above for frontal collision between SUVs and middle sedans, and analyzed using statistical data stored in ITARDA (Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis). In the case of fatal or severe injuries, it is shown that the component rate of chest fracture of middle sedan drivers is higher than that of SUVs. It is supposed that the difference in these rates is caused by the vertical offset configuration between the frames of the two different types of vehicles when they crash into each other.
著者
石崎 啓太 中野 冠
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.866, pp.18-00050, 2018 (Released:2018-10-25)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
2 1

This study systematically analyzed life cycle CO2 (LCCO2) emissions of a comprehensive set of mass-produced 2,000 cc class sedan-type vehicles, using a hybrid life cycle inventory approach. Gasoline and diesel internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) as well as battery electric vehicle (BEV) and fuel cell vehicle (FCV) were investigated, considering (i) the current BEV market trends, (ii) Japan's energy mix (the average for 2012–2014), and (iii) the use of the HVAC system. The results show that the annual average increment of CO2 emissions in use phase by HVAC system in Japan (assumed annual mean temperature of 15°C) was presumed to be evenly 9% regardless of vehicle types, although further detail analysis is required. The CO2 emissions in use phase of BEV were higher than those of HEV and FCV (applied hydrogen produced by steam reforming of LPG (on-site)) due to thermal power dominant electricity generation mix in Japan in recent years. As a consequence of high CO2 emissions from power supply and battery production, the LCCO2 emissions of BEV equipped with 75 kWh battery were higher than those of HEV, FCV (on-site), and conventional ICEV (diesel). By reducing the battery capacity to 40 kWh or less, the LCCO2 emissions of BEV become lower than those of ICEVs and FCV (on-site), making BEV a competitive alternative. However, it is difficult that BEV mitigates both LCCO2 emissions and driver's range anxiety. In conclusion, HEV shows the competitive performance in terms of LCCO2 emissions with long driving range in Japan.
著者
米岡 裕矢 宮田 なつき 前田 雄介
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-00055, (Released:2018-06-08)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1

In this study, we measured and analyzed the degree of posture discomfort with respect to the coordinated range of motion (ROM) of the thumb. For ergonomic assessment of a product CAD model using a digital hand model, such joint properties are necessary to be clarified when estimating possible natural postures to use the product. We concentrated on the thumb, which plays an important part to form various grasps by opposition. To model range of motion considering coordination among joint variables, each subject's hand during a given set of exercises was captured by an optical mocap system. A posture of the carpometacarpal (CM) joint of the thumb was expressed with spherical coordinates to integrate different subjects' ROM easily. The result was shown some characteristics of the thumb such as coordination among joint variables or collision between thumb and other parts of the hand. The posture discomfort data was collected through the experiments for four adults with healthy hand. To control variety of the postures, each subject was asked to reproduce about 45 displayed postures and to answer whether the subject felt discomfort or not in terms of keeping that posture for 10 seconds. The discomfort experiment results were combined into a discomfort possibility map with respect to joint postures. This map can assist product design, for example considering interface layout.
著者
近藤 千尋 佐野 広季 山根 浩二 小坂田 潔 河崎 澄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.847, pp.16-00375, 2017 (Released:2017-03-25)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1

This paper describes how to produce a biodiesel from the oil in the waste soup of ramen noodles, and especially clarifies an amount of oil in waste soup, the energy profit ratio (EPR) of the production of biodiesel from the oil in waste soup of ramen noodles and the engine performance of the biodiesel from waste soup of ramen noodles. As a result, from the waste pig bone (ton-kotsu) soup the recovered tri-glyceride was about 11g per a soup. The biodiesel produced from the oil in the waste soup of ramen noodles by using ordinary alkyl catalyst method has low cold flow properties, due to the high content of the saturated fatty acid methyl ester such as C16:0, C18:0 and so on. And it is estimated that the amount of BDF from a ramen noodle restaurant is about 2.4L if the customers are around 300 per day, and this means that the 9.9 kW co-generation system is able to be operated for an hour per day. About energy profit ratio analysis, if the oil separation process is improved, EPR from the waste soup to biodiesel will become higher than 5.0. Furthermore, engine test is performed by using BDF from the waste soup of ramen noodles as B5. As a result, it is shown that fuel consumption rate and emissions are almost the same as the case of using gasoil.
著者
小川 渉 鞍谷 文保 吉田 達哉 小出 俊雄 水田 泰次
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-00237, (Released:2019-12-26)
参考文献数
10

Cymbals are percussion instruments that vibrate and radiate sounds when hit with a stick. A bell is the raised section in the middle of the cymbal and its size produces different sounds. In this study, we investigate the effect of bell size on the sound characteristics of cymbals. The radiated sounds and vibrations for cymbals with two different bell sizes are measured. In addition, the natural frequency and mode shape are obtained by finite element analysis and the sound radiation efficiency is calculated for each mode. The measured results indicate that the sound frequency characteristics for the large bell show three peaks with large sound pressure within the range of 1000 to 3000 Hz and the sound pressure for the small bell is larger than that for the large bell within the range of 4000 to 5000 Hz. The vibration frequency characteristics show there is no remarkable difference between the large and small bells. The sound radiation efficiencies indicate that the large bell has many modes with high radiation efficiency within the range of 1000 to 3000 Hz and their modes have a small number of nodal diameters and a large deformation at the bell. The small bell has many modes with high efficiency within the range of 4000 to 5000 Hz. This is reason for the difference in sound characteristics between the large and small bells.
著者
品川 晃徳 野澤 久幸 内山 裕太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-00086, (Released:2017-06-05)
参考文献数
4

It is thought that the first step to understanding vehicle movement is to measure and analyze that movement in order to confirm that it falls within the range of the laws of physics. In the case of a four-wheeled vehicle, in general, the friction limit is defined within the circle of longitudinal acceleration and lateral acceleration through the use of a G-G diagram. Then measurements are taken to confirm that the driving state is within that range. Two-wheeled off-road vehicles are mainly ridden on slippery dirt roads that include steep slopes and rough, uneven surfaces. An analysis method for the driving state and the vehicle movement limits that would be suitable for analyzing the movement of such two-wheeled off-road vehicles under these conditions was examined. These movement limits were then formulated by taking into consideration the coefficient of friction and the road surface gradient in accordance with the basic laws of physics and also by focusing on the vehicle movement in the longitudinal direction. Measurements were also taken during actual off-road riding by top-class Japanese off-road motorcycle riders. It was confirmed that this measurement data was distributed within the range of the assumed vehicle movement limits. Consequently, it was confirmed that it is possible to use such measurements to accurately grasp the vehicle movement limits and the associated driving state for two-wheeled off-road vehicles.
著者
松本 光広
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.834, pp.15-00127, 2016 (Released:2016-02-25)
参考文献数
16

A bicycle wheel consists of a hub, spokes, nipples and a rim. The rim deforms from true circle to irregular circle when a worker assembles the wheel. People can ride a bicycle in safety when the rim is the true circle. The worker needs to correct the deformed rim. The worker can correct the deformed rim through the use of a relation between a nipple position to rotate a nipple rotation angle and rim displacements. I developed a task support equipment to correct the deformed rim through the use of the relation. The worker does not need to know the relation through the use of the developed task support equipment. The worker can correct the deformed rim through the use of the developed task support equipment. The developed task support equipment shows the worker the nipple position to rotate the nipple rotation angle. The worker rotates the nipple as shown by the developed task support equipment. I measured the relation between the nipple rotation angle and the rim displacements. I suggested a method to calculate the corrected rim displacements through the use of the relation. I made up a hardware and a software in the task support equipment. I implemented the method in the software. I checked performance of the developed task support equipment. I corrected the deformed rim through the use of the developed task support equipment. The results have shown the usefulness in the developed task support equipment for correcting the deformed rim.
著者
長谷川 雄太 青木 尊之 小林 宏充 白﨑 啓太
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.870, pp.18-00441, 2019 (Released:2019-02-25)
参考文献数
18

We implement and perform large-scale LES analysis for running groups of cyclists. The mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and coherent-structure Smagorinsky model (CSM) are adopted for the simulations to achieve a high performance computing on the recent GPU supercomputer. In the simulation with 16 cyclists, the mesh spacing around cyclists is 4 mm, and the total number of the mesh is up to 8.1×108 and the number of GPUs utilized is up to 64. Each calculation took 4 or 5 days for the 8~11 seconds of physical duration. The flow around 16 cyclists in various arrangement is calculated, and the results show that the in-line arrangement is more effective than the rhomboid arrangement in the viewpoint of the total aerodynamic drag of the group; however, a specific person in rhomboid arrangement can obtain larger drag reduction and save the endurance. Results on two groups also suggest that the frontal group in rhomboid arrangement will be exploited as the wind protection of the backward groups.
著者
井上 喜雄 劉 涛 芝田 京子 園部 元康
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.851, pp.17-00029, 2017 (Released:2017-07-25)
参考文献数
11

We aim to clarify dynamics of the wrist turn of the golf swing and the effect of the parameters on dynamic behavior at the wrist turn using the double pendulum model and the modal analysis method. Eigenvalue analysis was carried out and natural frequency and mode were calculated by using linearized equation of motion assuming the exterior angle of the cock angle is small. We found out that the first mode is a rigid mode and the second one is a vibration mode of the double pendulum, and the mode shapes are constant during the wrist turn even though natural frequency changes. By applying the modal analysis method we obtained equations of motion for the rigid mode and the vibration mode separately. Furthermore, using the theory of linear superposition, the equation of motion for the vibration mode was separated again into 3 equations which can help to understand the mechanism of the wrist turn. After accuracy of the proposed method for small exterior angle of the cock angle was confirmed by comparing with the exact solution using numerical integration, the proposed method was applied to the general case with large exterior angle of the cock angle which has nonlinearity, and the mechanism of the wrist turn and the effect of the parameters of the arm and wrist torque on the dynamic behavior at the wrist turn were clarified qualitatively. Finally parameter survey using the numerical integration for the original nonlinear equation of motion was carried out to show the validity of the proposed method.
著者
奥野 航平 松尾 亜紀子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.856, pp.17-00369-17-00369, 2017 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
20

The numerical analysis on the flight stability of the underwater projectiles are performed using computational fluid dynamics code which consists of gas/liquid phases analysis, 2D calculation method. The nose shape effect on the underwater flight stability is conducted. The ogival nose, the flat nose and the spike nose are used for the nose shapes. The static stability is determined by the direction of pressure on the projectile. The pressure on the flat nose makes projectile stable, although pressure on the ogival nose and the horizontal area of flat nose makes projectile unstable. The spike nose is statically unstable, however it is possible to increase the flight stability by changing the spike radius and the spike length. When the part of projectile gets out of the bubble and contacts with water, the water pressure acts as restoring force, which lead to improve the flight stability. This phenomenon is called ‘Tail slapping effect’. Tail slapping effect works most effectively when only backward of the center of gravity of the projectile contacts with water. The Effects is canceled as the angle of attack increases and the front of the projectile contacts with water. As a result, the improvement of stability due to the tail slapping effect is limited.
著者
岸 祐希 金崎 雅博 牧野 好和 松島 紀佐
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.849, pp.16-00454-16-00454, 2017 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
20

When a wing of airplane is designed, it is necessary to have knowledge regarding planforms considered their optimum airfoils in order to design efficiently, because each wing planform has both of advantage and disadvantage. In this study, the wing design problem for supersonic transport is carried out for different planforms for two different planforms. Multi-objective problem, which is minimization drags for two supersonic cruise conditions (transonic and supersonic flight) is solved to obtain knowledge of the supersonic airfoil from the viewpoint of the multi-point design. Two types of planforms are considered—a cranked arrow wing with a high sweep-back angle and a single tapered wing with a low sweep-back angle. Optimization problems are carried out by efficient global optimization, which is evolutionary algorithm based on the Kriging surrogate model. To acquire design knowledge, a parallel coordinate plot and functional analysis of variance (functional ANOVA) are applied. The design results showed the difference airfoil between two planforms. The optimum airfoil for the single tapered wing has a small or negative camber at the leading edge to minimize the supersonic cruising. On the other hand, the optimum airfoil for the cranked arrow wing has an airfoil with a lower thickness and larger camber at the leading edge.
著者
岡田 昌史 岡本 裕 舛屋 賢
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.884, pp.19-00320, 2020 (Released:2020-04-25)
参考文献数
14

For robotic teleoperation, semi-autonomous control, i.e. autonomous control allowing human interposition will be an effective way overcoming delay of electrical communication and emergency operation. We have proposed semi-autonomous control method focusing on excavation in teleoperation environments. In the method, a model of human operation is designed and human internal state is estimated by Extended Kalman Filter. In this paper, experimental evaluations are conducted and reported about ”Digging” process. A human skill of excavation is modeled by an attractor-based dynamics embedding shallow and deep digging trajectories for soft and hard soil, respectively. An index parameter is changed based on the load of the bucket, and a seamless motion transition is realized satisfying the restriction by setting a threshold. Moreover, by adding a human operation to the autonomy, the proposed method will cope with the emergency, which is experimentally evaluated.
著者
大場 啓介 長嶺 拓夫 森 博輝 佐藤 勇一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 (ISSN:21879761)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.824, pp.14-00593, 2015 (Released:2015-04-25)
参考文献数
8

This paper describes the investigations of the characteristic about the sound generation of a nose flute experimentally. The nose flute is attached to the upper part of a container. If air is passed to a nose flute, sound will occur. The volume of a container is changed and the generated sound is measured. The natural frequencies of an experimental device are calculated and we confirm that it is in agreement with frequency of sound generated in experiment. We show that nose flute is a unique musical instrument with the point that a nose flute has only an edge part and uses people's mouth for a resonance body part. The frequencies of resonance sound can be calculated from the capacity in a mouth, the thickness and the area of an opening of a nose flute. When people play a nose flute, it is thought that only the first mode of vibration is used.