著者
Janelle V. EAGLE Andrew H. BAIRD Geoffrey P. JONES Michael J. KINGSFORD
出版者
日本サンゴ礁学会
雑誌
Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies (ISSN:18830838)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.5-22, 2012 (Released:2013-03-22)
参考文献数
86
被引用文献数
2 4

On coral reefs, sites that receive consistently high levels of recruitment relevant to other sites (“recruitment hotspots”) may be crucial to the persistence of populations. However, few studies of coral recruitment have the necessary replication in space and time required to detect recruitment hotspots. The aim of this study was to detect recruitment hotspots at One Tree Reef (southern Great Barrier Reef) and to explore associations between hotspots, hydrodynamics, adult abundance and reef benthos. Recruitment hotspots were detected on the reef slope and in the lagoon. Almost all hotspots were located on the leeward side of the reef, however, there was little congruence among hotspots for different families of coral recruits. Recruitment hotspots in some taxa in some habitats were correlated with water flow or adult abun-dance. A clear recruitment hotspot for two families (Pocilloporidae and Poritidae) in the lagoon had medium levels of water flow (∼4 cm s-1), but there was no re-lationship with water flow on the slope. In experimental aquaria, Acropora nasuta settlement was six to 10 times greater under low (2.1 cm s-1) compared to medium water flow (4.6 cm s-1). Abundance of pocilloporid and poritid, but not acroporid, recruits at each site was often correlated with adult cover indicating either aggregative settlement or limited dispersal. Recruitment hotspots are likely to be both sources and sinks for some taxa, and therefore identifying and protecting hotspots should be a high priority in marine reserve design.
著者
Hajime KAYANNE Chuki HONGO Ken OKAJI Yoichi IDE Takeshi HAYASHIBARA Hidekazu YAMAMOTO Nobuo MIKAMI Kiyoshi ONODERA Takaaki OOTSUBO Hiroyuki TAKANO Makoto TONEGAWA Shogo MARUYAMA
出版者
日本サンゴ礁学会
雑誌
Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies (ISSN:18830838)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.73-95, 2012 (Released:2013-02-04)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1 4 1

Ninety-three coral species have been identified at Okinotorishima (Okinotori Island), an isolated table reef located in the center of the Philippine Sea. The species composition of the island is similar to that of other islands in the northwestern Pacific, but the number of species is small in comparison with surrounding islands. The coral fauna at the island is characterized by a unique species composition that is independent of the Ryukyu Islands, mainland Japan, Palau, and the Mariana Islands. No endemic species were found, but the dominant Acropora species (A. aculeus, A. sp. aff. divaricata, and A. globiceps) were morphologically different from corresponding species at the Ryukyu Islands. The relatively low species diversity at the island despite the close proximity to an area of high diversity is explained by its small habitat diversity and isolation from other islands. The island is located in a subtropical gyre and is isolated from major currents. Thus, only coral larvae with a long competency period (as long as 70 days) can settle at the island from surrounding islands. This unique species composition seems to have been maintained for at least the last 7600 years, since the last stage of sea level rise in the post-glacial period (Holocene).
著者
J.E.N. VERON Lyndon M. DEVANTIER Emre TURAK Alison L. GREEN Stuart KININMONTH Mary STAFFORD-SMITH Nate PETERSON
出版者
日本サンゴ礁学会
雑誌
Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies (ISSN:18830838)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.2, pp.91-100, 2009 (Released:2010-08-07)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
114 221

Spatial analyses of coral distributions at species level delineate the Coral Triangle and provide new insights into patterns of diversity and endemism around the globe. This study shows that the Coral Triangle, an area extending from the Philippines to the Solomon Islands, has 605 zooxanthellate corals including 15 regional endemics. This amounts to 76% of the world's total species complement, giving this province the world's highest conservation priority. Within the Coral Triangle, highest richness resides in the Bird's Head Peninsula of Indonesian Papua which hosts 574 species, with individual reefs supporting up to 280 species ha-1. Reasons for the exceptional richness of the Coral Triangle include the geological setting, physical environment and an array of ecological processes. These findings, supported by parallel distributions of reef fishes and other taxa, provide a clear scientific justification for the Coral Triangle Initiative, arguably one of the world's most significant reef conservation undertakings.
著者
杉原 薫 園田 直樹 今福 太郎 永田 俊輔 指宿 敏幸 山野 博哉
出版者
日本サンゴ礁学会
雑誌
日本サンゴ礁学会誌 (ISSN:13451421)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.51-67, 2009-12-01 (Released:2010-08-07)
参考文献数
57
被引用文献数
9 13

高緯度域の造礁サンゴ群集は,地球温暖化による表層海水温(SST)の上昇や海洋酸性化といった地球規模での撹乱の影響指標として,現在注目されつつある。そこで本研究では,高緯度域の造礁サンゴに関する基礎データを収集することを目的として,鹿児島県甑島列島から島根県隠岐諸島にかけてみられる造礁サンゴの生息環境と群集構造の定量調査を2002年から2009年にかけて行った。その結果,生息種数と被覆率がともに高い造礁サンゴ群集は,どの海域でも波浪エネルギーが中程度で濁度が小さいと推定される地点(外洋に近い島陰あるいはやや遮蔽的な湾口)の水深10m以浅で多くみられた。また,これらの生息範囲は,緯度の増加に伴ってより波浪の影響の少ない内湾の浅海域あるいは外洋に近くても水深の深い環境へと局所化する傾向が認められた。甑島列島上甑島でみられた造礁サンゴ群集の優占種は,亜熱帯性の卓状・枝状Acropora(A. hyacinthusやA. muricata)と板状のPavona decussataであった。長崎県五島列島の福江島と若松島では,外洋側で温帯性の卓状Acropora(A. glauca, A. japonicaやA. solitaryensis)が,内湾側で被覆状~塊状種(Leptastrea pruinosa,Mycedium elephantotusやHydnophora exesaなど)と温帯性の枝状Acropora(A. tumidaやA. pruinosa)がそれぞれ卓越していた。長崎県壱岐と対馬では,温帯性の卓状Acropora種は全くみられず,塊状のFavia spp.と葉状~被覆状種(Echinophyllia spp.やLithophyllon undulatumなど)が大部分を占めていた。隠岐諸島では,塊状~被覆状のOulastrea crispata,Alveopora japonicaとPsammocora profundacellaの生息が確認されたのみで,これらの種は生息群体数も少なく散在的な分布を示す群集(個体群)を構成するに過ぎなかった。