著者
藤本 由香里
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.6, pp.474-483, 2015 (Released:2016-01-15)
参考文献数
37

Before the Japanese manga went global, it was adapted for each country. Even in the pirated editions, we can find specific adaptations in them, resulting from the need for printing. For example, the print style in which 4 pages are set into 1 page in China, and different craftsman who draw cover art for manga in Thailand. However, the most important problem to be solved was how to adapt manga, which involved reading from right to left, into the style of being read from left to right in languages such as English. This essay tells you how the book style of reading from right to left has become popular even in Western countries.
著者
内藤 郁夫 長谷川 由美子 芝木 儀夫
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.5, pp.405-422, 2015 (Released:2015-11-15)
参考文献数
15

Developments in music printing by letterpresses were studied using several historical scores, i.e., score I printed by Gardano in Venice in 1575, score II printed by Gardano in Venice in 1679, score III printed by Ch. Ballard in Paris in 1679, score IV printed by Endter in Nuremberg in 1682, score V printed by F. Heptinstall in London in 1697, and score VI printed by Breitkopf & H ä rtel in Leipzig in 1799. Score I was printed using fonts similar to those invented by Ottaviano dei Petrucci in 1525. About 100 years after score I was printed, there were many differences in the scores in different cities (score II to V). The differences were studied to develop the next font, a mosaic-type font. Finally, the characteristics and typesetting of the mosaic-type font were clarified using score VI.
著者
乾 誠二
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.242-247, 2008 (Released:2010-12-15)
参考文献数
4

This year marks the 136th anniversary of Japanese railways. In 1872, Japan's first railway was constructed with the support of the United Kingdom, and adopted the British style not only for railcars and train service systems, but also for tickets and even business systems. "Koken" (hard type ticket), a train ticket made of thick paper, is rare sight these days, while "Nanken" (soft type ticket), a ticket purchased from automatic ticket machines or various card-type tickets have become the mainstream. The Tenri University Sankokan Museum houses one of the greatest transportation-related collections in Japan, mainly train tickets collected mainly train tickets by the late Fujio Yamamoto. In this article, I would like to introduce tickets style and changes in printing techniques through these collections and the ticket printing machines we have got recently.
著者
高森 寛子
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.1, pp.029-034, 2014 (Released:2014-03-15)
参考文献数
5

Recently, smartphones and tablets have been used for collecting records of patients' compliance with drug regimens at medical sites. However, it is difficult for many elderly patients to operate these devices. Most medical facilities are also unable to prepare and distribute these devices to all patients. In this study, we have introduced a novel and simple electronic device system to evaluate its usefulness to patients. This new device is a paper card device equipped with an electric circuit board and a memory chip, which is employed to record the times at which patients take medications and the patients' condition. These simple paper electric devices have the potential to be used in various scenarios for monitoring medical and daily life activities. Using the new devices would enable effective and cost-effective medical care.
著者
笹岡 和雄 本間 壮一郎
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.1, pp.62-67, 2002-01-31 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
4

By rapid spread of electronic media centering on the Internet, improvements in printing speed and printability in news paper printing are progressing in recent years. Moreover, correspondence with environment is desired also for related materials such as ink, paper, etc. from the rise of the concern about environmental problems. With change and progress of news-paper printing technology, demands for news offset ink is diversified and technologies have been developed every year as represented by high-viscosity ink and aroma free solvent based ink. Here, we explain about newspaper ink focusing on the latest technical topics.
著者
村山 登
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.5, pp.206-212, 2000-09-30 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
17

The history and the future of the digital font technology are presented. Today, the main problems of the digital font have been solved, but some items, for example, the font composition, the code allocation, and also the input method of the external kanji are still open for future resolution.
著者
池田 努
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.5, pp.324-328, 2012 (Released:2012-11-15)
参考文献数
1

Black liquor is a waste product from the Kraft cooking mill. It consists of the leftover organic substances such as lignin, carbohydrates, and extractives. Black liquor is the largest source of energy from wood, and it is also the most important renewable energy source. Renewable energy sources such as black liquor contribute to reducing fossil fuel consumption in the pulp and paper industry.
著者
木内 正人
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.4, pp.357-360, 2013 (Released:2013-09-25)
参考文献数
3

It has been said that banknotes appeared in the 10th century. This was 500 years before the invention of letterpress printing by Gutenberg. The birth of banknotes ensured security and convenience in economic activities. In other words, this was the birth of security printing. Since then, special designs have been developed that cannot be duplicated by the technologies of public security printing. These are defined ideologically as security designs. In this first study, I explain the origin of security design features and the "recognition of solemn authority," which developed in the social trends of the Middle Ages through modern times.
著者
鷲巣 敏行
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.131-136, 2009 (Released:2009-07-15)
被引用文献数
2

Recently in Japan, aging of population structure has been going on, and then people with impaired vision, such as presbyopia or cataract are rapidly increasing due to physical depression, accompanied by aging, as well as low vision or impaired color vision which are typical visual impairments. These social situations have resulted in the requirement for the development of "Universal Design Font".The Universal Design Font differs from any other conventional fonts in its design concept, which focused on its usage as display font and designed it with a due consideration to the concept of universal design.
著者
永井 一清
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.2, pp.149-155, 2015 (Released:2015-05-15)
参考文献数
11

Among packaging materials, plastics have the advantages of being thin, lightweight, robust, bendable, flexible, and are applicable to a variety of shapes. However, plastics also have several disadvantages, including those due to oxygen and water vapor barrier properties. The barrier properties of plastics are extremely important, in particular, from the viewpoint of the shelf life of packaged food products and medicines. The oxygen barrier is necessary to suppress deterioration of food due to oxidation during storage. Moreover, the water vapor barrier is necessary to prevent moisture loss. This review presents the fundamentals of gas barrier properties of plastic products for packaging applications.
著者
原 剛
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.002-007, 2007 (Released:2010-02-15)

Although Japanese environmental regulations, and health and safety laws set tolerance levels for noise and vibration generated by printing presses, maintaining these levels in web offset presses are becoming increasingly difficult. This is particularly true in terms of noise, as today's presses tend to be larger and provide faster running speeds for the purpose of improving productivity. The most effective means for reducing noise levels is to enclose the entire web press or the printing unit and folder sections of the press in soundproofing barriers. Laying the proper foundation to support the press is essential for minimizing vibration of buildings within the printing plant. Mechanically induced problems with the press can lead to excessive noise and vibration, and daily maintenance is also necessary to protect the press equipment and alleviate these problems.
著者
内藤 郁夫 長谷川 由美子 芝木 儀夫
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.183-192, 2017 (Released:2017-07-15)
参考文献数
21

In music printing, some steps of engraving, such as layout, marking, etc., were believed to have succeeded from initial lithography processes. Music printing by engraving in the beginning of the 19th century was studied to clarify the backdrop technique of lithography, by using a music score from the Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 21 opus 53, which was printed by the Bureau des arts et d'industri in Vienna in 1805. By analyzing the score, some engraving techniques in music printing could be clearly understood, i.e., punch patterns of music note, order of patterning, rough positioning of notes, re-cutting of lines, corrections of note, etc. Ledger lines were undetectable in the plate-making technique.
著者
印出 明浩
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.6, pp.336-341, 2005 (Released:2009-01-01)

Advancing the digital technologies in Graphic Arts, standardization for total printing process is required to reduce the loss occurred in printing process. Moreover, the standardization is considered to be a significant issue to accomplish building CMS environment. To achieve the standardization, especially in printing stage, the printing color control system comes up first as an essential tool. In this literature, mainly what you can do with KOMORI's printing color control system "PDC-S and net Version" as supporting tool for standardization is addressed.
著者
草野 寿美生
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.5, pp.309-316, 2001-09-30 (Released:2010-09-27)

Full Pagenation System in Japanese newspaper industry had been developed as Total CTS since late '60s. Japanese Publishing System (JPS) architected by Federal Systems Division of IBM was the first product in this area. JPS was equipped with digital fonts, halftone screening, sharp-unsharpe technologies, and so on. Author have engaged in Next-generation JPS project named NPS, and learnt newspaper production issues. This paper reports some characteristic standards of Japan newspaper industry, and their historical backgrounds.
著者
竹本 好孝
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.5, pp.305-309, 2011 (Released:2011-11-15)
参考文献数
4

Nowadays, we are exposed to a many advertising messages. But most of these messages are of no interest to us. Companies have to consider targeting individual consumers so that a consumer's exposure to a company's products or services is maximized. There are two important points. One is "Cross Media Marketing" and the other is "Relevancy." Digital printing technology is required to produce personalize printed copies that can interest consumers with relevant information. Additionally, much better results can be achieved by using a combination of e-mail and the Web together to communicate with consumers. Success in the digital printing business space warrants that a company should think from the customer's viewpoint, and have a thorough understanding of their needs.
著者
神崎 順一
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.220-229, 2008 (Released:2010-12-15)
参考文献数
15

At the end of Edo period, Nagasaki magistrate's office reprinted many Dutch books by the printing machine made in Europe because they were really. necessary. The arrival of the black ships by Commodore Perry opened Japan, and required the people who can speak Dutch or have knowledge of science in the Western countries. The books were printed at the workshop of printed word that was established in 1856 by the office. The compositor was Zenziuemon Shiozawa, and four technicians supported him. They reprinted nine volumes of seven books include "Syntaxis, of woodvoaging der nederduitche taal" written from 1856 to 1859.
著者
柴谷 正也
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.4, pp.246-250, 2011 (Released:2011-09-15)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1

Inkjet textile printing and IC marking devices are examples of the latest advances in industrial inkjet applications. The use of the inkjet textile printing technology is spreading in the Italian high-quality cloth market because of its ability to cater to on-demand printing requirements while providing excellent quality. For example, Monnalisa, which has specific colored inks and requires an integrated, densely-packed print head, has successfully achieved high-grade print quality even for high production rates. It will produce the expected result in markets in other nations provided users take interest in the promotion of digitalization for small-lot production. Inkjet IC marking devices have the advantage of being able to produce damage-free ICs, while printing images having good visibility and providing the on-demand printability feature. For example, IP2000 is printed on with visible white ink that is used in combination with UV and heat cure systems. This technology will evolve suitably to enable its use with small IC chips or thinned array packages in the near future. Inkjet technology is said to have a wide range of existing and potential applications in the industrial sector. As inkjet technology progresses, it appears that further progress in this technology requires simultaneous advances in the peripheral technology that enhances the overall inkjet printing system.
著者
中村 洋之
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.1, pp.046-053, 2015 (Released:2015-03-15)
参考文献数
12

To be responsible stewards of our world, the industrial sphere is required to engage in environmental conservation, especially when it comes to climate change. This is true for all businesses, including those that produce digital and physical books: electronic-books (e-books) and paper-books (p-books) , respectively. Japan's printing related companies are developing Product Category Rules (PCRs) and participating in ISO international standardization for the carbon footprint of products (CFP) regarding e-book and p-book production. In this report, I will introduce the activities the printing industry in Japan is engaging in to monitor and control environmental impact. Because printing is utilized for many products, the printing industry needed to establish a PCR for calculating CFP. The "Publishing & Commercial Printing (work in process) " PCR was established in 2009 and later revised in 2014 in order to reduce collecting data for calculation due to the spread of CFP. A PCR for e-media, including e-books, was established in 2013. The ISO international standard for CFP of print media products, including p-books, was published in 2013; a similar standard for e-media is under development. Comparing the life cycle assessment (LCA) results of e-books and p-books showed the hot spots for each value chain.
著者
森川 徳幸 湊 盟
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.5, pp.384-392, 2016 (Released:2016-11-15)
参考文献数
20

Using vegetable origin materials, the synthesis of a new polysilane modified alkyd resin was carried out to produce functional biodegradable polymer materials. Polysilane was added during the transesterification step or the condensation polymerization step. We observed that the rheological properties of the resulting alkyd resins were markedly changed.