著者
内藤 郁夫 長谷川 由美子 芝木 儀夫
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.5, pp.405-422, 2015 (Released:2015-11-15)
参考文献数
15

Developments in music printing by letterpresses were studied using several historical scores, i.e., score I printed by Gardano in Venice in 1575, score II printed by Gardano in Venice in 1679, score III printed by Ch. Ballard in Paris in 1679, score IV printed by Endter in Nuremberg in 1682, score V printed by F. Heptinstall in London in 1697, and score VI printed by Breitkopf & H ä rtel in Leipzig in 1799. Score I was printed using fonts similar to those invented by Ottaviano dei Petrucci in 1525. About 100 years after score I was printed, there were many differences in the scores in different cities (score II to V). The differences were studied to develop the next font, a mosaic-type font. Finally, the characteristics and typesetting of the mosaic-type font were clarified using score VI.
著者
高森 寛子
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.1, pp.029-034, 2014 (Released:2014-03-15)
参考文献数
5

Recently, smartphones and tablets have been used for collecting records of patients' compliance with drug regimens at medical sites. However, it is difficult for many elderly patients to operate these devices. Most medical facilities are also unable to prepare and distribute these devices to all patients. In this study, we have introduced a novel and simple electronic device system to evaluate its usefulness to patients. This new device is a paper card device equipped with an electric circuit board and a memory chip, which is employed to record the times at which patients take medications and the patients' condition. These simple paper electric devices have the potential to be used in various scenarios for monitoring medical and daily life activities. Using the new devices would enable effective and cost-effective medical care.
著者
笹岡 和雄 本間 壮一郎
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.1, pp.62-67, 2002-01-31 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
4

By rapid spread of electronic media centering on the Internet, improvements in printing speed and printability in news paper printing are progressing in recent years. Moreover, correspondence with environment is desired also for related materials such as ink, paper, etc. from the rise of the concern about environmental problems. With change and progress of news-paper printing technology, demands for news offset ink is diversified and technologies have been developed every year as represented by high-viscosity ink and aroma free solvent based ink. Here, we explain about newspaper ink focusing on the latest technical topics.
著者
乾 誠二
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.242-247, 2008 (Released:2010-12-15)
参考文献数
4

This year marks the 136th anniversary of Japanese railways. In 1872, Japan's first railway was constructed with the support of the United Kingdom, and adopted the British style not only for railcars and train service systems, but also for tickets and even business systems. "Koken" (hard type ticket), a train ticket made of thick paper, is rare sight these days, while "Nanken" (soft type ticket), a ticket purchased from automatic ticket machines or various card-type tickets have become the mainstream. The Tenri University Sankokan Museum houses one of the greatest transportation-related collections in Japan, mainly train tickets collected mainly train tickets by the late Fujio Yamamoto. In this article, I would like to introduce tickets style and changes in printing techniques through these collections and the ticket printing machines we have got recently.
著者
村山 登
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.5, pp.206-212, 2000-09-30 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
17

The history and the future of the digital font technology are presented. Today, the main problems of the digital font have been solved, but some items, for example, the font composition, the code allocation, and also the input method of the external kanji are still open for future resolution.
著者
原 剛
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.002-007, 2007 (Released:2010-02-15)

Although Japanese environmental regulations, and health and safety laws set tolerance levels for noise and vibration generated by printing presses, maintaining these levels in web offset presses are becoming increasingly difficult. This is particularly true in terms of noise, as today's presses tend to be larger and provide faster running speeds for the purpose of improving productivity. The most effective means for reducing noise levels is to enclose the entire web press or the printing unit and folder sections of the press in soundproofing barriers. Laying the proper foundation to support the press is essential for minimizing vibration of buildings within the printing plant. Mechanically induced problems with the press can lead to excessive noise and vibration, and daily maintenance is also necessary to protect the press equipment and alleviate these problems.
著者
内藤 郁夫 長谷川 由美子 芝木 儀夫
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.183-192, 2017 (Released:2017-07-15)
参考文献数
21

In music printing, some steps of engraving, such as layout, marking, etc., were believed to have succeeded from initial lithography processes. Music printing by engraving in the beginning of the 19th century was studied to clarify the backdrop technique of lithography, by using a music score from the Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 21 opus 53, which was printed by the Bureau des arts et d'industri in Vienna in 1805. By analyzing the score, some engraving techniques in music printing could be clearly understood, i.e., punch patterns of music note, order of patterning, rough positioning of notes, re-cutting of lines, corrections of note, etc. Ledger lines were undetectable in the plate-making technique.
著者
印出 明浩
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.6, pp.336-341, 2005 (Released:2009-01-01)

Advancing the digital technologies in Graphic Arts, standardization for total printing process is required to reduce the loss occurred in printing process. Moreover, the standardization is considered to be a significant issue to accomplish building CMS environment. To achieve the standardization, especially in printing stage, the printing color control system comes up first as an essential tool. In this literature, mainly what you can do with KOMORI's printing color control system "PDC-S and net Version" as supporting tool for standardization is addressed.
著者
草野 寿美生
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.5, pp.309-316, 2001-09-30 (Released:2010-09-27)

Full Pagenation System in Japanese newspaper industry had been developed as Total CTS since late '60s. Japanese Publishing System (JPS) architected by Federal Systems Division of IBM was the first product in this area. JPS was equipped with digital fonts, halftone screening, sharp-unsharpe technologies, and so on. Author have engaged in Next-generation JPS project named NPS, and learnt newspaper production issues. This paper reports some characteristic standards of Japan newspaper industry, and their historical backgrounds.
著者
竹本 好孝
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.5, pp.305-309, 2011 (Released:2011-11-15)
参考文献数
4

Nowadays, we are exposed to a many advertising messages. But most of these messages are of no interest to us. Companies have to consider targeting individual consumers so that a consumer's exposure to a company's products or services is maximized. There are two important points. One is "Cross Media Marketing" and the other is "Relevancy." Digital printing technology is required to produce personalize printed copies that can interest consumers with relevant information. Additionally, much better results can be achieved by using a combination of e-mail and the Web together to communicate with consumers. Success in the digital printing business space warrants that a company should think from the customer's viewpoint, and have a thorough understanding of their needs.
著者
村山 登
出版者
The Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.5, pp.206-212, 2000

The history and the future of the digital font technology are presented. Today, the main problems of the digital font have been solved, but some items, for example, the font composition, the code allocation, and also the input method of the external kanji are still open for future resolution.
著者
神崎 順一
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.220-229, 2008 (Released:2010-12-15)
参考文献数
15

At the end of Edo period, Nagasaki magistrate's office reprinted many Dutch books by the printing machine made in Europe because they were really. necessary. The arrival of the black ships by Commodore Perry opened Japan, and required the people who can speak Dutch or have knowledge of science in the Western countries. The books were printed at the workshop of printed word that was established in 1856 by the office. The compositor was Zenziuemon Shiozawa, and four technicians supported him. They reprinted nine volumes of seven books include "Syntaxis, of woodvoaging der nederduitche taal" written from 1856 to 1859.
著者
宝満 聡
出版者
The Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.88-92, 2003-04-30 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
5

Printing ink is a kind of printing materials, that is used for making image to substrate, and has to keep printability for each, mimeograph, off set, gravure, flexo, and such-like. In addition, special ink has functions that stimulate five senses of people. So it is called “Functional ink” or “Added-values ink”. It is a good device with high functions, so it will give you a big help. However, it depends on the plan to use it whether you succeed or not. I show it as follows.
著者
松本 勉
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.3, pp.185-189, 2012 (Released:2012-07-15)
参考文献数
9

Artifact-metrics is an automated method of utilizing artifacts based on their measurable intrinsic characteristics such as microscopic random-patterns and the like which are inherently emerging in their manufacturing process. This method is a kind of sibling technology with Biometrics. This article describes an introductory overview of artifact-metrics with a list of examples including classical paper-based ones as well as a brand-new instance based on nano-photonics. An intrinsic characteristic is called an artifact-metric element. If an artifact-metric element has enough (1) individuality, (2) stability in capturing, (3) durability, and (4) clone-resistance then it can be applied to artifact-metric systems designed for (a) authentication and for (b) reproducing exact values. The former application is well studied and there are many actually used optical systems for plain or micro-magnetic-fiber-embedded paper. The latter application belongs to a relatively new field called physically unclonable functions, which is studied extensively in the context of semiconductor electronic circuits for cryptography.
著者
佐々木 寛
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.244-251, 2012

The use of electronic money based on digital data is spreading in today's society thanks to recent advances in information technology. In Japan, electronic payment systems such as Edy, Suica, PASMO, nanaco, and WAON have become increasingly popular, and they are used widely for making small payments. This study aims to assess the influence of the proliferation of electronic money on present currency by investigating the status of electronic money usage, the amount of currency in circulation, and other factors. The results indicated that the proliferation of electronic money influences the circulation of notes only slightly, while its effect on coins with smaller denominations is non-trivial.
著者
鷲巣 敏行
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.131-136, 2009 (Released:2009-07-15)
被引用文献数
2

Recently in Japan, aging of population structure has been going on, and then people with impaired vision, such as presbyopia or cataract are rapidly increasing due to physical depression, accompanied by aging, as well as low vision or impaired color vision which are typical visual impairments. These social situations have resulted in the requirement for the development of "Universal Design Font".The Universal Design Font differs from any other conventional fonts in its design concept, which focused on its usage as display font and designed it with a due consideration to the concept of universal design.
著者
大橋 岳通
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.72-77, 2008 (Released:2011-04-15)

折本は,印刷·出版·製本·宣伝広告·メーリング等で欠かせない役割をもつ.(1)書籍用頁折では4~32頁等が有り,手帳折では平行巻き16頁平行二つ折+直角巻き四つ折の16頁などがある.(2)商業印刷用折では,パンフレット/カタログ等の平行二つ折,カンノン折,ジグザグ折など,ダイレクトメ-ルは,A3用紙対応の平行二つ折+直角巻き三つ折などがある.(3)特殊折では,経本がジグザグ折加工され,地図は開閉しやすく折り皺の抑制を避ける折り方がされる.紙折機は手折りした折見本を広げて折部分を採寸して,給紙部・紙搬送部・羽折部の各寸法設定と紙厚ローラーギャップ調整を行う.この作業は10分~60分位時間を要するが最近ではコンピュ-タ制御が可能となっている.紙折機の加工方法は,平行折は羽折,直角折は羽折式とナイフ折式がある.
著者
水野 昭
出版者
社団法人 日本印刷学会
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.3, pp.180-188, 2016 (Released:2016-07-15)
参考文献数
1

IWATA UD font released in 2006 was the custom-made font of Panasonic Corporation. A product family of UD font that spread into the printing industry and electronic manufacturers includes several font styles, such as Gothic, round Gothic, and Mincho fonts. The UD font was said to be specially in demand. The UD font got accepted because of not only the efforts of the font dealer but also the matching of the UD font concept to the period background. This report explains the UD font and its distinctivity from other fonts by showing the improvement in the conventional product. Finally, some problems based on a variety of uses and difficulties in producing UD fonts are explained.
著者
山崎 雅彦
出版者
The Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology
雑誌
日本印刷学会誌 (ISSN:09143319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.263-268, 1994-07-31 (Released:2010-09-27)
参考文献数
5

Colorimetric measurements are carried out on the various color samples in order to investigate the influence of the screen rulings. It is noted that in the case of off-press proofs there is not much difference in the colorimetric characteristics between 175 lines/inch and 600 lines/inch, whereas in the case of prints there is bigger difference. It is also noted that the differences caused mainly by the mechanical dotgain of printing inks and optical dotgain has little effects.