著者
北山 忍
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.3, pp.153-167, 1995
被引用文献数
3

Cultures vary considerably in the views of self that are historically constructed and tacitly shared therein. In European-American cultures there is a strong belief in the independence of self from others, giving rise to a major life task of discovering, confirming, and expressing positively valued internal attributes of the self. By contrast, many Asian cultures do not value such independence. Instead, they emphasize the interdependence of self with others. A major life task of these cultures involves forming and maintaining a social relationship of which the self is seen as its meaningful part. In turn, these cultural views of self as independent or as interdependent shape the very nature of social psychological processes that have traditionally been assumed to be cross-culturally invariant. Within this theoretical framework, cross-cultural differences in a variety of psychological processes including cognition, emotion, and motivation are reviewed and integrated. Implications are discussed for future directions of social psychology in Japan.
著者
北山 忍
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.106-114, 1999-03-01 (Released:2008-10-03)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
4
著者
北山 忍
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.3, pp.153-167, 1995-03-31 (Released:2016-12-03)
被引用文献数
1

Cultures vary considerably in the views of self that are historically constructed and tacitly shared therein. In European-American cultures there is a strong belief in the independence of self from others, giving rise to a major life task of discovering, confirming, and expressing positively valued internal attributes of the self. By contrast, many Asian cultures do not value such independence. Instead, they emphasize the interdependence of self with others. A major life task of these cultures involves forming and maintaining a social relationship of which the self is seen as its meaningful part. In turn, these cultural views of self as independent or as interdependent shape the very nature of social psychological processes that have traditionally been assumed to be cross-culturally invariant. Within this theoretical framework, cross-cultural differences in a variety of psychological processes including cognition, emotion, and motivation are reviewed and integrated. Implications are discussed for future directions of social psychology in Japan.
著者
北山 忍 唐澤 真弓
出版者
The Japanese Group Dynamics Association
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.2, pp.133-163, 1995-11-30 (Released:2010-06-04)
参考文献数
191
被引用文献数
23 19

自己についての文化心理学的視座によれば, (i) 心理的傾向の多くは, 観念, ディスコース, 慣習, 制度といった文化の諸側面によって維持・構成され, さらに (ii) これら文化の諸要素は, 歴史的に形成され, 社会的に共有された自己観 (北米・西欧, 中流階級における相互独立的自己観や, 日本を含むアジア文化における相互協調的自己観) に根ざしている。この理論的枠組みに基づいて, 本論文ではまず, 日本の内外でなされてきている日本的自己についての文献を概観し, 現代日本社会にみられる相互協調の形態の特性を同定した。次いで, 自己実現の文化的多様性とその身体・精神健康問題へのインプリケーションについての日米比較研究の成果を吟味し, 心理的傾向が文化によりどのように形成されるかを具体的に例証した。最後に, 将来への指針を示し, 結論とした。