著者
岩佐 和典
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
エモーション・スタディーズ (ISSN:21897425)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.Si, pp.47-53, 2019-02-28 (Released:2019-03-11)
参考文献数
40

The behavioral immune system (BIS) regulates one’s cognition, emotion, behavior for avoiding diseases. History shows that disgust as the key component of the behavioral immune system has played a crucial role in the spread of extreme out-group exclusion. This article aimed to examine how the BIS influences negative attitude towards the specific group. A broad range of literature review suggested that the fundamental principles of the BIS, smoke-detector principle and functional flexibility principle, are essential for understanding this issue. Previous studies showed individual differences in disgust sensitivity and perceived vulnerability to disease affect the negative attitude towards the specific group based on the BIS. Presence of disease cues also facilitates the formation of such attitude. In addition, the literature review revealed information provides the disease context can easily alter an individual’s attitudes towards the specific group in a negative direction. Furthermore, based on these findings, the direction of future research is discussed.
著者
岩佐 和典 田中 恒彦 山田 祐樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.16230, (Released:2018-01-15)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
2

The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R-J). The participants were 1063 Japanese people (mean age = 21.64, SD = 7.33, range = 18–77; 581 males and 482 females) and were separated into three different groups. Participants in samples 1 (n = 481) and 2 (n = 492) provided data for examining the factor structure and validity of the DS-R-J. They completed the DS-R-J as well as questionnaires assessing disgust propensity and sensitivity, anxiety sensitivity, state and trait anxiety, affective state, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Participants in sample 3 (n = 90) provided data for estimating the test–retest reliability of the DS-R-J. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the three-factor structure involving core disgust, animal-reminder disgust, and physical and mental contamination disgust. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were sufficient, and conceptual validity of the DS-R-J was also supported. The results show that the Japanese version of the DS-R-J is a reliable and valid measurement of disgust sensitivity.
著者
岩佐 和典 小松 孝徳
出版者
一般社団法人 人工知能学会
雑誌
人工知能学会論文誌 (ISSN:13460714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.265-273, 2015-01-06 (Released:2015-01-06)
参考文献数
19

The purpose of this study was to investigate how the naming of an object influences visually induced tactile impression and emotional valence, using tactile sense-related onomatopoeic words for evaluation of tactile impression. The present study focused on how visually induced tactile impression and valence might differ when different names of the same visual texture were presented. In addition, to investigate the relationship between visually induced tactile impression and valence, correlations among change rates of tactile impression and valence induced by the alteration of names were examined. 60 undergraduate students (mean age = 19.55, male = 3, female = 57) participated in the experiment. The results revealed that different tactile impressions and emotional responses were evoked by the same visual texture when different names were presented. Moreover, significant correlations were found between change rates of tactile impression and valence. These results show that visually induced tactile impression and emotion are influenced by top-down semantic processes.
著者
岩佐 和典 田中 恒彦 山田 祐樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.1, pp.82-92, 2018 (Released:2018-04-25)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
1 2

The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R-J). The participants were 1063 Japanese people (mean age = 21.64, SD = 7.33, range = 18–77; 581 males and 482 females) and were separated into three different groups. Participants in samples 1 (n = 481) and 2 (n = 492) provided data for examining the factor structure and validity of the DS-R-J. They completed the DS-R-J as well as questionnaires assessing disgust propensity and sensitivity, anxiety sensitivity, state and trait anxiety, affective state, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Participants in sample 3 (n = 90) provided data for estimating the test–retest reliability of the DS-R-J. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the three-factor structure involving core disgust, animal-reminder disgust, and physical and mental contamination disgust. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were sufficient, and conceptual validity of the DS-R-J was also supported. The results show that the Japanese version of the DS-R-J is a reliable and valid measurement of disgust sensitivity.
著者
岩佐 和典
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.171-178, 2016-06-01 (Released:2016-12-01)
参考文献数
5
著者
岩佐 和典 田中 恒彦 山田 祐樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.1, pp.82-92, 2018
被引用文献数
2

<p>The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R-J). The participants were 1063 Japanese people (mean age = 21.64, <i>SD</i> = 7.33, <i>range</i> = 18–77; 581 males and 482 females) and were separated into three different groups. Participants in samples 1 (<i>n</i> = 481) and 2 (<i>n</i> = 492) provided data for examining the factor structure and validity of the DS-R-J. They completed the DS-R-J as well as questionnaires assessing disgust propensity and sensitivity, anxiety sensitivity, state and trait anxiety, affective state, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Participants in sample 3 (<i>n</i> = 90) provided data for estimating the test–retest reliability of the DS-R-J. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the three-factor structure involving core disgust, animal-reminder disgust, and physical and mental contamination disgust. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were sufficient, and conceptual validity of the DS-R-J was also supported. The results show that the Japanese version of the DS-R-J is a reliable and valid measurement of disgust sensitivity.</p>
著者
岩佐 和典 田中 恒彦 山田 祐樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究
巻号頁・発行日
2018
被引用文献数
2

<p>The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R-J). The participants were 1063 Japanese people (mean age = 21.64, <i>SD</i> = 7.33, <i>range</i> = 18–77; 581 males and 482 females) and were separated into three different groups. Participants in samples 1 (<i>n</i> = 481) and 2 (<i>n</i> = 492) provided data for examining the factor structure and validity of the DS-R-J. They completed the DS-R-J as well as questionnaires assessing disgust propensity and sensitivity, anxiety sensitivity, state and trait anxiety, affective state, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Participants in sample 3 (<i>n</i> = 90) provided data for estimating the test–retest reliability of the DS-R-J. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the three-factor structure involving core disgust, animal-reminder disgust, and physical and mental contamination disgust. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability were sufficient, and conceptual validity of the DS-R-J was also supported. The results show that the Japanese version of the DS-R-J is a reliable and valid measurement of disgust sensitivity.</p>
著者
泉 俊昌 藤岡 雅子 佐藤 嘉紀 恩地 英年 長谷川 保弘 岩佐 和典 北村 秀夫 山口 明夫
出版者
日本臨床外科学会
雑誌
日本臨床外科学会雑誌 (ISSN:13452843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.5, pp.1225-1229, 2002-05-25 (Released:2009-01-22)
参考文献数
8

症例は1999年6月に左卵巣嚢腫に対し自動縫合器を用いた腹腔鏡下左付属器切除術の既往のある41歳の女性. 2000年9月28日,突然の下腹部痛・嘔吐にて入院となった.絶食・輸液にて経過観察するも腹膜刺激症状が出現したため, 9月30日緊急手術を施行した.開腹すると血性腹水を認め,腸間膜同士の癒着により形成された間隙に回腸が迷入・嵌頓し,絞扼性イレウスとなっていた.癒着を剥離するとイレウスは解除され,剥離部より自動縫合器の落下ステイプルが1個発見された.腹腔内にはこの部位以外に癒着を認めなかった.絞扼腸管は可逆的であり腸切除は行わず閉腹した.術後12病日に退院し,以後イレウスの再発は認めていない. 自動縫合器のステイプルが目的部位以外に落下・残存した場合は癒着が生じイレウスの原因となる可能性があり,余分なステイプルを落下させない工夫と落下ステイプルの丹念な回収の必要性が示唆された.