著者
Keiji Nakamura Satoshi Ide Sho Saito Noriko Kinoshita Satoshi Kutsuna Yuki Moriyama Tetsuya Suzuki Masayuki Ota Hidetoshi Nomoto Tetsuya Mizoue Masayuki Hojo Jin Takasaki Yusuke Asai Mari Terada Yutaro Akiyama Yusuke Miyazato Takato Nakamoto Yuji Wakimoto Mugen Ujiie Kei Yamamoto Masahiro Ishikane Shinichiro Morioka Kayoko Hayakawa Haruhito Sugiyama Norio Ohmagari
出版者
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
雑誌
Global Health & Medicine (ISSN:24349186)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.3, pp.174-177, 2020-06-30 (Released:2020-07-04)
参考文献数
8

Since the initial report of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from the City of Wuhan, China in December 2019, there have been multiple cases globally. Reported here are 11 cases of COVID-19 at this hospital; all of the patients in question presented with relative bradycardia. The severity of the disease was classified into four grades. Of the patients studied, 3 with mild COVID-19 and 3 with moderate COVID-19 improved spontaneously. Lopinavir/ritonavir was administered to 3 patients with severe COVID-19 and 2 with critical COVID-19. Both patients with critical COVID-19 required mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Both patients with critical COVID-19 had a higher fever that persisted for longer than patients with milder COVID-19. The respiratory status of patients with critical COVID-19 worsened rapidly 7 days after the onset of symptoms. Relative bradycardia may be useful in distinguishing between COVID-19 and bacterial community-acquired pneumonia. In patients who have had a fever for > 7 days, the condition might worsen suddenly.
著者
Satoshi IDE
出版者
日本学士院
雑誌
Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B (ISSN:03862208)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.90, no.8, pp.259-277, 2014-10-10 (Released:2014-10-11)
参考文献数
122
被引用文献数
4 15

Earthquake sources represent dynamic rupture within rocky materials at depth and often can be modeled as propagating shear slip controlled by friction laws. These laws provide boundary conditions on fault planes embedded in elastic media. Recent developments in observation networks, laboratory experiments, and methods of data analysis have expanded our knowledge of the physics of earthquakes. Newly discovered slow earthquakes are qualitatively different phenomena from ordinary fast earthquakes and provide independent information on slow deformation at depth. Many numerical simulations have been carried out to model both fast and slow earthquakes, but problems remain, especially with scaling laws. Some mechanisms are required to explain the power-law nature of earthquake rupture and the lack of characteristic length. Conceptual models that include a hierarchical structure over a wide range of scales would be helpful for characterizing diverse behavior in different seismic regions and for improving probabilistic forecasts of earthquakes.
著者
戸ヶ里 泰典 米倉 佑貴 井出 訓 Taisuke Togari Yuki Yonekura Satoshi Ide
出版者
放送大学
雑誌
放送大学研究年報 = Journal of The Open University of Japan (ISSN:09114505)
巻号頁・発行日
no.33, pp.11-25, 2015

保健・看護系の大学院生が、効率的に必要十分な統計学的知識の定着をはかり、データ解析ができるための学習支援のプログラムの開発に向けて、本学の保健・看護系修士課程大学院生における、①統計解析の学習に関する意向とニーズを明らかにすること、②統計解析スキル向上に向けた演習を構築しその評価をすること、③良く質問され、かつ研究遂行上重要なQ&Aを探索し整備すること、の3点を目的とした。 目的①に対しては一定の統計解析を行って修士論文を作成した本学保健・看護系大学院生・卒業生13名を対象とした自記式質問紙ないし構造化面接調査を実施した。また、目的②に対しては極力わかりやすい解説の元、論文の結果表を読み取り、自身の研究データ解析に活用できる授業の構築、ならびに、参加者が自分の研究データを扱っている感覚でデモデータを分析する演習の構築を行い、終了後に感想を聞くとともに、目的①の質問紙調査において感想を聞いた。目的③については、新たに専用の統計相談窓口を設置し、統計解析に関する相談を受け付けることを通じて、どのような質問が寄せられるかを整理した。 修士論文作成に使用した統計解析ソフトウエアはR/Rコマンダーが6名、SPSSが5名、Excel統計が4名であった。統計解析方法については、教員からの指導に依存し、補足的に自学自習をしているスタイルであった。事例が豊富な教材を期待する声が大きかった。講義、演習については、概ね良好に受け入れられたが、回数が限られており分量が多く、スピードが速いといった指摘が見られた。統計相談の内容の傾向としては、量的変数として扱ってよい場合とそうでない場合、必要なサンプルサイズについて多く寄せられていた。 統計解析に関する知識を概観し、自己学習のきっかけをつくるうえでの講義授業は重要であることが伺われた。同様に自主演習をすすめるきっかけとしての演習授業も重要であることが伺われた。
著者
Kayoko Hayakawa Satoshi Kutsuna Takeo Kawamata Yuko Sugiki Chiharu Nonaka Keiko Tanaka Michi Shoji Masaki Nagai Shunsuke Tezuka Kazuyuki Shinya Hiroki Saito Takahiro Harada Nin Moriya Motoyuki Tsuboi Masataro Norizuki Yasuo Sugiura Yasuyo Osanai Masaya Sugiyama Ayako Okuhama Kohei Kanda Yuji Wakimoto Mugen Ujiie Shinichiro Morioka Kei Yamamoto Noriko Kinoshita Masahiro Ishikane Sho Saito Yuki Moriyama Masayuki Ota Keiji Nakamura Takato Nakamoto Satoshi Ide Hidetoshi Nomoto Yutaro Akiyama Tetsuya Suzuki Yusuke Miyazato Yoshiaki Gu Nobuaki Matsunaga Shinya Tsuzuki Yumiko Fujitomo Yoshiki Kusama Hiroyuki Shichino Masao Kaneshige Junko Yamanaka Miki Saito Masayuki Hojo Masao Hashimoto Shinyu Izumi Jin Takasaki Manabu Suzuki Keita Sakamoto Yukio Hiroi Sakurako Emoto Makoto Tokuhara Toshiaki Kobayashi Koichiro Tomiyama Fumihiko Nakamura Norio Ohmagari Haruhito Sugiyama
出版者
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
雑誌
Global Health & Medicine (ISSN:24349186)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.2, pp.107-111, 2020-04-30 (Released:2020-05-10)
参考文献数
11

Due to the significant spread of a new type of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection (COVID-19) in China, the Chinese government blockaded several cities in Hubei Province. Japanese citizens lost a means of transportation to return back to Japan. The National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM) helped the operation of charter flights for evacuation of Japanese residents from Hubei Province, and this article outlines our experiences. A total of five charter flights were dispatched, and the majority of returnees (793/829 [95.7%]) were handled at NCGM. A large number of personnel from various departments participated in this operation; 107 physicians, 115 nurses, 110 clerical staff, and 45 laboratory technicians in total. Several medical translators were also involved. In this operation, we conducted airborne precautions in addition to contact precautions. Eye shields were also used. The doctors collecting the pharyngeal swab used a coverall to minimize the risk of body surface contamination from secretions and droplets. Enhanced hand hygiene using alcohol hand sanitizer was performed. Forty-eight persons were ultimately hospitalized after the triage at NCGM operation, which was more than the number of persons triaged at the airport (n = 34). Of those hospitalized after NCGM triage, 8.3% (4/48 patients) ultimately tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, significantly higher than the positive rate among subjects not triaged (4/48 [8.3%] vs. 9/745 [1.2%]: p = 0.0057). NCGM participated in a large-scale operation to evacuate Japanese nationals from the COVID-19 epidemic area. We were able to establish a scheme through this experience that can be used in the future.
著者
Masahiro Ishikane Yusuke Miyazato Satoshi Kustuna Tetsuya Suzuki Satoshi Ide Keiji Nakamura Shinichiro Morioka Harutaka Katano Tadaki Suzuki Norio Ohmagari
出版者
National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases Editorial Committee
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JJID.2020.240, (Released:2020-05-29)
参考文献数
14

We report a case of patient in Japan with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with false-negative of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 of pharyngeal swab, from a Chinese traveller returning from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. If a patient is clinically or epidemiologically suspected of COVID-19, appropriate infection and prevention control measures such as standard, contact, and droplet precaution are needed until the patient is proven to be true-negative.
著者
Kayoko Hayakawa Satoshi Kutsuna Takeo Kawamata Yuko Sugiki Chiharu Nonaka Keiko Tanaka Michi Shoji Masaki Nagai Shunsuke Tezuka Kazuyuki Shinya Hiroki Saito Takahiro Harada Nin Moriya Motoyuki Tsuboi Masataro Norizuki Yasuo Sugiura Yasuyo Osanai Masaya Sugiyama Ayako Okuhama Kohei Kanda Yuji Wakimoto Mugen Ujiie Shinichiro Morioka Kei Yamamoto Noriko Kinoshita Masahiro Ishikane Sho Saito Yuki Moriyama Masayuki Ota Keiji Nakamura Takato Nakamoto Satoshi Ide Hidetoshi Nomoto Yutaro Akiyama Tetsuya Suzuki Yusuke Miyazato Yoshiaki Gu Nobuaki Matsunaga Shinya Tsuzuki Yumiko Fujitomo Yoshiki Kusama Hiroyuki Shichino Masao Kaneshige Junko Yamanaka Miki Saito Masayuki Hojo Masao Hashimoto Shinyu Izumi Jin Takasaki Manabu Suzuki Keita Sakamoto Yukio Hiroi Sakurako Emoto Makoto Tokuhara Toshiaki Kobayashi Koichiro Tomiyama Fumihiko Nakamura Norio Ohmagari Haruhito Sugiyama
出版者
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
雑誌
Global Health & Medicine (ISSN:24349186)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2020.01036, (Released:2020-04-29)
参考文献数
11

Due to the significant spread of a new type of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection (COVID-19) in China, the Chinese government blockaded several cities in Hubei Province. Japanese citizens lost a means of transportation to return back to Japan. The National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM) helped the operation of charter flights for evacuation of Japanese residents from Hubei Province, and this article outlines our experiences. A total of five charter flights were dispatched, and the majority of returnees (793/829 [95.7%]) were handled at NCGM. A large number of personnel from various departments participated in this operation; 107 physicians, 115 nurses, 110 clerical staff, and 45 laboratory technicians in total. Several medical translators were also involved. In this operation, we conducted airborne precautions in addition to contact precautions. Eye shields were also used. The doctors collecting the pharyngeal swab used a coverall to minimize the risk of body surface contamination from secretions and droplets. Enhanced hand hygiene using alcohol hand sanitizer was performed. Forty-eight persons were ultimately hospitalized after the triage at NCGM operation, which was more than the number of persons triaged at the airport (n = 34). Of those hospitalized after NCGM triage, 8.3% (4/48 patients) ultimately tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, significantly higher than the positive rate among subjects not triaged (4/48 [8.3%] vs. 9/745 [1.2%]: p = 0.0057). NCGM participated in a large-scale operation to evacuate Japanese nationals from the COVID-19 epidemic area. We were able to establish a scheme through this experience that can be used in the future.
著者
井出 訓 木村 靖子 杉田 隆介 森 伸幸 イデ サトシ キムラ ヤスコ スギタ リュウスケ モリ ノブユキ Satoshi IDE Yasuko KIMURA Ryusuke SUGITA Nobuyuki MORI
雑誌
北海道医療大学看護福祉学部紀要
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.59-63, 2006

本研究の目的は、高齢者に対する教育的な介入プログラムである「物忘れ予防教室」を、地域介護支援センター職員がそのマニュアルに沿って展開し、高齢者の記憶や自己効力感に対するプログラムの影響を追試すると共に、地域における介護予防活動としてプログラムを展開していくことの可能性を模索することである。対象者は、物忘れ予防教室に参加した者のうち、調査協力が得られ、かつ教室前後でのデータを得ることができた男女16名である。結果から、すべての測定ツールにおいて介入後のプラス変化が見られ、特にメタ記憶の「記憶の補助方法」(p=0.039)と「記憶の自己効力感」(p=0.039)、および抑うつ感(p=0.050)に関して有意な変化が見られた。このことから、物忘れ予防教室によって対象者は有意に記憶に関する自己効力感を高め、また記憶の補助方法の活用頻度を高めていることが明らかとなった。支援センター職員が中心となって行われた「物忘れ予防教室」も、マニュアルに沿って介入を行うとで、参加者の記憶に対する認識や記憶の効力感を高め、高齢者をエンパワーしていく働きかけとなることが示唆され、地域における活動として展開していくことの有用性が確認されたといえる。Purpose of this study was to test the memory training program for its efficiency and applicability as a preventive service for elderly providing at a care support center in community. The subjects for this study were elder participants living in community who agreed to join this research. The result showed significant increase in metamemory (p=0.039) and memory self efficacy (p=0.039). This result suggested that the memory training program was useful as a program aimed at preventing elderly people from requiring nursing care and further losing physical and mental strength.