著者
山内 兄人
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.5-17, 2014-03-26
著者
佐々木 真里
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.51-51, 2012-03-26 (Released:2016-11-27)
著者
今野 義孝 上杉 喬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.63-72, 2003-12
被引用文献数
2

Authors examined the effects of the positive mind-body experiences through Dohsa-method on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli in undergraduate students. Nostalgia is a universal affect that results in a heightened mental state, an enhancing, uplifting mood related to particular memories of the past. Nostalgia is also entails the recognition and acceptance of past experiences, and may facilitate the positive reevaluation of life, strengthen subjective well-being and happiness, and enhance self-esteem as well, while alleviate depressive feeling in elderly people. Nostalgia also contains both the positive and negative aspects of affective experiences. The positive affective aspect of past could be enhanced under positive mind-body condition. This study consisted of two experiments. In Experiment I, a correlation between the EEG pleasantness and the positive mind-body experience induced by Dohsa-method was examined using a EEG Pleasantness Scale and POMS. In Experiments II, the effects of positive mind-body experience on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli (e.g. the song of birds, the murmur of a stream, the sound of chopping vegetables, and so on) was examined. Nostalgic affects was evaluated by 10-item affective imagery scale. Results indicated that positive mind-body experience through Dohsa-method could heighten the EEG pleasantness, and facilitate nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli. These results suggest the possibility of developing a new version of Life Review method, that is Dohsa-method based Life Review, for elderly people.
著者
太田 和敬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.27, pp.65-75, 2005-12-20

The Netherlands was regarded as a country that had succeeded in accepting immigrants because of the Dutch attitude of tolerance, while other European countries were suffering from the problem of minorities. However, in the 21st century, some political assassinations caused a conflict between the immigrants and the native Dutch. The National Security Service and the Ministry of Education investigated the political actions and influences of Islam on Dutch society and schools and published reports in 2002. According to these reports, there exist a few trivial problems, for example, remittances from foreign Islamic organizations to the domestic ones for the construction of mosques and Islamic schools and religious education in the Arabic language. These practices instigated a negative feeling toward Islam. There are two difficulties to resolve immigration questions, restraints of marriage of Islam and confrontation about human rights including problems of abortion and divorce. The Dutch Government has made efforts to integrate newcomers but is considered to have failed because of the high unemployment and crime rates and the low average literacy level of the immigrants. Dutch society requires the restoration of tolerance. This could imply the revival of new polarization although this was denied by the Dutch Government.
著者
鳴島史之
出版者
北見工業大学
雑誌
人間科学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.(創刊), 2005-03-20
著者
下村 五三夫 伊藤 大介 Shimomura Isao Ito Daisuke
出版者
国立大学法人北見工業大学
雑誌
人間科学研究
巻号頁・発行日
no.4, pp.13-62, 2008-03

From the viewpoints of cultural anthropology and experimental phonetics, this paper dealt with a mysterious and little known game called rekukkara or rekuhkara performed by Sakhalin Ainus. This game is conducted by a pair of women, facing each other in a mouth-to-mouth distance, in the following way. One partner sends her guttural voice sounds into the mouth cavity of the other through a tube made of their hands. The guttural voice being applied into the receiver’s mouth can be modulated by the volume alteration of the mouth cavity. Similar games are recognized only among Chukchas and Canadian Inuits. In the framework of ‘speech synthesis by vocal tract simulation’, we proved that rekukkara is a kind of speech synthesis game. The key secret is for the voice receiver to hold her glottis shut and conduct some pantomimed articulation while the sender is sending her guttural voice into her mouth cavity. We argued that the game might be originated in the speaking jews-harp cultures and black-smith shamanism, one or both of which we can recognize among Ket, Sayan-Altaic, Tuvan, Buryat, Yakut, and Tungusic players of orally resonating instruments. We also pointed out that there is a correlation found between the bellows blowing air into the furnace at a black-smith’s work place and the guttural voice flowing into the mouth cavity of the game player. In the period of Mongolic domination, ancestors of the Sakhalin Ainu, who happened to move from the island to the Coast districts of now Russia, might have acquired from Tungusic players how to make orally applied noises transform into speech sounds. We also discussed the etymological question of a metallic jews-harp called kobuz, whose etymology is still unknown. Based on Tang dynasty 唐代 phonological reading of the eight names 渾不似,胡不兒,火不思,虎拍子, 琥珀 思,虎撥思,胡撥四,呉撥四cited in an Edo.period archive Geiennisshou .苑日 渉, we attested that the word 胡不兒belongs to Bulghar Turkic while the other seven variants to General Turkic. The phonological notation for 胡 不兒 is γοpur, whose ending 兒 /r/ seems to be a plural marker {-r} in Bulghar Turkic. The ending 兒/r/ contrasts with all the other endings 似, 思,子,四, whose phonetic value of the period of Tang dynasty is /s/, whose voiced variation /z/ is also a plural marker in General Turkic. Therefore, kobuz and its phonetic variations may be Turkic words, which can be decomposed into the two components, *kob- (noun) + -uz or -ur (plural marker). We conducted spectrographic analysis on the sound archives of rekukkara recorded by Bronislaw Pilsudski, a Polish exile to Sakhalin island from 1887 to 1903. We compared their sonograms with those of the sound recordings of the same game collected by NHK in 1950s and the sound recordings of its Chukcha and Inuit versions collected by K. Tanimoto in 1979 and 1992, respectively. We recognized that there appear speech synthesizing processes in the sonograms of the speech samples from Ainu sound archives compiled by NHK, which reinforces our hypothesis that the throat-exchange game rekukkara might have originated in speaking jews-harp cultures combined with black-smith shamanism in southern Siberia. As to the question of whether the Ainu rekukkara can be related with the Chukcha and Inuit versions, the answer solely depends on whether their sound recordings reveal the speech synthesizing processes in their sonograms.
著者
堀口 久五郎
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.123-134, 2010-03-01

「精神保健福祉」という用語の存立基盤を探る基礎的研究として、1995年「精神保健及び精神障害者福祉に関する法律」と、1997年「精神保健福祉士法」という精神保健福祉を名のる2つの法制度をとりあげ、その用語の成立と普及・促進に大きな影響を与えた法令や政府関係資料を明らかにし、「精神保健福祉」の「定義」規定を検討した。本論において、「精神保健福祉」概念の基盤にある「福祉」と「精神保健」の関係の在り方を検討し、その位相を図表化して整理するとともに、新しい最広義の「精神保健福祉」概念のモデルを提示した。
著者
土屋 久 堀口 久五郎
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.217-227, 2011-03 (Released:2011-03-24)

This paper reports on aspects of the healing deity Kanayamasama based on investigations on the islands of Hachijojima and Aogashima.Results are as follows:1) Kanayamasama is a deity that possesses an ambivalent nature with the power to curse and lift curses.2) Fujou caused by a curse is thought to cause illness on both islands. Because Kanayamasama possesses power to lift Fujou, she is revered as a healing deity.3) On both islands, shrine maidens play a large role in determining the character of Kanayamasama.In light of these findings, this study noted to need to understand health in terms of folk customs on both islands when discussing actual issues in the areas of medicine and welfare.カナヤマサマは、鍛冶屋のカミ、火のカミとして知られる民俗神であるが、本稿では、その治癒神としての側面を八丈島・青ヶ島での調査に基づいて報告し、両島における健康観の一端を考察した。その結果明らかになったのは、以下の点である。一、カナヤマサマは、呪詛の力を発揮するカミであるとともに、呪詛を祓うカミでもあるという両義的な性格を有すること。二、呪詛によって生じるフジョウが、病いの一因と両島では考えられており、それを祓う力をカナヤマサマが有するが故に、治癒神として祀られること。三、両島におけるカナヤマサマの性格形成には、ミコの果たす力が大きいこと。以上の点を報告した上で、両島の医療や福祉の分野に置ける現実的な課題を考えていくにあたり、両島が育んできた民俗レヴェルでの健康観に対する理解の必要性を指摘した。
著者
太田 和敬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.31-40, 2009-03-01

Few academicians thought that they would live to see the day when all students wanting to enter a university could do so, but that day has finally come. Universities' future survival depends on whether or not they can improve their classes and satisfy their students. To that end, we should analyze and share information on lectures with each other.This essay discusses my efforts over twenty years to improve my classes in order to enrich and encourage student's academic abilities.1. In order to let students prepare for lessons, I first made handouts and put them in mailboxes. I expected them read before lessons, but many students failed to remove and read them before class. Then I made textbooks, and now I put them on my web site.2. Students want two-way communication even in big classes. That said, Japanese are often too shy to speak before an audience so some techniques were devised to encourage speaking like giving points for speeches.3. Students should write down material in class, and I gave them opportunities to do so in reports, mailing lists, and bulletin boards. Reading what other students have written helps provide different views.I have used a web-based system to improve my classes.