著者
進藤 眸
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.47-56, 1999-12-20

In the 1st report of successive studies, bibliographies on monistic understanding of the delinquency or the delinquency proneness, are reviewed by focusing on both the approach to basic character traits of delinquents and the approach to their degree of readiness to delinquent behaviors. As for the former approach, Aichhorn's latent delinquency, Friedlander's antisocial character, Glaser's differential identification, and Mizushima's lack of tie with socialized persons, are discussed. As for the later approach, the dimension of deviant personality which is related to the occurrence of delinquent behaviors, and the dimension of the delinquency proneness, by utilizing the MMPI, one of so-called structured personality tests, are also discussed. Through these discussions, I conclude that we should attract attention to following two problems, especially, if we intend to develop differentiating the delinquency or the delinquency proneness.(1)Because of limitations in constructing the measure of the delinquency, it is essential not only to measure the generalized delinquency, but also to make a clinical diagnosis concretely and dynamically concerning the nature of the delinquency.(2)It is necessary to analyze the psychological mechanism under which delinquent behaviors occur, by adding an analytical function to the concept of the delinquency proneness.In solving these two problems, we, at first, need to examine the delinquency proneness from a viewpoint of its developing process, in order to analyze the abovementioned psychological mechanism. Secondarily, We must hold the frame of reference in common for differentiating the delinquency, and follow the same judging process, if we take the correctional treatment into account, and understand the delinquency proneness in connection with it.
著者
宍戸 佳織
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.2, pp.153-167, 2005

Tea from all over the world belongs to the same species, "camellia sinensis" and is classified according to differences in processing methods. In China, the country of origin for tea, the habit of drinking tea spread widely during the Song Dynasty (960-1279). During this era, valuable tea was Gong cha (Tribute tea: for offering to the Imperial court), in particular, Fanning tea (solid tea) derived from Pian cha in the Tang Dynasty was used. During the Song Dynasty, tea competitions further increased the popularity of tea among the general population. This gradual change in fashion may be considered as one of the factors responsible for the increased processing of tea during this era. The present research investigates the production, processing, and distribution of tea as depicted in literature, including pictures and statistical records, from the Song Dynasty. In addition, the relationship between competition and processing of tea is discussed. (Waseda Journal of Human Sciences, 18 (2) : 47-61, 2005)
著者
相澤 直樹
出版者
神戸大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:13404474)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.1, pp.77-88, 2002-11
被引用文献数
1
著者
鎌田 晶子 臼井 信男 吉野 大輔
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.153-160, 2010-03-01

商品に対する単純接触効果について、二肢強制選択法を用いて実験的に検討した(N = 88)。商品ごとに印象評定を行い(N = 67)、商品の特徴と単純接触効果の関係について検討した。その結果、はさみ、シャープペンシル、トイレットペーパーのような実用品については単純接触効果が認められ、花束のような美的印象や感情が喚起されやすい装飾品には単純接触効果が認められなかった。感情的評価と単純接触効果の生起の関係について考察した。
著者
太田 和敬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.11-36, 2013-03-01

Through re-consideration of disciplinary education and punishment at school is urgently needed in order to resolve the serious problems that Japanese schools are facing such as suicides due to bullying. Although school principals and teachers are granted the right to discipline and punish students in Japan, few schools have clear guidelines on punishment, and principals tend to be hesitant to punish students.Teachers, however, often penalize students for their misbehavior instead of properly instructing them from an educational viewpoint . Such discipline is ineffective at improving their behavior in many cases. In order to provide order in the classroom, punishment for infringing on other pupils' right to learn must be differentiated from out-of-school discipline to guide behavior. In addition, a teacher's right to penalize students should be banned; punishment should be inflicted only with adequate discipline and with the principal's approval in the case of violence and infringement on learning. Even then, it should be carried out according to proper procedures. To help students better understand, they should given the opportunity to learn about laws regarding the right to learn, discipline, and punishment.
著者
永島 計 中村 真由美
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.21-33, 2012-03-26
著者
井原 なみは 入戸野 宏
出版者
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18817688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.37-42, 2012

In Japan, the word kawaii ("cute" or "adorable" in English) has become difficult to define because it is widely used for describing various objects. This study attempted to find common psychological factors in the feelings of kawaii toward different types of objects. Both male and female university students (N = 180) rated their feelings on six 5-point scales after imagining a scene in which they encountered each of four types of kawaii objects: objects with baby schema (e.g., infants, baby animals), humans (e.g., women, smiles), inanimate objects (e.g., accessories, sweets), and idiosyncratic objects (e.g., lizards, mushrooms). The scales consisted of two adjectives ("kawaii," "infantile"), two scales of approach motivation ("want to be closer to it," "want to keep it nearby"), and two scales of nurturance motivation ("want to help it when it is in trouble," "want to protect it"). Results show that kawaii and infantility ratings were correlated with each other only moderately. Partial correlation analyses revealed that higher kawaii ratings were associated with higher approach motivation, but not with higher nurturance motivation, across four categories. The findings were inconsistent with the baby schema hypothesis, which holds that the feeling of kawaii is linked with caregiving and protection for the young and the weak. Rather, the results suggest that the scope of kawaii is not limited to baby schema and that the feeling of kawaii can be better conceptualized as a positive emotion with strong approach motivation.
著者
松本 義明
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.92-92, 2012-03-26
著者
岡田 斉
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.28, pp.25-34, 2006-12-20

This study aims to develop an abridged version of the Auditory Hallucination and Mishearing Questionnaire (SORAMIMI Questionnaire). The abridged version is designed to be used as a quick tool for the assessment of auditory hallucination, mishearing, and subjective hearing loss. Data from 469 university students were used to analyze the item statistics and psychometric properties. Twenty-four items with an optimal combination of high item-total correlations and reliability in assessing changes were selected for the SORAMIMI Questionnaire.
著者
相良 守次
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.19-27, 1983-03

資料はじめに――――われわれ人間科学部心理学研究室のスタッフは、研究室の相良守次教授を囲んで、先生と心理学をめぐるさまざまなお話を伺う会をもっている。この回は不定期ではあるが現在も継続中である。相良教授は日本心理学会の会長を務められたこともある心理学界の重鎮であり、先生のお話の中には、日本の心理学会の動向についての貴重な資料になりうる部分が多く含まれているように思われる。話していただくテーマはさまざまであるが、われわれはすでに約10時間に及ぶお話のテープを保管している。本稿は、1972年8月に東京で開催された第20回国際心理学会議(XXth International Congress of Psychology)について伺ったお話の一部をまとめたものである。当時相良教授は日本心理学会会長であり、その国際会議のための組織委員長を務められていた。本資料を得るための会合は1982年7月18日神奈川県葉山相洋閣で行われ、出席者は相良教授のほか人間科学部心理学研究室のスタッフ全員(高柳信子、 岡堂哲雄、 秋山胖、 上杉喬、 丹治哲雄、 大熊保彦)と総合研究室の森井利夫教授の計8名であった。なお本資料の収集と整理にあたり1982年度学部共同研究費の援助を受けたことを付記しておく (人間科学部心理学研究室一同)