- 人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
- vol.21, pp.47-56, 1999-12-20
In the 1st report of successive studies, bibliographies on monistic understanding of the delinquency or the delinquency proneness, are reviewed by focusing on both the approach to basic character traits of delinquents and the approach to their degree of readiness to delinquent behaviors. As for the former approach, Aichhorn's latent delinquency, Friedlander's antisocial character, Glaser's differential identification, and Mizushima's lack of tie with socialized persons, are discussed. As for the later approach, the dimension of deviant personality which is related to the occurrence of delinquent behaviors, and the dimension of the delinquency proneness, by utilizing the MMPI, one of so-called structured personality tests, are also discussed. Through these discussions, I conclude that we should attract attention to following two problems, especially, if we intend to develop differentiating the delinquency or the delinquency proneness.(1)Because of limitations in constructing the measure of the delinquency, it is essential not only to measure the generalized delinquency, but also to make a clinical diagnosis concretely and dynamically concerning the nature of the delinquency.(2)It is necessary to analyze the psychological mechanism under which delinquent behaviors occur, by adding an analytical function to the concept of the delinquency proneness.In solving these two problems, we, at first, need to examine the delinquency proneness from a viewpoint of its developing process, in order to analyze the abovementioned psychological mechanism. Secondarily, We must hold the frame of reference in common for differentiating the delinquency, and follow the same judging process, if we take the correctional treatment into account, and understand the delinquency proneness in connection with it.