- 和光大学現代人間学部紀要 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Human Studies (ISSN:18827292)
- vol.8, pp.213-223, 2015-03-13
The An'nodo is a Terakoya school in Aizu-Bange, said to have been established in the Kanbun era(1661-1673)of the Edo period and to have closed in 1875, the eighth year of the Meiji period. The head of the Yuki Family (later changed from Namae) served as the teacher at that school for generations. The Yuki were originally mountain ascetics. From epitaphs and copies of textbooks, it is clear that the foundation of the Terakoya was laid in the early Kyoho era (1716-1736). From the register of the pupils, first recorded in the Bunka era (1804-1818), the total number of pupils ranged from 50 to 120 every year. From the Sekigaki (exam records), we can surmise that pupils entered the school between the ages of nine and 11 and stayed for about 5 years until the age of 15. They proceeded from writing to reading, and judging from the textbooks still in existence, the teacher tried to match the textbooks with the pupils' level of achievement.