- 実践女子大学生活科学部紀要 (ISSN:13413244)
- vol.44, pp.73-100, 2007-03-29
In the rapidly globalizing world, we are facing a heap of complicated and challenging social problems in various areas regarding family, community, environment, education, health-care, work conditions, industrial economy, politics, defense, international relations, etc. In order to examine the nature of such problems that may have originated in the traditional patriarchic social structure, the present authors pay special attention to the ancient matriarchic society preceding the patriarchy. By means of scrutinizing the matriarchic society before the patriarchic domination, focusing on the people's view of nature, world, and life expressed in their myths and languages, we will be able to have some clues to tackle and solve our problems in the modern world. From this perspective, the present authors speculate what we can and should learn from the ancient archaic society in an interpretative approach of the myths and an etymological analysis of ancient words referring to the indispensable related literature, particularly J. J. Bachofen's Mutterrecht (1861), R. Graves's The Greek Myth (1955), B. G. Walker's The Women's Encyclopedia of Myths and Sectrets (1983), E. Fromm's Love, Sexuality and Matriarchy (1994), and Yasutoshi Ueyama's Myths and Science (2001).