著者
遠藤 祐
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.769, pp.2-19, 2004-11-01
著者
堀内 正昭
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.887, pp.1-26, 2014-09-01

Abstract The construction of this two-storied house ultimately owned by Mr. Matsui started around September, 1937 and was completed around February the following year. It had a Western-style room of mortar finish on the side of the entrance door, and the outer wall of the house was clapboarded with traditional bead battens. Such semi-Western houses were common in Setagaya Ward which had developed as a suburban residential area in early Showa period. Interviews with the owner of the house and research into this residence revealed that only the kitchen had been extended over 2 times. The kitchen initially occupied a wooden floor of 1 tsubo(3.3m2). The first extension of the kitchen had been done when the Matsui family moved in, and the new owner extended it to the north side. The arrangement of an 8-mat Japanese-style room on the first floor with Zashikikazari(a set of decorative features such as alcove, staggered wall shelves, built-in desk), the other 8-mat room with an alcove on the second floor, and a drawing room equipped fully with Western-style finishes on the first floor shows that in planning the house the ability to entertain visitors was important. Also the fact that there is no through pillar on the four corners of the second floor supports the conclusion that priority was given to creating a room suitable for entertaining. When the house was built, this area was called "navy village" since many families of naval personnel owned residences there. In most cases the houses were Western-style, one-storied, with exterior walls finished with sidings. Among such low rows of houses, the two-storied Matsui house must have been conspicuous. In the neighborhood of the Matsui residence, we can still see hedges, low stone walls, and other features that contribute to sociability. Certainly the Matsui residence played a great role in preserving the rich green living environment of the neighborhood. The house was demolished in 2014.
著者
堀内 正昭
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.897, pp.2-24, 2015-07

The two-storied Hirai House was built in around 1930 by an upper-middle class person, Mr Risuke Wakameda, and it is now owned by Mr Susumu Hirai. It has a Western-style room of mortar finish on the side of the entrance door, and the outer wall of the house is clapboard with traditional bead battens. Such semi-Western houses were common in Setagaya Ward, which had developed as a suburban residential area in the early Showa period. This house has two double-loaded corridors on the first floor. Therefore, the main rooms offer residents greater privacy and independence in the main rooms than contemporary houses. The major feature of this house is that there is plenty of storage space which accounted for about 20 percent of the floor space. This seems to have reflected the first owner, author and a book collector Wakameda's, preferences. Through pillars, pipe pillars between through pillars, and the other pillars on the first floor were different in size, and the three types of pillars were built in the right positions. After the war, remodeling of a flat roof on the Western-style reception room to a sloped roof and of the kitchen and bathroom fixtures such as the kitchen sink were done, but all the other parts of the house remain unchanged. In many pre-war houses, furniture installed when the house was built does not survive. But in this house there is still a valuable upholstered lounge suite in the reception room. Together with some old lighting fixtures still existing in the other parts of the house, they reveal the taste of the resident of the house around 1930.The two-storied Hirai House was built in around 1930 by an upper-middle class person, Mr Risuke Wakameda, and it is now owned by Mr Susumu Hirai. It has a Western-style room of mortar finish on the side of the entrance door, and the outer wall of the house is clapboard with traditional bead battens. Such semi-Western houses were common in Setagaya Ward, which had developed as a suburban residential area in the early Showa period. This house has two double-loaded corridors on the first floor. Therefore, the main rooms offer residents greater privacy and independence in the main rooms than contemporary houses. The major feature of this house is that there is plenty of storage space which accounted for about 20 percent of the floor space. This seems to have reflected the first owner, author and a book collector Wakameda's, preferences. Through pillars, pipe pillars between through pillars, and the other pillars on the first floor were different in size, and the three types of pillars were built in the right positions. After the war, remodeling of a flat roof on the Western-style reception room to a sloped roof and of the kitchen and bathroom fixtures such as the kitchen sink were done, but all the other parts of the house remain unchanged. In many pre-war houses, furniture installed when the house was built does not survive. But in this house there is still a valuable upholstered lounge suite in the reception room. Together with some old lighting fixtures still existing in the other parts of the house, they reveal the taste of the resident of the house around 1930.
著者
笛木 美佳
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.807, pp.97-107, 2008-01
著者
石井 正子 三浦 香苗
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.808, pp.62-73, 2008-02

This research was done in an attempt to find out what kind of experience in real life and sense of values are influential to life-destroying behaviors in elementary school children and junior high school students and how the relations are different among the two age-groups. The subjects who gave answers to our questionnaire were 225 elementary school children from 3 schools and 256 junior high school students also from 3 schools. As for the factor analyses of their answers concerning their experiences in real life and sense of values, the two groups showed a similar five-factor structure but the factor structures of the life-destroying behavior in both groups were different. Many experiences in real life correlated with life-destroying behaviors while correlations between the sense of values and life-destroying behavior were limited. As for the results of a multiple linear regression analysis, only one factor 'affirmation of violence & exclusion of the aged' related to all the life-destroying behaviors. Their affinity to the nature had a positive influence to the elementary school children's 'unconscious killing with light motive' and 'killing waterside creatures' and junior high school students' 'unconscious killing with light motive' and 'brutal killing'. The elementary school children's experience of breeding pets had a negative influence to 'killing familiar creatures' and 'killing small wild animals'. The junior high school students' sense of 'denial to physical punishment' had a restrictive influence to their 'unconscious killing with light motive' and 'brutal killing'.
著者
Ryan Kevin
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.834, pp.28-37, 2010-04-01

As the Internet progresses from version 1.0 through 2.0 and now onto 3.0, we are seeing ease of access steadily increase. The primary movement in the last year or so has been toward access from any place, at any time; or ubiquitous computing. To accomplish this, technology has become portable. The form factor of such portable technology, whether it be a laptop, a cell phone or something in between, such as the iPad computer from Apple, determines in many ways how it is used. This paper looks at how the form factor of portable technology affects language learning in general and EFL (English as a Foreign Language) specifically.
著者
花井 友美 小口 孝司
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.772, pp.1-10, 2005-02-01

Computer-dating, the meeting with others through the Internet, has proliferated for several years. The aims of this study are (a) classifying the purposes of computer-dating usage and (b) investigating the computer-dating users' behaviors and interpersonal relationships (i.e., how many people they contact, how much they are satisfied, and how long they continue to use it). Then it might be expected that (c) they are related with the level of the users' loneliness. Twenty-six participants, who have used computer-dating, were recruited through the Internet and completed questionnaires that examined their loneliness, purpose of computer-dating usage and items regarding usage of computer-dating. The results showed: (1) there were two different types of purposes, "making relationship" and "conversation," and (2) the more loneliness they had, the higher "making relationship" purpose they had. In addition, (3) the purpose for "making relationship" promoted the later interpersonal behaviors on computer-dating.
著者
太田 鈴子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.877, pp.42-58, 2013-11-01
著者
元吉 進
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.891, pp.31-39, 2015-01-01
著者
井原 奉明
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.785, pp.A1-A9, 2006-03-01
著者
吉田 昌志
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.845, pp.53-64, 2011-03-01
著者
富本 靖 Tomimoto Yasushi
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.872, pp.14-26, 2013-06-01

The author reviews the history and the status quo of European and American physical education and explains that Japanese modern physical education has its origin in Herbert Spencer's Education; Intellectual, Moral, and Physical(1860). The author also discusses several problems in Japanese physical education that contradict the stated goals of the program, and explores measures teachers should take to resolve these contradictions. The problems are as follows. First, children have very few opportunities to learn the rules and histories of sports, though schools introduce a variety of sports into their curriculums. They put too much emphasis on moving the body. Second, since physical education is driven by competitive, results-oriented curriculums in which children do not have many chances to receive individualized instruction that matches each child's ability, physically less able children fall behind and give up, and therefore they are alienated from their teammates. This is not conducive to building team spirit. There have been attempts to address this by deemphasizing rankings and prizes, but this can nullify feelings of achievement. The author concludes that European and American styles of physical education which allow children more freedom to enjoy sports are more effective for nourishing children's all-round personality, and also strongly suggests that adopting "sport pedagogy," a comprehensive science born in recent years, will solve these problems.