著者
日野 由希 大津 玉子 Yuki Hino Tamako Otsu
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.805, pp.A49-A58, 2007-11-01

Our country experienced remarkable economic growth after World War II through the construction of a production system based on capitalism. Under such circumstances, many traditional technologies, which had been handed down from generation to generation orally, were judged to have low productivity from the viewpoints of sales volume and labor cost. Accordingly, the social structure for manufacturing such traditional products was decimated, and numerous precious techniques (know-hows) and technologies have disappeared. In this research, the dyeing and weaving industry was selected as a target for study, especially the industry for traditional dyeing technology Bingata in Naha-city of Okinawa prefecture. The change of the methods for the passing down of technologies before and after World War II as well as various structural and social problems the district has been experiencing, were investigated through the on-site interviews and the collection of historical materials.
著者
竹山 恵美子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.794, pp.56-59, 2006-12-01
被引用文献数
1

マンゴーはポリフェノールを豊富に含むことから褐変しやすく加工上問題になることが多い。そこでカットマンゴーの褐変防止を目標に短時間で加熱ができる電子レンジを用い,より安全なポリフェノールオキシダーゼの離抑制艦みた。その結果200W40,50秒,600W15秒,900W15秒間電子レンジで加熱すると褐変の抑制が可能であることが認められた。
著者
堀内 正昭 HORIUCHI Masaaki
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.873, pp.32-42, 2013-07-01

During the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894 it became necessary to construct a Provisional Makeshift Imperial Diet Building in Hiroshima. The building was completed that year in only 20 days, with the Diet assembling there the day after it was finished. It was demolished in 1898. The person in charge of the design and construction was Yorinaka Tsumaki(1859-1916). In this paper the author focuses on the method adopted in constructing the roof truss of its assembly hall, which had the largest roof, and analyzes various extant materials such as Tsumaki's transcribed lecture on how it was built, its plans, and diagrams from historical documents. Based on this research, the author has attempted to restore the truss. The roof truss of the building was not simply based on the standard roof truss technique though the techniques of queen post truss and German roof frame were applied. The time this building was built was a transition period when Japanese carpenters were not familiar with western roof truss technique, and Tsumaki needed to employ methods with which local carpenters would be comfortable. The author concludes that this roof truss is an interesting instance of the gradual diffusion of Western building techniques into Japan.
著者
清水 真/鈴木 賀津彦 鈴木 賀津彦
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.904, pp.34-51, 2016-02-01

The purpose of this article is to describe the journalistic practice and business strategy of the Joyo Shimbun, a local paper distributed in 15 municipalities in the southern part of Ibaraki Prefecture. It is based on the authors' interviews with its president and a Joyo Shimbun journalist. Some findings are as follows:1) There were differences of opinion among the staff on what sort of news the paper should focus on: conventional mainstream journalism or local journalism, which some regarded as important because of the effect it could have on the local community.2) Not full-time professional journalists, but part-time reporters were the primary contributors to a report on a local referendum in Tsukuba-shi.3) Journalistic quality was maintained by journalists who were professionals with experience in conventional journalism and who were sympathetic toward public journalism.4) Local Journalism is now a key concept, not only for journalism practices but also for newspapers' business strategy.The purpose of this article is to describe the journalistic practice and business strategy of the Joyo Shimbun, a local paper distributed in 15 municipalities in the southern part of Ibaraki Prefecture. It is based on the authors' interviews with its president and a Joyo Shimbun journalist. Some findings are as follows:1) There were differences of opinion among the staff on what sort of news the paper should focus on: conventional mainstream journalism or local journalism, which some regarded as important because of the effect it could have on the local community.2) Not full-time professional journalists, but part-time reporters were the primary contributors to a report on a local referendum in Tsukuba-shi.3) Journalistic quality was maintained by journalists who were professionals with experience in conventional journalism and who were sympathetic toward public journalism.4) Local Journalism is now a key concept, not only for journalism practices but also for newspapers' business strategy.
著者
烏谷 知子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.903, pp.1-17, 2016-01-01
著者
横山 文樹
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.872, pp.59-66, 2013-06-01

In chapter 2 of the revised Course of Study for Kindergarten, among the "Aims and Content" of kindergarten education, five units were established in 2008: "Health," "Human Relationship," "Environment," "Language," and "Expression." The author explains the above units, and analyzes how they have been incorporated in kindergarten classes using scenes recorded in actual classes. The author believes that these 5 units necessarily overlap and that each aim cannot be achieved solidly or systematically as discrete units. Therefore teachers must teach the five units in an integrated fashion.
著者
中西 裕
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.841, pp.49-68, 2010-11-01
著者
井原 奉明 Ihara Tomoaki
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.870, pp.83-94, 2013-04-01

Abstract It is the author's present design to determine, by an exhaustive analysis of the existing findings and evidence, how the conception of mono is understood and applied around the Jodai era. This study is the first step toward the primary research of the cosmology of the concept. Such a task pertains to linguistics, philosophy and other related academic fields. The author begins with a critical inquiry into Ms. Hasegawa's study of mono. For more integrated explication, he hypothesizes it derives from the idea of mana of the Pacific region. The adequacy was illustrated by an extensive clarification of how the concept acquires a variety of meanings and captures spatially-directed significances as a null symbol within the phenomenological "lived" space of subjectivity.
著者
下村 久美子 谷井 淑子 猪又 美栄子 小原 奈津子 ファン ハイ・リン
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.909, pp.52-61, 2016-07-01

For the purpose of preserving traditional clothing and recording its history of Vietnam, the authors visited Hoi An and Tan Chau Village in 2014 and in 2015. This paper offers a brief history of Hoi An and reports the result of interviews with 25 Hoi An residents including experienced elderly ex-tailors; the paper also details figures and describes traditional clothing such as the ao ba ba(jackets)and the quan(bottoms)and formal traditional clothing for funeral attendants and the dead; the paper also discusses ritual practices found mainly in Hoi An. In addition, the report looks at the process of traditional manufacturing of a silk dye work using mac nua(ebony fruits)and other materials. This includes chemical analysis and explanation of the dying handicrafts.
著者
重松 優
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 = Gakuen (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.930, pp.65-72, 2018-04-01

This brief essay is a case study of a young Japanese man’s intercultural experience between 1870-73. Kenzo Hirosawa, an adopted son of the prominent Chōshū politician Saneomi Hirosawa, had a rare opportunity of living with the US consul in Tokyo for almost a year before leaving for New York to study. Articles written about Kenzo and his uncatalogued papers illustrate the vivid and often turbulent aspects of international education in early Meiji period.
著者
井原 奉明 Ihara Tomoaki 昭和女子大学英語コミュニケーション学科
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.858, pp.86-98, 2012-04-01

AbstractThis thesis aims at clarifying the concept of Mono in Japanese, following the previous studies conducted by the same author. He takes up the newly publicized idea of Mono by NAKANISHI Susumu, that Mono is considered equivalent with mana, a proto-religious concept widely prevalent in the indigenous faith system around the South Pacific region. He expounds NAKANISHI's idea with the additional comments on the concept of mana and the related studies, and makes clear the explanatory inadequacy of the Mono=mana theory. He then introduces the phenomenological conception on space with the notion of omote(front)and ura(back)to make up for the defect of the former studies and constitute a totally consistent theory.
著者
川瀬 由照
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.862, pp.36-37, 2012-08-01