著者
根本 治代
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.832, pp.96-106, 2010-02-01

This study aims to clarify incentives and disincentives, as recognized by professionals who provide consultation and support for persons with disabilities, in inter-professional work. The study looks at professionals' handling of difficult cases and discusses ideal approaches to inter-professional work for strengthening professionals' expertise. Through interviews, the following incentives were identified:(1)"sense of responsibility" and "way of networking" at an individual level,(2)"philosophy sharing," "information shar- ing," "consensus building," and "role clarification" at a team level, and(3)"collaboration with related governmental/private organizations" at an organizational level. The disincentives, which professionals identified as obstacles preventing the continuation of the supportive relationship, include:(1)"different perceptions of situations" in their relationship with social service users,(2)"insufficient communication/information," "low social status of the profes- sions," and "lack of skill as a professional" in their relationship with other professionals in several different fields, and(3)"issues of organizational structure" and "issues arising from the legal system's boundaries" in their relationship with governmental/private organizations. To strengthen expertise of professionals, approaches based on incentives in inter-professional work are needed.
著者
清水 史子 伊藤 ひとみ 佐藤 文香 小川 睦美
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.782, pp.75-79, 2005-12-01

米飯中のRSがヒトの栄養に及ぼす影響について検討する第一歩として,5種類の炊飯器を用いて米飯中のRS量の比較を行った。米飯のRSはパンのそれよりも高い値を示した。米飯中のRS量は炊飯器の加熱,加圧特性によって影響を受け,変化することが明らかとなった。IH式炊飯器のように高温を維持できるもの,釜肌からの加熱だけではなく,炊き上がった米飯表面にも高温スチームによる加温ができるもの,さらに加圧の場合には1.6気圧よりも1.2気圧のものでRS量が小さかった。これらの条件はまた,24時間冷蔵保存した場合にもRS量の変化が小さかった。以上のことから,炊飯器の加熱,加圧特性の違いによって,米飯中のRS量に差が生じることが明らかとなった。
著者
烏谷 知子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.795, pp.1-12, 2007-01-01
著者
元吉 進
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.853, pp.23-32, 2011-11-01
著者
大橋 きょう子 Kyoko Ohashi
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.803, pp.84-93, 2007-09

食用油脂が,日常の食生活に普及し始めたと考えられる明治期後半における,食用油脂の種類および油料理の特徴を,『食道楽』全9巻を資料として調査した。『食道楽』の著者である村井弦齋が提唱した油脂の摂取の奨めにより,種々の油脂を用いた西洋料理が掲載され,調理方法もかなり詳細に述べられていた。とりわけバターの使用頻度が高く,調理法も多彩であった。しかし,使用する油脂および食材は一般の家庭では容易に入手できないものもあり,実際に調理され食された料理は限られていたと推察された。明治期後半に出版された『食道楽』に著された調理法は,当時としては時期尚早の感は否定できないが,バターをはじめとする種々の食用油脂を数多く紹介し,食用油脂の摂取を様々な調理法を用いて具体的に示したことは意義あることと考えられた。明治以降の近代において,西洋料理の調理法および食べ方が西洋料理書および婦人雑誌を通じて知識層に伝えられたことにより,以後,油脂調理が広く一般に普及し大衆化した。その一因として,『食道楽』が果たした役割は大きいものであったと言える。西洋料理の手法を用いた油脂調理の啓蒙は時代と共に進化し,油脂調理が今日の多様化した食生活に不可欠なものとなる先駆けをつくったことが分かった。
著者
駒谷 真美
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.868, pp.47-58, 2013-02-01

Aiming to integrate information technology and education, the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology have been promoting respectively the "Future School Promotion Project" since 2010 and the "Learning Innovation Project" since 2011. Elementary schools have started to use electronic blackboards, digital texts, and tablets. In order to reinforce the collaboration between kindergartens and elementary schools and to maintain necessary continuity in learning, it is thought that children using digital media equipment during the last half of the final year of kindergarten would be significant. Therefore, in order to ascertain to what extent kindergartners are using media, a survey of 63 parents of children attending a private kindergarten in Tokyo was conducted. Results showed that about 50% of kindergartners use smart phones and tablets every day. In addition, the parents strongly expect the school library to provide opportunities, activities, and places to learn Information and Communication Technology(ICT). The results suggest that school libraries should provide children in the last half of their final year of kindergarten experiential projects using the latest media.
著者
吉田 昌志
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.867, pp.63-78, 2013-01-01
著者
秋山 久美子
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.778, pp.29-42, 2005-08-01
著者
菊池 誠一
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.767, pp.66-77, 2004-09-01
著者
角田 由美子 石川 亜沙美
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.809, pp.A117-A123, 2008-03

In order to clarify actual conditions of shoe noise, 380 female students were surveyed by means of a questionnaire with regard to shoe design and noise. 1) In summer, sandals were frequently worn, among which mules were worn the most. The top piece was worn away by 5% within 2 weeks, and by 20% within a month. The top-pieces of pencil heels tended to be worn away immediately after the shoes were worn. 2) Seventy percent of respondents felt their shoe noise was disturbing, particularly when they wore mules with pencil heels. Shoe noise usually occurred when the wearer descended stairs made of concrete or other hard materials. Survey results clarified that shoe noise largely depended on shoe design, or was related to top-piece wear. 3) Sixty-five percent of respondents answered that they found the footsteps of other people disturbing. The type of the noise they found disturbing was noise that resounded in their heads. 4) Seventy percent of respondents continued to wear noise-making shoes. Among them, 70% took some measures to prevent noise from occurring, such as changing their way of walking, while 30% did not do anything to prevent noise.
著者
大野 英士
出版者
昭和女子大学
雑誌
學苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.821, pp.A1-A20, 2009-03-01
著者
西尾 克明 Katsuaki Nishio
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.812, pp.70-101, 2008-06-01

Changing values in contemporary society confront educators with complex, multi-faceted demands. These changes in society make necessary a reform of school governance and management. Now, more than ever, we need competent and able teachers. Effective teacher training and professional development is essential. Especially important is self-study by teachers themselves, and it is necessary that school-based, in-service training programs promote teachers' self-study and guide teachers in recognizing the importance of such self-study. School-based, in-service training for teachers must be regarded as a part of teachers' regular work. It is important this training should enable teachers to understand the importance not only of school-based training, but also of self-study. This paper examines actual cases of school-based, in-service training and focuses on how they have influenced teachers' development and educational activity. The study suggests that the effectiveness of in-service training depends on teachers' attitude towards the training. In light of this, a major concern is that in-service training administered by the board of education (for example: teachers' induction courses and 2nd/3rd/6th/10th year follow-up courses) may not be as effective as it should be. In the prefecture here studied, the board of education administers several kinds of in-service training: job-specific training such as student guidance and educational counseling, as well as subject-based training and curriculum, and mandatory in-service training once every 3 years. Such training should be informed by and relevant to the changes in contemporary society. Further, individual teachers need to make use of the contents of the training within the context of the actual conditions and assignments in their own schools, and the training itself must aid them in applying what they have learned to their individual situations. This investigation makes it clear that the training administered by the board of education is not being used effectively. It is important that school-based, in-service training be employed extensively and effectively. To that end, the leadership of vice-principals or chief supervisors is invaluable in creating an environment that ensures relevant and effective training. Such leaders must take responsibility for creating effective training programs.
著者
若林 功 八重田 淳 Isao WAKABAYASHI Jun YAEDA
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.904, pp.68-78, 2016-02-01

The importance of support in the workplace for persons with disabilities to adjust to working life has long been recognized in the literature. However, the effects of workplace support on the work adjustment of persons with disabilities have not been well documented. This paper examines whether workplace support is related to job satisfaction, performance (as evaluated by employers), organizational commitment, workplace integration, and their intention to quit their jobs. A survey of people with intellectual disabilities was conducted, and 169 answers were collected. The results of analysis of the survey are as follows: (a) workplace support consists of three factors: education, negative feedback, and supports for work performance, (b) moderate correlation was found between education and job satisfaction, (c) moderate correlation was found between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and between workplace integration and job satisfaction; a moderate negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and job satisfaction, (d) only a weak negative correlation was found between intention to quit job and workplace support.