著者
野坂 俊夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.5, pp.174-184, 2012 (Released:2012-11-30)
参考文献数
74
被引用文献数
2 2

Serpentinization of peridotites involves the production of hydrogen, which is a source of vital energy for chemosynthetic communities and abiotic methane or other hydrocarbons. Serpentinite-hosted hydrothermal vent fields that discharge fluids with hydrogen have been widely noticed as a possible environment for the generation of life on the early Earth and other terrestrial planets. In this context, it is important for us to understand petrological constraints on serpentinization processes related to hydrogen production. Magnetite formation by oxidation of iron in olivine is the most effective process for hydrogen production during serpentinization. Recent petrological studies have revealed that the magnetite formation is controlled by silica activity and Fe-Mg diffusion rate in olivine crystal, as well as temperature and water/rock ratio during serpentinization. Without local elevation of silica activity via fluid infiltration, magnetite forms at temperatures ranging approximately from 150 to 350 °C with most favorable condition at around 300 °C, but fails to form because of increasing diffusion rate in olivine crystal at higher temperatures and Fe-serpentine or Fe-brucite formation at lower temperatures. It should be kept in mind, however, that the formation of oxidized serpentine could produce hydrogen as well.
著者
富山 眞吾 梅田 浩司 花室 孝広 高島 勲 林 信太郎 根岸 義光 増留 由起子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.4, pp.111-121, 2007 (Released:2007-11-29)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
1 2

Mutsu-Hiuchidake Volcano has an erosion caldera which shows a horseshoe-like geomorphological feature toward east. Tertiary strata as a basement are distributed in the caldera. Tertialy strata and a part of pyroclastic deposits of the Mutsu-Hiuchidake Volcano have altered strongly to moderately by hydrothermal activities related to the volcanism. This study is to clarify a progress history of the alteration by using a geological mapping, thermoluminescence (TL) dating, x-ray diffraction analysis, an infrared reflection absorption analysis and a fluid inclusion study.      Highly altered zone is recognized in the area of midstream to upstream along the Ohakagawa and the Koakagawa within erosion caldera. The argillic alteration zone surround a silicification zone in the highly altered area shows a circular distribution. The strongly altered areas are along NNW-SSE to NNE-SSW fractures. The alteration areas were divided into the smectite, kaolinite, alunite and pyrophyllite zones.      The kaolinite and alunite zones give the TL ages of quartz 67 ± 13 ka (KG-5), 88 ± 18 ka (OG-4) and 91 ± 23 ka (OG-1). The smectite zone within the argillic alteration zone of outside of collapse caldera, yield the ages 752 ± 215 ka (SO-2) and 615 ± 197 ka (KG-1). These TL ages suggest the hydrothermal activity end at 70 to 90 ka.      The existence of pyrophyllite suggests that hydrothermal temperatures were 200 to 250 °C in these area. This is supported from the homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in calcite, 242 °C in average.

6 0 0 0 OA 沸石の種類

著者
松原 聰
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.5, pp.261-267, 2002 (Released:2008-05-08)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

According to the recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals by the subcommittee on zeolites of the Commission on new minerals and mineral names of IMA (1997), 83 species have been defined. After the recommended report, three new zeolites have been approved in the Commission up to the date. Though gmelinite-K was recorded in the zeolite report of 1997, it was formally approved in 1999. Here, all 85 spicies are summerized and the 41 species among them found in Japan are briefly reviewed.
著者
浜田 盛久 東宮 昭彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.3, pp.91-100, 2011 (Released:2011-07-22)
参考文献数
69

The slab-derived fluids and/or hydrous slab melts released from a subducted slab ascend into the mantle wedge, lower its melting temperature and thus induce generation of hydrous arc magmas. The estimation of H2O concentration in primary arc magmas provides an important constraint on pressure and temperature conditions of magma generation at subduction zones. This paper gives an overview of the estimation of H2O concentration in primary arc magmas by combining two petrological methods: experimental petrological studies and analyses of melt inclusions. Melting experiments of hydrous primary arc magmas have clarified that the P-T condition of magma generation shifts toward lower temperature and higher pressure with increasing H2O concentration. Another experimental constraint is that only primary magmas with low H2O (≤ 2 wt%) can erupt without modification of their primary composition by crystallization differentiation due to comparable dT/dP between olivine liquidus and basalt adiabat. However, this does not exclude presence of hidden H2O-rich primary magmas at depths. Indeed, the H2O concentrations in primary melt estimated from the analyses of primitive melt inclusions suggest wide variation (e.g., ~ 2 wt% at Kamchatka arc and ~ 4 wt% at Central American arc). H2O-rich primary magmas may ascend and erupt after differentiation and/or supply volatiles to magmas at shallower level and cause so-called “excess degassing”. Analyses of melt inclusions also clarified that the H2O concentration in primitive melt inclusions is almost constant or decrease from volcanic front to rear arc. This observation is opposite to a previous understanding that H2O concentration in primary melt increases as well as incompatible K2O across the arc.

4 0 0 0 OA 新刊紹介

出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.4, pp.143a, 2020 (Released:2020-03-31)

「マグマの発泡と結晶化 火山噴火過程の基礎」
著者
山崎 誠子 梅田 浩司
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.2, pp.39-46, 2012 (Released:2012-05-04)
参考文献数
60
被引用文献数
6 9 6

The cooling history of the Crateceous Toki granite, exposed in the eastern Sanyo Belt, Central Japan, was constructed from various geochronological data. The granite yields K-Ar biotite ages of 74±2 to 72±2 Ma (±1σ) and K-Ar hornblende ages of 75±4 to 74±4 Ma, which are concordant with a previously reported Rb-Sr whole-rock isochron age. Fission-track ages of zircon and apatite in the granite give ages 73±3 to 64±3 Ma and 40±4 to 37±4 Ma, respectively. These above thermochronological data suggests two distinctive cooling stages for the Toki granite; 1) a first rapid cooling stage in which the granitic magma was cooled to the temperature of host rock soon after intrusion at depths of 5-7 km in the upper crust, and 2) second slow cooling stage (7-9 °C/m.y.) associated with the uplift and subsequent erosion of the granite intrusion after ∼ 70 Ma.
著者
江島 輝美
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.6, pp.323-328, 2015 (Released:2016-01-09)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
2

The chemical compositions and oxidation states of Fe in olivine phenocrysts in scorias from Kami-Kometsuka, Aso, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan, were analyzed to evaluate effect of high temperature oxidation on the scoria. The rocks in the interior of the Kami-Kometsuka scoria cone are red-brown and weakly welded, whereas black scoria occurs on the upper zone of the cone. Olivine phenocrysts within the black scoria lack precipitate minerals, but those exposed on the voids contain small amounts of precipitates at their rims. Olivine phenocrysts in the red-brown scoria contain abundant cryptocrystalline precipitates including hematite, magnetite and enstatite. Olivines in the black scoria have normal zoning with Fo87 cores and Fo68 rims and reverse zoning with Fo66 cores and Fo70 rims, whereas those in the red-brown scoria reach 99 mol% Fo. By applying the relationship between FeLβ/FeLα-intensity ratios and Fe3+/∑Fe, the Fe3+/∑Fe of the olivine phenocrysts in the black scoria were determined to be 0-1(2)% at the cores and 3(2)% at the rims. The Fe3+ at the rims of the olivine phenocrysts in the black scoria and the cryptocrystalline precipitates and extremely high Fo contents within olivine phenocrysts in the red-brown scoria are due to high temperature oxidation.
著者
岡田 敏朗 長瀬 敏郎 今井 裕之 上原 誠一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.170618, (Released:2017-12-07)

Sakura quartz, which shows cherry blossom-like texture on the (0001) cross-section, occurs from Obira mine in Oita prefecture, Japan. The unique texture was analyzed by using CL, EBSD, EPMA, BSE, and OPM. The texture includes numerous solid and liquid inclusions, and is composed of Brazil twin lamellae and Dauphine twin domains. The texture would be named as sakura texture after sakura-ishi (cerasite), which was a variety of cordierite. The quartz crystal with the sakura texture grew by two growth stages. At the first stage, numerous inclusions were incorporated into the milky part and the growth bands are indistinct. In contrast, growth bands were clearly observed at the second stage. The sakura texture developed at the first stage. Almost all quartz crystals from Obira mine have the sakura texture, and the texture formed on replacement process at late greisenization. The sakura texture is a characteristic feature of quartz from skarn deposit.
著者
小原 泰彦
出版者
日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.5, pp.193-202, 2012-09-30
被引用文献数
1 2

The Godzilla Megamullion is the largest known oceanic core complex, located in the Parece Vela Basin, an extinct backarc basin in the Philippine Sea. The previous studies argued that the basin was active from 26 Ma to 12 Ma at an intermediate-spreading rate of 8.8-7.0 cm/year full-rate, although the basin shows the characteristics typical for slower spreading ridges. For example, many peridotites in the Parece Vela Basin are much less depleted than those exposed at comparable spreading rates on other mid-ocean ridge systems. The tectono-magmatic characteristics of the Parece Vela Basin were thus thought unusual and paradoxical.<br>   However, the recent studies, based on the high-density samplings on the Godzilla Megamullion, show the evidences that the basin became slow to ultraslow environment in its terminal phase. Zircon U-Pb dating of gabbroic rocks from the Godzilla Megamullion reveals that the estimated slip rate of the Godzilla Megamullion detachment fault was ∼ 2.5 cm/y; significantly slower than the previous estimate. The morphology and geology of the termination area are similar to those observed in ultraslow-spreading ridges. Decreasing degree of partial melting of the peridotites as well as increased amount of plagioclase-bearing peridotites (showing melt stagnation in the shallow lithospheric mantle) are observed towards the termination of the Godzilla Megamullion.<br>   Based on the recent observations at the Godzilla Megamullion, it would be argued that the terminal phase of a backarc basin development will go through an ultraslow-spreading environment, erupting alkaline basalts. There will be an overlap period of the terminal alkaline basalt magmatism and the rifting of a succeeding backarc basin.<br>
著者
花室 孝広 梅田 浩司 高島 勲 根岸 義光
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.2, pp.27-38, 2008 (Released:2008-05-15)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1

The high temperature hot springs such as in Yunomine and Tosenji and the hydrothermal alteration zones of the Hongu area are distributed in the southern part of Kii peninsula, though Quaternary volcanoes which can be their potential heat sources are not distributed in the area. This research has aimed to understand the thermal history of the area by using several dating methods.     Thermoluminescence (TL) dating method was applied according to the distance from dykes or gushing out point of the hot springs which thought to be the center of alteration. The results show that the alteration age of Yunomine alteration zone is younger as it approaches the gushing out point of hot spring. No clear tendency was observed in other places. These results suggest that the alteration ages near Yunomine hot spring are controlled by the distance from the gushing out point. However, no clear tendency was observed at other hot springs between the alteration ages and the distance from the center of alteration when two or more activities of alteration have occurred.     The results of the TL, Fission Track (FT) and K-Ar dating show that after the high temperature hydrothermal alteration (until tens of millions of years ago), relatively low temperature alteration (from at least hundreds of thousands of to tens of thousands of years ago) occurred in Hongu and Totsukawa area.
著者
川崎 雅之 宮島 宏
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.34-40, 2013 (Released:2013-03-02)
参考文献数
29

Mr. Shinmatsu Ichikawa was a prominent mineralogist, although he was an ordinary citizen and not in government service. He lived from the late Meiji Period to the early Showa Period. He taught in elementary school and teacher training school despite not having a regular university education. He was self-taught in mineralogy and foreign language, and became a pioneer in the field of crystal morphology. His contributions include observations of the etched surfaces of natural minerals and of artificial etched quartz crystals and quartz spheres. He observed the etch pits, etch hillocks, growth hillocks and striations on the surfaces of several minerals found in Japan, engraved their positions, shapes and distributions on metal plates, and discussed his observations.   He built the Ichikawa Mineral Laboratory in his house in 1918 to store his collection of minerals, rocks and fossils (more than 7000 specimens in all). His collection includes big quartz crystals twinned after Japan law from the Otome mine, twisted quartz from the Naegi region, amethyst crystals from Mt. Ametsuka and the Yusenji mine, natural etched minerals from various parts of Japan, and many minerals from the North America. The Laboratory is a historic cultural site in his hometown. Its preservation and enlightenment activities are cooperatively carried out by the local government and a neighborhood self-governing body.
著者
平野 伸夫 竹之下 愛 土屋 範芳
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.5, pp.198-207, 2009 (Released:2009-11-26)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2 1

Carbonate hot spring is a natural chemical reaction field for understanding CO2 geological sequestration as a natural analogue. Natural analogue studies are particularly important to understand the kinetics of mineral precipitation which has potential difficulties in experimental investigations. Carbonate sinter is frequently formed in and around carbonate hot spring, which can be suitable to elucidate mechanisms of carbonate precipitation associated with flushing CO2.   Oku-Okuhachikuro hot spring, located in Kosaka town, Akita Prefecture, NE Japan, is an artificial hot spring after drilling of exploration for the Kuroko-deposits, and it is still active where carbonate sinter has still been forming continuously for more than thirty years after drilling. The temperature of spring water is 44 °C and water pH is 6.2, with discharge rate of 0.08 m3/min. The average chemical compositions of sinter correspond about 80 wt% CaCO3, and 4 wt% Fe2O3, associated with minor (<1 wt% each) SiO2, MnO, MgO, Na2O and K2O. Carbonate sinter is mainly composed of aragonite with a small amount of calcite; an intimate occurrence of these two forms of CaCO3 is the most characteristic feature of this locality. However, mineral assemblage, texture and structure of carbonate sinter are different in relation to the distance from the blowout point. Near the blowout point, the sinter is well solidified and shows laminar structure having both of calcite and aragonite. Thickness of Ca-rich laminar ranges from 20 to 150 μm and Fe-rich one is from 10 to 80 μm. Calcite and aragonite assemblage is mainly observed in Ca-rich layer. The Fe-rich layer, however, is composed only of aragonite. The sinter along downstream becomes porous and is monomineralic having aragonite as CaCO3. The observed relations on the special distribution of aragonite/calcite and the possible stability relations of these phases through EPMA and TG-DTA analyses suggest an importance of minor elements (Fe, etc.) in the precipitation of metastable carbonates: this possible effect of the precipitation of metastable phases should be taken into account in the consideration of geochemical processes of CO2 mineral trapping.
著者
千葉 茂樹 木村 純一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.3, pp.126-156, 2001 (Released:2008-08-30)
参考文献数
54
被引用文献数
2 1

Bandai volcano is located in the southern part of Tohoku-Honshu arc, Japan, and has been active from about 300 ka. Most recently, the volcano erupted in 1888 and the phreatic eruption caused volcanic body collapse and produced huge debris avalanche deposit. Here we present new data of the tephrochronology and volcanic geology of Bandai volcano and discuss its growth history. The tephra-loam association in this area consists of the Hayama and the Mineyama Loam Formations. Sixty-three layers of tephra are recognized in the Mineyama Loam Formation, and seventy-seven layers of tephra in the Hayama Loam Formation. The volcanic activity is classified into seven stages based on tephrochronology: Stage 1: 300 ka≤(presumed age), Stage 2: 300-280 ka, Stage 3: 250-230 ka, Stage 4: 170-85 ka, Stage 5: 75-57 ka, Stage 6: 36-28 ka, Stage 7: 24-0 ka. Pyroxene andesite lavas and tephras are eruptions of Bandai volcano throughout its activity, and more than 13 large avalanche deposits are found in Stages 2, 5, 6, and 7 including 1888 debris avalanche. Modes of eruptions were almost sub-plinian with lava effusions from Stages 2 to 3, whereas sub-plinian was subsequently followed by vulcanian with lava effusions from Stages 5 to 7. Sub-plinian eruptions occurred in the earliest phase of Stages 5, 6, and pumice falls with occasional pumice flows were associated. Stage 4 consists of two eruption types. Large debris avalanches were commonly produced related with the sub-plinian eruption, except for 1888 eruption. Bandai volcano is a complex of at least five stratocones, and resurge of volcanic activity caused collapse of pre-existed volcanic body. This cyclic feature is considered to be the behavior of the volcano.
著者
荒岡 大輔
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.5, pp.259-270, 2015 (Released:2015-11-11)
参考文献数
66

Lithium, one of the ‘rare metals’ defined by Japanese government, is industrially important, and Li compounds are used for many purposes (e.g., Li-ion batteries). The major types of lithium deposits are (1) brine, (2) pegmatite, and (3) sedimentary deposits. Because of the low production costs for Li in brine deposits, they account for approximately 60% of identified worldwide Li resources and for approximately 70% of worldwide Li production. Recent increases in Li production, an expected high demand for its use in eco-friendly cars, and uneven distribution of Li-producing countries underline the importance of maintaining a stable Li supply. Therefore, more brine deposits should be exploited, and the development of other types of Li deposits should be explored.   Lithium carbonate is extracted from brine deposits in playas and salt crusts by exploiting the solubility differences of different ionic compounds. Li-rich brine deposits probably form by orographic/topographic effects and by local hydrothermal activity, because Li is a fluid-mobile element and its elution from solids into fluids is temperature dependent. Lithium-pegmatite deposits probably form by intermittent intrusions of pegmatite magma in which Li has become concentrated by the addition of Li-rich differentiates from felsic magma, because Li is a moderately incompatible element. Sedimentary-type Li deposits, which are composed of hectorite and jadarite, are still relatively undeveloped, but they are attracting a great deal of attention as possible new Li resources. In addition to these sources, methods to extract Li from seawater and to reclaim Li by urban mining of discarded products have also been examined.   Lithium isotope analysis is a powerful tool for tracing water-rock interactions and for investigating various geochemical and geological processes. Moreover, the origin of Li and the history of Li accumulation in Li deposits can often be determined from its isotopic signature.
著者
小原 泰彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.5, pp.193-202, 2012 (Released:2012-11-30)
参考文献数
61
被引用文献数
2 2

The Godzilla Megamullion is the largest known oceanic core complex, located in the Parece Vela Basin, an extinct backarc basin in the Philippine Sea. The previous studies argued that the basin was active from 26 Ma to 12 Ma at an intermediate-spreading rate of 8.8-7.0 cm/year full-rate, although the basin shows the characteristics typical for slower spreading ridges. For example, many peridotites in the Parece Vela Basin are much less depleted than those exposed at comparable spreading rates on other mid-ocean ridge systems. The tectono-magmatic characteristics of the Parece Vela Basin were thus thought unusual and paradoxical.   However, the recent studies, based on the high-density samplings on the Godzilla Megamullion, show the evidences that the basin became slow to ultraslow environment in its terminal phase. Zircon U-Pb dating of gabbroic rocks from the Godzilla Megamullion reveals that the estimated slip rate of the Godzilla Megamullion detachment fault was ∼ 2.5 cm/y; significantly slower than the previous estimate. The morphology and geology of the termination area are similar to those observed in ultraslow-spreading ridges. Decreasing degree of partial melting of the peridotites as well as increased amount of plagioclase-bearing peridotites (showing melt stagnation in the shallow lithospheric mantle) are observed towards the termination of the Godzilla Megamullion.   Based on the recent observations at the Godzilla Megamullion, it would be argued that the terminal phase of a backarc basin development will go through an ultraslow-spreading environment, erupting alkaline basalts. There will be an overlap period of the terminal alkaline basalt magmatism and the rifting of a succeeding backarc basin.
著者
越後 拓也 木股 三善
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.3, pp.57-74, 2009 (Released:2009-07-23)
参考文献数
167

Organic minerals are natural organic compounds with both well-defined chemical composition and crystallographic properties; their occurrences show traces of the high concentration of certain organic compounds in natural environments. Thus the origin and formation process of organic minerals will lead us to understand the fate and behavior of the organic molecules in the lithosphere. This review divides organic minerals into the following two groups to discuss their contribution to new developments in mineralogy: ionic organic minerals in which organic anions and various cations are held together by ionic bonds, and molecular organic minerals in which electroneutral organic molecules are bonded by weak intermolecular interactions. This review is composed of five sections. The first section is concerned with the definition of both organic minerals and the above two groups. The second deals with crystal chemistry and geochemistry of oxalate minerals, which are the most typical ionic organic ones. In this section, the role of (H2O)0 is firstly discussed since most oxalate minerals incorporate (H2O)0 into their crystal structures. Then the phase relationships among hydrous/anhydrous calcium oxalate minerals, namely their structural hierarchy are described, owing to the fact that they are the most abundant ionic organic minerals. In addition, the weak Jahn-Teller effect in humboldtine [Fe2+(C2O4)·2H2O] is mentioned. Fe2+ ion causes octahedral distortion in the organic mineral though the effect has hardly been observed in inorganic minerals. The third describes the origin and formation process of karpatite (C24H12), which is the molecular crystal of coronene and the most typical molecular organic mineral. The fourth and last sections summarize the characteristics of organic minerals and discuss their contribution to earth science, respectively.
著者
田崎 和江 朝田 隆二 渡邊 弘明 白木 康一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.22-33, 2006 (Released:2006-03-01)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1 2

Characterization of man-made rock-wool fibers were investigated by using optical and electron microscopic techniques and discussed how to affect on human health. The rock-wool fibers were collected from spraying on the roof. Mineralogical analyses were carried out by X-ray powder diffraction. Most fibers can exist as straight or curved fine threads with sharp points μm-nm in diameter under electron microscopy observations. The rock-wool is complex agglomerates of fibers and fumes with cement of calcite. The shape and size are significantly important factors for hazardous assessment of man-made fibers. The fibers are easily adhering to protein-rich spherical materials in 1% BSA (bovine serum albumin) and in ringer’s solution for few days aging. Spherical protein-like materials are similar to “asbestos body” with dumbbells shape. Man-made fibers have been manufactured for over 20 years, but there have been few concerns raised regarding the safety of rock-wool, were considered to be non-hazardous, because of the different durability in the lung. Present study consistently suggests that man-made fibers with fine and sharp points have similar risk as carcinogen of asbestos. The results of both patch test and adhesion materials with dumbbells shape provide clues regarding the mechanisms of tolerance in the lungs of exposed animals, and may be relevant for humans.
著者
山元 正継 西澤 達治 三森 俊亮 業田 顕行 緒方 武幸
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.81-107, 2017 (Released:2017-10-07)
参考文献数
62
被引用文献数
1

Two suites of xenoliths and an associated scoria-bearing pyroclastic fragment were sampled near Kampu volcano on Oga Peninsula of the northeast Japan arc. These scoria-hosted xenoliths consist of hornblende-bearing clinopyroxenite, hornblendite, and hornblende gabbro cumulates, hornblende megacrysts, and minor amounts of lower crustal pyroxene-plagioclase granulites. The minerals within the cumulates are euhedral and the interstitial glass is interconnected with the hosting scoria. The cumulates and their hornblende megacrysts have 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd ratios (0.70316-0.703390 and 0.512877-0.512974) similar to those of the Kampu magmas (0.702917-0.703409 and 0.512883-0.512988). However, these samples are not in isotopic equilibrium with each other or with the hosting scoria, with the latter having relatively constant Sr isotopic compositions (average of 0.703187). This is exemplified by two hornblende megacrysts with unusually high Al2O3 contents (< 17 wt%) that have different Sr isotopic ratios (0.703039 and 0.703235) and are isotopically homogenous from core to rim. This suggests that each melt that coexisted with the megacrysts was separated as a discrete batch without any isotopic mixing near the base of the lower crust. The host scoria was derived from discrete batches of magma having different isotopic compositions, but the scoria itself is isotopically homogeneous, indicating magma mixing and homogenization during the rapid ascent and transportation of these xenoliths from the lower crust to the Kampu volcano. This was most likely caused by the injection of upper-mantle-derived mafic magma into the base of the lower crust, as evidenced by micro-hornblende within the hosting volcanic glass that contains more Mg than the hornblende megacrysts.   The granulite xenoliths have mosaic textures, contain plagioclase with deformation twins, are closely inter-locked, and do not contain any hosting glass material. They have Sr and Nd isotopic compositions (0.70501-070532 and 0.51260-0.51263) that contrast with the cognate hornblende megacrysts, the cumulates, and the Kampu lavas, but are similar to less metasomatized lower-crustal amphibolites (amphibole with compositions of 0.70524 and 0.51261) from Ichinomegata maar near Kampu volcano. Rare hornblendes within these granulites record the onset of metasomatism, although the isotopic composition of these samples remained relatively unchanged until a subsequent cryptic metasomatic event that generated the wide range of isotopic and trace element compositions present within the Ichinomegata amphibolites.
著者
松原 聰
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉱物科学会
雑誌
岩石鉱物科学 (ISSN:1345630X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.68-68, 2017 (Released:2017-05-13)

日本新産鉱物情報(2015年)以降,2016年12月末までに確認された日本産新鉱物および新産鉱物と,種名変更などがあるものやその他について紹介する.太字は少なくとも化学的,結晶学的性質が明らかにされたもので,信頼度が高い.