著者
原田 昌博 Masahiro HARADA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
no.34, pp.217-236, 2019-03-11

Das Ziel dieser Abhandlung ist es, der Forschungsgeschichte über die politische Gewalt in Großstädten wie Berlin in den Phasen der relativen Stabilisierung und der Auflösung der Weimarer Republik (1924-1933) zu folgen, die Diskussionspunkte in der Forschung aufzuklären und auf die darausfolgenden Aufgaben hinzuweisen. Das Thema wurde zuerst in den 1960er Jahren haupusächlich durch Organisationsanalysen der politischen Parteien und Kampfbünden gemacht. Diese spielten in den Straßenkämpfen die Rolle als Subjekte der Gewalt. In den1980er Jahren hatten die Historiker/-in im angloamerikanischen Raum ,,die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt" eingeleitet und dabei insbesondere die Situation in Berlin als Gegenstand der Forschung entdeckt. Erst seit den 1990er Jahren sind ähnliche wichtige Monografien auch im deutschsprachigen Raum veröffentlicht worden. Die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt hat das Augenmerk auf die ,,Orten der Gewalt" wie Nachbarschaft, Straßen und Plätze, oder Kneipen und Lokalen im Arbeiterviertel gelegt und versucht, die wirklichen Sachlagen der politischen Gewalt im Alltag zu erfassen. Von nun an muss man sie vor allem unter den Gesichtspunkten wie ,,Paramilitarismus", ,,politische Kultur" oder ,,Propaganda" weiter analysieren, indem man mehrere historische Quellen wie z.B. Polizeiakten oder Gerichtsakten analysiert. Die Vertiefung dieser Forschung kann nicht nur zu einem Erklärungsfaktor, mit dem man den Übergang von der Weimarer Republik zur nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft auslegen kann, führen. Darüber hinaus sollte auch Material, aus dem man an ,,Gewalt in der Bürgergesellschaft" denken kann, untersucht werden.
著者
田中 大輝 林下 淳一 上山 あゆみ Daiki TANAKA J.−R. HAYASHISHITA Ayumi UEYAMA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.333-347, 2017-03-10

This paper firstly reviews Japanese language reference books published in recent years from the perspective of whether they are sufficient for learners to use Japanese verbs effectively. In Japanese a verb changes its meaning depending on what types of nouns serve as its arguments and what particle those arguments take. It thus follows that a viable reference book must introduce each meaning associated with a given verb together with the information of the types of arguments it takes and the particles accompanying those arguments. The example sentences for a given verb having a given meaning must also illustrate its arguments and their accompanying particles clearly. We demonstrate that while recent Japanese language reference books are useful in a number of ways, none of them meet these criteria sufficiently ; hence, we still await a reference book that enable learners to use Japanese verbs effectively. The second part of the paper introduces our ongoing project, which aims to produce a Japanese verbs reference book meeting these criteria. Our proposed reference book targets Japanese language learners who understand English, and incorporate English explanations creatively to achieve the goal.
著者
小原 豊 Yutaka OHARA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.206-215, 2007-03-05

The purpose of this study is to identify the multiplier effect in elementary school students from 4th to 6th grades who had already learned multiplication, and to investigate how to overcome it. For this purpose, we set the two viewpoints of i) the consciousness about the size relation of multiplier, multiplier, and product, and ii) the relation with results of ×0 and ×1, and a questionnaire investigation for students is carried out in order to inquire the feature and tendency of their understanding. According to the questionnaire for 638 students in four elementary schools, it checked that multiplier effect was especially seen in the 4th and 5th grade students. Moreover, in order to explore the cause, the consciousness of students who show the multiplier effect was followed up by using the selection problem and case method. These results showed that (1) the students who show multiplier effect especially tends to take notice of the size relation between multiplier and multiplier. (2) leanings of ×0 and ×1 could not prevent the belief "becoming large whenever it multiply", and these suggested that the consistent consideration of supports in teaching of integer, rational numbers, proportion and ratio was required.
著者
金児 正史 成川 公昭 宮口 智成 平野 康之 Masafumi KANEKO Kimiaki NARUKAWA Tomoshige MIYAGUCHI Yasuyuki HIRANO
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.97-108, 2019-03-11

We have taken a class on an isoperimetric problem for lower secondary school students who have high motivation to mathematics. In this paper, we have considered the lesson plan on an isoperimetric problem for the students and decided the goal of this class is to prove the theorem as below. 'A polygon which has the biggest area with same constant perimeter is a regular polygon.' After the class on an isoperimetric problem, we have realized the goal of isoperimetric problem for lower secondary school students will be suitable and have recognized strongly the mathematical experiments will be an important impact for this class.
著者
寺島 幸生 Yukio TERASHIMA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, pp.74-80, 2020-03-10

In order to understand about actual learning situations of pre-service teachers, we investigated preference in university education and learning attitudes for 108 undergraduate students at a national university of education (NUE) in 2017. As a result, we found that the NUE students prefer to acquire credits easily and surely, similar to the case of nationwide university students in 2012 and 2016. As a characteristic of the NUE students, most of them tend to determine their future careers before learning at university and to keep the independence of school life. The NUE students' learning attitude is also approximately similar to that of nationwide university students. Although most of them try to study hard to get a good grade evaluation, there are few students who study by themselves in well-planned way and do a preparation and review of lessons other than compulsory assignments. As a characteristic of the NUE students' learning attitudes, they are better at interactive learning in group work and discussions than nationwide university students, but they rarely do a preparation and review of lessons and ask teachers about learning. In the future, it is important to consider more effective university education and teacher training based on actual students' preference and learning situations.
著者
葛西 真記子 吉田 亜里咲 Makiko KASAI Arisa YOSHIDA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.226-236, 2017-03-10

The present situation about sexual bullying in junior and high schools is unknown and there have not been many researches on this topic. Severe incidents including suicide and rape caused by sexual bullying, however, have been reported in the news. In this study, junior and high school teachers and university students were interviewed in order to categorize patterns of sexual bullying taking place in schools. Data from 13 teachers and 17 students showed that 1) teachers recognized physical and verbal bullying more than students, 2) students recognized more sexual bullying than teachers, and 3) lifting skirts, pulling down pants, and hearing dirty jokes were the top 3 examples of sexual bullying reported by both teachers and students. These examples were considered to be less severe and both bullies and bullied engaged in these types bullying as a form of communication. However, these could lead to more severe types of bullying, such as rape. Students also mentioned difficulties in reporting these incidents, while teachers faced challenges in the identification and intervention of such cases. Therefore, schools need to define sexual bullying and their countermeasures.
著者
小川 勝 Masaru OGAWA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.314-322, 2006-03-03

For recent years, I have studied an artistic phenomenon of Parietal Art, Integration. It might be defined as coincidence between the natural form of rock surface and contour line of realistic animal figure. In this paper, I try to interpret Cave Art based on my consideration of Integration. Since the discovery of Cave Art at Altamira in late 19th Century, so many hypotheses to interpret motives and themes of the magnificent art in darkness have been presented. Among them, <magic> theory has been recognized as a common sense for those that are interested in Prehistoric Art. But other interpretations are possible from the viewpoint of my Integration investigation. As I estimate that Integration might be possible with human's capacity of Representation, my quest for its significance would lead me to interpret Parietal Art in my own way. Representation should have several meanings such as pleasure, possession=control, pre-being, signs and so on. Considering these aspects, I have come to think that the Palaeolithic might find out realistic animal images on the natural rock surface with simple lamps in darkness under the plural reasons of <l'art pour l'art>=autonomies, <magic> efficiency, <religious> belief, <constructionist> approach, and others. Here I would like to add my own interpretation of Parietal Art according to my research of Integration. Judging from my phenomenological methodology, the people would make sense to the world by looking out their image of animal on the natural rock surface in darkness of caves, with simple lamps. And I will continue my own way to the full understanding of Parietal Art.
著者
八幡 ゆかり Yukari YAWATA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.128-141, 2008-03-03

The meaning of the mental retardation special class is asked with the shift to the special support education from special education.Then, it set for the purpose of clarifying meaning of a mental retardation special class, and decided to investigate the history.The result was as follows.That it was common in prewar days and the postwar period suited meaning's of a special class securing the place of entering school.As the reason, it became a problem that mental retardation children have not usually received suitable education in a class.In prewar days, the government set special class installation for the purpose of being useful for a country.Teachers considered special class installation soon prewar days and after the war formental retardation children.Then, parents and the educational persons concerned developed movement which demands special class installation to the government in the1950s.Deterioration of a teacher's quality became a problem about the educational contents with extension of a special class in the1969s.Moreover, integrated education was proposed in order to solve the discrimination and prejudice to the disabled in the1970s.It was thought that meaning was in a special class having a role which abolishes the discrimination and prejudice to the disabled to a school or a community at the same time.The meaning of a special class is in the place which receives suitable education as a place of entering school also in special support education.Therefore, the teachers of the special class concern themselves positively with parents, the school, andthe community.