著者
原田 昌博 Masahiro HARADA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
no.34, pp.217-236, 2019-03-11

Das Ziel dieser Abhandlung ist es, der Forschungsgeschichte über die politische Gewalt in Großstädten wie Berlin in den Phasen der relativen Stabilisierung und der Auflösung der Weimarer Republik (1924-1933) zu folgen, die Diskussionspunkte in der Forschung aufzuklären und auf die darausfolgenden Aufgaben hinzuweisen. Das Thema wurde zuerst in den 1960er Jahren haupusächlich durch Organisationsanalysen der politischen Parteien und Kampfbünden gemacht. Diese spielten in den Straßenkämpfen die Rolle als Subjekte der Gewalt. In den1980er Jahren hatten die Historiker/-in im angloamerikanischen Raum ,,die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt" eingeleitet und dabei insbesondere die Situation in Berlin als Gegenstand der Forschung entdeckt. Erst seit den 1990er Jahren sind ähnliche wichtige Monografien auch im deutschsprachigen Raum veröffentlicht worden. Die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt hat das Augenmerk auf die ,,Orten der Gewalt" wie Nachbarschaft, Straßen und Plätze, oder Kneipen und Lokalen im Arbeiterviertel gelegt und versucht, die wirklichen Sachlagen der politischen Gewalt im Alltag zu erfassen. Von nun an muss man sie vor allem unter den Gesichtspunkten wie ,,Paramilitarismus", ,,politische Kultur" oder ,,Propaganda" weiter analysieren, indem man mehrere historische Quellen wie z.B. Polizeiakten oder Gerichtsakten analysiert. Die Vertiefung dieser Forschung kann nicht nur zu einem Erklärungsfaktor, mit dem man den Übergang von der Weimarer Republik zur nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft auslegen kann, führen. Darüber hinaus sollte auch Material, aus dem man an ,,Gewalt in der Bürgergesellschaft" denken kann, untersucht werden.
著者
葛西 真記子
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.76-87, 2011

The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese version of the Lesbian, gay, and bisexual affirmative counseling self?efficacy scale (LGB?CSIJ) by analyzing of it reliability and validity across a Japanese sample. The data for this study were collected from a sample comprising 56 first?year and 40 second?year graduate students pursuing Master's degree in clinical psychology. The results indicated that the scale had three?factor construction of the "LGB?related knowledge and assessment," "General clinical psychology knowledge," and"Awareness and seeking outside help," and the reliability and validity of this scale was indicated. Further, there were differences between neither the first?year and second?year students nor male and female students in terms of the three factors. However, the scores of students above 41 years of age or having a background experience of teaching at elementary or secondary schools were higher as compared to those of the students below 25 years of age or having no teaching experince. The younger generation seems to have more experience of seeing LGB people in the society or through media, and that affect their sense of affirmativeness. Therefore, we concluded that an LGB affirmative training program is required and that it is important to offer opportunities to acquire and practice LGB sensitive counseling skills in all training programs.
著者
島宗 理
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13434403)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.197-204, 2003

国立情報学研究所『研究紀要公開支援事業』により電子化。
著者
島宗 理 清水 裕文
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.269-277, 2006

We conducted theoretical analyses on reading comprehension from a behavior analytic point of view. First, reading comprehension is defined as behavioral changes that are caused by function-altering effects of reading text. Then, we inferred the conditions in which such function-altering effects might evolve. At minimum, textual, tact, and intraverbal responding are required, to the verbal stimulus in the text, ideally with equivalence relationships to what is described. Furthermore, autoclitic repertoires such as "A is B" and "if X then Y" seem to be critical for the text to have function-altering effects. Furthermore, for more comprehensive understanding, other supplemental verbal behavior, such as repetition, imagination, and looking up a dictionary seem to be effective problem-solving behavior, which could be explicitly taught. A gap between theoretical and empirical research is found in the investigation of the acquisition process of autoclitic frames, which thus calls for future research.
著者
高原 光恵 津田 芳見
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.94-99, 2012

We examined the familiarity degree of the terms that concern the developmental disability in general public and also surveyed their source of information. The participants were 50 commoners, 4 females and 46 males. Many of them were age of 30s. In the questionnaire, there were 20 items including "developmental disability", "autism", "learning disability", "coordinator of special needs education" and so on. We requested participants to evaluate which level a familiarity degree in each word was. Excluding the two subjects' data because there were blanks, we analyzed 48 people's data. In the results, it was shown that most items concerning developmental disability were unfamiliar to general public. This result is different from other research conducted in teachers or welfare workers. It must be examined in other age groups to check whether this tendency is common. We concluded that it is necessary to improve the way of enlightenment for understanding developmental disability, not only for specialists but also for general public.
著者
戸口 太功耶 葛西 真記子
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学学校教育研究紀要 (ISSN:18806864)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, pp.31-42, 2014

本研究では、クィア・ペダゴジーの実践としてBritzman(1995)とQuinlivan & Town(1999)を手がかりに、それらがいかにカウンセラー養成へ組みこめるかを検討し,さらに,実際の既存の心理的自助のコミュニティ活動を取り上げ,そこにクィア・ペダゴジーの実践の具体的な方法を見出し,クィア・カウンセリング心理学に向けた実践方法の可能性を探った。Britzman(1995)とQuinlivan & Town(1999)より、カウンセリング心理学へのクィア・ペダゴジーの導入の視点として、1)肯定的な場の創造,2)個別性への焦点化,3)二分性の解放,4)仲間関係の支援が見出され,さらにコミュニティ活動を踏まえて,1)前提を認識すること,2)カテゴライズを疑問視すること,3)実践の不可能性を知ること,4)理解不可能状態を知ること,5)異なる解釈方法を支持すること,これらの視点が見出された。
著者
増田 聡 谷口 文和
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要. 芸術編 (ISSN:13434403)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.25-35, 2004

Today, recording and reproducing technology is so essential that we cannot ignore its influences on our musical experience. However, it seems that many of us are still obssessed with the idea that recorded music is only subsidery to "live" music. The purpose of this paper is to rethink musical listening with reproduction. Hi-fi maniacs have two ambivalent principles: that reproduced sound should be identical to its "source" , and that they can make sound with their equipments as they feel favorable. Though, the privileged "source" never sounds without reproduction, so they can evaluate the fidelity of sounds only by imagination. On the other hand, when they assume that audio equipments "create" sounds, they cannot feel sure if they really listen to music. Sound systems for club music is designed with the principle same as the latter type of hi-fi manias. But the audience feels the "aura" from reproduced music, because DJs who mediate between records and them make the field where they listen to music authentic. While hi-fi maniacs who pursue imaginative "source" has been reproducing "loss of aura" , DJ cultures restore the aura. Thus, both musical practices of hi-fi maniacs and DJs use the same technology, but bring different musical experiences. And here we can elucidate the multi-layered structure of musical listening, where we differently imagine "what makes music".
著者
佐藤 亨
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.234-240, 2007

Arson is not a major part of misbehavior of delinquents. However, we should not overlook this type of offence because arson could make a great damage on others' properties or lives at once. It is important to discuss why they commit arson and how we should treat them. This article focuses on motivation of juvenile fire setters. Two arson cases are mentioned and three different kinds of motives are discussed; hate, unhappiness, and reset of unpleasant situation. They may have damaged self-images and unpleasant feelings pile up inside them. Finally, they can not keep such feelings inside and vomit them by fire setting. They could have psychological problems and we must consider how we should treat them to avoid re-offence.
著者
今田 雄三
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.146-157, 2016

Young people nowadays often feel anxious as they cannot ensure the basis of their existence. Thinking of the reasons, it is necessary to focus on qualitative changes in family, community, and personal relationship of Japanese society. The author analyzed the issue through the movie My Neighbor Totoro directed by Hayao Miyazaki, which portrays what life was like in the past. The movie has a detailed description of the interaction with nature and supernatural force, which was characteristic in traditional Japanese society, and the various protective power for children to underpin human existence. However, its theme is not just for tired people to feel comfort. After we confirm the basis of our existence through this movie, we ourselves need to make every effort for mutual commitment in real−world society and relationship, going beyond the fantasy.
著者
小坂 浩嗣 佐藤 亨 末内 佳代 山下 一夫
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.160-170, 2011

This paper examined merits and demerits of naming parents who claim unreasonable things "monster?parents" ased on real cases. And, it described the movement of the educational world about "monster?parent" around 2007, based on newspaper articles and response?manuals made by school boards. Finally, it discussed how eachers should react the situation that it is difficult to have good relation with parents from the viewpoint of School Clinical Psychology.
著者
増田 聡 Satoshi MASUDA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Arts, Naruto University of Education (ISSN:13434403)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.13-21, 2003-03-07

In this paper, it is discussed that Fumio Koizumi's famous studies in Japanese popular music have some problems. His studies have been influential in the Japanese musicological studies in popular music, and the method in that studies is mainly based on a theory of musical scales that used in the succeeding study by Yoshiaki Sato. Sato's study is better for explaining how some scales of Japanese popular music have taken roots, than Koizumi's, But Sato's study has same problem in Koizumi's, which became clear at Sato's appearance in a famous T.V. news show program, "News Station." Studies based on a theory of musical scales often cut the music to abstract entities which are not heard by audience, so the studies will fail to catch a whole of the musical event. This paper suggests that popular music studies should stare on three levels of productive/neutral/receptive in a music event, not accord a privilege to "music itself."
著者
町田 哲
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2010

本研究では、阿波の山間地域を素材に、近世日本の山村における生業と流通の構造について、(1)山村における所有と生業の実態、(2)山村の村落共同体における社会的関係、(3)モノを通じた流通構造(都市との関係構造)という 3 つの地域史的視角から解明した。藩の山林制度や請負制の実態解明を通して、山林資源の枯渇状況や、地域における山林利用のありかたとその変容、さらには山村と城下町徳島・巨大都市大坂との関係等を具体的に解明したことで、近世阿波の多様な山村特性の一端を把握することができた。
著者
茂木 俊伸
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.343-355, 2013-03-15

This study analyzes "difficult" words that appear in elementary−level Japanese language textbooks. The term "difficult words" here refers to words and expressions that are expected to be difficult to understand for children. This study first categorizes textbook terms based on two criteria : (1) how close or how removed is the term from the children's everyday life and (2) whether or not the term is specific to the subject. It then analyzes how difficult the terms in each category are to understand. Finally, On the basis of the experiences of elementary school teachers, this study analyzes characteristics of 1,795 difficult words taken from elementary−level textbooks.
著者
原 妃斗美 賀川 昌明
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学情報教育ジャーナル (ISSN:18823661)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.9-13, 2013-03

本研究では、iPad を用いて撮影した動画に対して、動画編集を主とした動画処理ソフトである Adobe Premiere Pro CS3 を用いた投球時間の分析方法を検討することを目的とした。また、投球時間の測定に動画処理ソフトを用いることが有効であるかどうかも検討した。その結果、動画処理ソフトは、より細かくコマ送り再生が可能となり投球動作中の小さな動きを把握するには適していた。また、投球時間については、ストライク時の投球時間とそうでない時の投球時間に各選手特徴が現れていた。これらの結果から、投球するタイミングやスピードなどボールを投球する際に選手のベストパフォーマンスの状態で一定にすることができるようになれば、投球結果に反映されてくることが推測された。
著者
幾田 伸司
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.113-126, 2007

The purpose of this paper is to consider a part of image of woman in Japanese textbooks in postwar days by examining teaching materials of "Madame Curie." The image of Madame Curie in teaching materials is as follows, (1) Effort, (2) Love to her family, (3) Altruism, (4) Desire for learning, (5) Patriotism, (6) Cooperation with her husband, (7) Love to her husband, (8) Being good mother. Some of these are manly images, and images of Madame Curie are also manly ones. It shows the image that women can participate in the society in the same way as men. The image of Madame Curie in Japanese textbooks swings between manly image and classical womanly ones.
著者
Murata Katsuo Mlombo Moses Saijo Noriko
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学学校教育研究紀要 (ISSN:18806864)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.91-94, 2005
被引用文献数
1

この研究は鉱山とその付近の川の試料を用いた教材の開発について報告したものです。これは堆積物や表面水中のマンガンを間接的に求める研究であり,教育実践に適するように実験操作は高校生用に簡易化した。ここではマンガンを堆積物から抽出し,紫色の過マンガン酸塩(MnO_4^-)に酸化し,標準濃度の溶液と比色することにより試料中のマンガンの濃度を求めた。堆積物中のマンガン量は,過マンガン酸塩の濃度を対比させることにより求めた。授業実践を想定した生徒の活動を計画し,これを地元の鳴門高校の2年生40名に対して試みた。
著者
佐藤 亨
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.190-197, 2006

Recently, professionals and general public have been paying attention to sexual offenders. The reasons are (1) sexual offenses may cause seriously disruptive effects on victims, and (2) sexual offenders may keep their offense pattern for long period without appropriate treatment. They have several psychological problems, which are (3) negative self-image, (2) aggression toward females, (3) desire to contact with females, (4) low social skills, and (5) intolerance to stress. Important points in conducting a treatment for sexual offenders are to make sexual offenders motivate to change, and to make clear a process how they make themselves commit sexual offenses.
著者
廣瀬 政雄
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.390-404, 2012

The medical student is taught an ideal attitude of the medical doctors through the knowledge of Hippocrates oaths or Ogata Koan when they graduate from university. However, it has not been actual that each student formally thinks about the objection of the letters by digging them down. It has been estimated that the doctors attitude is brewed up naturally during the periods of medical education. However, the lifestyle, the structure of population, social and disease, the medical science and the medical technology have been so changed in recent years that the attitude of the young doctors and the patient is influenced by these changes. This is why the proposal is thrown on the improvement of the medical education. Clinician's research level has declined seriously in the 21st century in the local National Medical Universities, which has been brought about by the change of the training policy, the aim of which has been changed to train the clinical−oriented doctor from to educate the research−oriented doctor. This will be a particularly severe problem because it can become a factor of lowering the level of overall medical science in our country. Tracing predecessors footprints that should be assumed to be a basic philosophy and looking back on the matter of the medical pedagogy may bring up some suggestions on the various problems written above. In this paper, the education system performed in the advanced countries including pedagogy in our country are compared to pick up the idea that will be able to improve the medical education in this country.