著者
原田 昌博 Masahiro HARADA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
no.34, pp.217-236, 2019-03-11

Das Ziel dieser Abhandlung ist es, der Forschungsgeschichte über die politische Gewalt in Großstädten wie Berlin in den Phasen der relativen Stabilisierung und der Auflösung der Weimarer Republik (1924-1933) zu folgen, die Diskussionspunkte in der Forschung aufzuklären und auf die darausfolgenden Aufgaben hinzuweisen. Das Thema wurde zuerst in den 1960er Jahren haupusächlich durch Organisationsanalysen der politischen Parteien und Kampfbünden gemacht. Diese spielten in den Straßenkämpfen die Rolle als Subjekte der Gewalt. In den1980er Jahren hatten die Historiker/-in im angloamerikanischen Raum ,,die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt" eingeleitet und dabei insbesondere die Situation in Berlin als Gegenstand der Forschung entdeckt. Erst seit den 1990er Jahren sind ähnliche wichtige Monografien auch im deutschsprachigen Raum veröffentlicht worden. Die Sozialgeschichte der politischen Gewalt hat das Augenmerk auf die ,,Orten der Gewalt" wie Nachbarschaft, Straßen und Plätze, oder Kneipen und Lokalen im Arbeiterviertel gelegt und versucht, die wirklichen Sachlagen der politischen Gewalt im Alltag zu erfassen. Von nun an muss man sie vor allem unter den Gesichtspunkten wie ,,Paramilitarismus", ,,politische Kultur" oder ,,Propaganda" weiter analysieren, indem man mehrere historische Quellen wie z.B. Polizeiakten oder Gerichtsakten analysiert. Die Vertiefung dieser Forschung kann nicht nur zu einem Erklärungsfaktor, mit dem man den Übergang von der Weimarer Republik zur nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft auslegen kann, führen. Darüber hinaus sollte auch Material, aus dem man an ,,Gewalt in der Bürgergesellschaft" denken kann, untersucht werden.
著者
葛西 真記子
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.76-87, 2011

The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese version of the Lesbian, gay, and bisexual affirmative counseling self?efficacy scale (LGB?CSIJ) by analyzing of it reliability and validity across a Japanese sample. The data for this study were collected from a sample comprising 56 first?year and 40 second?year graduate students pursuing Master's degree in clinical psychology. The results indicated that the scale had three?factor construction of the "LGB?related knowledge and assessment," "General clinical psychology knowledge," and"Awareness and seeking outside help," and the reliability and validity of this scale was indicated. Further, there were differences between neither the first?year and second?year students nor male and female students in terms of the three factors. However, the scores of students above 41 years of age or having a background experience of teaching at elementary or secondary schools were higher as compared to those of the students below 25 years of age or having no teaching experince. The younger generation seems to have more experience of seeing LGB people in the society or through media, and that affect their sense of affirmativeness. Therefore, we concluded that an LGB affirmative training program is required and that it is important to offer opportunities to acquire and practice LGB sensitive counseling skills in all training programs.
著者
島宗 理 清水 裕文
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.269-277, 2006

We conducted theoretical analyses on reading comprehension from a behavior analytic point of view. First, reading comprehension is defined as behavioral changes that are caused by function-altering effects of reading text. Then, we inferred the conditions in which such function-altering effects might evolve. At minimum, textual, tact, and intraverbal responding are required, to the verbal stimulus in the text, ideally with equivalence relationships to what is described. Furthermore, autoclitic repertoires such as "A is B" and "if X then Y" seem to be critical for the text to have function-altering effects. Furthermore, for more comprehensive understanding, other supplemental verbal behavior, such as repetition, imagination, and looking up a dictionary seem to be effective problem-solving behavior, which could be explicitly taught. A gap between theoretical and empirical research is found in the investigation of the acquisition process of autoclitic frames, which thus calls for future research.
著者
高原 光恵 津田 芳見
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.94-99, 2012

We examined the familiarity degree of the terms that concern the developmental disability in general public and also surveyed their source of information. The participants were 50 commoners, 4 females and 46 males. Many of them were age of 30s. In the questionnaire, there were 20 items including "developmental disability", "autism", "learning disability", "coordinator of special needs education" and so on. We requested participants to evaluate which level a familiarity degree in each word was. Excluding the two subjects' data because there were blanks, we analyzed 48 people's data. In the results, it was shown that most items concerning developmental disability were unfamiliar to general public. This result is different from other research conducted in teachers or welfare workers. It must be examined in other age groups to check whether this tendency is common. We concluded that it is necessary to improve the way of enlightenment for understanding developmental disability, not only for specialists but also for general public.
著者
佐藤 亨
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.234-240, 2007

Arson is not a major part of misbehavior of delinquents. However, we should not overlook this type of offence because arson could make a great damage on others' properties or lives at once. It is important to discuss why they commit arson and how we should treat them. This article focuses on motivation of juvenile fire setters. Two arson cases are mentioned and three different kinds of motives are discussed; hate, unhappiness, and reset of unpleasant situation. They may have damaged self-images and unpleasant feelings pile up inside them. Finally, they can not keep such feelings inside and vomit them by fire setting. They could have psychological problems and we must consider how we should treat them to avoid re-offence.
著者
今田 雄三
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.146-157, 2016

Young people nowadays often feel anxious as they cannot ensure the basis of their existence. Thinking of the reasons, it is necessary to focus on qualitative changes in family, community, and personal relationship of Japanese society. The author analyzed the issue through the movie My Neighbor Totoro directed by Hayao Miyazaki, which portrays what life was like in the past. The movie has a detailed description of the interaction with nature and supernatural force, which was characteristic in traditional Japanese society, and the various protective power for children to underpin human existence. However, its theme is not just for tired people to feel comfort. After we confirm the basis of our existence through this movie, we ourselves need to make every effort for mutual commitment in real−world society and relationship, going beyond the fantasy.
著者
小坂 浩嗣 佐藤 亨 末内 佳代 山下 一夫
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.160-170, 2011

This paper examined merits and demerits of naming parents who claim unreasonable things "monster?parents" ased on real cases. And, it described the movement of the educational world about "monster?parent" around 2007, based on newspaper articles and response?manuals made by school boards. Finally, it discussed how eachers should react the situation that it is difficult to have good relation with parents from the viewpoint of School Clinical Psychology.
著者
茂木 俊伸
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.343-355, 2013-03-15

This study analyzes "difficult" words that appear in elementary−level Japanese language textbooks. The term "difficult words" here refers to words and expressions that are expected to be difficult to understand for children. This study first categorizes textbook terms based on two criteria : (1) how close or how removed is the term from the children's everyday life and (2) whether or not the term is specific to the subject. It then analyzes how difficult the terms in each category are to understand. Finally, On the basis of the experiences of elementary school teachers, this study analyzes characteristics of 1,795 difficult words taken from elementary−level textbooks.
著者
幾田 伸司
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.113-126, 2007

The purpose of this paper is to consider a part of image of woman in Japanese textbooks in postwar days by examining teaching materials of "Madame Curie." The image of Madame Curie in teaching materials is as follows, (1) Effort, (2) Love to her family, (3) Altruism, (4) Desire for learning, (5) Patriotism, (6) Cooperation with her husband, (7) Love to her husband, (8) Being good mother. Some of these are manly images, and images of Madame Curie are also manly ones. It shows the image that women can participate in the society in the same way as men. The image of Madame Curie in Japanese textbooks swings between manly image and classical womanly ones.
著者
佐藤 亨
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.190-197, 2006

Recently, professionals and general public have been paying attention to sexual offenders. The reasons are (1) sexual offenses may cause seriously disruptive effects on victims, and (2) sexual offenders may keep their offense pattern for long period without appropriate treatment. They have several psychological problems, which are (3) negative self-image, (2) aggression toward females, (3) desire to contact with females, (4) low social skills, and (5) intolerance to stress. Important points in conducting a treatment for sexual offenders are to make sexual offenders motivate to change, and to make clear a process how they make themselves commit sexual offenses.
著者
廣瀬 政雄
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.390-404, 2012

The medical student is taught an ideal attitude of the medical doctors through the knowledge of Hippocrates oaths or Ogata Koan when they graduate from university. However, it has not been actual that each student formally thinks about the objection of the letters by digging them down. It has been estimated that the doctors attitude is brewed up naturally during the periods of medical education. However, the lifestyle, the structure of population, social and disease, the medical science and the medical technology have been so changed in recent years that the attitude of the young doctors and the patient is influenced by these changes. This is why the proposal is thrown on the improvement of the medical education. Clinician's research level has declined seriously in the 21st century in the local National Medical Universities, which has been brought about by the change of the training policy, the aim of which has been changed to train the clinical−oriented doctor from to educate the research−oriented doctor. This will be a particularly severe problem because it can become a factor of lowering the level of overall medical science in our country. Tracing predecessors footprints that should be assumed to be a basic philosophy and looking back on the matter of the medical pedagogy may bring up some suggestions on the various problems written above. In this paper, the education system performed in the advanced countries including pedagogy in our country are compared to pick up the idea that will be able to improve the medical education in this country.
著者
齋木 哲郎
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.261-273, 2007

啖助・趙匡・陸淳的新春秋学, 従学術上来看, 不僅没有拘束于原有的"春秋公羊伝""春秋穀梁伝""春秋左氏伝"的解釈, 独創出了関于"春秋"的新解釈, 而且, 実践上運用在順宗時期的"永貞革新"運動上, 成了這次革新運動的原理, 也称之為"大中之説". 這篇論文的終究目的是表明了啖助・趙匡・陸淳的春秋学的新解釈応用在政治革新運動的原因和這篇春秋学新解釈的特征等等.
著者
杉浦 裕子
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.232-245, 2012

Thomas Blake Glover (1838-1911)is a Scottish trader who came to Japan at the end of the Edo period. He established Glover & Co. in Nagasaki and traded arms and ships with anti-Tokugawa clans, mainly with the Satsuma clan. He is often regarded as a supporter of the anti-Tokugawa samurai and as a contributor to the Meiji Restoration. Indeed, though Glover in later years contributed to the modernization of Japan in more peaceful ways, introducing shipbuilding docks, coal mining, railways, a mint, a brewery, and so on, the most prominent career in his life is that of "a merchant of death" in the very last days of the Tokugawa Shogunate. This essay examines the significance of his role at the end of the Edo period from the perspective of British diplomatic policy towards Japan in the 1860s and its rivalry with France. Throughout the 19th century, Great Britain had been the biggest empire among the great world powers. However, when Tokugawa Japan was forced to open the country to the world, neither Britain nor other western great powers had the intention to colonize Japan. They had learned that to plant colonies and to maintain them cost too much, and they also had spent much money on the Crimean War and other wars by the 1850s. What they wanted instead was the profit from free trade with Japan. Britain's diplomatic policy in particular was shifting to what is called "small Britain policy" during 1860s-70s, which promoted not colonization but free trade. After the 1880s, Britain and France resumed expansion of their colonies, mainly on the African continent. Therefore, Japan was lucky enough to escape the destiny of being colonized in spite of the disturbance of domestic politics, because the last days of the Tokugawa Shogunate in the 1860s were the very time of slackened foreign pressures. After Japanese ports were officially opened in 1859, Britain and other great powers' diplomacy with Japan was strongly united with their trade policy towards Japan, and the rivalry between Britain and France inevitably developed gradually. As trade policy can determine diplomatic policy, Britain and France began to take different attitudes towards the Tokugawa Shogunate in order to secure their own profit from commerce. France continuously supported Tokugawa because Japanese official trade with foreign countries was under the control of the Shogunate at that time, and France wanted to promote trade through strong ties with the Shogunate. On the other hand, Britain gradually distanced themselves from the Tokugawa Shogunate and showed understanding towards anti-Tokugawa clans, because Britain, as a promoter of free trade, found that those anti-Tokugawa clans also wanted free trade with foreign countries. Thomas Blake Glover, then an ambitious Scottish trader representing the British Empire, was the very man who did his illegal business with those anti-Tokugawa clans outside of Shogunate-control. Glover was such a wellknown and influential trader among anti-Tokugawa samurai that his significance was recognized by British Consul to Japan. Glover even arranged for Harry Parkes, the British Consul to Japan, to visit Satsuma, and this turned out to be a turning point for Parkes's policy. As a result, British diplomatic and trade policy with Japan won over that of France, and after the Meiji restoration, the modernization of Japan was carried out under the strong influence of Britain rather than France.
著者
田中 大輝 林下 淳一 上山 あゆみ Daiki TANAKA J.−R. HAYASHISHITA Ayumi UEYAMA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.333-347, 2017-03-10

This paper firstly reviews Japanese language reference books published in recent years from the perspective of whether they are sufficient for learners to use Japanese verbs effectively. In Japanese a verb changes its meaning depending on what types of nouns serve as its arguments and what particle those arguments take. It thus follows that a viable reference book must introduce each meaning associated with a given verb together with the information of the types of arguments it takes and the particles accompanying those arguments. The example sentences for a given verb having a given meaning must also illustrate its arguments and their accompanying particles clearly. We demonstrate that while recent Japanese language reference books are useful in a number of ways, none of them meet these criteria sufficiently ; hence, we still await a reference book that enable learners to use Japanese verbs effectively. The second part of the paper introduces our ongoing project, which aims to produce a Japanese verbs reference book meeting these criteria. Our proposed reference book targets Japanese language learners who understand English, and incorporate English explanations creatively to achieve the goal.
著者
小島 明子 Akiko KOJIMA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.142-152, 2019

Covering a period of about 200 years in chronological order, Eiga Monogatari is a tale (monogatari) that relates the history of the imperial family and their maternal relatives, the house of Fujiwara. The central theme of the tale is the political splendour (eiga) of Fujiwara no Michinaga, which has been vividly portrayed. This paper focuses on volumes 1−4 of the book, which trace the movements of Michinaga's ancestors, the Kujo-ryu, down the generations, up to the point where Michinaga takes power. In addition, the author attempts to clarify the tale's methods of historical description. In doing so, the author of this study has succeeded in pointing out a number of distinctive descriptive features in the tale. First, there is the technique of picking out three important members of the same generation from the numerous other people in their family and depicting those three in a comparative manner. Second, we mention the technique of stressing the characterisation of the three specified individuals by placing historical events in a finely delineated annual chronology. Third, we observe that individuals are portrayed on the basis of a view of history which requires those deemed worthy of governmental authority to display qualities such as respect for the intentions of their lineal ancestors and filial devotion (koshin),while those individuals who fail to meet these requirements are weeded out of the story. The above-mentioned points may be regarded as an important new approach towards elucidating the description of history throughout all the 40 volumes of Eiga Monogatari.
著者
山本 準 岡島 典子 Jun YAMAMOTO Noriko OKAJIMA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 鳴門教育大学 編 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.237-251, 2019

American sociologist A.R.Hochschild put forward a new concept "emotional labor" in 1983. Emotional labor is the process of managing feelings and expressions to fulfill the emotional requirements of a job, and therefore it may bring self-estrangement caused by mental strain. The Study for emotional labor in Japan has tended to be in the field health care, especially nursing care. It is said that the emotional labor studies lacked for perspective of social structure. The tendency toward the specific field makes it difficult to generalize. Hereafter it is not only needed to research another type of labor, but to analyze the social structure creating the emotional job. The study for emotional labor has two tendencies. One is the negative studies on emotional labor, another is the positive studies on it. The negative studies follow the original concept of emotional labor. The positive studies focus on utilization of the skill of managing feelings with. The more the positive evaluation of the skill of managing feelings increases, the better the people with the skill of managing feelings be succesd in society. It consider the skill of managing feelings as "Cultural capital", there seems to be potentiall social inequality. So, the positive studies on emotional labor are considered cautiously.
著者
小原 豊 Yutaka OHARA
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 = Research bulletin of Naruto University of Education (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.206-215, 2007-03-05

The purpose of this study is to identify the multiplier effect in elementary school students from 4th to 6th grades who had already learned multiplication, and to investigate how to overcome it. For this purpose, we set the two viewpoints of i) the consciousness about the size relation of multiplier, multiplier, and product, and ii) the relation with results of ×0 and ×1, and a questionnaire investigation for students is carried out in order to inquire the feature and tendency of their understanding. According to the questionnaire for 638 students in four elementary schools, it checked that multiplier effect was especially seen in the 4th and 5th grade students. Moreover, in order to explore the cause, the consciousness of students who show the multiplier effect was followed up by using the selection problem and case method. These results showed that (1) the students who show multiplier effect especially tends to take notice of the size relation between multiplier and multiplier. (2) leanings of ×0 and ×1 could not prevent the belief "becoming large whenever it multiply", and these suggested that the consistent consideration of supports in teaching of integer, rational numbers, proportion and ratio was required.
著者
杉浦 裕子 大和 高行 小林 潤司 山下 孝子 丹羽 佐紀
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.258-287, 2011

"Romeo and Julietta" is the 25th novel of William Painter's The Palace of Pleasure, Tome 2 (1567), and is one of the sources of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (1595). Painter's "Romeo and Julietta" is a minor source compared to Arthur Brooke's The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562), which Shakespeare mainly referred to, and therefore has not been paid much attention to so far. This essay first tries to evaluate Painter's work as the second source of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet by comparing it with Brooke's and Shakespeare's. Through the comparison of each work's introduction of the story, handling of "Fortune", characters of Romeo/Romeus and Juliet/Julietta, and the ending of the story, it is obvious how Shakespeare arranged his sources to make his dramatic version effective for the audience's minds. It can also be seen that Shakespeare is not only under the influence of Brooke's long poetic story, but also had the effects of Painter's simple and compact story in mind. The latter part of this essay is a Japanese translation of Painter's "Romeo and Julietta", which will make it easier to compare Shakespeare's two sources.
著者
幾田 伸司
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.215-224, 2012

The purpose of this paper is to clarify what kind of person that the "biography" took up in Japanese Textbooks used at elementary school in Postwar Days, and to consider change of the feature. The tendency of the "biography" in textbooks before the Showa 40s is : 1. Many scholars and artists have been selected, but neither the politician nor the military man have been selected. 2. Civilization and modernization have been affirmed, and many persons who contributed to them, such as inventors and thinkers, have been selected. 3. Study, efforts, and altruistic soul have been emphasized, and the persons who were successful through such a way of life have been selected. 4. The Japanese who have played an active part in the world is selected positively. The tendency of the "biography" in textbooks after the Showa 50s is : 1. The "biography" in textbooks have decreased, and a specific way of life has not been shown. 2. The criticism to civilization or modernization have been emphasized, and the person who fought against inconsistency of modern society, such as pollution and the environmental problem, is selected. 3. The "biography" of Present−day persons have increased, and persons whom children felt familiar have been selected.
著者
小原 豊
出版者
鳴門教育大学
雑誌
鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:18807194)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.206-215, 2007

The purpose of this study is to identify the multiplier effect in elementary school students from 4th to 6th grades who had already learned multiplication, and to investigate how to overcome it. For this purpose, we set the two viewpoints of i) the consciousness about the size relation of multiplier, multiplier, and product, and ii) the relation with results of ×0 and ×1, and a questionnaire investigation for students is carried out in order to inquire the feature and tendency of their understanding. According to the questionnaire for 638 students in four elementary schools, it checked that multiplier effect was especially seen in the 4th and 5th grade students. Moreover, in order to explore the cause, the consciousness of students who show the multiplier effect was followed up by using the selection problem and case method. These results showed that (1) the students who show multiplier effect especially tends to take notice of the size relation between multiplier and multiplier. (2) leanings of ×0 and ×1 could not prevent the belief "becoming large whenever it multiply", and these suggested that the consistent consideration of supports in teaching of integer, rational numbers, proportion and ratio was required.