著者
山崎 秀人
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会誌 (ISSN:00214663)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.11, pp.391-395, 2012-11-05 (Released:2017-06-23)
参考文献数
6

はやぶさプロジェクトは宇宙航空研究開発機構(以下:JAXA)の探査プロジェクトであり,2010年6月13日,はやぶさのカプセルは,豪州南オーストラリア州ウーメラ管理区域(Woomera Prohibited Area:WPA)へ成功裏に帰還した.その後,6月17日,豪州空軍のウーメラ空港から母国である日本へ7年ぶりに帰国を果たした.日本から打上げ,外国へカプセルを着陸させ,回収し,母国へ持ち帰ったプロジェクトは世界初であり,一連の作業には現行の諸制度と調和した上での交渉を要求された.特に豪州は,はやぶさ打上げ後にカプセル帰還に関する国内法を整備した一方,サンプルリターンプロジェクトを初めて体験する我が国は,(当然であるが)現行の法令や諸制度がこのようなプロジェクトを想定していないため,調整に時間を要した.本稿では,はやぶさでの経験をまとめて解説するものである.
著者
國中 均 西山 和孝 清水 幸夫 都木 恭一郎 川口 淳一郎 上杉 邦憲
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.602, pp.129-134, 2004 (Released:2004-05-20)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
5 6

The microwave discharge ion engine generates plasmas of the main ion source as well as the neutralizer using 4GHz microwave without discharge electrodes and hollow cathodes, so that long life and durability against oxygen and air are expected. MUSES-C “HAYABUSA” spacecraft installing four microwave discharge ion engines was launched into deep space by M-V rocket on May 9, 2003. After vacuum exposure and several runs of baking for reduction of residual gas the ion engine system established the continuous acceleration of the spacecraft toward an asteroid. The Doppler shift measurement of the communication microwave revealed the performance of ion engines, which is 8mN thrust force for a single unit with 3,200sec specific impulse at 23mN/kW thrust power ratio. At the beginning of December 2003 the accumulated operational time exceeded 7,000 hours and units.
著者
葛山 浩 小紫 公也 荒川 義博
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.625, pp.63-70, 2006 (Released:2006-03-20)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
1 1

An air-breathing pulse laser powered launcher has been proposed as an alternative to conventional chemical launch systems. The trajectory from the ground to a geosynchronous transfer orbit by pulse laser propulsion is calculated by modeling the thrust during pulsejet, ramjet and rocket flight modes, and the launch cost is estimated. The results show that the pulse laser powered launcher can transfer 0.085kg payload per 1MW beam power to a geosynchronous orbit, and the cost becomes quarter of existing systems if one can divide a single launch into 22,500 multiple launches.
著者
安東 茂典
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会誌 (ISSN:00214663)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.397, pp.91-101, 1987-02-05 (Released:2010-12-16)
参考文献数
12

A concept of PAR (Power Augmented Ram Wing) is presented. It will be useful in future for over-water transport vehicles to carry passengers, cargos, and/or cars. It is much faster than ships, while it requires no run-way in contrast to airplanes. The PAR concept makes the fuselage-shape “aero-configured” rather than “hydro-configured”, and so decreases the parasite-drag singificantly. An empirical formula is found for the effective aspect ratio which is applicable to verious kinds of Ground Effect Wings. The present PAR concept has a variable geometry wing, in front of which tiltable turboprop engines are installed. Untill the take-off speed is exceeded, the wing is swept-forward with extended full span flaps (the outer ones are differential flaps). In cruising condition the wing becomes unswept. If the sea-state is bad the vehicle can fly off-ground effect with unswept wing. Thus cancelling operations is much more reduced than hovercrafts or hydrofoil-boats. Special devices are proposed for the tip-floats, which improve aero-dynamic efficiency and which alleviate load due to wave-impacts.
著者
安田 邦男
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.547, pp.314-320, 1999-08-05 (Released:2009-07-09)
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
1 2

A wind tunnel test was conducted to study the mechanism of a flight of a flying disc which flies while rotating. A Flying disc is a rotating disc without blades, being different from the rotor of a helicopter and the like and its cross sectional shape is a unique upward convex. Using a production flying disc used at an official game, wind tunnel tests were performed. Forces were measured to investigate aerodynamic characteristics of an object of such a shape. In addition, a flat disc was also experimented for a comparison. Free flight tests of the flying disc were carried out to obtain base line data to experiment in the wind tunnel test. Flight data of the flying disc in free air was reduced by analyzing the flight path from the video tapes which recorded the flights of the flying disc. Smoke visualization tests were also made to visualize the flow pattern around the flying disc.
著者
川勝 康弘
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
宇宙技術 (ISSN:13473832)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.87-96, 2007 (Released:2007-12-07)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1 1

Analyzed in this paper are Near-Earth Asteroids sample return mission opportunities in early 2010s. The mission sequences supposed are Keplerian orbits connected with impulsive velocity changes including planetary gravity assists. The sequences are constructed by "trajectory parts connecting method", which is exploited by the author. The method enables to construct the possible sequences comprehensively under defined structure and given constraints. At the same time, it enables to assess the dynamical feasibility of the constructed sequences quantitatively by way of the total required velocity increment required to complete the sequences. Over 4000 Near-Earth Asteroids are taken into account as the candidates of the mission targets, and the mission sequences include not only the sample return from a single asteroid, but also the sample return from two asteroids. Lists of the asteroids (or their combinations) which have mission opportunities in early 2010s are provided and some example sequences are shown.
著者
炭田 潤一郎 安井 久子 坂野 鈴夫 竹内 明雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.540, pp.24-32, 1999-01-05 (Released:2009-07-09)
参考文献数
3

The QF-104 is a remotely-piloted full-scale drone developed from F-104, which is excellent in the speed performance. Its development program began in 1992 with all the mission by JASDF being completed in March 1997. The drone is operated from the fixed-type ground cockpit using a front view by TV. It has 150msec lag in control. TV camera has limited view angle of 46° in azimuth, 35° in elevation. Those generated difficulties in controlling the aircraft, especially in landing. Several devices were created to cope with the problems, as follows, Landing guidance symbols by vectoring capabilities of the tracking antennas show the deviation from the proper approach-path on the TV screen. Deflection command control laws with heading/wings-level hold mode are proved effective in smooth landing. Yaw string in the nose radome, AOA tone indication, touch down information, and 35 feet over-runway signal are also proved effective.
著者
長谷川 裕晃 北原 一起 犬飼 保夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.582, pp.272-272, 2002 (Released:2003-09-02)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
2 1

The Air Turbo Ramjet (ATR) is a combined cycle engine which performs like a turbojet engine at subsonic speeds and a ramjet at supersonic speeds and therefore the ATR is an attractive propulsion system for the wide operation range (e.g. Mach 0 to Mach 4). The ATR can provide a higher specific impulse than a solid fuel rocket engine and a higher thrust per frontal area than a turbojet engine. The major ATR components are the inlet, fan (compressor), turbine, gas generator, combustor and exhaust nozzle. In the ATR, the turbine drive gas is generated by a decomposed liquid or solid fuel gas generator. In order to carry heavier payloads and to attain shorter flight time, the compact and high thrust engine is required. In this study, the ram combustor with the double-staged flameholders and the fan with tandem blade were introduced to shorten the engine length and to increase the fan pressure ratio, respectively. Furthermore, the engine testing was carried out on sea level static condition to confirm the engine component integration technologies for the ATR propulsion system.
著者
永井 俊一 大竹 智久 本橋 龍郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.656, pp.442-448, 2008 (Released:2008-09-25)
参考文献数
8

We studied effect of ventilation ports on aerodynamics of the fuselage of a human-powered airplane and cooling performance of the pilot. An opening made in the fuselage is one of remedies for enhancing the performance of the pilot. On the other hand, the opening influences aerodynamic characteristics of the airplane, in particular the drag of the fuselage. When the ratio of inlet and outlet areas is larger than 3.0, the flux of air taken at the inlet is almost proportional to the area of inlet and depends weakly on the position and area of the outlet. Cooling of the pilot is estimated from the data of Nusselt number around the cylinder in the uniform flow at the Reynolds number defined by a velocity averaged over a cross section. An additive drag due to interaction between the injected flow from the outlets and the ambient flow around the fuselage depends strongly on the location of the outlet; the nearer to the trailing edge the outlet position moves, the less the drag increases.