著者
吉永 進一
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.1, pp.35-51, 2008-06-30

Taireido, literally meaning "the way of Great Spirit," was an alternative kind of psychotherapy which flourished from 1916 to 1929. Its founder, Tanaka Morihei, was once a poor working student with a nationalistic inclination. He tried to make a direct appeal to the emperor in 1903 to persuade him to take a military action to Russia. This event made him famous nationwide, but at the same time he was obliged to live in seclusion for a while. In 1905 Tanaka had a strange experience of automatic movement after he completed 90 days fast, and got a supernormal power of healing. After this experience his life was divided between political activities and psychotherapy movement, and Taireido he started was a combination of a school of hypnotism, a new religious movement, and a political body. In this paper I chronicled the biography of Tanaka Morihei, analyzed hypnotic, religious and political elements in Taireido, and discussed the relationship between his metaphysical and political thoughts. In conclusion, his theory on a kind of inner spirituality corresponds to his political program, and his worship of Tairei (Great Spirit) is related to his view of the modern nation of Japan.
著者
林 昌子
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.22-30, 2019-07-15 (Released:2019-12-25)
参考文献数
40

キリスト教史上において、輪廻転生思想は決して稀ではなかった。むしろ、イエスの時代の信仰に、あるいは福音書に、初期キリスト教時代教父たちの思想やグノーシス的キリスト教の流れのうちに輪廻転生思想は存在する。公会議等によって正統と異端とが峻別されていった歴史は、同時に、異端とされたキリスト教が、中心のローマから東西の辺境に拡散した歴史でもある。辺境世界のキリスト教では、輪廻転生思想が採用されることも珍しくない。多様性と実用性が重んじられる近代においてはなおさら、キリスト教がその教理の内に輪廻転生思想を取り入れる余地がある。本論では、日本のプロテスタント神学である21世紀の実存論的神学において、輪廻転生がどのような理由で受け入れられたのかを考察する。聖書に根拠の乏しい予定説が、後の時代に教理として形成されていった過程を是とするならば、実存論的神学が万有救済説および輪廻転生説を教理として採用することに、神学上の誤謬は生じない。むしろそれらを積極的に採用することが、日本にキリスト教を土着させるための一助となる。
著者
佐古 曜一郎 本間 修二
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.75-82, 1997-05-30

The authors suggest the strong possibility that clairvoyance, where subjects can perceive letters or objects written on paper that is rolled up or folded and placed in their hand or ear, does indeed exist in the preceding report. In this report, the authors have sought to more strongly prove the existence of this type of clairvoyance and to investigate its characteristics and mechanism through various experiments carried out on six subjects. In a total of seventy-eight trials, the subjects were correct a remarkable 74.4% of the time, and these data could support the verification results in the preceding report. Moreover, the following interesting results have been obtained regarding clairvoyance. (1) The subjects were not greatly influenced by the difference between the two target samples (one was written by a word-processor and the other was written by hand). (2) The subjects could recognize colors, particularly "black," "red" and "blue." (3) The subjects could recognize plural target samples simultaneously. (4) The subjects failed to recognize target samples written with thermosensitive ink in four trials. (5) The subjects could perceive letters or objects written on both sides of the paper. (6) The subjects could recognize target samples without touching them. The authors hope that these test results will present significant data on the research of clairvoyance.
著者
高尾 征治 瀬戸口 早苗
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.11-21, 2000-05-31

In this paper, it is first made clear that the author's dialectic axiom-theorem and the dialectic monism of material-spirit results in being systematized by developing in succession of Osawa's dialectics of practice and Chishima's dialectics of life, and then it is also shown that it has a possibility of making an important role as a leading principle to develop newly various scientific theories. Second, from a viewpoint of Chishima's Philoso-Science, the right and wrong for previous universe models are critically considered and the dynamic expansion-contraction universe model which is a main stream of modem cosmology is found to satisfy the author's dialectic axiom. This model however has a big contradiction that there has been observed only the half of total amount of matter which is required to make our universe in motion from expansion to contraction. Then, the unknown dark matter is tried to be researched life-scientifically based on the author's dialectic monism of material-spirit and the mind-body scientific mechanism of bearing a high level consciousness made clear by solving two conflicting opinions of near-death experience. Consequently, it is originally found that the dark matter in the material world corresponds in a thermodynamic sense to the decrease in weight of human and rat during dying process, and converts its phase in an endothermic manner from the material to the spiritual world of which energy field is higher than that of the material world. Based on the above, an image of twin universe composed of material and spirit is proposed by criticizing Peti's twin universe model composed of material and anti-material.
著者
大門 正幸
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.33-42, 2011-06-04

In his extensive research of over 40 years concerning children who claim to have "past-life memories," the late Ian Stevenson of the University of Virginia collected more than 2,500 cases from all over the world including India, Thai, Burma, Lebanon, Turkey, Sri Lanka, the UK, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Hungary, Island, Finland, Canada, and the US. Inspired by his work, a number of researchers have been working on similar cases worldwide. However, no case has been reported from Japan so far, which is regrettable in view of the fact that the case of Katsugoro, a boy from the early 19th century Japan was one of the strong cases that inspired Ian Stevenson to work on the phenomena. In this paper I will report a case of a Japanese child with "past-life memories" as a boy who lived in Edinburgh, Scotland. His remarks are basically compatible with a possible life in Edinburgh, and some of them are quite striking. Since the "past-life personalities" has not been successfully identified, the present case is regarded as unsolved. However, the present paper shows the existence of a clear Case of Reincarnation Type (CORT) in Japan and suggests the necessity of looking at a certain type of children from a different angle than traditional ones with the diagnosis as autism spectrum disorders.
著者
斎藤 忠資
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.41-49, 2005-05-30

我々はすでに4次元界が存在すれば時間と空間の制約を超えて臨死体験に見られる内部透視、360度視野、未来の記憶、全生涯展望といった超感覚的知覚が説明できることを考察した。さらに、何故体外離脱するときに必ず上から地上の状況を見るのか、又何故体外離脱する超意識体からは地上のものが見えるのに、地上の人間からはこの超意識体を見ることができないのかも解明した。我々の宇宙をアインシュタインの4次元時空連続体と考え、我々の4次元時空連続体を超える仕方で5次元目の世界が存在するとすれば、臨死体験にみられる上記以外の通常ではあり得ない現象も説明できることを、この小論の考察によって明らかにしたい。5次元空間の完全な知覚体からは3次元空間にあるすべてのものの内部を見ることも、3次元空間のある対象を360度の角度から同時にみることもできる。超意識体は4次元時空連続体の時間と空間の制約(距離による分離)を超えている。5次元界は我々の4次元時空界を超越しているので、我々には一切知覚できない。
著者
大門 正幸
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.33-42, 2011-06-04 (Released:2018-03-01)

In his extensive research of over 40 years concerning children who claim to have "past-life memories," the late Ian Stevenson of the University of Virginia collected more than 2,500 cases from all over the world including India, Thai, Burma, Lebanon, Turkey, Sri Lanka, the UK, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Hungary, Island, Finland, Canada, and the US. Inspired by his work, a number of researchers have been working on similar cases worldwide. However, no case has been reported from Japan so far, which is regrettable in view of the fact that the case of Katsugoro, a boy from the early 19th century Japan was one of the strong cases that inspired Ian Stevenson to work on the phenomena. In this paper I will report a case of a Japanese child with "past-life memories" as a boy who lived in Edinburgh, Scotland. His remarks are basically compatible with a possible life in Edinburgh, and some of them are quite striking. Since the "past-life personalities" has not been successfully identified, the present case is regarded as unsolved. However, the present paper shows the existence of a clear Case of Reincarnation Type (CORT) in Japan and suggests the necessity of looking at a certain type of children from a different angle than traditional ones with the diagnosis as autism spectrum disorders.
著者
吉福 康郎 唐沢 康弘 阿部 雅子
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.2, pp.37-46, 2006-10-30
被引用文献数
3

This is a report on speech we observed in 75 cleft palate children during the period of one to five years after operation. The results are summarized as follows:<BR>1) Cases of successful palatal repair<BR>i) About one half of the cases repaired at one year of age showed no deviation in speech throughout the course of observation, while most of the cases repaired at ages of two to three years showed articulation disorders.<BR>ii) Manifestation of articulation disorders appeared to be closely related to speech (articulatory) development of the children. The hyperrhinolalia and the glottal stop were observed less frequently with cases where the palatal repair w as performed at a lower age.<BR>iii) The hyperrhinolalia, which becomes manifest at the age of 1.5 to 2.5 years old, is a direct reflection of the velopharyngeal function, and disappeared spontaneously within a year after the operation.<BR>iv) The glottal stop, the nasal articulation, and the palatalized articulation (use of the body of the tongue instead of the tip or blade, making the articulatory contact with the palate instead of the teeth or the alveolar region) were noted as faulty articulations and were manifest at the age of 1.5 to 2. 5, 2 to 2. 5, and 2.5 to 3 years old respectively. Spontaneous postoperative recovery was observed in the nasal articulation and the glottal stop, but not in the palatalized articulation.<BR>v) From the point of view of speech development, the speech of the mentally retarded children showed a pattern similar to that of the non-retarded children.<BR>vi) There was no case with the pharyngeal fricative articulation which is mentioned in earlier reports. Instead, the palatalized articulation was noted in the present cases, especially those with the complete cleft. This seems to be a new pattern of cleft palate speech where the palatal repair is done early in childhood. This type of faulty articulation appears to be more difficult to correct by training than the glottal stop.<BR>2) Twelve cases underwent repeated surgery after unsuccessful palatal repairs. All of them manifested articulation disorders regardless of the age of the first surgery. The speech was fairly good in cases a satisfactory velopharyngeal function was achieved by the age of 3 years old.
著者
田中 彰吾 小河原 慶太
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.69-82, 2010-05-30 (Released:2018-03-01)
被引用文献数
1

Embodied knowledge is a type of knowledge in which the body knows how to act (e.g., how to touch type, how to ride a bicycle, etc.). One of the important features of embodied knowledge is that the body knows how to act in a given situation; that is, the body, not the mind, is the knowing subject and the procedures for the performance are embodied. To investigate the process of embodiment and to clarify the steps of how the body becomes the knowing subject, we conducted a learning experiment on ball juggling. In this experiment, volunteer participants (n=8; 5 men and 3 women) with no prior juggling experience were encouraged to learn the three-ball cascade juggling over four weeks. We examined how the participants acquired the juggling skill, from the first person, subjective perspective, as well as from the third person, objective one. Only three participants attained the learning goal of catching the ball more than an average of 100 times, but we observed notable changes common for all the participants, in the ball trajectories, upper limb movements, and the postures. Moreover, through qualitative analysis of interviews with them, we found three general techniques used for cascade juggling; (1) finding the spatial point for focusing the eyes, (2) refraining from thinking during the action, and (3) getting into the rhythm of movements. Based on these results, we reached a conclusion that discontinuous changes occur through the process of learning motor skills. There is a moment of emergence at which the body schema gets transformed and several body parts start to coordinate differently from before. This moment is experienced as an occasional correspondence between intention and action, or, as Merleau-Ponty pointed out, 'the motor grasping of a motor significance'. It is suggested that this is the process by which the body becomes the knowing subject.
著者
ベッカー カール
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.61-69, 1992-04-30

本論文は、宗教的治癒を客観的且つ科学的な立場から考察するものである。過去50年の間に、実験、調査、心理学のケース・スタディ等によるデータがかなり増加した。これらのデータを分析する目的で、本論文では、以下の3つの側面から考察を試みる。即ち、1)手かざし、2)精神による治癒、3)物心的接触及び患者の意識に因らない治癒、である。これら3つの側面は全く個別的な特徴ではなく、同一の事例に二つ以上並列的に見られる場合もある。なお、本論文は究極的な結論を導き出すものではなく、むしろ今後の討論の叩き台となる試論であることを予め述べておきたい。1.手かざし 様々な科学的な実験を通じて、受け手側の精神状態と無関係に、手かざしの治癒的効果は証明されている。それらの実験には人間を対象としたものだけでなく、動物や植物を対象としたものも含まれている。治癒者の手を調査し、何らかの測定可能な変化が見られるかを検討した研究では、治癒者と患者の間で交わされる筋肉や神経による交流が現在注目されているが、治癒者の手や体の場所よりも精神的な態度の方が治癒の効果に大きな影響を与えることが明らかになっている。その結果、セラピューティック・タッチのメカニズムが完全に解明されていなくとも、極めて完全な付属的医学方法として、幅広く急性及び慢性の病気に効果があると、その医学的有効性が認められるようになった。2.精神による治癒 伝統的なシャーマンや現代の精神療法の治癒者は、体系的な宇宙観に基づいて病気の性質や原因を解明しようとする。その際、治癒者自身の病理観や宇宙観を患者に伝えることは、治癒にとって不可欠な要因である。精神的治癒の場合、1)患者と治癒者の親近感、2)儀礼の効果に対する信頼感、3)病気の原因が自分にあるとする患者の罪悪感からの解放、という要因が治癒の成功には不可欠であるとされている。手かざしに関しては、ねずみや大麦の精神とは無関係に手かざしで好ましい効果が得られたという事実が認められているが、治癒者の手から対象の人(物)が全く離れた場合、むしろ患者の信仰や渇望の方が重要な要素であるように思われる。治癒されることを目的として、慢性患者が宗教の巡礼で聖地やカリズマティック・ヒーラーを訪ねることは、多く見られる現象である。3.物質的接触及び患者の意識に因らない治癒物質的接触及び患者の意識に因らない治癒の中では、治癒者が患者とは離れ、患者に知られていない事例が典型的である。そのような例を説明するには、物質的な接触や患者の信仰の説明だけでは不十分に思われる。長距離テレパシーが科学的に証明されていても、医者側はそのような現象を単なる偶然と決め付け、無視する傾向にあるが、時代や文化を越えて、治癒者がその場にいない「不在治癒」の例が数多く記録されている。なお、昏睡状態にある患者の場合や言語取得以前の幼児の場合は、患老の信仰のみによって治癒を説明することは出来ない。本論文で引用した実験や文献は、心身的な健康のためには物質的環境、精神的状況及び信仰の体系を含めた一層包括的な視点が必要であることを示している。
著者
大門 正幸
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.17-25, 2012

In the preceding paper, I reported a case of a Japanese male child with past life memories as a boy who lived in Edinburgh, Scotland and demonstrated that Cases of Reincarnation Type (CORT) can also be found in contemporary Japan. In this paper, I will report a case of a Japanese female child with past life memories as an Indian girl. She had a birthmark on her forehead related to the memories. Also, she used to show some symptoms of arsonphobia which seems to be attributed to the violent death she claims to have suffered in her previous life. Although the past life personality has not been successfully identified so that the present case should be regarded as "unsolved," consultation with Indians suggests that much of the information she has provided, such as names of her families and descriptions of the households in India, is real and should not be simply dismissed as a child's imagination. I claim that the accumulation of such data as reported in the paper is essential for the understanding of the nature of the phenomena and possible cultural differences among countries where cases occur.
著者
河野 貴美子 王 鳳桐 段 立葉
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.89-93, 1993-04-30 (Released:2018-03-01)

Electroencephalograms (EEGs) of three Chinese Qi-gong masters and three healthy and sound Japanese men as their receivers were measured simultaneously for each pair. Two of these pairs were examined under double-blind test conditions, by which the Qi-receivers, as well as all researchers, could not know the time when the Qi-gong masters emitted Qi. We have previously reported that the changes in the EEGs of Qi-gong practitioners while emitting Qi appeared as similar changes in the EEGs of their subjects. In this report no clear synchronized changes were found in the β waves. The a phase difference between the occipital and frontal regions (τm) of Qi-gong masters becomes significantly shorter during Qi-gong. Even under the double-blind test conditions, the τm of the receivers also became shorter during Qi-gong than that during the resting state. During quiet Qi-gong meditation by the practitioner, there was a small influence on his subject. The a peak-frequency of the three masters became faster during Qi-gong,and this was reflected in the receivers. The power value of the a waves tended to decrease during Qi-gong, as we have reported before. However, its changing rate was small. These results show that 'Qi' is not merely a so-called placebo, but something that can be transmitted trans-personally.
著者
大門 正幸
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.17-25, 2012-06-15 (Released:2018-03-01)

In the preceding paper, I reported a case of a Japanese male child with past life memories as a boy who lived in Edinburgh, Scotland and demonstrated that Cases of Reincarnation Type (CORT) can also be found in contemporary Japan. In this paper, I will report a case of a Japanese female child with past life memories as an Indian girl. She had a birthmark on her forehead related to the memories. Also, she used to show some symptoms of arsonphobia which seems to be attributed to the violent death she claims to have suffered in her previous life. Although the past life personality has not been successfully identified so that the present case should be regarded as "unsolved," consultation with Indians suggests that much of the information she has provided, such as names of her families and descriptions of the households in India, is real and should not be simply dismissed as a child's imagination. I claim that the accumulation of such data as reported in the paper is essential for the understanding of the nature of the phenomena and possible cultural differences among countries where cases occur.
著者
柴 眞理子 田中 朱美
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.37-47, 1993-04-30
被引用文献数
1

本研究は、創造的自己表現を主目的にして、精神病院入院中の患者を対象に、1991年から2週間に一度の割合で実践してきたダンスセラピーについて、その展開と経過について検討することであった。セラピーとしてのダンスの機能を、心身の開放、個人を創造的に表現する、他人とのコミュニケーションをはかる、と捉え、これを軸として1回のセッション(60分)を5つのパートで構成した。(フォークダンス、身体のいろいろな動かし方の研究、表現の課題、個人発表、感想)毎回のセッションをVTRに記録し、指導者による患者の観察・ダンスの評価、患者の感想、及び主治医の所見・VTRをみての感想、医師(共著者)とのインタビューを資料とした。今回は33歳と、42歳の女性患者の場合を事例として取りあげた。その結果、二人は共に、音楽に敏感であり、自由に自分を表現することに喜びを感じ、他の人ダンスをみて、それぞれをすばらしいと感じ、更にそれを自分の中に生かしたいと感じているが、これらは、患者のダンス体験が学生のダンス体験と同じであり、ダンスは、自分の内との、また他の人々とのコミュニケーションであり、同時に自己実現の欲求と充足をもたらすものであることを意味する。また、二人の主治医が、患者のダンスをみることは、医師が今まで知らなかった意外な面に接する機会となるし、ダンスは患者の感情面や行動面に一時的な効果があると述べている。従って、筆者らが展開したダンスの活動は、患者が創造的自己表現の喜びを体験することにより、精神科の治療としての可能性が認められ、その意味から、今回のダンスの活動はセラピーと呼びうると言うことが明らかになった。以上のように、本研究の結果、創造的自己表現に立脚し、また気の場(心の交流)大切にする筆者らのダンスセッションは、ダンスセラピーとしての可能性が認められたので、今後は、「場」の問題にアプローチすると共にダンスセラピーと疾患の経過、治療的意義などについて検討する予定である。
著者
佐古 曜一郎 本間 修二
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.71-79, 1998

The authors have already reported some positive results of the evidence of clairvoyance, where subjects could perceive letters or drawings on a sheet of paper which was rolled up or folded into small size, and placed in their hands or ears. Several researchers such as Chen Shouliang of Beijing University pointed out that human beings had the ability of clairvoyance universally, and that especially children got easily this ability by training etc. The authors report the verification of the hypothesis that clairvoyance can be evoked. Evoked clairvoyance tests using letters or drawings written by hand with a pen (four colors: red, green, blue and black) were carried out over four days, on fifteen Japanese school children without previous clairvoyance training. The test results for both shapes and colors of the target samples could support this hypothesis. For six children out of the fifteen clear clairvoyance was induced, and other five children were recognized to have the possibility of clairvoyance. In addition, positive factors and negative factors which influenced the acquisition of clairvoyance were observed.
著者
唐澤 太輔
出版者
人体科学会
雑誌
人体科学 (ISSN:09182489)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.2, pp.47-55, 2006-10-30 (Released:2018-03-01)

The purpose of this paper is to make clear the relation between "Tacit Knowledge", "Tact" and "Endocept". We sometimes can't express these human potentials clearly, but they exist certainly. What is Non-verbal Knowledge, in other wards "Tacit Knowledge", which is called by Michael Polanyi (1891-1976 Republic of Hungary)? In this thesis, I'll try to compare "Tacit Knowledge" with "Tact" by Kumagusu Minakata (1867-1941 Japan) and "Endocept" by Kazuko Tsurumi (1918-2006 Japan). And I'll try to find a clue of overcoming the modern science and build a creative knowledge. The construction of this paper is as follows: 1. An explanation and a study of "Tacit Knowledge". 2. Looking into "Mysteries of Li" and "Tact" through a few examples of Minakata's Discovery of algae, in other words "Yariate". About an indwelling and an interiorization which are the most important elements of carrying out "Tacit Knowledge". 3. A study about a relation of "Endocept" and creativity.