著者
渋倉 崇行 西田 保 佐々木 万丈
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.0807090077-0807090077, (Released:2008-07-10)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
5 2

The purpose of this study was to reconstruct a cognitive appraisal scale for high school athletes (Shibukura and Mori, 2004), and to examine the scale's reliability and validity. The subjects were 1370 first and second year high school athletes (903 males and 467 females). They were required to complete a questionnaire that consisted of a cognitive appraisal scale and a stress-coping scale for high school athletes. In this study we tried to devise a cognitive appraisal scale that contained “threat” and “challenge” as a primary appraisal and “controllability” as a secondary appraisal. First, as a result of factor analysis, it was revealed that a cognitive appraisal scale for high school athletes consisted of the three factors mentioned above. In this way, the cognitive appraisal scale was reconstructed. Second, the reliability of the scale was examined through the split-half method and the test-retest method. Furthermore, the content validity and the factorial validity were verified. Finally, multiple regression analyses were performed in order to examine the relationship of cognitive appraisal and coping. It became clear that a cognitive appraisal scale explained stress-coping, and the scale's predictive validity was supported. Consequently, a cognitive appraisal scale for high school athletes that contained “challenge”, “threat” and “controllability” was reconstructed, and it was considered that this scale would contribute to clarification of the psychological stress process and effective stress management.
著者
佐々木 万丈
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.1, pp.69-80, 2001
被引用文献数
3

本研究の目的は, 中学生の体育学習における能力的不適応経験時のコーピング形態を測定できる尺度を開発することであった。まず, 男女中学生827名に対するコーピング記述の因子分析結果に基づいて3下位尺度・26項目 (ストラテジー追求, 回避的認知・行動, 内面安定) の中学生用体育学習ストレスコーピング尺度 (SCS・PE) が作成された。次に, クローンバックのα係数とテストー再テスト法によって信頼性が, 構成概念的妥当性, 基準関連妥当性, 交差妥当性および弁別力の検討によって妥当性の検証がそれぞれ行われ, いずれも満足できる結果が得られた。以上によりSCS-PEはコーピング尺度として信頼性と妥当性を有することが確かめられた。さらにSCS-PEの5段階評価基準が設定され, 尺度としての有用性と今後の課題が討論された。まず, SCS-PEは生徒のコーピング状況を予測・査定でき, また, 体育嫌いや運動嫌いになることを認知的側面から予防する資料を提供できるという点で有用であることが指摘された。次に, 今後の課題として, 実践場面との関連からも信頼性と妥当性の検討が行われなければならないことが指摘された。
著者
佐々木 万丈 渋倉 崇行 今薗 由望
出版者
日本スポーツ心理学会
雑誌
スポーツ心理学研究 (ISSN:03887014)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.23-34, 2015-03-31 (Released:2015-08-02)
参考文献数
32

The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive appraisal of menstruation and menstrual symptoms (MMS) by female athletes in the competitive sports context, and to examine the relationships among the women’s cognitive appraisal of MMS, their interpersonal stress experiences in that environment, and their sports competitive trait anxiety. Female college athletes (n=188) aged 18 to 23 years (m=19.81, sd=1.32) completed three questionnaires: one consisting of cognitive appraisal questions created for this study; another made up of interpersonal stressor questions which they were asked to answer while competing during MMS; and a third relating to the trait anxiety scale for sports (Hashimoto et al., 1986). Factor analysis revealed two cognitive appraisal themes, “threat” and “controllability”, related to both menstruation and menstrual symptoms. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that the athletes experienced social stress in the competitive environment during MMS, strongly recognized “threat”, and felt it was difficult to handle MMS. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the athletes who showed high levels of cognitive anxiety about losing tended to recognize MMS as a threat to their performance. The results suggest that cognitive appraisal of MMS by female athletes is associated with interpersonal stress and is influenced by sports competitive trait anxiety.
著者
伊藤 詩織 佐々木 万丈 北村 勝朗
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
日本体育学会大会予稿集 第67回(2016) (ISSN:24241946)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.127_1, 2016 (Released:2017-02-24)

女性スポーツ競技者にとって、月経期間に痛みや症状があることは、競技力向上を目指す上でストレッサーとなることが予測される。本研究は経血の処置方法に着目し、布ナプキンの使用を女子大学生スポーツ競技者に適用することで、月経症状に対する意識に変容が見られるか検討をおこなった。A大学で部活動やクラブチームに所属している学生7名を対象とした。1か月目の月経期間は市販ナプキンで過ごし、その後3か月の月経期間は、ガーゼとコットンを体調によって組み合わせて使用し、月経期間が終了する毎にアンケート調査をおこなった。分析の結果、市販ナプキンの使用時に自覚された「ムレ」「かゆみ」などの不快感が有意に低減し、また認知的評価では、日常生活における月経随伴症に対するコントロール感の向上が示された。これらの結果から、市販ナプキンよりも通気性や保温性のある布ナプキンを使用することで、月経症状に対する意識が改善したと考えられる。さらに、月経による愁訴の一つである「集中力の低下」が低減したことも示され、布ナプキンを使用することが、より競技に集中することができるなど、競技力向上の一助となる可能性のあることが考えられる。
著者
渋倉 崇行 西田 保 佐々木 万丈 北村 勝朗 磯貝 浩久
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.2, pp.563-581, 2018-12-10 (Released:2018-12-20)
参考文献数
47

This study examined the psychosocial skills of high school extracurricular sports activities and their generalization to student daily life. In a preliminary study, we collected a wide range of psychosocial skills related to extracurricular sports activities experienced by members of high school sports clubs, and then selected questionnaire items that would be used in the present study. In Survey 1, a confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using data collected from 376 members of high school extracurricular sports clubs (265 males, 111 females) to develop two scales, one measuring psychosocial skills in extracurricular sports activities, and the other psychosocial skills in daily life. The validity and reliability of these two 9-subscale tools, both of which comprised the same items, were thus confirmed. In Survey 2, the two scales developed in Survey 1 were used to conduct three surveys of the same subjects over an interval of about 3 months, in order to determine the causal relationships between the psychosocial skills used in extracurricular activities and those used in daily life. A cross-lagged effect model was used. The study subjects were 137 high school students who were members of extracurricular sports clubs (73 males, 64 females). The results showed that the psychosocial skills needed for extracurricular sports activities could be generalized to student daily life. Generalization in the reverse direction, i.e. from skills used in everyday life to those used in extracurricular sports activities, was also evident. Furthermore, the results suggested that psychosocial skills used in extracurricular sports activities had a cyclical causal relationship with the skills used in everyday life. Finally, the significance of extracurricular sports activities and methods for actualizing this significance was discussed based on the study results.