著者
有馬 明恵 下島 裕美 竹下 美穂
出版者
東京女子大学論集編集委員会
雑誌
東京女子大学紀要論集 (ISSN:04934350)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.209-230, 2017-03-15

This article reveals mothers’ attitudes toward PTA activities through internet survey. Four hundred and fifty mothers who had participated in PTA activities answered a questionnaire. Hierarchical cluster analysis found five types: “mothers engaging in PTA activities for their children,” “mothers criticizing PTA,” “traditional and moderate mothers,” “mothers participating in social activities,” and “rational mothers”. The results showed the following; “mothers participating in social activities” think that parents and teachers should be equal partners and parents should work hard in PTA activities. These mothers however became more negative and suffered stress through engaging in the activities. On the other hand, “mothers criticizing the PTA” and “rational mothers” were reluctant to participate in PTA activities but, through the activities, they became more positive. There is a prevailing norm that tells mothers that they should help teachers as if they were servants and engage in PTA activities with modesty.
著者
萩原 滋 相良 順子 有馬 明恵 国広 陽子 上瀬 由美子
出版者
慶應義塾大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2002

外国人や外国文化の表象を主題として、テレビのステレオタイピング過程を検討するために、異なるジャンルのテレビ番組を対象とした内容分析とそれに関連した質問紙調査を組み合わせた3種類の実証研究を実施した。第1に、1998年10月から2002年3月までゴールデンアワーに放送された『ここがヘンだよ日本人』というバラエティ番組における外国人出演者の言動と討議トピックスの詳細な分析を行った。そして、この番組において最も頻繁に登場し、顕現性の高い4つの外国文化のうち、日本人に馴染みの深いアメリカ、中国、韓国に比べると、馴染みの薄いアフリカに関して視聴者の社会認識が最も強く影響を受けることが明らかにされた。第2に、2002年5月23日から7月5日にかけて日韓共催のFIFAワールドカップに関するテレビ報道を対象とした内容分析を行い、この期間の報道量という点では、共催国の韓国に関して最も多くの報道がなされていたことが確かめられた。また大会前後に実施された質問紙調査を通じて、各国の人々の中では韓国人のイメージが最も大きな変化を示し、大会期間を通じて「自己主張が強い」「気性が激しい」など韓国人の感情的イメージが強化されたことが明らかにされた。第3に、2003年6月の第1週に東京の民放5局で放送されたテレビCMを分析した結果、やはり西洋イメージが広範に使用されていることが確認されると共に、最近では英語のテキストをキャッチフレーズとして使用する顕著な傾向が出現していることが示された。
著者
斉藤 慎一 李 津娥 有馬 明恵 向田 久美子 日吉 昭彦
雑誌
東京女子大学比較文化研究所紀要 (ISSN:05638186)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, pp.1-32, 2010-01-01

The Hanryu boom-strong interest in South Korean pop culture-has been rapidly expanding in many Asian countries since the late 1990s. Several years later, Japan was also witness to the Hanryu boom. The boom in Japan further advanced owing to the popular Korean soap opera “Winter Sonata,"which was first broadcast on NHK in 2003. Gradually, since the media attention decreased, the Korean craze died down in the past few years; however,the popularity of South Korean pop culture seems to have a strong hold in Japan.This study examines how people evaluated the Hanryu boom and whether the increased popularity of South Korean pop culture contributed to improvement in the Japanese perceptions of and attitudes toward South Korea.To address these research questions, we conducted a sampling survey from November to December 2006. One thousand Tokyo residents aged between 20 and 74 years were randomly selected from a Tokyo poll-book that listed all electorates. Each resident was sent a questionnaire by mail; 367 effective questionnaires were returned.Results show that respondents made relatively balanced judgments regarding the Hanryu boom. While many respondents thought that the Hanryu boom contributed to improvement in the relations between Japan and South Korea and advanced cultural exchange between the two countries, they also regarded the boom to have certain negative aspects. More than 60% of the respondents felt that the Japanese media reported the Hanryu boom in an exaggerated manner, and about 20% said that it put unresolved political issues, such as different historical perceptions between the two countries, on the backburner.The results reveal that many respondents still consider South Korea as a closed and traditional society, although they also regard it as an economic power. With regard to the influence of the Hanryu boom, the data shows that about 36% of the viewers of Korean TV dramas/movies developed a more positive perception of Korea.In addition, a multiple regression analysis