1 0 0 0 OA 童心の時代

著者
河原 和枝
出版者
社会学研究会
雑誌
ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.3, pp.53-70,145, 1992-02-29 (Released:2017-02-15)

Modern children's literature was established in Japan during the Taisho era, when the magazine Akai Tori was the center of a movement to develop stories (dowa) and poetry (doyo) especially for children. Authors and poets of the day praised the purity and innocence of children, and strove to create works of children's literature that reflect that "childlike mind" (doshin). For that reason, children's literature from this period is known as "doshinshugi" literature, the literature of "childlike innocence." The idealization of childlike innocence was not restricted, however, to the field of children's literature. Examination of the manifestations of this preoccupation in a wider socio-cultural context reveals the following points: 1. The literature of "innocence" was greatly influenced by the image of children in modern western literature, romanticism in particular. However, the concept of the pure and innocent mind of the child was not merely a western import. As can be seen from the writings of Kitahara Hakushu, the founder of children's poetry, it also includes supposedly traditional Japanese images of children. Here we may see a case of what Eric Hobsbawm has called the "invention of tradition." 2. The rhetoric of childlike innocence, while praising the concept of motherhood, at the same time is accompanied by an attitude which ignores motherhood. Doshinshugi thus reflects the male-dominated culture. 3. Childlike innocence was associated with the popular image of the Edo-period priest Ryokan, propagated during the Taisho era by Souma Gyofu. This gave birth to the legend of Ryokan having a childlike heart. This is another example of the invention of tradition. The Ryokan legend played an important role in spreading the idea of childhood innocence throughout the populace. 4. The idea of childlike innocence had for the artists of the day an image of selfliberation, and served to mediate the conflict between their western frame of reference, derived from literature, and the real society of Taisho Japan in which they lived. For that reason doshin became a key word of the times.
著者
田淵 真愉美 久保木 真 水道 裕久 河原 和枝 冨岡 加代子 川上 貴代 平松 智子 塚本 幾代
出版者
岡山県立大学保健福祉学部
雑誌
岡山県立大学保健福祉学部紀要 (ISSN:13412531)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.27-37, 2015

非アルコール性脂肪性肝疾患(NAFLD)は、外来診療や健診で高頻度に認められる疾患である。近年、NAFLD における抗酸化療法が試みられているが、ビタミンC 摂取の効果に関する報告はほとんどない。本研究では、外来受診したNAFLD 患者を対象に、通常の食事に加えて緑色野菜ジュースを8 週間飲用させ、身体状況、臨床検査値、栄養素等摂取状況、血中脂肪酸組成、血漿α−トコフェロール濃度の分析を行い、緑色野菜ジュースの飲用が血清アラニンアミノトランスフェラーゼ(ALT)値および血漿α−トコフェロール濃度に及ぼす影響について検討した。緑色野菜ジュースの飲用により、9 例中6 例にALT の低下が認められた。緑色野菜ジュースの飲用は、ビタミンC の摂取量を増大させ、特に肥満度が軽度(BMI < 30)のNAFLD 患者では血漿α−トコフェロール濃度の上昇によって脂肪酸代謝を改善させ、肝機能を改善させる可能性が示唆された。Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a disease to be found in ambulatory care andhealth check-up frequently. In late years antioxidant therapy in NAFLD is tried, but there are few reports about the effect of vitamin C intake. In this study, NAFLD outpatients were given green vegetable juice in addition to a daily diet to be drunk for eight weeks, and we analyzed anthropometric measurements, clinical data, dietary intakes, fatty acid composition in erythrocyte membrane phospholipid and plasma α-tocopherol concentration to examine the effect of supplementation of green vegetable juice on serum ALT level and plasma α-tocopherol concentration. After the supplementation of green vegetable juice, serum ALT level was decreased in six of nine patients. It is suggested that green vegetable juice supplementation increases intake of vitamin C, and particularly in NAFLD patients that an obesity index is mild( BMI<30), fatty acid metabolism may be improved by the increase in plasma α-tocopherol concentration and liver function may be also improved.