著者
豊沢 純子 竹橋 洋毅
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.78-84, 2018-11-30 (Released:2018-12-15)
参考文献数
14

This study applied life history theory to eating behavior and examined the relationship between SES (Socio-Economic Status) and impulsiveness toward discounted food. Five hundred web-survey participants answered a questionnaire about impulsiveness toward discounted food, SES (childhood SES, current SES, food-specific poverty experience), cognition of discounted food (health effects, taste, attraction, limitations), and demographic factors (sex, age, household income). The result of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that childhood SES, food-specific poverty experience, attraction, limitations, and sex had an effect on impulsiveness toward discounted food. In addition, participants who experienced food-specific poverty had negative cognition regarding health effects, taste, and attraction, but nevertheless purchased discounted food impulsively. The necessity to verify the validity of the measurement of childhood SES and the effectiveness of intervening in negative beliefs were discussed.
著者
豊沢 純子 竹橋 洋毅
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.3, pp.200-209, 2016-03-18 (Released:2016-03-28)
参考文献数
16

This study examined the relationship between speed and accuracy in police calls for service, verbal behavior (listener, communicator), and communication structure (adjacency pairs, turn-taking). Forty participants were randomly assigned to either the role of reporter or police officer, and asked to communicate based on a scenario of snatching by using the mobile phone. The results showed that verbal behavior were positively correlated with accuracy and negatively correlated with speed. Communication structure were positively correlated with accuracy and not correlated with speed. However, adjacency pairs were positively related with speed accuracy. The way of intervention to facilitate forming adjacency pairs was discussed.
著者
竹橋 洋毅 樋口 収 尾崎 由佳 渡辺 匠 豊沢 純子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.17220, (Released:2018-11-15)
参考文献数
25

Grit refers to a non-cognitive trait that is characterized by perseverance and passion for long-term goals. In this study, we developed a Japanese version of the Grit Scale and examined its reliability and validity. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the Japanese version of the Grit Scale had two factors corresponding to the original version (study 1, 2, and 3). The results indicated that the scale has high reliability (study 1 and 3). Grit was positively correlated with conscientiousness (study 2 and 3) and self-control (study 3). Nonetheless, grit demonstrated predictive validity of longitudinal persistence and success measures over conscientiousness, self-control, and intellectual ability (study 3). These results are consistent with previous studies and support the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Grit Scale.
著者
豊沢 純子 唐沢 かおり 福和 伸夫
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.4, pp.480-490, 2010-12-30
被引用文献数
8

本研究は,脅威アピール研究の枠組みから,小学生を対象とした防災教育が,児童の感情や認知に変化を及ぼす可能性,および,これらの感情や認知の変化が,保護者の防災行動に影響する可能性を検討した。135名の小学校5年生と6年生を対象に,防災教育の前後,3ヵ月後の恐怖感情,脅威への脆弱性,脅威の深刻さ,反応効果性を測定した。また,防災教育直後の保護者への効力感,保護者への教育内容の伝達意図と,3ヵ月後の保護者への情報の伝達量,保護者の協力度を測定した。その結果,教育直後に感情や認知の高まりが確認されたが,3ヵ月後には教育前の水準に戻ることが示された。また共分散構造分析の結果,恐怖感情と保護者への効力感は,保護者への防災教育内容の伝達意図を高め,伝達意図が高いほど実際に伝達を行い,伝達するほど保護者の防災行動が促されるという,一連のプロセスが示された。考察では,防災意識が持続しないことを理解したうえで,定期的に再学習する機会を持つこと,そして,保護者への伝達意図を高くするような教育内容を工夫することが有効である可能性を議論した。
著者
竹橋 洋毅 樋口 収 尾崎 由佳 渡辺 匠 豊沢 純子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.6, pp.580-590, 2018

<p>Grit refers to a non-cognitive trait that is characterized by perseverance and passion for long-term goals. In this study, we developed a Japanese version of the Grit Scale and examined its reliability and validity. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the Japanese version of the Grit Scale had two factors corresponding to the original version (study 1, 2, and 3). The results indicated that the scale has high reliability (study 1 and 3). Grit was positively correlated with conscientiousness (study 2 and 3) and self-control (study 3). Nonetheless, grit demonstrated predictive validity of longitudinal persistence and success measures over conscientiousness, self-control, and intellectual ability (study 3). These results are consistent with previous studies and support the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Grit Scale.</p>
著者
豊沢 純子 竹橋 洋毅
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1717, (Released:2018-11-10)
参考文献数
14

This study applied life history theory to eating behavior and examined the relationship between SES (Socio-Economic Status) and impulsiveness toward discounted food. Five hundred web-survey participants answered a questionnaire about impulsiveness toward discounted food, SES (childhood SES, current SES, food-specific poverty experience), cognition of discounted food (health effects, taste, attraction, limitations), and demographic factors (sex, age, household income). The result of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that childhood SES, food-specific poverty experience, attraction, limitations, and sex had an effect on impulsiveness toward discounted food. In addition, participants who experienced food-specific poverty had negative cognition regarding health effects, taste, and attraction, but nevertheless purchased discounted food impulsively. The necessity to verify the validity of the measurement of childhood SES and the effectiveness of intervening in negative beliefs were discussed.
著者
豊沢 純子 唐沢 かおり
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.6, pp.542-547, 2005-02-25 (Released:2010-07-16)
参考文献数
23

This study examined the effect of orthography (kanji, kana, and alphabet) on the usage of recognition heuristic, in the context of ecological rationality research. Forty-five students participated and performed the task consisted of randomly drawn two-alternative questions about population sizes of the 20 largest Chinese cities, except Beijing and Shanghai. It was found that kanji and kana tasks led to the usage of recognition heuristic more than alphabet task. Furthermore, judgments in kanji and kana tasks were more accurate than in alphabet task. These results suggested that the usage of recognition heuristic was facilitated when it increased judgment accuracy, and that recognition heuristic had ecological rationality.
著者
豊沢 純子 藤田 大輔
出版者
大阪教育大学学校危機メンタルサポートセンター
雑誌
学校危機とメンタルケア (ISSN:1883745X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.13-23, 2012-03-31

本稿は2011年12月にスウェーデン王国のストックホノレム市およびダンデリード市の学校と教育機関を訪問し、学校安全の現状を視察した際のインタビューの内容をまとめた報告書である。スウェーデンで、は、これまで学校における殺傷事件は起きていないが、隣国のフィンランドで2007年および2008年に在校生による銃の乱射事件が起きており、この事件以降、積極的な取り組みがなされるようになった。一方、放火やいじめ、暴力事件などは以前から起こっており、それらに対しては介入が行われていた。スウェーデ、ンにおける安全教育の根幹は、価値観の教育であり、人が皆平等で、あること、他者を思いやる気持ちを持つことなどを幼少期から丁寧に教育することによって、人間関係のトラブルや犯罪の抑止につながっているようであった。また、社会福祉制度の充実により、学校に様々な立場の人が関わり子どもたちを見守る仕組みが充実していることや、教職員が安全に関する専門教育を受講しやすいことなどが、学校の安全に寄与しているように思われた。This report was written based on the interview when we visited schools in Stockholm and Danderyd in December 2011, and inspected the current state of school safety. In Sweden, serious school crisis has not happened so far, but after the shooting incident occurred in Finland in 2007 and 2008, efforts were made to be activate. Meanwhile, arson, bullying, and violence have occurred before, and they had been for the intervention. Foundation of safety education in Sweden is the teaching of values, and this education seems to inhibit the occurrence of school crisis. In addition, the richness of the welfare system,a nd the environment that many people participate the school activity seems to contribute to school afety.