- 帝京平成大学紀要 = Journal of Teikyo Heisei University (ISSN:13415182)
- vol.25, pp.79-86, 2014-03
The purpose of this study is to clarify the situation of school social worker (SSWr) assignment in the boards of education in Tokyo. As a result, cooperation was obtained from 35 municipalities for the survey; I reported on 36 municipalities through adding some of the past survey results for 1 municipality. (1) SSWr utilization project-related matters: The main part of the business budget framework was <SSWr utilization project in Tokyo (28 municipalities: 77.8%; this project is oriented Tokyo metropolis spending)<. SSWr support was centered on elementary and junior high schools. The assignment form of SSWrs was almost all conducted by dispatching SSWrs upon schools' request. The system of SSWr support was first introduced in 2 wards in Tokyo in 2007, and implemented in 19 cities, 16 wards and 1 town by 2013. Implementation of worker support continued increasing in cities and in wards. Furthermore, approximately 19.4 % of the municipalities were planning to increase SSWr utilization in the future. (2) Employment situation: the number of SSWrs utilized was minimum 1 person, maximum 8 people, and 2.31±1.49 people on the average and standard deviation. As to the ratio of social workers or psychiatric social workers, 61 within 83 SSWrs (73% or more) had the national qualification. On the contrary, workers were neither social workers nor psychiatric social workers in 6 municipalities (16.7%). As for type of employment, approximately a half of the municipalities had employed workers as part-timers, and other types of employment (temporary, consignment, remuneration per activity) accounted for an almost equal proportion each. The average number of work (support) hours of all the workers through the year was 1029.29 (minimum 160 hours, maximum 1536 hours). Converted into an hourly rate, the average wage of all the modes of wage payment (salary, daily wage, hourly wage) was 2,423 yen (minimum 1,466 yen, maximum 5,800 yen). In addition, the total annual number of SSWr support hours per student in each municipality was 0.22 on the average. Furthermore, 18 municipalities (47.2%) provided social insurance (medical insurance & labor insurance & annuity insurance, or only labor insurance), and 21 municipalities (58.3%) provided transportation costs. (3) The presence of a supervisor: 15 municipalities (41.7%) were utilizing supervisors, and the frequency of the use of supervisors varied from 3 times a year to 16 days a month. As seen from the above results, it is conceivable that social action for improvements in SSWr utilization and treatment is required of municipalities with few or non opportunities for SSWrs, and that it is necessary to continue conducting surveys.