- 観光研究 (ISSN:13420208)
- vol.16, no.2, pp.9-18, 2005-03-31 (Released:2017-04-01)
The purpose of this study is to clarify how luxurious spaces on passenger ships have changed over the years and to determine what the factors that have caused these changes are. Analysis was conducted based on historical records, data, photos, deck plans of ocean liners and modern cruise ships and my own experience on passenger ships. The main findings are as follows; 1) The changes of luxurious spaces on passenger ships can be divided into six periods. 2) The main dining room, entrance hall, and grand staircase were symbols of social strata during the ocean liner era, but those facilities on modern cruise ships do not have the same meaning as symbols of social strata. 3) Luxurious spaces on passenger ships have been influenced by architectural trends and fashions. 4) Luxurious spaces on passenger ships have been influenced by the social and economic trends in the U.S.A., and the changes of social strata caused by the bubble economy influenced changes of construction and the meanings of luxurious spaces on passenger ships. 5) "Top Down" process of changes of the luxurious spaces pass through "Elimination" and "New-Appearance".