著者
高 翔 Gao Xiang
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.2, pp.55-63, 2015-03

China’s arrival as a maritime power is an undeniable feature of today’s international society. This is gaining the attention of those in the west and the neighboring countries. This article aims to clarify and analyze the starting point of Chinese maritime strategy. The analysis focuses on the thoughts of the Mao Zedong, who represents the first generation of leaders in China whose thinking affects china’s policy making today.
著者
玉田 桂子 タマダ ケイコ Tamada Keiko
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.99-112, 2011-09

This paper investigates the causal effect of the majority party's seats share on public investment allocation, using prefectural data from 1981 to 1999. To take endogeneity into consideration, we use the amount of rainfall on election days as an instrumental variable. We show that the majority party has a positive impact on public investment allocation. More specifically, the majority party has positive impacts on "investment in agriculture, forestry, and fishery," investment in the conservation of national land share, and other investment, but has no impact on livelihood investment and industrial investment.
著者
武蔵 勝宏 ムサシ カツヒロ Musashi Katsuhiro
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.2, pp.11-27, 2013-03

This paper analyzes why the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) failed to achieve key policies in its 2009 election manifesto. The data are based on case studies about major legislation under the DPJ–led administration. The optimistic foresight of funding measures and the lack of ability to manage the government in the Hatoyama and Kan Administration was found to be related to nonattainment of the pledges. After the ruling parties lost the majority in the House of Councilors at the Kan Cabinet, it became more difficult for the government to enact bills. Therefore, the Noda Administration has adopted the cooperative business in the Diet by which it forms consensus through negotiations with the opposition parties. This study concludes that the execution of the manifesto by the DPJ–led administration was not fully completed, but it realized the passing of important legislation, such as a consumption tax hike.
著者
稲垣 朋子 Inagaki Tomoko イナガキ トモコ
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.2, pp.17-36, 2015-03

This paper examines the issue of joint custody after separation/divorce. Joint custody was provided for by Article 1671 of the German Civil Code in 1997. I have investigated the actual situation of joint custody and its support in Germany. Visitation and the right of parents to information about the child are also considered in relation to joint custody. Finally, taking into account the results of the study, this paper goes on to consider what is needed to introducing joint custody to Japan.
著者
稲垣 朋子 イナガキ トモコ Inagaki Tomoko
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.243-264, 2011-09

In Japan, one of the parents exercises parental authority after divorce (§818Ⅲ, §819 Civil Code). But many of the western countries practice joint custody after divorce. Influenced by the western countries, some groups in Japan are initiating actions to realize joint custody. Recently, discussions on reforming legislation have increased. In this paper, I have selected Germany as a main object of comparison and analyzed precedents after reform in 1997. The purpose of this study is to observe from analyzing the case law of Germany the criteria to exercise joint custody. Especially, I have examined the following points: 1) suitability as a parent, 2) cooperation between parents, 3) tolerance of the relationship between the child and the other parent, 4) support towards the development of the child, 5) continuity of the living environment (status quo) of the child, and 6) the child’s will. I have dealt with points 1)-2) in this part.
著者
安達 貴教 アダチ タカノリ Adachi Takanori
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.399-408, 2008-09

Review of "Financial Crises, Liquidity, and the International Monetary System" by Jean Tirole
著者
田代 和也 タシロ カズヤ Tashiro Kazuya
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.2, pp.97-108, 2014-03

The purpose of this paper is to explain paradoxical outcomes of peace operations. Previous research has suggested that there is a possibility of the escalation of armed conflicts as a consequences of peace operations. Although Morgenthau had suggested that collective security carries this danger, it has been still a problem to make theoretical explanation of such a paradox. I would like to reinforce my argument by submitting a theoretical model to explain the paradox from a realist perspective. This study concludes that the real cause of the paradox is not collective security, but the collective buck-passing, which is an attempt to manipulate the balance of power.
著者
北條 雅一 ホウジョウ マサカズ Hojo Masakazu
出版者
大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科
雑誌
国際公共政策研究 (ISSN:13428101)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.163-179, 2011-09

This paper aims to review the literature on econometric analysis of academic achievement among Japanese students. Recent development in the availability of rich data on students' academic performance enables researchers, including economists, to empirically analyze the determinants of students' academic performance. This paper reviews recent empirical studies in Japan on the education production function and the effect of class size reduction. The author shows estimation results of the education production function for eighth graders in Japanese public schools.