著者
石塚 哉史
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.542-547, 2014 (Released:2015-10-17)
参考文献数
9

This study analyzes the current state of pork exports by agricultural production corporations and related issues by reviewing the case of Izunuma nousan.The data used in the study are based on the results of fieldwork conducted among various agricultural production corporations in Miyagi province, Japan.The findings are as follows:(1) Japanese pork continued to be exported despite infectious disease, a strong yen, and severe situations.(2) The differentiation strategy of Japanese pork has permeated by focusing on the wealthy in Hong Kong.(3) Although the earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident temporarily suspended exports to Hong Kong, exports have recovered.
著者
加賀爪 優
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.3, pp.124-134, 1976-09-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
29
著者
中谷 朋昭 宮田 歩 澤内 大輔 桟敷 孝浩 山本 康貴
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.100-103, 2010

We examine the tariff equivalent estimates of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) in the case of Japan's phytosanitary measures against fire blight in connection with apple imports. We construct a confidence interval for the tariff equivalent estimates of the TBTs using the Yue, Beghin, and Jensen (2006) model. The results show that the tariff equivalent estimates of TBTs are not statistically different from zero.
著者
冨吉 満之 北野 慎一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.1, pp.71-77, 2012-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
6

This study aims to determine trends in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) engaged in rural activities. By interviewing the members of six NPOs in Suzu city, Ishikawa prefecture, and analyzing their financial data, this paper examines the factors related to the sustainability of these NPOs’activities. The results showed that certain activists concurrently served as board members of multiple NPOs. Moreover, the government’s employment-boosting program played an important part in providing financial support to some NPOs.
著者
佐々木 正剛 小松 泰信 横溝 功
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.2, pp.84-93, 2001-09-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
被引用文献数
1

Recently, the meaning of the food-agriculture education has been pointed out drawing attention to the education power which agriculture has. An agricultural high school is an educational institution concerned with agriculture. However, its environment is severe. An agricultural high school is the best base facility for food-agriculture education.The followings were pointed out.Firstly, an agricultural high school provides a place for experience study. Secondly, it provides the region with an agricultural technology center and a life study center. Thirdly, it provides a broad network between agricultural high schools. Fourthly, as students are used as assistants, it provides a chance for them to develop their own education skills.
著者
辻村 英之
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.3, pp.241-251, 2003

Based on the recognition that the current dominant trade never alleviates the poverty of small producers in developing countries, fair trade (FT) which intends to support producers has been developed.Though some recent studies have gone into a discussion of methods to evaluate FT by the absolute criteria of 'fairness', this study attempts to relatively evaluate whether or not FT can improve 'unfairness' of the current dominant trade, which will be clarified by this paper.As far as primary commodities are concerned, theoretical studies on the 'unfairness' of the trade date from the theory of the North-South problem in the 1960s. This paper is written with the aim of advancing a framework for analysis of unfair trade of primary commodities produced in developing countries by adoption of various theories such as the North-South problem, the World-System, the Food-System and the pricing mechanism for agricultural products. What is more, a part of results of the case study (Tanzanian coffee) from within the framework and an evaluation example of FT will be shown.
著者
松本 京子 星野 敏 余語 トシヒロ
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.1, pp.82-88, 2013-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
13

This study addresses pertinent factors in sustaining small-scale water supply cooperatives (SWSCs). Based on our survey results, we identified three important areas to be addressed prior to the construction of water-supply infrastructure: (1) Identify the characteristics of communities to be involved in an SWSC, so that the SWSC can understand the shared interests of prospective members, (2) Identify the experiences of local communities in rule-making, for example, those based on neighborhood associations, and (3) For those communities that cannot fulfill (1) and (2), capacity-building among member residents is necessary, if they are to achieve the public or common interests of members through the enactment of SWSCs.
著者
北川 太一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.55-64,103, 1990-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)

The main object of this paper is to analyze, being connected with the historical backgrounds and goals of agricultural co-operatives in each period, the historical change of the schemes, which have been mainly proposed by the National Federation of Agricultural Co-operatives (ZENCHU), to promote the amalgamation of agricultural co-opratives.The major results are as follows:(1) The first scheme to promote the amalgamation was established in 1961 by the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (NORINSHOU). The Federation was behind in a responce of this issue.(2) It was in the early 1970's when the Federation had decided to promote the amalgamation at the national level. As a result, many amalgamated agricultural co-operatives, which were expanded in the size of organization and that of activity, had emerged.(3) However, in the latter half of the 1970's, the emphasis moved toward standardizing the size of co-operatives. It was considered that the Federation had to modify the basic direction of activity in accordance with economic growth at a slow speed. Then we observed the stagnant tendancy of the amalgamation.(4) Since the latter half of the 1980's, the Federation has been promoting the amalgamation to deal with new circumstances, which surround co-operatives, for example the severe competition in financial market.(5) According to the historical analysis, we can suggest some important issues of the amalgamation of agricultural co-operatives as follows: 1. the amalgamation maintained and strengthened the organization of co-operatives, 2. the amalgamation issue was placed on the well-established position in connection with various functions of cooperatives, and 3. the amalgamating sheme was equipped with the support by administrative office.
著者
小森 聡
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.1, pp.112-117, 2007-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
2
被引用文献数
1 1 4
著者
橋野 領太
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.141-148, 2018-09-25 (Released:2018-09-29)
参考文献数
24

Tariffs, export subsidies, and income supports are major examples of agriculture protection by developed countries. However, comparing the revealed trade advantage and nominal rate of assistance, there is no clear evidence that protection affects trade. Therefore, this study examines the impact of agricultural protection policies on agricultural competitiveness using a fixed effect model with panel data of 76 countries worldwide. The empirical results show that agricultural protection policies do influence agricultural competitiveness. In addition, as mentioned in several studies, the land-labor ratio and average wage partially regulate agricultural competitiveness. The empirical results suggest that agricultural protection policies do reduce trade volume and can cause economic inefficiency at the same time.