著者
石塚 哉史
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.542-547, 2014 (Released:2015-10-17)
参考文献数
9

This study analyzes the current state of pork exports by agricultural production corporations and related issues by reviewing the case of Izunuma nousan.The data used in the study are based on the results of fieldwork conducted among various agricultural production corporations in Miyagi province, Japan.The findings are as follows:(1) Japanese pork continued to be exported despite infectious disease, a strong yen, and severe situations.(2) The differentiation strategy of Japanese pork has permeated by focusing on the wealthy in Hong Kong.(3) Although the earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident temporarily suspended exports to Hong Kong, exports have recovered.
著者
加賀爪 優
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.3, pp.124-134, 1976-09-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
29
著者
冨吉 満之 北野 慎一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.1, pp.71-77, 2012-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
6

This study aims to determine trends in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) engaged in rural activities. By interviewing the members of six NPOs in Suzu city, Ishikawa prefecture, and analyzing their financial data, this paper examines the factors related to the sustainability of these NPOs’activities. The results showed that certain activists concurrently served as board members of multiple NPOs. Moreover, the government’s employment-boosting program played an important part in providing financial support to some NPOs.
著者
辻村 英之
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.3, pp.241-251, 2003

Based on the recognition that the current dominant trade never alleviates the poverty of small producers in developing countries, fair trade (FT) which intends to support producers has been developed.Though some recent studies have gone into a discussion of methods to evaluate FT by the absolute criteria of 'fairness', this study attempts to relatively evaluate whether or not FT can improve 'unfairness' of the current dominant trade, which will be clarified by this paper.As far as primary commodities are concerned, theoretical studies on the 'unfairness' of the trade date from the theory of the North-South problem in the 1960s. This paper is written with the aim of advancing a framework for analysis of unfair trade of primary commodities produced in developing countries by adoption of various theories such as the North-South problem, the World-System, the Food-System and the pricing mechanism for agricultural products. What is more, a part of results of the case study (Tanzanian coffee) from within the framework and an evaluation example of FT will be shown.
著者
松本 京子 星野 敏 余語 トシヒロ
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.1, pp.82-88, 2013-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
13

This study addresses pertinent factors in sustaining small-scale water supply cooperatives (SWSCs). Based on our survey results, we identified three important areas to be addressed prior to the construction of water-supply infrastructure: (1) Identify the characteristics of communities to be involved in an SWSC, so that the SWSC can understand the shared interests of prospective members, (2) Identify the experiences of local communities in rule-making, for example, those based on neighborhood associations, and (3) For those communities that cannot fulfill (1) and (2), capacity-building among member residents is necessary, if they are to achieve the public or common interests of members through the enactment of SWSCs.
著者
北川 太一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.55-64,103, 1990-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)

The main object of this paper is to analyze, being connected with the historical backgrounds and goals of agricultural co-operatives in each period, the historical change of the schemes, which have been mainly proposed by the National Federation of Agricultural Co-operatives (ZENCHU), to promote the amalgamation of agricultural co-opratives.The major results are as follows:(1) The first scheme to promote the amalgamation was established in 1961 by the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (NORINSHOU). The Federation was behind in a responce of this issue.(2) It was in the early 1970's when the Federation had decided to promote the amalgamation at the national level. As a result, many amalgamated agricultural co-operatives, which were expanded in the size of organization and that of activity, had emerged.(3) However, in the latter half of the 1970's, the emphasis moved toward standardizing the size of co-operatives. It was considered that the Federation had to modify the basic direction of activity in accordance with economic growth at a slow speed. Then we observed the stagnant tendancy of the amalgamation.(4) Since the latter half of the 1980's, the Federation has been promoting the amalgamation to deal with new circumstances, which surround co-operatives, for example the severe competition in financial market.(5) According to the historical analysis, we can suggest some important issues of the amalgamation of agricultural co-operatives as follows: 1. the amalgamation maintained and strengthened the organization of co-operatives, 2. the amalgamation issue was placed on the well-established position in connection with various functions of cooperatives, and 3. the amalgamating sheme was equipped with the support by administrative office.
著者
内田 和義 中間 由紀子
出版者
The Association for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.1, pp.161-166, 2009 (Released:2012-04-06)

Although Funatsu Denjibei was a trained farmer, he worked at the Komaba Agricultural School, where he managed the farm and lectured students on traditional agricultural techniques. All the other teachers at the Komaba Agricultural School were foreigners and lectured the students on Western Agricultural Science. In this paper, we clarify Funatsu Denjibei’s attitude toward Western Agricultural Science.Funatsu Denjibei contributed to the establishment of modern agricultural science in Japan by imparting empirical knowledge to agriculturists. He kept company with the other foreign teachers and acquired knowledge on Western Agricultural Science from them and the young agriculturists who graduated from the school. Although he used some of this knowledge, it did not influence his agricultural techniques. The agricultural techniques that he advocated had accumulated over years of experience. He attached great importance to them and when the ideas held by other agriculturists ran contrary to his experience, he always retorted and strongly questioned their opinions.
著者
中谷 朋昭 宮田 歩 澤内 大輔 桟敷 孝浩 山本 康貴
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.100-103, 2010

We examine the tariff equivalent estimates of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) in the case of Japan's phytosanitary measures against fire blight in connection with apple imports. We construct a confidence interval for the tariff equivalent estimates of the TBTs using the Yue, Beghin, and Jensen (2006) model. The results show that the tariff equivalent estimates of TBTs are not statistically different from zero.
著者
野間 万里子
出版者
富民協会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.23-32, 2010-06

文明開化期の牛鍋ブームの中、肉食は、薬食という建前の下許されるものからおおっぴらに楽しむことができるものへと変化した。「肉食はけがれるものとおぼへまして、とんと用ひずにをりましたが、御時世につれまして、此味をおぼへましたら、わすられませぬ」と語られることになる。牛鍋ブームを可能としその後の肉消費拡大を支えたのは、広範に存在した役牛であった。明治初期にはすでに100万頭を超す牛が主に農用として存在しており、耕耘機の普及する1950年ごろまで、一部の乳牛を除き、牛は役肉兼用として飼養されていた。本稿では、明治期から近江牛や江州牛、あるいは神戸牛として高評価の牛を送り出していた滋賀県を事例に、役牛から役肉牛への転換の中でどのように肥育技術が展開し、軟らかい肉を求めるひとびとの食欲に応えようとしたのかを検討する。その際、使役段階と肥育段階とがどのような関係として捉えられていたのかも、明らかにしたい。また、滋賀県における牛肥育が、高級肉消費地である東京との結びつきの中で展開したことも示す。
著者
小森 聡
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.1, pp.112-117, 2007-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
2
被引用文献数
1 1 4
著者
左 雯 大島 一二
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.3, pp.195-200, 2017-09-25 (Released:2017-09-30)
参考文献数
6

This paper investigates the current status of slotting allowances in the retail industry in China and the countermeasures of suppliers. The results of surveys of “Company R,” a major food retailer, and “Company C,” a food company, show that slotting allowances are often at a flexible rate. These slotting allowances allow retailers to cover their costs and help retailers to find better suppliers. However, the slotting allowances are relatively high for most suppliers such that some even find it difficult to make a profit. Therefore, “Company C” adopts its own pricing strategy and sales strategy to adapt to the retail market in China.
著者
伊東 幸恵 大浦 裕二 清野 誠喜
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.1, pp.150-152, 2005-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
1