著者
石塚 哉史
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.542-547, 2014 (Released:2015-10-17)
参考文献数
9

This study analyzes the current state of pork exports by agricultural production corporations and related issues by reviewing the case of Izunuma nousan.The data used in the study are based on the results of fieldwork conducted among various agricultural production corporations in Miyagi province, Japan.The findings are as follows:(1) Japanese pork continued to be exported despite infectious disease, a strong yen, and severe situations.(2) The differentiation strategy of Japanese pork has permeated by focusing on the wealthy in Hong Kong.(3) Although the earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident temporarily suspended exports to Hong Kong, exports have recovered.
著者
伊藤 寛幸 澤内 大輔 山本 康貴
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.2, pp.71-75, 2016-06-25 (Released:2016-06-29)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
3 1

In this study, we estimate the potential electricity volume and solar photovoltaic power generation profitability using abandoned agricultural land in Hokkaido. We assume the introduction of photovoltaic power generation facilities on all abandoned agricultural land in Hokkaido and perform the cost-benefit analysis of the investment for solar photovoltaic power generation facilities under the feed-in tariff scheme. The results show that the return of investment for solar photovoltaic power generation facilities was higher than the total investment cost.
著者
伊藤 淳史
出版者
The Association for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.177-186, 2010 (Released:2012-04-06)
参考文献数
52

本稿では,戦後日本における海外移住政策について,従来ほとんど検討されていなかった農林省サイドの動向に焦点をあてて考察を行った.その結果,農林省サイドの海外移住政策には人的系譜・政策の位置付け双方における満洲農業移民政策との連続性が見出された.海外移住を人口政策として捉えていた外務省サイドでは1960年代以降事業推進の動機が失われるのに対して,農林省サイドでは時々の政策課題に応じた位置付けが与えられた.加えて,海外移住は外務省にとって大東亜省発足にともなって新たに付加された事業であったのに対して,農林省においては戦時期に重要国策として取り組まれた経緯があった.戦後長期にわたって海外移住が推進されたことを外務省サイドの動向のみから説明することは困難である.農林省によって与えられた農業政策としての側面に着目することが必要だろう. また,現在30万人以上におよぶ日系ブラジル人の「デカセギ」現象について,1990年の入管法改正に先立つ戦後移民の「還流」形態が大きな影響を及ぼしていることを指摘した.日系ブラジル人労働者に関する先行研究ではほとんど言及されることはないが,戦後移民の存在を抜きに現在の「デカセギ」を説明することは困難である.従来,満洲移民研究・戦後移民研究・外国人労働者研究は相互を参照することなく行われてきたが,今後は積極的な対話が望まれよう.
著者
岡田 ちから
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.3, pp.156-163, 2017-09-25 (Released:2017-09-30)
参考文献数
9

The paper discusses how genetically-modified (GM) seeds containing patents affect benefits for bio-majors (large seed corporations) and farmers based on interviews with actors in the GM seed supply system. The first analysis indicated the importance of the patents system for bio-majors to recover investments when farmers replant bio-majors’ seeds. The second analysis, based on a field study, revealed that seed suppliers in the GM seed system can enhance the benefits for bio-majors and of farmers who purchase GM seeds in the market. In conclusion, the role of seed dealers is indispensable in achieving the optimum resource allocation, to maintain the beneficial patent system for bio-majors and farmers.
著者
加賀爪 優
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.3, pp.124-134, 1976-09-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
29
著者
中谷 朋昭 宮田 歩 澤内 大輔 桟敷 孝浩 山本 康貴
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.100-103, 2010

We examine the tariff equivalent estimates of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) in the case of Japan's phytosanitary measures against fire blight in connection with apple imports. We construct a confidence interval for the tariff equivalent estimates of the TBTs using the Yue, Beghin, and Jensen (2006) model. The results show that the tariff equivalent estimates of TBTs are not statistically different from zero.
著者
冨吉 満之 北野 慎一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.1, pp.71-77, 2012-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
6

This study aims to determine trends in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) engaged in rural activities. By interviewing the members of six NPOs in Suzu city, Ishikawa prefecture, and analyzing their financial data, this paper examines the factors related to the sustainability of these NPOs’activities. The results showed that certain activists concurrently served as board members of multiple NPOs. Moreover, the government’s employment-boosting program played an important part in providing financial support to some NPOs.
著者
辻村 英之
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.3, pp.241-251, 2003

Based on the recognition that the current dominant trade never alleviates the poverty of small producers in developing countries, fair trade (FT) which intends to support producers has been developed.Though some recent studies have gone into a discussion of methods to evaluate FT by the absolute criteria of 'fairness', this study attempts to relatively evaluate whether or not FT can improve 'unfairness' of the current dominant trade, which will be clarified by this paper.As far as primary commodities are concerned, theoretical studies on the 'unfairness' of the trade date from the theory of the North-South problem in the 1960s. This paper is written with the aim of advancing a framework for analysis of unfair trade of primary commodities produced in developing countries by adoption of various theories such as the North-South problem, the World-System, the Food-System and the pricing mechanism for agricultural products. What is more, a part of results of the case study (Tanzanian coffee) from within the framework and an evaluation example of FT will be shown.
著者
四方 康行 今井 辰也 鄒 金蘭
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.29-35, 2008-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
参考文献数
2
被引用文献数
2 1
著者
木原 奈穂子 中塚 雅也
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.70-75, 2020-06-25 (Released:2020-06-30)
参考文献数
5

The continuity and efficiency of work management of the ridgeways between rice fields have become major issues in Japan. Labor for managing the ridgeways is in short supply, making it necessary to simplify processes, and improve efficiency. Additionally, ridgeways are essential for preserving rural areas and maintaining the landscape; the labor shortage creates problems of maintenance of the area. This study investigated the process of establishing organizations to undertake the management of ridgeways in villages. Consequently, the following three key aspects were identified: 1) Smooth communication between stakeholders, 2) setting of acceptable costs, and 3) improvement of the operation through gradual structuring. Additionally, we found that it was possible to acquire new stakeholders such as non-farmers in the village, thereby making it possible to employ people for maintaining the ridgeways by creating an organization.
著者
佐々木 正剛 小松 泰信 横溝 功
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.2, pp.84-93, 2001-09-25 (Released:2011-09-05)
被引用文献数
1

Recently, the meaning of the food-agriculture education has been pointed out drawing attention to the education power which agriculture has. An agricultural high school is an educational institution concerned with agriculture. However, its environment is severe. An agricultural high school is the best base facility for food-agriculture education.The followings were pointed out.Firstly, an agricultural high school provides a place for experience study. Secondly, it provides the region with an agricultural technology center and a life study center. Thirdly, it provides a broad network between agricultural high schools. Fourthly, as students are used as assistants, it provides a chance for them to develop their own education skills.
著者
松本 京子 星野 敏 余語 トシヒロ
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.1, pp.82-88, 2013-06-25 (Released:2014-03-14)
参考文献数
13

This study addresses pertinent factors in sustaining small-scale water supply cooperatives (SWSCs). Based on our survey results, we identified three important areas to be addressed prior to the construction of water-supply infrastructure: (1) Identify the characteristics of communities to be involved in an SWSC, so that the SWSC can understand the shared interests of prospective members, (2) Identify the experiences of local communities in rule-making, for example, those based on neighborhood associations, and (3) For those communities that cannot fulfill (1) and (2), capacity-building among member residents is necessary, if they are to achieve the public or common interests of members through the enactment of SWSCs.
著者
北川 太一
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.55-64,103, 1990-06-25 (Released:2011-09-05)

The main object of this paper is to analyze, being connected with the historical backgrounds and goals of agricultural co-operatives in each period, the historical change of the schemes, which have been mainly proposed by the National Federation of Agricultural Co-operatives (ZENCHU), to promote the amalgamation of agricultural co-opratives.The major results are as follows:(1) The first scheme to promote the amalgamation was established in 1961 by the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (NORINSHOU). The Federation was behind in a responce of this issue.(2) It was in the early 1970's when the Federation had decided to promote the amalgamation at the national level. As a result, many amalgamated agricultural co-operatives, which were expanded in the size of organization and that of activity, had emerged.(3) However, in the latter half of the 1970's, the emphasis moved toward standardizing the size of co-operatives. It was considered that the Federation had to modify the basic direction of activity in accordance with economic growth at a slow speed. Then we observed the stagnant tendancy of the amalgamation.(4) Since the latter half of the 1980's, the Federation has been promoting the amalgamation to deal with new circumstances, which surround co-operatives, for example the severe competition in financial market.(5) According to the historical analysis, we can suggest some important issues of the amalgamation of agricultural co-operatives as follows: 1. the amalgamation maintained and strengthened the organization of co-operatives, 2. the amalgamation issue was placed on the well-established position in connection with various functions of cooperatives, and 3. the amalgamating sheme was equipped with the support by administrative office.
著者
内田 和義 中間 由紀子
出版者
The Association for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.1, pp.161-166, 2009 (Released:2012-04-06)

Although Funatsu Denjibei was a trained farmer, he worked at the Komaba Agricultural School, where he managed the farm and lectured students on traditional agricultural techniques. All the other teachers at the Komaba Agricultural School were foreigners and lectured the students on Western Agricultural Science. In this paper, we clarify Funatsu Denjibei’s attitude toward Western Agricultural Science.Funatsu Denjibei contributed to the establishment of modern agricultural science in Japan by imparting empirical knowledge to agriculturists. He kept company with the other foreign teachers and acquired knowledge on Western Agricultural Science from them and the young agriculturists who graduated from the school. Although he used some of this knowledge, it did not influence his agricultural techniques. The agricultural techniques that he advocated had accumulated over years of experience. He attached great importance to them and when the ideas held by other agriculturists ran contrary to his experience, he always retorted and strongly questioned their opinions.