- 日本テレワーク学会誌 (ISSN:13473115)
- vol.2, no.1, pp.45-63, 2003
SOHO (Small Office Home office) becomes a hot topic in the mass media etc. and the number of SOHO workers goes on increasing steadily for several years. SOHO workers can do the work at home or wherever, along with the development of improved information technology and the diffusion of network. It is the first step to create an environment to realize the needs of SOHO worker's. But SOHO workers are facing to some problems after they become sole proprietors, such as the problem of raising funds, the heavy tax system, the development of business partners, and the lower social cognition of SOHO workers. In order to solve these problems, several supporting organizations are formed, such as public agencies, private enterprises, non-profit organizations (NPO), SOHO workers network etc. Each sector attempts to support the development of SOHO, which provide hardware and software including office, training programs, and so on. This thesis presents a case study of MITAKA city in Tokyo, which makes local authorities as a policy to support the development of urban industry. This thesis is organized as follows. In chapter 1, the background of building SOHO CITY in MITAKA and the features of supporting system are described. And I take up the survey results that are evaluated by SOHO workers. In chapter 2, the features of the SOHO workers in MITAKA and the problems of SOHO are illustrated. In chapter 3, the actual situation of SOHO workers is expressed by using transaction cost approach. Now, the costs of information searching can be reduced due to the development of information technology. On the other hand, the credit costs are increasing. In order to decrease the credit costs. I insist on making a community. Community builds a future-oriented relationship between person and person. It is possible to solve the problem by making a community. The successful community cases of "RAKUTEN-ICHIBA" and "WASEDA Shopping Association" are also introduced in this section. Finally, chapter 4 concludes the thesis. I compare successful community with SOHO support plan of MITAKA. I make it appear that MITAKA has to establish community next phase, and propose a SOHO community model to support the development of MITAKA.