著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 坂内 くらら 大石 和男
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.1, pp.60-67, 2016-08-25 (Released:2016-08-25)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
2

The aim of this study was to reveal behavior and thought constructing life skills in Japanese adults toward consideration of life skills training for adults. Descriptions of life skills were collected as text data from 400 adults. Co-occurrence network analysis found 40 instances of behavior and thought from the data. Several factors obtained were similar to those in previous studies (e.g., “positive thinking,” “planning,” “interpersonal manner,” etc.). Additionally, the original factors were also identified (e.g., “searching on social media,” “skeptical attitude toward information,” “judgment of profit and loss,” “imagining the worst situation,” “judgment of the appropriate psychological distance,” “maintaining the appropriate psychological distance,” etc.).
著者
上野 雄己 飯村 周平 雨宮 怜 嘉瀬 貴祥
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.4, pp.397-414, 2016 (Released:2018-03-21)
参考文献数
143

Stress-related research in psychology has traditionally focused on both understanding and reducing stress responses. This paradigm has changed in recent years to more detailed studies on recovery from extreme stress responses and on growth. Therefore, in addition to paradigms of the past, it has become necessary to develop a process model that includes recovery from psychological maladaptation and trauma, as well as growth. Such a model is expected to facilitate new approaches to both maintaining and promoting well-being during the total lifespan of an individual, as well as to preventing the recurrence of maladaptation. This study focused on “resilience,” “posttraumatic growth,” and “mindfulness,” which are areas that are attracting the attention of researchers working in fields related to stress research. Moreover, a model of recovery from and growth after difficult situations is suggested by applying these concepts.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 飯村 周平 坂内 くらら 大石 和男
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.87.15229, (Released:2016-09-10)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
4

The present study aims to develop and examine the reliability, internal validity, and criterion validity of the Life Skills Scale for Adolescents and Adults (LSSAA) that would enable measurement of the level of life skills in Japanese adolescents and adults. In study 1, 238 university students completed a 41-item questionnaire for the LSSAA based on a previous study (Kase et al., 2016). Exploratory factor analysis was divided into four sub-scales: decision-making (8 items), interpersonal relationships (5 items), effective communication (5 items), and coping with emotion (3 items). In study 2, the reliability, content validity, and criterion validity of the LSSAA were examined by administering the questionnaire to 500 Japanese adolescents and adults. Confirmatory factor analysis and correlation analysis showed that the LSSAA had high reliability and validity. Additionally, it was confirmed that the LSSAA was effective for measuring the life skills needed for a satisfactory social life for a wide range (based on sex and/or age) of Japanese adolescents and adults.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 下司 忠大
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.27.3.10, (Released:2019-01-25)
参考文献数
14

This study aimed to investigate the relationships of the antisocial personality traits called the Dark Triad, which includes Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy, with life skills including the ability to adapt to society (i.e., decision-making, interpersonal relationships, effective communication, and coping with emotions). A total of 272 university students completed the Japanese version of the Short Dark Triad and Life Skills Scale for Adolescents and Adults. Multivariate multiple regression analysis showed that Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy related to life skills in different ways. These results support the findings of previous studies suggesting the link between the Dark Triad and social adjustment.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 大石 和男
出版者
日本健康教育学会
雑誌
日本健康教育学会誌 (ISSN:13402560)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.3, pp.195-203, 2017-08-31 (Released:2017-09-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

目的:心身の健康と関連するパーソナリティの類型について,質問紙で測定されたBig Fiveの得点を用いたクラスタ分析により,パーソナリティ・プロトタイプと呼ばれる3つの類型(レジリエント型,統制過剰型,統制不全型)が国外の研究で抽出されている.本研究では,大学生(大学,専門学校,短期大学,大学院に在籍する学生)を対象とした調査のデータにおいても,パーソナリティ・プロトタイプが認められるか否か検討することを目的とした.加えて,それぞれの類型に該当する者の精神的健康の状態が,先行研究の報告を支持するか否か確認した.方法:株式会社クロス・マーケティングの調査モニターである大学生の400名を対象として,2016年5月に横断的なweb調査を実施した.調査内容はBig Fiveに基づくパーソナリティと精神的健康についてであった.この調査より得られたデータを,Ward法による階層的クラスタ分析,標準得点の算出,一要因分散分析を用いて分析した.次に,算出された標準得点を先行研究の結果と比較した.結果:階層的クラスタ分析の結果,レジリエント型,統制過剰型,統制不全型,識別不能型という4つのクラスタが得られた.さらに一要因分散分析の結果,レジリエント型と識別不能型は統制過剰型より精神的健康が高いという傾向が認められた.結論:本研究の結果から,諸外国の先行研究で見出されていたパーソナリティ・プロトタイプに相当するクラスタが,大学生においても存在することが示唆された.また,それぞれの類型に該当する者の精神的健康の状態は,先行研究の報告を支持するものであった.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.28.2.7, (Released:2019-10-04)
参考文献数
12

The present study investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal predictability of mental health using Sense of Coherence (SOC) through a linear regression model (LRM) and generalized additive model (GAM). The estimation using LRM and GAM showed that SOC predicted mental health in both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. Moreover, the model fit index and analysis of deviance showed that the GAM fitted better with both data compared to LRM. These results suggest that SOC can be used as a predictor of the current and future states of mental health as well as the continuous and gradual changes in mental health.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 梶内 大輝 島本 好平
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.27.2.8, (Released:2018-07-23)
参考文献数
12

This study investigated the relationships between personality prototypes and life skills to understand the characteristics of Resilients, Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Not identifiables. Hierarchical cluster analyses using Ward's method and one-way ANOVA with multiple comparisons using Holm's method indicated that Resilients tended to adopt adaptive behaviors and thoughts, and Overcontrollers had similar tendencies as Resilients. Additionally, Undercontrollers showed a tendency to adopt active interpersonal behaviors and thoughts, and Not identifiables tended to adopt accepting interpersonal behaviors and thoughts. These results provide new findings on the characteristics of individuals classified as different personality prototypes.