著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 下司 忠大
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.27.3.10, (Released:2019-01-25)
参考文献数
14

This study aimed to investigate the relationships of the antisocial personality traits called the Dark Triad, which includes Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy, with life skills including the ability to adapt to society (i.e., decision-making, interpersonal relationships, effective communication, and coping with emotions). A total of 272 university students completed the Japanese version of the Short Dark Triad and Life Skills Scale for Adolescents and Adults. Multivariate multiple regression analysis showed that Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy related to life skills in different ways. These results support the findings of previous studies suggesting the link between the Dark Triad and social adjustment.
著者
上野 雄己 飯村 周平 雨宮 怜 嘉瀬 貴祥
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.4, pp.397-414, 2016 (Released:2018-03-21)
参考文献数
143

Stress-related research in psychology has traditionally focused on both understanding and reducing stress responses. This paradigm has changed in recent years to more detailed studies on recovery from extreme stress responses and on growth. Therefore, in addition to paradigms of the past, it has become necessary to develop a process model that includes recovery from psychological maladaptation and trauma, as well as growth. Such a model is expected to facilitate new approaches to both maintaining and promoting well-being during the total lifespan of an individual, as well as to preventing the recurrence of maladaptation. This study focused on “resilience,” “posttraumatic growth,” and “mindfulness,” which are areas that are attracting the attention of researchers working in fields related to stress research. Moreover, a model of recovery from and growth after difficult situations is suggested by applying these concepts.
著者
上野 雄己 平野 真理 小塩 真司
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.28.1.10, (Released:2019-06-19)
参考文献数
14

This study aimed to reinvestigate age differences in resilience in a large cross-sectional Japanese sample (N=18,843; 9,657 men, 9,156 women; meanage=47.74 years, SDage=14.89, rangeage=15–99 years). The data were obtained from a large cross-sectional study by NTT DATA Institute of Management Consulting, Inc. The results of hierarchical multiple regression indicated that age and squared term of age were significantly positively associated with resilience. These results reconfirm that resilience in Japanese individuals increases with age, corroborating the findings of previous studies.
著者
上野 雄己 平野 真理 小塩 真司
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.17323, (Released:2018-09-20)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

This study aimed to examine the relationship between resilience and age in Japanese adults. Participants were Japanese adults (N = 5,143; 3,078 men and 2,065 women, mean age = 49.62 years, SD = 10.76, age range = 20–69 years). They responded to the Bidimensional Resilience Scale, examining innate and acquired factors of resilience. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted, and the results indicated a linearly increasing trend for resilience with age in acquired resilience factors that are strongly related to character. Additionally, a linearly increasing trend with age was also indicated in innate resilience factors that are strongly related with temperament. A significant correlation was observed with the squared term of age, suggesting a curvilinear relationship. These results suggest that resilience in Japan increases with age, which corroborates the findings of previous international studies; however, the status of age-related changes differs slightly based on whether the resilience factors are innate or acquired.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 大石 和男
出版者
日本健康教育学会
雑誌
日本健康教育学会誌 (ISSN:13402560)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.3, pp.195-203, 2017-08-31 (Released:2017-09-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

目的:心身の健康と関連するパーソナリティの類型について,質問紙で測定されたBig Fiveの得点を用いたクラスタ分析により,パーソナリティ・プロトタイプと呼ばれる3つの類型(レジリエント型,統制過剰型,統制不全型)が国外の研究で抽出されている.本研究では,大学生(大学,専門学校,短期大学,大学院に在籍する学生)を対象とした調査のデータにおいても,パーソナリティ・プロトタイプが認められるか否か検討することを目的とした.加えて,それぞれの類型に該当する者の精神的健康の状態が,先行研究の報告を支持するか否か確認した.方法:株式会社クロス・マーケティングの調査モニターである大学生の400名を対象として,2016年5月に横断的なweb調査を実施した.調査内容はBig Fiveに基づくパーソナリティと精神的健康についてであった.この調査より得られたデータを,Ward法による階層的クラスタ分析,標準得点の算出,一要因分散分析を用いて分析した.次に,算出された標準得点を先行研究の結果と比較した.結果:階層的クラスタ分析の結果,レジリエント型,統制過剰型,統制不全型,識別不能型という4つのクラスタが得られた.さらに一要因分散分析の結果,レジリエント型と識別不能型は統制過剰型より精神的健康が高いという傾向が認められた.結論:本研究の結果から,諸外国の先行研究で見出されていたパーソナリティ・プロトタイプに相当するクラスタが,大学生においても存在することが示唆された.また,それぞれの類型に該当する者の精神的健康の状態は,先行研究の報告を支持するものであった.
著者
上野 雄己 小塩 真司 陶山 智
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.26.3.8, (Released:2017-12-13)
参考文献数
12

This study investigated the influence of the combination of an athlete's big five personality traits and athletic event (individual/group event) regarding competitive level. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university athletes (N=857, 303 men and 554 women, mean age=19.7 years, SD=1.0). The results showed that competitive level was significantly lower when individual events were combined with high agreeableness and higher when group events were combined with high conscientiousness. These results suggest that the function of the big five personality traits differs depending on their combination with the type of athletic event.
著者
上野 雄己 陶山 智 小塩 真司
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.3, pp.53-57, 2018-06-30 (Released:2018-09-29)
参考文献数
18

This study aimed to examine the relationship among athletes’ envy, athletic events, and competitive level. A survey was conducted among 496 university athletes (428 men and 68 women). The results indicated that competitive level was positively associated with benign envy in competitive sports (open-skill sports), while no significant association between the two was observed in record sports (closed-skill sports). Moreover, athletic events and competitive level were not significantly associated with malicious envy. Therefore, envy scores differed depending on the athletic events, competitive level, and the combinations thereof.
著者
上野 雄己 鈴木 平 清水 安夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.20-34, 2014 (Released:2014-08-22)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
1 1

This study aimed to develop a psychological resilience model for university athletes (PRMUA). University athletes (N=377; 188 men and 189 women, Mean age=19.70 years, SD=1.20) participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire comprising of socio-demographic questions and questions on resilience, resilience efficacy, stressors, stress response, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypothetical mediation model of PRMUA, which indicated that fit indices of the model satisfied statistical requirements (GFI=.99, AGFI=.94, CFI=.99, RMSEA=.08, AIC=48.32, BCC=48.93). Moreover, each path of PRMUA had a significant influence on each variable. Findings of this study partially supported our hypotheses regarding PRMUA. Further research is needed to clarify the nature of resilience. Moreover, longitudinal research is needed to develop practical uses for the model, such as increasing and predicting the resilience of athletic club members.
著者
上野 雄己 三枝 高大 小塩 真司
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
Journal of Health Psychology Research (ISSN:21898790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.35-44, 2017-08-01 (Released:2017-08-01)
参考文献数
60

Correlations between factors characteristic of competitive sports (athletic events and competitive levels) and dichotomous thinking were investigated. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university students in university athletic clubs (N=200, 67 men and 133 women, mean age=19.5, SD=1.2). The results indicated the following. (1) Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI, Oshio, 2009) is appropriate for use with athletes. (2) Athletes in general use more dichotomous thinking, compared to average Japanese university students. (3) No significant differences in DTI scores were observed between individual and group events, although the possibility of a hierarchical structure consisting of micro (individual athletes)–macro (athletic group: athletic event) was suggested. (4) DTI score of male athletes tended to be higher in the high-competitive, compared to the low-competitive group. These results indicate that dichotomous thinking, which could be maladaptive, might have adaptive functions in sports.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.175-178, 2019-11-01 (Released:2019-11-03)
参考文献数
12

The present study investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal predictability of mental health using Sense of Coherence (SOC) through a linear regression model (LRM) and generalized additive model (GAM). The estimation using LRM and GAM showed that SOC predicted mental health in both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. Moreover, the model fit index and analysis of deviance showed that the GAM fitted better with both data compared to LRM. These results suggest that SOC can be used as a predictor of the current and future states of mental health as well as the continuous and gradual changes in mental health.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.28.2.7, (Released:2019-10-04)
参考文献数
12

The present study investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal predictability of mental health using Sense of Coherence (SOC) through a linear regression model (LRM) and generalized additive model (GAM). The estimation using LRM and GAM showed that SOC predicted mental health in both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. Moreover, the model fit index and analysis of deviance showed that the GAM fitted better with both data compared to LRM. These results suggest that SOC can be used as a predictor of the current and future states of mental health as well as the continuous and gradual changes in mental health.
著者
上野 雄己 平野 真理 小塩 真司
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.91-94, 2019

<p>This study aimed to reinvestigate age differences in resilience in a large cross-sectional Japanese sample (<i>N</i>=18,843; 9,657 men, 9,156 women; mean<sub>age</sub>=47.74 years, <i>SD</i><sub>age</sub>=14.89, range<sub>age</sub>=15–99 years). The data were obtained from a large cross-sectional study by NTT DATA Institute of Management Consulting, Inc. The results of hierarchical multiple regression indicated that age and squared term of age were significantly positively associated with resilience. These results reconfirm that resilience in Japanese individuals increases with age, corroborating the findings of previous studies.</p>
著者
上野 雄己 小塩 真司
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
Journal of Health Psychology Research (ISSN:21898790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.180627106, (Released:2018-11-09)
参考文献数
46

The relationship between exercise behavior and the Big Five personality traits in Japanese adults (N=4,313, 2,618 men, 1,695 women; mean age=49.05 years, SD=10.84, age range=20–69 years) was investigated. Results indicated that exercise behavior was significantly correlated with Neuroticism (ρ=−.12), Extraversion (ρ=.18), Openness (ρ=.14), Agreeableness (ρ=.06), and Conscientiousness (ρ=.13). Controlling for sex, age, body mass index, educational level, household income, marital status, and the number of children indicated that levels of Extraversion and Openness were positively and significantly associated with exercise behavior. These findings suggest that personality traits influenced exercise behavior in Japanese people, and corroborated international studies.
著者
嘉瀬 貴祥 上野 雄己 梶内 大輝 島本 好平
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.27.2.8, (Released:2018-07-23)
参考文献数
12

This study investigated the relationships between personality prototypes and life skills to understand the characteristics of Resilients, Overcontrollers, Undercontrollers, and Not identifiables. Hierarchical cluster analyses using Ward's method and one-way ANOVA with multiple comparisons using Holm's method indicated that Resilients tended to adopt adaptive behaviors and thoughts, and Overcontrollers had similar tendencies as Resilients. Additionally, Undercontrollers showed a tendency to adopt active interpersonal behaviors and thoughts, and Not identifiables tended to adopt accepting interpersonal behaviors and thoughts. These results provide new findings on the characteristics of individuals classified as different personality prototypes.
著者
上野 雄己 小塩 真司 陶山 智
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.3, pp.287-290, 2018-03-01 (Released:2018-03-06)
参考文献数
12

This study investigated the influence of the combination of an athlete's big five personality traits and athletic event (individual/group event) regarding competitive level. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university athletes (N=857, 303 men and 554 women, mean age=19.7 years, SD=1.0). The results showed that competitive level was significantly lower when individual events were combined with high agreeableness and higher when group events were combined with high conscientiousness. These results suggest that the function of the big five personality traits differs depending on their combination with the type of athletic event.
著者
上野 雄己 小塩 真司
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.151-154, 2015-11-20 (Released:2015-12-05)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1

This study investigated the dual processing model of psychological resilience among university athletes. Participants were 162 university athletes (male=55, female=107, mean age=19.7, SD=1.2), who were asked to complete a questionnaire containing questions on psychological resilience, self-esteem, burnout, self-evaluation of competitive performance, and athletic growth. Results of structure equation modeling indicated that psychological resilience was negatively associated with burnout via self-esteem and positively associated with athletic growth through self-evaluation of competitive performance. The findings of this study support our hypothesis that university athletes' psychological resilience promotes growth and reduces burnout.
著者
上野 雄己 鈴木 平 清水 安夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.20-34, 2014
被引用文献数
1

This study aimed to develop a psychological resilience model for university athletes (PRMUA). University athletes (<i>N</i>=377; 188 men and 189 women, Mean age=19.70 years, <i>SD</i>=1.20) participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire comprising of socio-demographic questions and questions on resilience, resilience efficacy, stressors, stress response, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypothetical mediation model of PRMUA, which indicated that fit indices of the model satisfied statistical requirements (GFI=.99, AGFI=.94, CFI=.99, RMSEA=.08, AIC=48.32, BCC=48.93). Moreover, each path of PRMUA had a significant influence on each variable. Findings of this study partially supported our hypotheses regarding PRMUA. Further research is needed to clarify the nature of resilience. Moreover, longitudinal research is needed to develop practical uses for the model, such as increasing and predicting the resilience of athletic club members.