著者
小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.149-155, 2018-03-25 (Released:2018-03-25)
参考文献数
18

This study attempted to replicate Kamise, Hori, and Okamoto’s (2010) survey on perceived occupational stigma among Japanese workers by conducting a survey with employees in a host club—a male cabaret club—in the Kansai region, Japan, to investigate their perceived occupational stigma, coping strategies, occupational self-esteem, and egalitarian sex-role attitudes. The results showed that host-club employees perceived extreme occupational stigma, where novices, part-time workers, and those with fewer work assignments showed higher levels of perceived stigma. Regarding coping strategies, attribution of discrimination and disengagement were used frequently, while valuing and group identification were used only rarely. Structural equation modeling showed that group identification positively enhanced occupational self-esteem. However, contrary to previous research, individuals who perceived more stereotyping rarely used group identification. Stigma awareness facilitated attribution of discrimination, resulting in lowered occupational self-esteem, and egalitarian sex-role attitude significantly influenced valuing and attribution of discrimination.
著者
小森 めぐみ
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.2, pp.191-213, 2016 (Released:2018-04-13)
参考文献数
109

Quantitative studies and process models of narrative persuasion published since 2000 were reviewed in order to identify influences of narratives on readers’ attitudes that result from changes in thinking and affect. Firstly, characteristics of narrative persuasion research were briefly introduced by summarizing definitions of narratives and attitudes, and by illustrating typical methodologies of narrative persuasion research. Secondly, theories on the process of narrative persuasion and narrative experiences were reviewed. These models were then integrated and the process of narrative persuasion was categorized into thinking and affective routes, and each process was explained with reference to supportive studies. It was suggested that the affective route currently has stronger empirical support than the thinking route. Finally, topics for future research were suggested, which include closely examining each process, improving methodologies, and comprehensively investigating relationships between narrative persuasions and narrative experiences.
著者
高木 彩 小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.126-134, 2018-03-25 (Released:2018-03-25)
参考文献数
29

This study distinguished between subjective and objective knowledge of scientific technology whose influence on health is yet to be defined, and explored the effect of each type of knowledge on risk perception. A web-based survey among the Japanese population (N=1,110) was conducted. It assessed the subjective and objective knowledge of electromagnetic field (EMF), interest in EMF, risk perception, and trust on the related organizations. The results indicated that respondents’ objective knowledge about EMF was generally poor. Their subjective knowledge and objective knowledge were significantly correlated, but the strength of correlation was moderate. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant subjective×objective knowledge interaction on risk perception. While objective knowledge consistently attenuated risk perception, subjective knowledge boosted risk perception only when respondents’ objective knowledge level was low. The possibility of the potential influence of reputation of EMF on the boosted subjective knowledge about EMF was discussed.
著者
小森 めぐみ 村田 光二
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.2-14, 2010 (Released:2010-08-19)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
3

本研究では,社会的状況を手がかりとした自発的感情推論が生じるかどうかを,そして視点取得がその推論に果たす役割を,記憶課題を用いて検討した。実験1では,参加者はさまざまな状況に置かれた人物についての記述文を記憶した。記述文から推論される感情語が後に手がかりとして呈示された場合には,手がかりがない場合と比べて記述文の再生が促進されることが示された。実験2では,参加者は特定の感情が表出された人物の顔と名前の対を記憶した。その表情が事前に呈示された同一人物の記述から推論される感情と一致する場合には,そうでない場合と比べて対連合記憶課題の成績が良いことが示された。これらの傾向は視点取得した場合(実験1)にはより強く見られ,状況に注目した場合(実験2)には記憶課題全体の成績を向上させた。二つの実験で見られた記憶の促進効果は,人が表情などの表出行動からだけでなく,他者の置かれた状況からも,その人の感情を自発的に推論する場合があることを示しているだろう。また,視点取得が他者の置かれた状況への注目を強め,推論を促進させる可能性も示しているだろう。
著者
小森 めぐみ
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.2, pp.191-213, 2016

<p>Quantitative studies and process models of narrative persuasion published since 2000 were reviewed in order to identify influences of narratives on readers' attitudes that result from changes in thinking and affect. Firstly, characteristics of narrative persuasion research were briefly introduced by summarizing definitions of narratives and attitudes, and by illustrating typical methodologies of narrative persuasion research. Secondly, theories on the process of narrative persuasion and narrative experiences were reviewed. These models were then integrated and the process of narrative persuasion was categorized into thinking and affective routes, and each process was explained with reference to supportive studies. It was suggested that the affective route currently has stronger empirical support than the thinking route. Finally, topics for future research were suggested, which include closely examining each process, improving methodologies, and comprehensively investigating relationships between narrative persuasions and narrative experiences.</p>
著者
小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.149-155, 2018

<p>This study attempted to replicate Kamise, Hori, and Okamoto's (2010) survey on perceived occupational stigma among Japanese workers by conducting a survey with employees in a <i>host club</i>—a male cabaret club—in the Kansai region, Japan, to investigate their perceived occupational stigma, coping strategies, occupational self-esteem, and egalitarian sex-role attitudes. The results showed that host-club employees perceived extreme occupational stigma, where novices, part-time workers, and those with fewer work assignments showed higher levels of perceived stigma. Regarding coping strategies, attribution of discrimination and disengagement were used frequently, while valuing and group identification were used only rarely. Structural equation modeling showed that group identification positively enhanced occupational self-esteem. However, contrary to previous research, individuals who perceived more stereotyping rarely used group identification. Stigma awareness facilitated attribution of discrimination, resulting in lowered occupational self-esteem, and egalitarian sex-role attitude significantly influenced valuing and attribution of discrimination.</p>
著者
高木 彩 小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.126-134, 2018

<p>This study distinguished between subjective and objective knowledge of scientific technology whose influence on health is yet to be defined, and explored the effect of each type of knowledge on risk perception. A web-based survey among the Japanese population (<i>N</i>=1,110) was conducted. It assessed the subjective and objective knowledge of electromagnetic field (EMF), interest in EMF, risk perception, and trust on the related organizations. The results indicated that respondents' objective knowledge about EMF was generally poor. Their subjective knowledge and objective knowledge were significantly correlated, but the strength of correlation was moderate. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant subjective×objective knowledge interaction on risk perception. While objective knowledge consistently attenuated risk perception, subjective knowledge boosted risk perception only when respondents' objective knowledge level was low. The possibility of the potential influence of reputation of EMF on the boosted subjective knowledge about EMF was discussed.</p>
著者
村田 光二 小森 めぐみ 道家 瑠見子 桑山 恵真 埴田 健司 井上 裕珠 馬場 洋香 田戸岡 好香 渡邊 さおり
出版者
一橋大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2007 (Released:2007-04-01)

本研究では、他者の感情を他者がおかれた社会的文脈情報から自発的に推論することを示す実証的証拠を得た。また、状況への注目や音声による情報提示など、この推論を促進する要因について示唆を得た。他方で、後悔感情の予測におけるインパクトバイアスの実証的証拠を示した。また、学業課題におけるポジティブおよびネガティブな感情予測が、後の達成動機づけを強めることをいくつかの現場実験で示した。