著者
上林 憲司 田戸岡 好香 石井 国雄 村田 光二
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.2, pp.130-138, 2016 (Released:2016-09-07)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2 2

社会における善悪判断を左右する道徳性が,外的要因により意識されないまま変化することが知られている。本研究は道徳性に変化を及ぼす要因の一つとして,着衣に注目した。特に,道徳性が白色および黒色と結びついていることに基づき,白色または黒色の着衣が,着用者の道徳性に関する自己認知に及ぼす影響を検討した。参加者は白色または黒色の衣服を着用した状態で,自己と道徳性の潜在的な結びつきを測る潜在連合テスト(IAT)に取り組んだ。その後,道徳性について顕在的な自己評定を行った。その結果,潜在認知と顕在認知のどちらにおいても,白服着用者の方が黒服着用者より,自己を道徳的に捉えていた。これらの結果を踏まえ,着衣が認知や行動に影響を及ぼす過程や,道徳性を変化させる要因について議論した。
著者
田戸岡 好香 村田 光二
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.46-56, 2010

Suppressing stereotypical thoughts ironically leads to a rebound effect (i.e., an increase in the accessibility of the stereotypes after suppression). Past research has shown that using the counter-stereotypes (e.g., that the elderly are competent) as replacement thoughts was not successful in diminishing the rebound effect. In this research, based on the stereotype content model, we hypothesized that on suppressing one dimension of the stereotype (i.e., incompetence) another dimension (i.e., warmth) could be an effective and practical replacement. Specifically, we tested whether participants who suppressed the incompetence-related aspects of elderly stereotypes would diminish the rebound if they used warmth-related aspects of the elderly as a replacement. Experiment 1 confirmed the rebound effect after suppressing incompetence-related aspects of the elderly, and experiments 2 and 3 examined the effect of the thought-replacement strategy. On suppressing incompetence of the elderly, participants who focused on warmth-related aspects decreased the rebound effect compared to those who focused on the counterstereotypes. We discussed the efficacy of using another dimension of stereotypes to prevent the rebound effect.
著者
田戸岡 好香
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.204-225, 2018 (Released:2019-11-06)
参考文献数
102

In this paper, I focused on stereotype suppression strategies to prevent stereotypic responses because these strategies are commonly used in the context of person perception. Suppressing stereotypic thoughts ironically increases stereotypic accessibility and use (i.e., the rebound effect). First, I described the position of stereotype suppression in stereotype research. Second, I considered the strategies for stereotype suppression without a rebound effect. The study of stereotype suppression has been developed based on the mechanism of thought suppression. However, in this article, I suggest that some effective strategies used in thought suppression cannot be applied to stereotype suppression. Stereotypes are suppressed in the context of person perception; therefore, I reviewed past findings with regard to replacement thoughts and propose effective strategies for stereotype suppression. It is necessary to integrate theory and findings of related area for developing the research of stereotype suppression.
著者
田戸岡 好香 井上 裕珠 石井 国雄
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.2, pp.139-149, 2016 (Released:2016-09-07)
参考文献数
33

自分よりも優れた他者を見た時,私たちは妬みを感じることもあれば,羨望を感じる時もある。これまでの研究において,羨望は自分が優れた他者に追いつくという動機づけと,妬みは優れた他者を引きずりおろすという動機づけと関わっていることが示唆されている。本研究では身体化メタファー理論の観点から,これらの感情が自己他者概念と上下の運動感覚に関連していることを検討した。参加者は「自分」という単語の上に「他人」という単語が配置された図を呈示された。自己上方移動条件では「自分」という単語を「他人」という単語まで上げる動作を繰り返し,他者下方移動条件では「他人」という単語を「自分」という単語まで下げる動作を繰り返した。その後,参加者自身が競争相手に負けてしまうという内容のシナリオを呈示し,妬みと羨望を測定した。2つの実験の結果,自己上方移動条件は他者下方移動条件と比べて,妬みよりも羨望を感じていた。さらに,自己上方移動条件は防衛的な原因帰属をする傾向が減少していた。こうした結果から,メタファーが妬みと羨望に果たす役割について議論した。
著者
田戸岡 好香 樋口 収 唐沢 かおり
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.16039, (Released:2018-03-10)
参考文献数
26

This study investigated the consequences of suppressing negative thoughts about the food products. Consumers are still concerned about food safety after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Given that attempting to suppress stereotypical thoughts ironically leads to increased stereotype accessibility and use (rebound effect), this may be one of the reasons for continued concern. Participants were asked to describe their impressions about food coming from the disaster area. Half were instructed to suppress any negative impressions in their descriptions, whereas the other half did not receive this instruction. Participants then rated another food product from the same area. The results indicated that among participants with a low perceived vulnerability to disease, the group that was asked to suppress any negative thoughts rated the food more negatively than participants in the control group. However, among participants with a high perceived vulnerability to disease, there was no difference between the two groups because their negative impressions were likely readily accessible. We discuss the necessity of investigating a resolution for reputational damage in terms of suppression.
著者
田戸岡 好香 石井 国雄 村田 光二
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.2, pp.112-124, 2015 (Released:2015-03-26)
参考文献数
24

ステレオタイプ抑制後にはステレオタイプのアクセスビリティが増加するリバウンド効果が生起する。これまでの抑制研究では,スキンヘッド男性のような少数派や高齢者のような地位が低いとみなされる対象に関する抑制が扱われてきたが,本研究では嫉妬的ステレオタイプを抑制した後のリバウンド効果について検討した。ステレオタイプ内容モデルによれば,我々は成功した外集団に対して有能だが冷たいとみなすことがある。ただし,そうした対象をいつも冷たいとみなすわけではなく,特に競争意識を知覚した時にネガティブな特性が顕現的になることが示されている。そこで,本研究では,抑制対象に対する競争意識の知覚がリバウンド効果の生起を調整することを検討した。参加者はキャリア女性(実験1)もしくはエリート男性(実験2)が他者と働いている場面を記述した。その際,半数の参加者にはその人物の冷たいというイメージを抑制するよう教示し,半数にはそういった教示は与えなかった。その後,ステレオタイプのアクセスビリティを測定した。実験の結果,抑制対象に競争意識を感じやすい場合にはリバウンド効果が生起し,感じにくい場合にはリバウンド効果が生起しなかった。ステレオタイプ抑制を対人認知の観点から検討することの意義について考察した。
著者
田戸岡 好香 村田 光二
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.46-56, 2010-08-31 (Released:2017-02-21)
被引用文献数
5

Suppressing stereotypical thoughts ironically leads to a rebound effect (i.e., an increase in the accessibility of the stereotypes after suppression). Past research has shown that using the counter-stereotypes (e.g., that the elderly are competent) as replacement thoughts was not successful in diminishing the rebound effect. In this research, based on the stereotype content model, we hypothesized that on suppressing one dimension of the stereotype (i.e., incompetence) another dimension (i.e., warmth) could be an effective and practical replacement. Specifically, we tested whether participants who suppressed the incompetence-related aspects of elderly stereotypes would diminish the rebound if they used warmth-related aspects of the elderly as a replacement. Experiment 1 confirmed the rebound effect after suppressing incompetence-related aspects of the elderly, and experiments 2 and 3 examined the effect of the thought-replacement strategy. On suppressing incompetence of the elderly, participants who focused on warmth-related aspects decreased the rebound effect compared to those who focused on the counterstereotypes. We discussed the efficacy of using another dimension of stereotypes to prevent the rebound effect.
著者
石井 国雄 田戸岡 好香
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.86.14020, (Released:2015-05-28)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
3

Previous research has suggested that Western European individuals exhibit negative attitudes toward older adults under pathogen threat. The present study investigated whether Japanese individuals exhibited ageism when pathogen threat was salient. Additionally, the study determined whether pathogen threat would have less of an impact on ageism among individuals with experience living with older adults. Study 1 showed that when pathogen threat was chronically and contextually salient, Japanese university students who had no experience living with older adults exhibited ageism, while those with such experience did not. Study 2 showed similar findings among Japanese nursing students. We argue that familiarity with older adults is essential for diminishing ageism in the event of a pathogen threat.
著者
石井 国雄 田戸岡 好香
出版者
清泉女学院大学人間学部
雑誌
清泉女学院大学人間学部研究紀要 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Human Studies Seisen Jogakuin College (ISSN:21893632)
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.1-12, 2018-02-28

Makeup is an important dress for women, and is an important form of self-expression. The present study examined the effects of pink and blue makeup on self-cognition and gender-related choice among female college students. We hypothesized that female participants would perceive themselves more feminine and choose feminine things when they applied pink makeup than when they applied blue makeup. In the experiment, Japanese female college students were applied pink or blue makeup. Then participants completed a gender-related self-rating scale, and then chose which one they wanted feminine things or masculine things. Results showed that among participant in blue condition, frequency to makeup in everyday life predicted the gender related choice: the more frequently they do makeup, the more they chose feminine things. We discussed the role of makeup color on the feeling and gender-related self-cognition for women.
著者
石井 国雄 田戸岡 好香
出版者
清泉女学院大学人間学部
雑誌
清泉女学院大学人間学部研究紀要 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Human Studies Seisen Jogakuin College (ISSN:21893632)
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.1-12, 2018-02-28

Makeup is an important dress for women, and is an important form of self-expression. The present study examined the effects of pink and blue makeup on self-cognition and gender-related choice among female college students. We hypothesized that female participants would perceive themselves more feminine and choose feminine things when they applied pink makeup than when they applied blue makeup. In the experiment, Japanese female college students were applied pink or blue makeup. Then participants completed a gender-related self-rating scale, and then chose which one they wanted feminine things or masculine things. Results showed that among participant in blue condition, frequency to makeup in everyday life predicted the gender related choice: the more frequently they do makeup, the more they chose feminine things. We discussed the role of makeup color on the feeling and gender-related self-cognition for women.
著者
田戸岡 好香 樋口 収 唐沢 かおり
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.1, pp.22-28, 2018

<p>This study investigated the consequences of suppressing negative thoughts about the food products. Consumers are still concerned about food safety after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Given that attempting to suppress stereotypical thoughts ironically leads to increased stereotype accessibility and use (rebound effect), this may be one of the reasons for continued concern. Participants were asked to describe their impressions about food coming from the disaster area. Half were instructed to suppress any negative impressions in their descriptions, whereas the other half did not receive this instruction. Participants then rated another food product from the same area. The results indicated that among participants with a low perceived vulnerability to disease, the group that was asked to suppress any negative thoughts rated the food more negatively than participants in the control group. However, among participants with a high perceived vulnerability to disease, there was no difference between the two groups because their negative impressions were likely readily accessible. We discuss the necessity of investigating a resolution for reputational damage in terms of suppression.</p>
著者
田戸岡 好香 樋口 収 唐沢 かおり
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究
巻号頁・発行日
2018

<p>This study investigated the consequences of suppressing negative thoughts about the food products. Consumers are still concerned about food safety after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Given that attempting to suppress stereotypical thoughts ironically leads to increased stereotype accessibility and use (rebound effect), this may be one of the reasons for continued concern. Participants were asked to describe their impressions about food coming from the disaster area. Half were instructed to suppress any negative impressions in their descriptions, whereas the other half did not receive this instruction. Participants then rated another food product from the same area. The results indicated that among participants with a low perceived vulnerability to disease, the group that was asked to suppress any negative thoughts rated the food more negatively than participants in the control group. However, among participants with a high perceived vulnerability to disease, there was no difference between the two groups because their negative impressions were likely readily accessible. We discuss the necessity of investigating a resolution for reputational damage in terms of suppression.</p>
著者
石井 国雄 田戸岡 好香
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.3, pp.240-248, 2015 (Released:2015-08-25)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
3

Previous research has suggested that Western European individuals exhibit negative attitudes toward older adults under pathogen threat. The present study investigated whether Japanese individuals exhibited ageism when pathogen threat was salient. Additionally, the study determined whether pathogen threat would have less of an impact on ageism among individuals with experience living with older adults. Study 1 showed that when pathogen threat was chronically and contextually salient, Japanese university students who had no experience living with older adults exhibited ageism, while those with such experience did not. Study 2 showed similar findings among Japanese nursing students. We argue that familiarity with older adults is essential for diminishing ageism in the event of a pathogen threat.
著者
石井 国雄 田戸岡 好香
出版者
The Japanese Psychological Association
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.3, pp.240-248, 2015
被引用文献数
3

Previous research has suggested that Western European individuals exhibit negative attitudes toward older adults under pathogen threat. The present study investigated whether Japanese individuals exhibited ageism when pathogen threat was salient. Additionally, the study determined whether pathogen threat would have less of an impact on ageism among individuals with experience living with older adults. Study 1 showed that when pathogen threat was chronically and contextually salient, Japanese university students who had no experience living with older adults exhibited ageism, while those with such experience did not. Study 2 showed similar findings among Japanese nursing students. We argue that familiarity with older adults is essential for diminishing ageism in the event of a pathogen threat.
著者
村田 光二 道家 瑠見子 樋口 収 桑山 恵真 田戸岡 好香 渡邊 さおり 谷本 奈穂 上林 憲司
出版者
一橋大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2011-04-01

本研究は、社会的場面における効果的な自己制御過程に影響を及ぼす要因を、実証的に解明することを目的としている。特に、目標葛藤の解決方略、制御資源の枯渇に対抗する方略、意識的抑制に基づくリバウンド効果を低減する方略を中心に実証研究を積み重ねた。その成果として、課題達成目標と誘惑とが葛藤する場面では、対抗的自己制御が働き、課題達成に役立つ人物の評価が高まることを見出した。また、制御資源の枯渇に対して、自己肯定化と解釈レベルを高次にすることの組み合わせが有効であることを再確認した。さらに、嫉妬的ステレオタイプの抑制に伴って生じるリバウンド効果を低減する方策の1つを見出した。
著者
村田 光二 小森 めぐみ 道家 瑠見子 桑山 恵真 埴田 健司 井上 裕珠 馬場 洋香 田戸岡 好香 渡邊 さおり
出版者
一橋大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2007

本研究では、他者の感情を他者がおかれた社会的文脈情報から自発的に推論することを示す実証的証拠を得た。また、状況への注目や音声による情報提示など、この推論を促進する要因について示唆を得た。他方で、後悔感情の予測におけるインパクトバイアスの実証的証拠を示した。また、学業課題におけるポジティブおよびネガティブな感情予測が、後の達成動機づけを強めることをいくつかの現場実験で示した。