著者
高木 彩 小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.126-134, 2018-03-25 (Released:2018-03-25)
参考文献数
29

This study distinguished between subjective and objective knowledge of scientific technology whose influence on health is yet to be defined, and explored the effect of each type of knowledge on risk perception. A web-based survey among the Japanese population (N=1,110) was conducted. It assessed the subjective and objective knowledge of electromagnetic field (EMF), interest in EMF, risk perception, and trust on the related organizations. The results indicated that respondents’ objective knowledge about EMF was generally poor. Their subjective knowledge and objective knowledge were significantly correlated, but the strength of correlation was moderate. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant subjective×objective knowledge interaction on risk perception. While objective knowledge consistently attenuated risk perception, subjective knowledge boosted risk perception only when respondents’ objective knowledge level was low. The possibility of the potential influence of reputation of EMF on the boosted subjective knowledge about EMF was discussed.
著者
山崎 瑞紀 高木 彩 池田 謙一 堀井 秀之
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.77-86, 2008

The present study examined the determinants of public trust in railroad companies. The constructs studied were as follows: trust in companies, familiarity toward companies, recognition of company values, perceived frequency of traffic accidents, perceived involuntary risk, perceived function as watchdogs of other institutions, and perception of safety measures. We conducted a survey in the Tokyo Metropolitan area and obtained answers from 1,081 respondents. The postulated model was tested using structural equation modeling procedures. The results indicated that the proposed model fits the data very well. It was shown that perceived function as watchdogs, perception of safety measures, recognition of company values, and familiarity had direct effects on trust.
著者
高木 彩 武田 美亜 小森 めぐみ 今野 将
出版者
一般社団法人 日本リスク学会
雑誌
リスク学研究 (ISSN:24358428)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.213-221, 2021-06-25 (Released:2021-06-23)
参考文献数
21

Emerging information technologies are rapidly growing and expected to change the social systems drastically. This study investigated the relationships between knowledge and risk perceptions regarding new technologies such as AI, machine learning, self-driving, and VR. We conducted an online survey and measured the risk perception and basic scientific knowledge and domain specific knowledge (subjective and objective knowledge regarding emerging information technologies). The results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that the interactive effect of subjective and objective domain specific knowledge was significant. Participants who rated higher in both of subjective and objective knowledge perceived lower risk than other participants. Basic scientific knowledge was correlated with objective knowledge but not significant predictor of risk perception. The explanatory power of the knowledge factors was lower than institutional trust.
著者
高木 彩 村田 光二
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.3, pp.216-223, 2005

The purpose of the present study was to reconsider social annoyance as a discrepancy in normative focus in line with norm-focus theory (Cialdini, Reno, & Kallgren, 1990). We conducted two experiments to examine the hypothesis that a discrepancy in normative focus between the actor and the observer would make the behavior seem less annoying than when there is consistency between them. Results showed that participants who focused on the same norm as the actors evaluated the action as less annoying than those who focused on a different norm. However, the focal norms did not influence the emergence of behavior that was considered social annoyance. Therefore, the hypothesis was partially supported. A discussion on the emergence of social annoyance in terms of norm-focus theory was conducted.
著者
高木 彩
出版者
千葉工業大学
雑誌
若手研究
巻号頁・発行日
2018-04-01

2018年度に引き続き、2019年度も情報分野の4つの萌芽技術(人工知能(AI)、機械学習、自動運転、仮想現実(VR))を取り上げ、そのリスク認知を規定する要因について検討を行った。2019年度は、「萌芽技術のリスク認知と感情要因との関連」を明らかにすることを目的として、2つの調査研究を実施した。1つ目の調査では、大学生を対象に予備的検討を行った。この調査では、各萌芽技術に対するイメージ(連想語)と感情要因(ポジティブ感情、ネガティブ感情)等を測定し、萌芽技術のリスク認知との関連を検討した。その分析結果からは、萌芽技術に抱くポジティブ感情が弱く、ネガティブ感情が強いほど、萌芽技術に対するリスク認知が大きい傾向にあることが示唆された。それに加え、畏怖感情(dispositional awe)の得点が高い人ほど、萌芽技術のリスクを大きく認知する傾向にあることが示唆された。以上の予備的検討の結果を踏まえ、次の研究では、より幅広い年齢層の一般市民を対象としたWEB調査を実施した。この調査では、萌芽技術のリスク認知と感情要因との関連をさらに詳しく検討するために行った。主な調査項目として、4つの萌芽技術のリスク認知、ベネフィット認知、受容態度に加え、感情要因として、対象技術への感情(ポジティブ感情、ネガティブ感情)と、個別の感情経験(畏怖、嫌悪感情など)の個人差要因を測定した。現段階では、調査を実施しデータの収集まで完了しており、これから分析に着手する予定である。
著者
高木 彩 小森 めぐみ
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.126-134, 2018

<p>This study distinguished between subjective and objective knowledge of scientific technology whose influence on health is yet to be defined, and explored the effect of each type of knowledge on risk perception. A web-based survey among the Japanese population (<i>N</i>=1,110) was conducted. It assessed the subjective and objective knowledge of electromagnetic field (EMF), interest in EMF, risk perception, and trust on the related organizations. The results indicated that respondents' objective knowledge about EMF was generally poor. Their subjective knowledge and objective knowledge were significantly correlated, but the strength of correlation was moderate. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant subjective×objective knowledge interaction on risk perception. While objective knowledge consistently attenuated risk perception, subjective knowledge boosted risk perception only when respondents' objective knowledge level was low. The possibility of the potential influence of reputation of EMF on the boosted subjective knowledge about EMF was discussed.</p>
著者
小池 はるか 高木 彩 北折 充隆
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.57-64, 2014-08-18

In this study, a survey was conducted concerning the use of rear-seat belts, which had been made obligatory by the Road Traffic Law of 2008. The research involved a longitudinal study using five points in time, from before the use of rear-seat belts became obligatory until the 2010 crackdown on failure to use them. Rates of use of rear-seat belts and awareness of their importance (risk estimation) were both raised after the law went into effect. For all items, the main effects were seen by seat position, and for two items by period.