著者
Shun-ichiro HIRANO Tetsuya FUJIMOTO Hiroshi INOUE Kenji UCHIHASHI Yasuo NISHIKAWA
出版者
Osaka Odontological Society
雑誌
Journal of Osaka Dental University (ISSN:04752058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.151-156, 2017-10-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
13

The seating location in the classroom is thought to have a close relationship to the aca­ demic performance of each student. However, as teachers taking part in higher educa­ tion, we know that "common sense" must give way to many exceptional cases. To verify the truth of this widely held belief, we recorded the students' seating locations at a den­ tal hygiene college for many years, and correlated this information with their academic performance. As the rooms in which they were taught were identical, and the seating ar­ rangements were consistent throughout the years, it allowed us to analyze the data in a single environment. Many studies have reported that although students with poor grades sit in "low interaction" seats, students with good grades do not select "high interaction"seats, but rather prefer to occupy "moderate interaction" seats. Average or middle stu­ dents tended to have no favored location. We were not able to correlate each student's academic performance with her preferred seating location, especially in the case of high performing students. However, the pre­ ferred seating location for students with poor grades tended to follow commonly ac­ cepted norms which have been described in many reports. Our findings suggest that stu­ dents who are at risk of failing could be determined by where they sit in the classroom. This helps to identify the potentially unsuccessful candidates, and permits remedial ac­ tion at an early stage. (J Osaka Dent Univ 2017; 51: 151­-156)
著者
Satoshi Ogawa Yukihiro Koretsune Masahiro Yasaka Yoshifusa Aizawa Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Shiro Kamakura Koichiro Kumagai Hideo Mitamura Ken Okumura Kaoru Sugi Takeshi Yamashita
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.7, pp.1539-1547, 2011 (Released:2011-06-24)
参考文献数
59
被引用文献数
33 31

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disorder and a major risk factor for stroke. For more than 60 years, warfarin has been the only approved anticoagulant for prevention of stroke in patients with AF. Although highly effective, it has many limitations that make its use difficult. Therefore, several novel anticoagulants are under development to overcome the limitations of warfarin, and some of these have entered phase III clinical trials. Dabigatran is an oral, reversible direct thrombin inhibitor approved in Europe and in several other countries for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective knee and hip replacement surgery. It has also been approved in the United States and Japan for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular AF. In this review, the mechanism of action and pharmacological properties of new anticoagulants are described in detail, and the correct use of dabigatran in clinical practice is discussed. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1539-1547)
著者
Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Ken Okumura Takeshi Yamashita Naoko Kumagai Hideki Origasa for the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0507, (Released:2014-08-06)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
14 18

Background:It is disputed whether the risk of cardiogenic embolism varies with type of atrial fibrillation (AF). Although several studies have found that the risk of cardiogenic embolism was similar among paroxysmal and persistent/permanent AF, a few studies have found that patients with paroxysmal AF had a lower rate of stroke and systemic embolism than those with persistent/permanent AF. In the present study, post-hoc analysis of the J-RHYTHM Registry was done to compare the risk of thromboembolic events among 3 types of non-valvular AF (NVAF).Methods and Results:A total of 7,406 NVAF patients were followed up prospectively for 2 years. At baseline, warfarin was used for 78.6%, 90.0%, and 91.8% of patients with paroxysmal, persistent, and permanent AF, respectively. There were 126 thromboembolic events during the follow-up period. The crude event rate was 2-fold higher among the patients with permanent NVAF (2.29%) than among those with paroxysmal (1.16%) or persistent (1.20%) NVAF (P=0.001). After adjusting for warfarin use and CHA2DS2-VASc score components, however, the hazard ratio for thromboembolism did not differ between paroxysmal (reference) and permanent NVAF (1.007; 95% confidence interval: 0.955–1.061).Conclusions:The crude rate of thromboembolic events was higher in permanent NVAF than in paroxysmal NVAF, but after adjusting for warfarin use and CHA2DS2-VASc score components, paroxysmal and permanent NVAF patients had similar risk of thromboembolism.
著者
Takao Sato Tomoki Kameyama Takashi Ohori Akira Matsuki Hiroshi Inoue
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.23390, (Released:2014-05-16)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 4

Aim: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a pathogenic fat depot that may be associated with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Because eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to exert cardiovascular protective effects, we aimed to assess the effects of EPA on the volume of visceral adipose tissue, including EAT and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (AVAT), using multislice computed tomography (CT). Methods: In 30 patients with coronary artery diseases (9 women; mean age, 67.2±5.4 years), EAT and AVAT volumes were compared between the control group (n=15, conventional therapy) and the EPA group (n=15, conventional therapy plus purified EPA 1800 mg/day) during a six-month period. EAT was defined as any pixel that had CT attenuation of -150 to -30 Hounsfield units (HU) within the pericardial sac. Results: After the six-month follow-up, the serum EPA level increased from 59.9±18.8 to 177.2± 3.3 μg/mL in the EPA group (p<0.01), but no increase was noted in the control group. Similarly, the EPA/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio increased from 0.39±0.12 to 1.22±0.28 in the EPA group (p<0.01), with no significant increase in the control group. The AVAT and EAT volumes decreased in the EPA group but were unchanged in the control group (AVAT, −11.6±17.0 vs. +8.8±13.6 cm2, p<0.01; EAT, −7.3±8.3 vs. +8.7±8.8 cm3, p<0.01). Moreover, the change in the AVAT volume negatively correlated with the change in EPA (r=−0.58, p<0.01) and EPA/AA levels (r=−0.53, p<0.01). A similar negative correlation in these parameters was also observed for the EAT volume. Conclusions: Oral intake of purified EPA appears to be associated with reductions in EAT and AVAT volumes.
著者
Eitaro Kodani Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Ken Okumura Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0066, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
2 10

Background:The J-RHYTHM Registry 2 was a multicenter, prospective observational study that extended the follow-up period of the J-RHYTHM Registry in order to investigate long-term outcomes and effects of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods and Results:Among 6,616 patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) (men 71.0%, 69.7±9.9 years, CHADS2score 1.7±1.2), event rates were compared among patients receiving warfarin (n=3,964), NOACs (n=923), and no anticoagulation therapy (No-OAC, n=753) at the end of follow-up, except for 976 patients lacking anticoagulant data. During the 5-year follow-up period, thromboembolism occurred in 196 (4.9%), 19 (2.1%), and 45 (6.0%) patients, respectively; major hemorrhage in 233 (5.9%), 22 (2.4%), and 36 (4.8%); all-cause death in 230 (5.8%), 13 (1.4%), and 105 (13.9%), (P<0.001 for each). After adjusting for the components of the CHA2DS2-VASc score and antiplatelet drug use, the odds ratio (OR) in the Warfarin group was significantly lower for all-cause death compared with that in the No-OAC group (OR 0.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.23–0.39, P<0.001), whereas ORs in the NOACs group were significantly lower for all events (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.24–0.74, P=0.003 for thromboembolism; OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.31–0.93, P=0.027 for major hemorrhage; and OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.06–0.18, P<0.001 for all-cause death, respectively).Conclusions:NOACs could be beneficial for reducing event rates of all types in Japanese NVAF patients.
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0051, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
11

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF.
著者
Eitaro Kodani Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Ken Okumura Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-15-0621, (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
11 14

Background:To clarify the effects of warfarin therapy in very old patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), a post-hoc analysis was performed using the data of the J-RHYTHM Registry.Methods and Results:A consecutive series of AF outpatients was enrolled from 158 institutions. Of 7,937 patients, 7,406 with NVAF (men, 70.8%; 69.8±10.0 years) were followed for 2 years or until an event occurred. Patients were divided into 3 age groups (<70, 70–84, and ≥85 years) and 5 subgroups according to international normalized ratio (INR; <1.6, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0). Prevalence of female sex, permanent AF, hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and history of ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack was higher in the older groups. In the oldest group, 79.7% of patients received warfarin and their time in therapeutic range, using the Japanese target INR of 1.6–2.6, was 67.1%. Rate of thromboembolic events was lower in the age groups <70 and 70–84 years (P=0.027 and P<0.001, respectively) for patients receiving warfarin compared with those who were not. In the oldest group, the rate of thromboembolism plus major hemorrhage was lower at INR 1.6–2.59.Conclusions:Warfarin could have beneficial effects even in very old NVAF patients if INR is kept between 1.6 and 2.59.
著者
Hirofumi Tomita Ken Okumura Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa Eiki Tsushima on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-15-0095, (Released:2015-05-13)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
9 15

Background:Because the current Japanese guideline recommends CHADS2score-based risk stratification in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients and does not list female sex as a risk for thromboembolic events, we designed the present study to compare the CHA2DS2-VASc and CHA2DS2-VA scores in the J-RHYTHM Registry.Methods and Results:We prospectively assessed the incidence of thromboembolic events for 2 years in 997 NVAF patients without warfarin treatment (age 68±12 years, 294 females). The predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc and CHA2DS2-VA scores for thromboembolic events was evaluated by c-statistic difference and net reclassification improvement (NRI). Thromboembolic events occurred in 7/294 females (1.2%/year) and 23/703 males (1.6%/year) (odds ratio 0.72 for female to male, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.28–1.62, P=0.44). No sex difference was found in patient groups stratified by CHA2DS2-VASc and CHA2DS2-VA scores. There were significant c-statistic difference (0.029, Z=2.3, P=0.02) and NRI (0.11, 95% CI 0.01–0.20, P=0.02), with the CHA2DS2-VA score being superior to the CHA2DS2-VASc score. In patients with CHA2DS2-VASc scores 0 and 1 (n=374), there were markedly significant c-statistic difference (0.053, Z=6.6, P<0.0001) and NRI (0.11, 95% CI 0.07–0.14, P<0.0001), again supporting superiority of CHA2DS2-VA to CHA2DS2-VASc score.Conclusions:In Japanese NVAF patients, the CHA2DS2-VA score, a risk scoring system excluding female sex from CHA2DS2-VASc, may be more useful in risk stratification for thromboembolic events than CHA2DS2-VASc score, especially in identifying truly low-risk patients.
著者
Hiroshi Inoue Eitaro Kodani Hirotsugu Atarashi Ken Okumura Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0242, (Released:2018-07-06)
参考文献数
33

Background:It is unclear whether renal dysfunction affects warfarin control in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods and Results:Using a dataset from the J-RHYTHM Registry, time in therapeutic range (TTR) of the international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time, and creatinine clearance (CrCl) were determined in elderly patients aged ≥70 years. Target INR values were 1.6–2.6 following Japanese guidelines. Incidences of thromboembolism, major hemorrhage, and all-cause death were determined over 2 years. Of 7,406 NVAF patients enrolled in the registry, 2,782 elderly patients (mean age, 75 years) had data for CrCl measured at baseline and TTR. TTR values were lower in the lower CrCl groups (P<0.001 for trend). CrCl <30 mL/min was independently associated with TTR <65% (odds ratio, 1.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.13–1.95; P=0.004). In the multivariate analysis, TTR <65% was independently associated with thromboembolism (hazard ratio, 2.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.37–3.72; P=0.001), but CrCl was not (CrCl <30 mL/min, 1.68, 0.41–6.85, P=0.473). However, CrCl <30 mL/min and TTR <65% were independently associated with all-cause death (5.32, 1.56–18.18, P=0.008 and 1.60, 1.07–2.38, P=0.022, respectively) and the composite event (thromboembolism, major hemorrhage and all-cause death) (2.03, 1.10–3.76, P=0.024 and 1.58, 1.22–2.04, P=0.001, respectively).Conclusions:Elderly NVAF patients with renal dysfunction had poor warfarin control, which was associated with higher risk of thromboembolism and all-cause death.
著者
Ken Okumura Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Takeshi Yamashita Hirofumi Tomita Hideki Origasa for the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators.
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.7, pp.1593-1599, 2014 (Released:2014-06-25)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
32 46

Background: Recent European guidelines recommended the CHA2DS2-VASc score for thromboembolic and the HAS-BLED score for bleeding risk stratifications. We validated these scores in 7,384 Japanese patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) enrolled in the J-RHYTHM Registry. Methods and Results: Of the study cohort, 6,387 patients taking warfarin and the other 997 not taking warfarin were prospectively examined for 2 years. Thromboembolic and major bleeding risks were stratified by modified CHA2DS2-VASc (mCHA2DS2-VASc) and HAS-BLED (mHAS-BLED) scores, respectively. Of the patients with mCHA2DS2-VASc score 0, 1, and ≥2, thromboembolism occurred in 2/141 (0.7%/year), 4/233 (0.9%/year), and 24/623 (1.9%/year), respectively, in the non-warfarin group, and in 1/346 (0.1%/year, P=0.19 vs. non-warfarin), 4/912 (0.2%/year, P=0.05), and 92/5,129 (0.9%/year, P=0.0005), respectively, in the warfarin group. When female sex was excluded from the score, thromboembolism occurred in 2/180 patients (0.6%/year), 5/245 (1.0%/year), and 23/572 (1.6%/year), respectively, in the non-warfarin group, and in 1/422 (0.1%/year, P=0.20 vs. non-warfarin), 5/1,096 (0.2%/year, P=0.02), and 91/4,869 (0.9%/year, P=0.0005), respectively, in the warfarin group. Patients with mHAS-BLED scores ≥3 were at high risk for major bleeding irrespective of warfarin treatment (1.3 and 2.6%/year in the non-warfarin and warfarin groups, respectively). Conclusions: In Japanese NVAF patients, the mCHA2DS2-VASc score is useful for identifying patients at truly low risk of thromboembolism. Female sex may be excluded as a risk from the score. mHAS-BLED score ≥3 is useful for identifying patients at high risk of major bleeding.  (Circ J 2014; 78: 1593–1599)
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.4, pp.827-834, 2016-03-25 (Released:2016-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
11

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF. (Circ J 2016; 80: 827–834)
著者
Takao Sato Tomoki Kameyama Takashi Ohori Akira Matsuki Hiroshi Inoue
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.10, pp.1031-1043, 2014-10-24 (Released:2014-10-24)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 4

Aim: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a pathogenic fat depot that may be associated with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Because eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to exert cardiovascular protective effects, we aimed to assess the effects of EPA on the volume of visceral adipose tissue, including EAT and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (AVAT), using multislice computed tomography (CT). Methods: In 30 patients with coronary artery diseases (9 women; mean age, 67.2±5.4 years), EAT and AVAT volumes were compared between the control group (n=15, conventional therapy) and the EPA group (n=15, conventional therapy plus purified EPA 1800 mg/day) during a six-month period. EAT was defined as any pixel that had CT attenuation of -150 to -30 Hounsfield units (HU) within the pericardial sac. Results: After the six-month follow-up, the serum EPA level increased from 59.9±18.8 to 177.2± 3.3 μg/mL in the EPA group (p<0.01), but no increase was noted in the control group. Similarly, the EPA/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio increased from 0.39±0.12 to 1.22±0.28 in the EPA group (p<0.01), with no significant increase in the control group. The AVAT and EAT volumes decreased in the EPA group but were unchanged in the control group (AVAT, −11.6±17.0 vs. +8.8±13.6 cm2, p<0.01; EAT, −7.3±8.3 vs. +8.7±8.8 cm3, p<0.01). Moreover, the change in the AVAT volume negatively correlated with the change in EPA (r=−0.58, p<0.01) and EPA/AA levels (r=−0.53, p<0.01). A similar negative correlation in these parameters was also observed for the EAT volume. Conclusions: Oral intake of purified EPA appears to be associated with reductions in EAT and AVAT volumes.
著者
Harukazu Kanehira Akinori Agariguchi Hisashi Kato Shigeki Yoshimine Hiroshi Inoue
出版者
Japan Prosthodontic Society
雑誌
日本補綴歯科学会雑誌 (ISSN:03895386)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.3, pp.375-380, 2008-07-10 (Released:2008-10-10)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
17 19

Purpose: To evaluate the causes of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) by examining the relationships between 3 major TMD symptoms, parafunction, and stress, a questionnaire survey was performed during dental examinations in corporations.Methods: The survey was performed using 6 questions on the following topics: 1. Trismus; 2. Joint noise; 3. Pain; 4. Clenching in the daytime; 5. Nocturnal bruxism; and 6. Stress.There were 3,225 subjects, 2,809 males and 416 females and the mean age of the subjects was 40.12 years. The relationships between questions 1 to 5 and question 6 were examined by the chi-square test.Results: There were significant correlations (question 1, p=0.001; questions 2-5, p<0.001).Conclusion: Clearly, there was an influence of psychological factors, such as stress, on TMD, and such factors were considered to play important roles in its etiology, progression, and treatment. The results of this study suggest that well-controlled studies of TMD are necessary.
著者
Shinya Suzuki Takeshi Yamashita Ken Okumura Hirotsugu Atarashi Masaharu Akao Hisashi Ogawa Hiroshi Inoue
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-1131, (Released:2014-12-11)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
16 32

Background:The incidence rate of ischemic stroke in Japanese non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients without anticoagulation therapy remains unclear.Methods and Results:We performed a pooled analysis of 3,588 patients from the Shinken Database (n=1,099), J-RHYTHM Registry (n=1,002), and Fushimi AF Registry (n=1,487) to determine the incidence rate of ischemic stroke in Japanese NVAF patients without anticoagulation therapy. Average patient age was 68.1 years. During the follow-up period (total, 5,188 person-years; average, 1.4 years), 69 patients suffered from ischemic stroke (13.3 per 1,000 person-years; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 10.5–16.8). The incidence rates of ischemic stroke were 5.4, 9.3, and 24.7 per 1,000 person-years and 5.3, 5.5, and 18.4 per 1,000 person-years in patients with low (0), intermediate (1), and high (≥2) CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores, respectively. History of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (hazard ratio [HR], 3.25; 95% CI: 1.86–5.67), age ≥75 years (HR, 2.31; 95% CI: 1.18–4.52), and hypertension (HR, 1.69; 95% CI: 1.01–2.86) were independent risk factors for ischemic stroke.Conclusions:A low incidence rate of ischemic stroke was observed in Japanese NVAF patients except for those with CHADS2 score ≥2. In this pooled analysis, history of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, advanced age, and hypertension were identified as independent risk factors for ischemic stroke.
著者
Shinya Suzuki Takeshi Yamashita Ken Okumura Hirotsugu Atarashi Masaharu Akao Hisashi Ogawa Hiroshi Inoue
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.2, pp.432-438, 2015-01-23 (Released:2015-01-23)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
16 32

Background:The incidence rate of ischemic stroke in Japanese non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients without anticoagulation therapy remains unclear.Methods and Results:We performed a pooled analysis of 3,588 patients from the Shinken Database (n=1,099), J-RHYTHM Registry (n=1,002), and Fushimi AF Registry (n=1,487) to determine the incidence rate of ischemic stroke in Japanese NVAF patients without anticoagulation therapy. Average patient age was 68.1 years. During the follow-up period (total, 5,188 person-years; average, 1.4 years), 69 patients suffered from ischemic stroke (13.3 per 1,000 person-years; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 10.5–16.8). The incidence rates of ischemic stroke were 5.4, 9.3, and 24.7 per 1,000 person-years and 5.3, 5.5, and 18.4 per 1,000 person-years in patients with low (0), intermediate (1), and high (≥2) CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores, respectively. History of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (hazard ratio [HR], 3.25; 95% CI: 1.86–5.67), age ≥75 years (HR, 2.31; 95% CI: 1.18–4.52), and hypertension (HR, 1.69; 95% CI: 1.01–2.86) were independent risk factors for ischemic stroke.Conclusions:A low incidence rate of ischemic stroke was observed in Japanese NVAF patients except for those with CHADS2 score ≥2. In this pooled analysis, history of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, advanced age, and hypertension were identified as independent risk factors for ischemic stroke. (Circ J 2015; 79: 432–438)
著者
Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Masatake Fukunami Kaoru Sugi Chikuma Hamada Hideki Origasa for the Sinus Rhythm Maintenance in Atrial Fibrillation Randomized Trial (SMART) Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.6, pp.553-556, 2002 (Released:2002-05-25)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
6

A multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind trial compared the preventive effect of aprindine and digoxin on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) with placebo, and also compare the effectiveness of these 2 drugs in the prevention of AF. Patients with symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent AF who had converted to sinus rhythm (SR) were randomly assigned aprindine (40 mg/day), digoxin (0.25 mg/day) or placebo and followed up on an outpatient basis every 2 weeks for 6 months. Of the 141 patients from 36 participating centers, 47 were given aprindine, 47 digoxin, and 47 were on placebo. After the 6-month follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier estimates of the percentage of patients remaining free of recurrent symptomatic AF on aprindine, digoxin and placebo were 33.3%, 29.2% and 21.5%, respectively. In patients remaining in SR for 15 days after from the start of follow-up, freedom from recurrence was significantly more prevalent in the aprindine group than in the placebo group (p=0.0414), but there was no significant difference between the digoxin and placebo groups. The rate of adverse events was similar in the 3 groups. In conclusion, neither aprindine nor digoxin had a significant effect on preventing relapse of symptomatic AF; however, recurrence of AF occurred later with aprindine than with placebo or digoxin. (Circ J 2002; 66: 553 - 556)
著者
Hiroshi Inoue Ken Okumura Hirotsugu Atarashi Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa Naoko Kumagai Masayuki Sakurai Yuichiro Kawamura Isao Kubota Kazuo Matsumoto Yoshiaki Kaneko Satoshi Ogawa Yoshifusa Aizawa Masaomi Chinushi Itsuo Kodama Eiichi Watanabe Yukihiro Koretsune Yuji Okuyama Akihiko Shimizu Osamu Igawa Shigenobu Bando Masahiko Fukatani Tetsunori Saikawa Akiko Chishaki on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-0290, (Released:2013-05-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
52 62

Background: Target anticoagulation levels for warfarin in Japanese patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 7,527 patients with NVAF, 1,002 did not receive warfarin (non-warfarin group), and the remaining patients receiving warfarin were divided into 5 groups based on their baseline international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time (≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0). Patients were followed-up prospectively for 2 years. Primary endpoints were thromboembolic events (cerebral infarction, transient ischemic attack, and systemic embolism), and major hemorrhage requiring hospital admission. During the follow-up period, thromboembolic events occurred in 3.0% of non-warfarin group, but at lower frequencies in the warfarin groups (2.0, 1.3, 1.5, 0.6, and 1.8%/2 years for INR values of ≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0, respectively; P=0.0059). Major hemorrhage occurred more frequently in warfarin groups (1.5, 1.8, 2.4, 3.3, and 4.1% for INR values ≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0, respectively; P=0.0041) than in non-warfarin group (0.8%/2 years). These trends were maintained when the analyses were confined to patients aged ≥70 years. Conclusions: An INR of 1.6–2.6 is safe and effective at preventing thromboembolic events in patients with NVAF, particularly patients aged ≥70 years. An INR of 2.6–2.99 is also effective, but associated with a slightly increased risk in major hemorrhage. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000001569)
著者
Ryozo Nagai Koichiro Kinugawa Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Yoshihiko Seino Takeshi Yamashita Wataru Shimizu Takeshi Aiba Masafumi Kitakaze Atsuhiro Sakamoto Takanori Ikeda Yasushi Imai Takashi Daimon Katsuhiro Fujino Tetsuji Nagano Tatsuaki Okamura Masatsugu Hori the J-Land Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.4, pp.908-916, 2013 (Released:2013-03-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
21 33

Background: A rapid heart rate (HR) during atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction often impairs cardiac performance. The J-Land study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β-blocker, with those of digoxin for swift control of tachycardia in AF/AFL in patients with LV dysfunction. Methods and Results: The 200 patients with AF/AFL, HR ≥120beats/min, and LV ejection fraction 25–50% were randomized to receive either landiolol (n=93) or digoxin (n=107). Successful HR control was defined as ≥20% reduction in HR together with HR <110beats/min at 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol or digoxin. The dose of landiolol was adjusted in the range of 1–10μg·kg–1·min–1 according to the patient’s condition. The mean HR at baseline was 138.2±15.7 and 138.0±15.0beats/min in the landiolol and digoxin groups, respectively. Successful HR control was achieved in 48.0% of patients treated with landiolol and in 13.9% of patients treated with digoxin (P<0.0001). Serious adverse events were reported in 2 and 3 patients in each group, respectively. Conclusions: Landiolol was more effective for controlling rapid HR than digoxin in AF/AFL patients with LV dysfunction, and could be considered as a therapeutic option in this clinical setting.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 908–916)
著者
Ryozo Nagai Koichiro Kinugawa Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Yoshihiko Seino Takeshi Yamashita Wataru Shimizu Takeshi Aiba Masafumi Kitakaze Atsuhiro Sakamoto Takanori Ikeda Yasushi Imai Takashi Daimon Katsuhiro Fujino Tetsuji Nagano Tatsuaki Okamura Masatsugu Hori the J-Land Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-12-1618, (Released:2013-03-15)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
21 33

Background: A rapid heart rate (HR) during atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction often impairs cardiac performance. The J-Land study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β-blocker, with those of digoxin for swift control of tachycardia in AF/AFL in patients with LV dysfunction. Methods and Results: The 200 patients with AF/AFL, HR ≥120beats/min, and LV ejection fraction 25–50% were randomized to receive either landiolol (n=93) or digoxin (n=107). Successful HR control was defined as ≥20% reduction in HR together with HR <110beats/min at 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol or digoxin. The dose of landiolol was adjusted in the range of 1–10μg·kg–1·min–1 according to the patient’s condition. The mean HR at baseline was 138.2±15.7 and 138.0±15.0beats/min in the landiolol and digoxin groups, respectively. Successful HR control was achieved in 48.0% of patients treated with landiolol and in 13.9% of patients treated with digoxin (P<0.0001). Serious adverse events were reported in 2 and 3 patients in each group, respectively. Conclusions: Landiolol was more effective for controlling rapid HR than digoxin in AF/AFL patients with LV dysfunction, and could be considered as a therapeutic option in this clinical setting.