著者
菊池 哲平
出版者
熊本大学教育学部
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, pp.47-56, 2020-12-16

This paper examines the significance of the universal design of class lesson (Jugyo UD) from a theoretical perspective, in particular the role of inclusive education system in Japan. In recent years, as efforts to develop Jugyo UD have become increasingly popular in the schools, there has been an increase of critical arguments against it. We believe that the reasons for this are that the concept of universal design itself is unclear and that there are misunderstandings about the aims of Jugyo UD. Furthermore, it is argued that there is a difference in the approach to universal design between Jugyo UD in Japan and Universal Design for Learning (UDL), and that this is related to the balance between accommodations and modifications in inclusive education. In conclusion, it was confirmed that Jugyo UD is an indispensable approach to the development of an inclusive education system in Japan as a basic environmental arrangement.
著者
仲里 仁史 栂尾 春奈 松瀬 美紅
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Kumamoto University (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
no.66, pp.223-228, 2017

【序言】近年,食物アレルギーを持つ児童生徒が増加している.また,アナフイラキシーショックによる死亡事故の発生など学校現場のみならず社会的にも食物アレルギーに対する関心が高まっている.【方法】本研究では,将来学校教員となる教育学部(養護教諭養成課程を除く)4年生94名を対象に食物アレルギーに関する知識や意識についてアンケート調査を行った.また,同19名に食物アレルギーの基礎知識や緊急時対応について講習を行いその教育効果を検討した.【結果】①教育学部生は食物アレルギーに関する基礎知識やエピペンなど緊急時対応に関する知識が不十分であることがわかった.②講習により食物アレルギーに関する知識は,一部を除き8割以上の正答率となった.全20問中10問で全員が正答した.③講習後,正答数は各人で増え,講習前の10.6±3.5点(平均±標準偏差;20点満点)から講習後の17.6±1.3点(同)に上昇した.【結論】食物アレルギー講習は教育効果がある.全ての教育学部生が食物アレルギーについて学び対応力を身に着けることは,将来学校現場における児童生徒の救命に寄与すると考えられる.
著者
仁野平 智明
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, pp.7-15, 2016-12-19

本稿は、改訂前の平成16年検定済から、改訂後の平成22年、現行の平成26年検定済教科書までの俳句教材の変遷を調査・分析し、「伝統的な言語文化に関する事項」の新設と教材の指定が、小学校国語教科書教材に与えた影響について考察することを目的とする。
著者
島田 秀昭 松本 直也
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, pp.235-237, 2019-12-16

The red cabbage pigment is used as a teaching material for acid alkaline experiment in lower secondary school science. However, it is difficult to obtain the red cabbage stably throughout the year. Thus, in the present study, to develop a new teaching material for acid alkaline experiment, the extraction method of pigment from eggplant and the color development at each pH of the pigment extracted were examined. Furthermore, the color development at each pH of the pigment extracted from the several eggplants were compared.
著者
八ッ塚 一郎
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, pp.123-132, 2015-12-18

「いじめ」について語れば語るほど、問題の本質が遠ざかり、その解決がいっそう困難となる、言説のもたらす逆説について検討する。本稿では「いじめ」現象の記述と把握、および、マクロな言説流通の2段階に分けて整理する。特に「いじめ」言説がもたらす効果、その逆説に焦点を当てる。
著者
飯野 直子 金柿 主税
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, pp.357-362, 2014-12-12

In order to examine the ability of a simple device to measure the environmental radiation dose rate level, we carried out a car-borne survey of gamma-ray dose rates in Kyushu. The obtained data was illustrated on the topographic and geological maps in Kyushu, along the run routes recorded by a GPS logger. It was found that the gamma-ray dose rate varies in the following cases: [1] the dose rate is maintained low level when the car passes an alluvial plain, such as the Tsukushi Plain and the Kumamoto Plain, [2] a downward tendency of the dose rate is observed when the car passes a basalt tableland, such as the Kitamatsuura Peninsula,[3] a remarkable increase of the dose rate is observed when the car passes a tunnel, [4] an upward tendency of the dose rate is observed when the car passes a mountainous road. These results suggest that the simple device is useful to obtain the environmental radiation dose rate level map as teaching materials.
著者
飯野 直子 小田 真莉絵 山中 美季 金柿 主税
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, pp.299-309, 2013-12-12

The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal environment in Kumamoto and to develop the teaching materials on the urban heat island for science and environmental educations. Here, we discussed the long-range trend of annual mean temperatures at four meteorological stations in Kumamoto Prefecture by using continuous measurement of air temperature observed by the Japan Meteorological Agency since 1891, first. Next, the distributions of vegetation, surface temperature, and land cover in Kumamoto City in 1988, 1998, and 2010 were analyzed by using satellite remote sensing data. As the result, it was identified by the analysis of long-term air temperature data that the characteristics of urban climate were notable in Kumamoto City, and the impact of landdevelopment on the thermal environment were demonstrated by the satellite images clearly. Finally, we showed two types of teaching material on the thermal environment in Kumamoto.
著者
伊藤 仁一 山下 雄太郎 Jin-ichi Itoh Yutaro Yamashita
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, pp.347-356, 2014-12-12

A circular surface is a one parameter family of round circles in Euclidean space and which is defined in [2]. The circular surface is determined by a space curve of circular center and planes containing circles. First we study the sufficient condition that the special circular surfaces with constant radius whose normal directions of the planes are rotating around the curve, are embeddings. Next we study the condition that circular surface with constant radius are immersions. Moreover, we discussed the relation between the double circular surfaces (i.e. at least two circles through any point) and quadratic surfaces.
著者
井福 裕俊 中山 貴文 坂本 将基 齋藤 和也 小澤 雄二 福田 晃平 中村 朱里
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, pp.267-272, 2017-12-19

The purpose of the present study was to classify standing posture of the upper grade elementary school children in the second sexual stage into five types according to Kendall's method, and to clarify factors affecting those postures by using seven muscle strength or flexibility tests. A total of 196 children (104 boys, 92 girls) were analyzed. Only 22% of children were a good posture even if the ideal and military postures were combined, whereas a bad posture, i.e., kyphosis-lordosis, flat-back and sway-back postures, accounted for 78%. The deviation of the body's center of gravity was significantly shorter in the good pasture than in the bad posture. When principal component analysis was applied to the data for seven muscular strength or flexibility tests, military posture had high overall evaluation of muscular strength and flexibility and kyphosis-lordosis posture was lower, whereas ideal posture was mainly held by muscular strength and flexibility of lower body and flat-back posture was mainly held by those of upper body. These findings suggest that it is necessary to improve muscle strength and flexibility in order to improve the bad standing posture of upper grade elementary school children.
著者
松瀬 憲司
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:21881871)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, pp.65-72, 2016-12-19

In English there are pairs of semantically related words in which the one has gone through both palatalization and assibilation (Palatal Softening), while the other has not: for example, speech vs. speak, Old English giefan vs. give, etc. Among the conditions that trigger both sound changes, the existence of front vowel(s) before or/and after the /k/ or /ɡ/ sound involved and what we call i-Umlaut are very crucial. In addition, the reason why the palatalized and assibilated /ɡ/ in Old English giefan has been replaced by the original /ɡ/ in Present-Day English give cannot be accounted for by a sound change theory, but by a sociolinguistic point of view; give, a word borrowed from Old Norse, has been adopted into the standard variety of English instead of the native word giefan.And we also find tush, which has changed the original /sk/ sound of Proto-Germanic tunþskaz, as a dialectal variant in tandem with tusk, which has not and was taken into the standard English. This fact suggests that it just happened in the history of English that the former is regarded as a vernacular form and the latter a standard one; it just depends upon our selection whether they become a standard variety or not.