- 社会福祉学 (ISSN:09110232)
- vol.21, no.2, pp.23-47c, 1980-11-20
I. The purpose of this study The purpose of this study is to make clear the role that the policy of public relief finance played on the life of the people in Fukushima Prefecture, and then to make clear the feature of the history of developement of the policy. This will be a fundamental data in studying the history of the policy and the system. For, the public relief is a relief of the administration side, and the study of the finance will come to be the most suitable data that prove the concrete condition of the relief of the administration side. The actual condition of the historical change is an index which indicates an attitude and a volition toward the relief (the social welfare) of the administration side. In other words, this will be a criterion of the role that the administration in each period played on the people.If it becomes clear, the study of the history of the actual condition of the social welfare will become trustworthy. II. Conclusion I will divide the history of the relief finance in Fukushima Prefecture, considering the feature in each year. In the first period, betwen 1879 and around 1887, mainly the relief expenses in the national expenditure was disbursed, especially the military relief expenses was disbursed a lot. In the second period, between around 1887 and around 1899, mainly the relief expenses in the national expenditure was disbursed too, but the substance of the expenses changed. In the third period, between around 1900 and around 1907, the amount of the expenditure of the relief expenses in the prefectural expenditure surpassed that in the national expenditure. This was because the items snd the amount of expenditure in the prefectural expenditure increased. In the forth period, between around 1908 and 1912, the expenditure of the relief expenses in the prefectural expenditure increased rapidly, but that in the national expenditure decreased. And the expenditure to the subsidy toward relief facilities appeared in the relief expenses in the national and the prefectural expenditure. This would be considered to predict the substance of expeniture of the relief expenses in Taisho Period.