著者
遠藤 誠作
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.169-183, 2015-03-31

The times when population decreased began in Japan, and time to reconsider a method of the conventional sewer construction came. Because individual processing is effective in the area having low population density, I think about the maintenance that utilized a septic tank.
著者
齋藤 梓 大竹 裕子
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学 (ISSN:18819818)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.185-205, 2019

Whether 'sex without consent' should constitute the legal definition of sexual violence instead of the 'assault or intimidation requirement' has been discussed extensively in Japan. Applying qualitative methods, we conducted thematic analysis on oral and written narratives of consensual and non-consensual sex obtained from 30 Japanese women. Findings suggest that non-consensual sex most typically happen through 'entrapment', referring to the process through which the perpetrator exploits an unequal power relation in everyday life and corners the victim into a situation where she cannot resist, escape, or express refusal.
著者
瀬川 高央
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.87-106, 2015-03-31

The purpose of this article is to discuss participation in the SDI research by the Nakasone Administration. In 1985, the U.S. Department of Defense requested that it participate in the research of SDI for European countries and Japan. At first, West Europe and Japan showed a skeptic view about the realizability of SDI. However, the U.K. and West Germany concluded the agreement to participate in the SDI research that the United States initiated. To acquire the high technology that the United States developed, Japan also decided participation in the SDI research following the U.K. and West Germany. Japan was able to disclose the content of the agreement of the SDI research participation by doing the negotiation with the United States repeatedly. Moreover, a Japanese enterprise acquired use rights of the defense technology newly developed from the United States enterprise.
著者
佐々木 隆生
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学 (ISSN:18819818)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.81-114, 2011-03-31

Japanese articulation of higher education with high school education has depended upon entrance examinations of each university. It is very particular compared with other industrialized countries. As younger population has been decreasing since 1992, selective powers of universities to applicants have declined. Japanese system of the articulation has faced a turning point, and must introduce a new test to evaluate level of general education in high school.

1 0 0 0 OA 巻頭言

著者
高野 伸栄
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学 (ISSN:18819818)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.1, 2019
著者
高波 千代子
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.291-307, 2013-05-17

People in Japan can benefit from the healthcare based on a universal public insurance system, while the average length of hospital stay is the longest in advanced countries. Most patients in the long-term care hospitals are the bedridden elderly living on tube feedings. Not only do the majority of the elderly have dementia; they generally have little chance of expressing their own words when they are offered life-prolonging treatments. The elderly may require a terminal care with a palliative approach when they are dying due to the ageing process, that is, not only as a consequence of an incurable disease.
著者
佐々木 隆生
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報公共政策学 (ISSN:18819818)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.19-54, 2017

The entrance examination system in Japanese private university in the stage of elite higher education was based on 1) national curriculum that pursued completion of high general education at high school, 2) examinations imposing many subjects, and 3) low enrolment ratio with relative shortage of quota for students who accessed to universities. While the former two conditions were lost from the late-1970s to the beginning of 1990s, and the last condition was lost from 1992 on, the entrance examination system and the selection system for enrolment has deteriorated. This article gives a historical review of deteriorating process in the entrance examination system in Japanese private university.