著者
堀毛 裕子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.1-7, 1991 (Released:2015-07-05)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
22 14

The purpose of this paper is to develop a Japanese version of the Health Locus of Control (JHLC) Scales after the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control(MHLC) Scales (Wallston, K.A., et al., 1978). Horike (1988) gave a Japanese translation of the MHLC Scales which simply consist of three 6-item subscales (internal, powerful others, and chance), and found that the Scales are inapplicable to measuring Japanese way of thinking about health and illnesse. In order to revise the inadequacy, this study started with making a 91-items questionnaire, based on a number of statements on health and illness by Japanese subjects.From a pretest of 328 college students and through factor analysis, five factors (subscales) were picked up: I (internal), F (family), Pr (professional), C (chance), and S (supernatural). By selecting 5 items for each of the 5 subscales, a new set of JHLC Scales was developed which consist of a total 25 items. When applied to 233 (male and female) subjects, alpha reliabilities for the JHLC Scales range from 0.68 to 0.87., showing the usefulness of the Scales.
著者
八尋 華那雄 井上 眞人 野沢 由美佳
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.18-32, 1993 (Released:2015-07-03)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1 1

The purpose of this study is to divise a questionnaire for the Life-Events suitable for Japanese people. What we did as the first step was to examine the Holmes' Social Readjustment Rating Scale. We asked 205 subjects to judge these 43 items from a Japanese viewpoint and decide whether they (1) are stressors or not, (2) have appropriate LCU scores or not, (3) how they are stressful and to put valid LCU scores for them. The results are as follows. Our subjects do not regard those life events which are joyfull as stressors. We think it useful to sellect 26 items among the 43, after examined LCU scores and evaluation of how stressful they are expected to be. In the near future, as a second step, we will take the same procedure to examine those life event items which we studied in 1990. Also, we'll sellect appropriate life events to add to these 26.
著者
春木 豊 石川 利江 河野 梨香 松田 与理子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.57-67, 2008-12-31 (Released:2014-03-28)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2 3

This paper provides an overview of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Program developed by Kabat-Zinn. The meaning of mindfulness, Kabat-Zinn's view of mediation, and six techniques of MBSR—eating meditation, breathing, body scan, yoga, walking meditation and sitting meditation—are explained. The effectiveness of MBSR on increased stress tolerance, cognitive change, improved self-management, relaxation, increased ability for acceptance, and awareness of body sensation are introduced, and the literature reporting the applications of MBSR on patients with various conditions, including pain, anxiety, depression, eating disorder, skin disease, cancer and organ transplant, as well as its application to lifestyle modification are reviewed. Finally, potential applications of MBSR in health psychology with a particular focus in the area of health education are discussed.
著者
岡崎 寿美子 秋田 久直 野田 和子 緒形 雅則 相川 貞男 福山 嘉綱
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.1-17, 1990 (Released:2015-07-08)
参考文献数
14

Although we have many reports about the pain threshold mechanism and the method of objective assessment, there are so many factors which are not yet made clear. To find a tool for pain assessment, the author conducted a survey for the healthy students. In this survey, the author collated the words used describe pain obtained a quantitative measure of pain using a eleven-point scales from 0=free from pain to 10=unbearable pain. In conclusion, it is conjectured in Japanese that the combination of several words and the usages of adjectives and simulation words make it more possible in the expression of pains. The difference on pain expressions between man and woman was shown in only word “cutting-like pain”. There also was no difference about each word of pain expression in “t” exam of five typed YG character test. The same result was found in four factors concerning emotional stability on YG character test.
著者
坂本 真士 田中 江里子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.1, pp.59-63, 2002-06-25 (Released:2015-01-07)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
4 15

The purpose of this study is two-fold; (1) to translate the revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) into Japanese and to investigate its internal consistency and test-retest reliability, (2) to test the factor structure of the LOT-R (one-factor model versus two-factor model) by conducting confirmatory factor analyses. Data from 619 undergraduates were analyzed to investigate the internal consistency and factor structure, and data from 220 undergraduates were analyzed to examining the test-retest reliability. Both internal consistency and test-retest reliability were confirmed; Cronbach's alpha coefficient and the test-retest reliability coefficient were .62 and .84, respectively. The confirmatory factor analyses supported the two-factor model rather than the one-factor model. Cultural differences between the East and the West in the factor structure of the LOT-R were discussed.
著者
野田 哲朗
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.Special_issue, pp.129-134, 2016 (Released:2016-04-14)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
2

The general health conditions of schizophrenic patients have not been investigated to date, though their high mortality is considered to be mainly caused by smoking. This study examined relationships between smoking and mental disorders, as well as importance of providing support for people with mental disorders to help them stop smoking.
著者
野々口 陽子 濵田 咲子 山野 洋一 岩原 昭彦 山田 冨美雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.Special_issue, pp.143-149, 2016 (Released:2016-04-14)
参考文献数
22

The possibility that lifestyle factors such as smoking and sleep-wake habits could affect incidents caused by nurses was investigated. Nurses (N=1,622, 1,515 women and 107 men) participated in this study. We analyzed data on female nurses (n=557, 32.2±8.9 years: 36 [6.5%] smokers, 464 [83.3%] non-smokers that had never smoked, 57 [10.2%] non-smoking former smokers) who completed all questions related to their smoking status, their sleep-wake habits assessed by the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, and the Incidents Index for Hospital Nurses. Results indicated that 434 (77.9%) nurses were of the evening type, and 123 (22.1%) were of the morning type, and smokers experienced significantly more incidents than did non-smokers. Nurses who were evening-type smokers reported marginally significantly higher rates of incidents than nurses who were morning-type smokers. Moreover, the ratio of non-smokers who were former smokers was significantly higher in the morning type than in the evening type. It is concluded that smoking affected incidents caused by hospital nurses. It is also suggested that a morning-type lifestyle could facilitate smoking cessation.
著者
渡辺 俊太郎 小玉 正博
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.32-39, 2001-12-25 (Released:2015-01-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
5 5

The present study was conducted to develop an Anger Arousal and Lengthiness Scale (AALS), and to investigate its validity and reliability. The AALS was designed to measure individual differences in proneness to anger arousal and the tendency towards maintaining anger over a long period. These tendencies are considered to be risk factors for ischemic heart disease. Two hundred and sixty two college students participated in the study. A factor analysis of 13 items included in the AALS yielded two factors, proneness to anger arousal and tendency toward anger lengthiness. Both Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test-retest correlation were high enough to support the reliability of the AALS. The validity of the scale was established by significant correlations of this scale with both the Japanese version of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire and the anger scale of the Cornell Medical Index. The utility of the AALS was discussed in the context of the relationships between emotion and health.
著者
石原 俊一 内堀 知美 今井 有里紗 牧田 茂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.Special_issue, pp.177-184, 2015 (Released:2015-02-19)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2

Type D personality has recently attracted attention as a psychological factor closely related to the onset and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of the present research was to develop the Japanese version of Type D scale and to evaluate its validity and reliability. Participants (N=291; 133 CHD patients, 158 normal adults) completed questionnaires including the Japanese version of the Type D Scale (DS14), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Kikuchi's Social Skills Scale-18 (Kiss-18), and Negative Emotional Suppression Tendency Scale. Exploratory factor analysis of Japanese DS14 revealed two factors (social inhibition: SI, and negative affectivity: NA) comprised of 14 items. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate index of fitness. In addition, the scale had an acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, SI=.862, and NA=.799), as well as adequate reliability. These results indicate that the Japanese version of DS14 is a clinically useful scale for evaluating Type D personality in patients with CHD.
著者
岩野 卓 樋町 美華 坂野 雄二
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.52-63, 2012-08-20 (Released:2013-09-06)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
2

Psychological wellbeing (PWB) is known to be critical for promoting mental health. However, to date, the exact features resulting in PWB have not been identified. Therefore, the effects of factors promoting PWB suggested in previous studies were compared. Workers (n=447) that were covered different types of work such as medical, industrial, and educational staff, responded to the Psychological Well-Being Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Revised, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Stress Coping Inventory, and the Job Content Questionnaire. Result of the multiple regression analyses and path analyses indicated that positive and negative automatic thoughts that comprised positive thinking and negative thoughts about the self, as well as the decision latitude had significant effects on PWB. Therefore, it is concluded that automatic thoughts and decision latitude are critical for promoting PWB.
著者
森 秀美 長田 久雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.2, pp.61-68, 2007-12-25 (Released:2014-03-28)
参考文献数
17

Codependent tendency between nurses and patients was examined and the effects of this tendency in nurses on patients' self-care agency, satisfaction with nurses, compliance and adherence were investigated. Participants included nurses and inpatients in a hospital who responded to questionnaires. Results showed that although the code-pendent tendency was not significantly different between nurses and patients, some aspects of compliance and adherence of patients, and their satisfaction with nurses were low when the nurses' codependent tendency was high. The findings from this study suggest that it is important for nurses to be aware of their own codependent tendency when developing a healthy nurse-patient relationship.
著者
宇都宮 博
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.2, pp.1-10, 2004-12-25 (Released:2015-01-07)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
2

The influence of perceived interparental commitment on self-affirmation in female adolescents was investigated. Participants (n=131) completed a questionnaire composed of interparental commitment, fulfillment and self-esteem. The Children's Perception of Interparental Commitment Scale contains four dimensions: “Whole acceptance of being / Unsubstitution”, “Social pressure / Powerless”, “Idea of permanence / Group orientation”, and “Material dependence / Efficiency. Self-affirmation in female adolescents was negatively affected by mother's “Social pressure / Powerless and “Material dependence / Efficiency”. Father's “Idea of permanence / Group orientation” was predictive of the low self-affirmation in female adolescents. Conversely, mother's “Idea of permanence / Group orientation” was predictive of high self-affirmation in female adolescents. The mother's commitment may play an important role in self-affirmation of female adolescents.
著者
松井 美由紀 乗松 貞子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.1-9, 2012-12-01 (Released:2013-03-01)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
2 1

Physiological and psychological effects of illumination with different colored lights on humans were investigated in order to improve lighting conditions in medical treatment environments. Women (n=12) participated in an experiment in which they were exposed to illumination using 900 lx and 200 lx white fluorescent lamps, and a 200 lx lamp covered with a green cellophane transparent film. Physiological variables such as heart rate, HF values, LF/HF ratio, and Chromogranin A in saliva, as well as psychological variables such as subjective feelings of relaxation were measured using the Visual Analogue Scale test and the short version of the Japanese Profile of Mood. Participants subjected to stress conditions created by using the Uchida–Kraepelin test under white fluorescent lighting and then tested after 15 min of rest following stress in all three lighting conditions. Results indicated that there was a suppression of sympathetic activity, an increase in parasympathetic activity, as well as an improvement in physiological responses when using the 200 lx green light. There was also an improvement in psychological reactions and the feeling of relaxation, as well as a reduction in anxiety-tension, fatigue and confusion.
著者
堀田 亮 杉江 征
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.108-118, 2013-12-01 (Released:2013-12-09)
参考文献数
48

Interest in meaning making following stressful life experiences has continued to increase. However, there are to date, no instruments to assess the process of meaning making. Therefore, the Assimilation and Accommodation of Meaning Making Scale (AAMS) was developed to measure the orientation and strategy of assimilation and accommodation during the meaning making process. Moreover, the reliability and validity of the scale were investigated. Undergraduate students (N=726) participated in the study. Explorative factor analysis of their responses to the newly developed AAMS revealed two factors. Moreover, the scale was internally consistent. Examining the relationship between the AAMS and other scales verified the concurrent and construct validity of the AAMS. These results suggested that the AAMS has sufficient reliability and validity. The limitations of the study and possible uses of the scale are discussed.
著者
鈴木 平 春木 豊
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.1-13, 1994 (Released:2015-06-13)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
8 23 25

This study was conducted to examine the structure of factors of STAXI-Japanese-version among the people with circulatory-diseases and normal healthy group, and to compare their scores among three groups with diseases (hypertension / coronary heart disease /both). (STAXI, which were developed by Spielberger et al. has two sub scales. One is State and Trait Anger Scale(STAS), the other is Anger Expression Scale (AX). STAS was desigend to assess the intensity of anger as an emotional state (state anger) and individual differences in anger proneness as a personality trait (trait anger). After examining the research on anger expression, AX scale was developed. This AX has 3 sub-scales for measuring suppressed anger (anger in), anger expressed toward other people or the environment (anger out), and the control of anger (anger control).) As it was proven, STAXl-Japanese-version has an almost equal structure of factors to the American-version. In addition, it has ample reliability. But in two sub scales (anger in & anger control), there exists some validity problems which may come from cultural differences between Japan and U.S. A. And, the scores of 3 sub-scales(state anger, trait anger, anger out) were related to the patients under 60's who are suffering from both hypertension and CHD. As the results, anger should be studied more in relation to circulatory diseases in consideration of cultural differences.
著者
有光 興記
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.24-31, 2001-12-25 (Released:2015-01-07)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2 6

The present study examined the relationship between guilt and shame, and their relationship to mental health. Three hundred twenty-nine Japanese university students answered the Situational Guilt Inventory (SGI), the Situational Shyness Questionnaire (SSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The Structural Equation Model (SEM) was used to predict mental health from guilt and shame. It indicated that social activity disorders were negatively predicted from ‘shame-free, pure’ guilt and positively predicted from ‘guilt-free, pure’ shame. SEM also revealed that ‘guilt-free, pure’ shame positively predicted anxiety and sleeplessness. It is suggested that guilt has a socially adaptive function. By contrast, maladaptive behaviors result from shame. The relationship between shame and depressive tendencies were limited to men. Sex differences are discussed in terms of the adaptive functions of shame.
著者
荒木 友希子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.104-113, 2012-08-20 (Released:2013-09-06)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1 2

Defensive pessimists are considered to be adaptive because of their high academic performance. However, there are few experimental studies on this topic. Defensive pessimism (DP) in Japanese university students was investigated using the experimental procedure developed by Norem and Illingworth (1993). We investigated how DP individuals perform after experiencing failure using the learned helplessness paradigm and assessed salivary amylase activity as an empirical physiological parameter. The participants were prescreened into DP or strategic optimist (SO) groups and randomly assigned to either the d-condition, in which they had to list their thoughts about an upcoming task; or to the s-condition, in which they worked on a clerical accuracy task. After these manipulations, participants were asked to perform three arithmetic tasks, constructed such that all questions in the first and third tasks were solvable, but some questions in the second task was insolvable. An ANOVA indicated that there were no significant main effects or interactions on the performance of the first task after the manipulation. Anxiety of DP/d group was higher than in the SO/d group. These results question the validity of the DP experimental paradigm. On the third task, after the participants experimented failure, the DP group performed significantly worse than the SO group, suggesting that stress tolerance in the DP group was lower than in the SO group.
著者
橋本 久美 高橋 憲男 浜上 尚也 清水 陽平 安田 千尋 平藤 雅彦 千丈 雅徳
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.49-55, 2007-06-25 (Released:2014-03-28)
参考文献数
29

There are no studies reported on the salivary serotonin concentrations in adolescent patients suffering from impulsive behavior. In order to elucidate the role of serotonin in impulsivity, salivary serotonin concentrations of nine psychiatric patients and nine normal participants were measured. Both groups also completed the SSS scale (Zuckerman et al., 1978). Salivary serotonin level of patients with impulsivity was higher than that of the normal group (p = 0.040, Mann-Whitney). Moreover, the Dis scale of the patients was lower than that of the normal participants. The results were incongruent with our working hypothesis. Further research is required to clarify the relation between salivary serotonin concentrations and impulsivity.
著者
小牧 一裕
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.2-10, 1994 (Released:2015-06-13)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 4

This study examines the effects of social support on the relationship between job stressors and mental health. Job stressors (role conflict, role ambiguity, underutilization of skills, quantitative work overload, qualitative work overload) and social support (emotional and instrumental support from co-worker, senior colleague and supervisor) were used to predict employees' mental health (depression) among 590 female employees. The results showed that 1) senior colleague support had more important implications for mental health than did supervisor or co-worker support. 2) Senior colleague and supervisor support had buffering effect, but co-worker support had little buffering effect. 3) The form of the interaction was different from the predictions of the buffering hypothesis in emotional support from supervisor.
著者
金田 亜里沙 大竹 恵子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.47-54, 2015 (Released:2016-01-18)
参考文献数
54
被引用文献数
2

The purpose of this study was to develop a scale measuring mothers' level of happiness in the daily events of child rearing and to investigate the effect of maternal optimism on their happiness in child rearing. Six hundred seventy-six mothers with toddlers (age one through preschool) completed a questionnaire containing scales on optimism, child-rearing happiness in daily events, happiness regarding child care, and feelings about child rearing. The main results were as follows: (1) factor analysis revealed that the “child-rearing happiness in daily events” scale consists of two factors, called “care giving” and “interacting with toddlers” and (2) regression analysis revealed that optimism is related to increased child-rearing happiness in daily events, happiness in child care, and positive feelings about child-rearing. Also, optimism decreases negative feelings about child-rearing. These results indicated that the “child-rearing happiness in daily events” scale can measure the degree of happiness felt by mothers in daily child rearing.