著者
池内 裕美 藤原 武弘 土肥 伊都子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.27-38, 2000

"Extended self" is defined as "the aggregation of all obiects that people regard as a part of themselves; for example, their body parts, parents, friends, pet animals, job, social roles, etc." The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate the emotional reaction of involuntary loss of the extended self, that is, "material possessions" and 2) to examine the structure of "extended self" and its relation to the values attached to the possessions. We collected samples from the victims of the 1995 Hanshin Earthquake (209 university students) and the 1994 Northridge Earthquake (87 university students). The questionnaire asked them to describe what kind of favorite possessions they lost, the emotions when they lost them, the values they attached to the possessions and to what extent they regarded the external objects as a part of themselves. The results showed both similarities and differences between the victims of two earthquakes. The main findings were as follows: 1) Most victims of both earthquakes showed a similar emotional reaction, that is, "sadness" to the loss of important possessions. 2) For the values they attached to their lost possessions, "functional value," "emotional value," "self-presentational value," and "symbolic value of relationship" were extracted. 3) The more emotional value the victims of the Hanshin Earthquake gave to their possessions, on the other hand, the more self-presentational value the victims of the Northridge Earthquake gave to their possessions, the more the victims of both earthquake regarded their possession as a part of extended self.
著者
橋本 幸子 尾田 貴子 土肥 伊都子 柏尾 眞津子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.241-248, 2006

Assuming that sophistication in clothing/makeup has two aspects, we conducted this research for the following two purposes. The first purpose was to develop a scale about two aspects of sophistication in clothing/makeup. A questionnaire was given to 107 female college and university students and their 107 mothers in order to gather data on both younger and older females'. The results of the factor analysis on the data indicated that sophistication in clothing/makeup has two factor structures, "external sophistication" and "internal sophistication". We verified the construct validity between the scale and the lifestyle and habit of clothing/makeup behaviors. For the second purpose, we studied the association between external/internal sophistication and gender personality by generation. As a result of a covariance structure analysis, we found that gender identity promotes external sophistication only in younger females while androgyny promotes internal sophistication in both generations. We also found that internal sophistication promotes external sophistication only in older females.
著者
土肥 伊都子 広沢 俊宗 田中 國夫
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.137-145, 1990
被引用文献数
9

Women's occupancy of the social roles of wife, mother, and worker, and the attainment from their role performance were examined in relation to life satisfaction and role overload. The study also examined the effect of sex-role personality, androgyny, which were assumed to have effects to the number of role occupancy or attainment. Subjects were 292 Japanese women aged twenties to forties, who were from the list of graduates. Women who occupied 3 roles (wife, mother, worker) or 2 roles (wife, mother) got higher life satisfaction than women who occupied 1 role (worker). But, role overload of women who occupied 3 roles were higher than that of women who occupied 2 roles (wife, mother). The effect of ageclass was significant concerning role overload; forties got lower role overload than twenties or thirties. Role attainment was important to get higher life satisfaction. Masculinity urged to occupy many roles, and femininity to get higher wife's and mother's role attainment.
著者
土肥 伊都子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.2, pp.84-93, 1995-12-15 (Released:2016-12-04)

The purpose of this study was to consider the following hypotheses; 1) Gender schema would facilitate the following sex-typed evaluation; femininity is important for females, masculinity is important for males. On the other hand, gender schema would restrain the tendency of the following non-sex-typed evaluation; femininity is important for males, masculinity is important for females. In the case of the females, gender schema would facilitate femininity, and it would restrain masculinity. 2) Evaluating humanity as important traits for both of females and males would restrain gender schema. 3) Being gender-aschematic would facilitate orientation to both of motherhood and fatherhood. Two hundreds and twenty-one female junior college students responded to humanity, femininity, masculinity on self-concept (Itoh, 1978) and desirability for females and males, and femininity-mother, masculinity-father and adult on desirability for themselves in the future. (Yamaguchi, 1985) The results were as follows; 1) The role evaluations toward femininity/masculinity and femininity/masculinity did not consist of only one factor, i.e., gender schema. On the contrary non-sex-typed evaluation facilitated androgyny. 2) Humanity measured in the present strdy was estimated as a part of masculinity, so the effect of humanity toward gender schema was not supported. 3) Androgyny facilitated orientation to adulthood, containing motherhood and fatherhood.
著者
土肥 伊都子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.2, pp.187-194, 1996-06-30 (Released:2013-02-19)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1 1

The purpose of this study was to construct a scale to measure the “Gender Identity”, and examine its reliability and validity. First, fifty-six items were rated by 184 male students, and fifty-seven items by 454 female students. Exploratory factor analysis yielded three factors. Three subscales were constructed for both male and female. These subscales were “accepting one's sex or gender”, and “identification with parents”, and “intimacy with the opposite sex”. Each subscale contained ten items. Second, Cronbach's coefficient alpha provided some supports of reliability for each subscale. Third, confirmatory factor analysis provided some supports of validity to create three subscales.
著者
橋本 幸子 尾田 貴子 土肥 伊都子 柏尾 眞津子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.241-248, 2006-02-08 (Released:2017-02-07)

Assuming that sophistication in clothing/makeup has two aspects, we conducted this research for the following two purposes. The first purpose was to develop a scale about two aspects of sophistication in clothing/makeup. A questionnaire was given to 107 female college and university students and their 107 mothers in order to gather data on both younger and older females'. The results of the factor analysis on the data indicated that sophistication in clothing/makeup has two factor structures, "external sophistication" and "internal sophistication". We verified the construct validity between the scale and the lifestyle and habit of clothing/makeup behaviors. For the second purpose, we studied the association between external/internal sophistication and gender personality by generation. As a result of a covariance structure analysis, we found that gender identity promotes external sophistication only in younger females while androgyny promotes internal sophistication in both generations. We also found that internal sophistication promotes external sophistication only in older females.
著者
土肥 伊都子
出版者
神戸松蔭女子学院大学学術研究委員会
雑誌
Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Women's University : JOHS (ISSN:21863849)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.11-23,

本研究の目的は、日本型家族への志向性を、心理的個人化の観点から検討することであった。そこで、在豪日本人にインタビュー調査を行い、日本型家族の特徴が表れると考えられる性別役割分業、子ども中心主義、家族内外の境界意識、夫婦の恋愛意識、ジェンダー・パーソナリティについて訊ねた。その結果、在豪日本人の日本型家族志向性は、豪での労働環境や社会保障制度などからの影響を多分に受けていることがわかった。豪では仕事より家庭生活が優先され、結婚の有無などによる社会的立場への影響は小さかったが、これが心理的個人化を促進し、家族ユニット志向を抑制することが示唆された。また、こうした家族内の心理は、個人のパーソナリティに対して、ジェンダーの影響を受けにくくしていると考察した。ただし、子ども中心や夫婦間の恋愛意識のなさは、家族ユニット志向に沿ったものとなっていた。