著者
有賀 敦紀
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.87.15306, (Released:2016-03-10)
参考文献数
29

People feel uncomfortable when someone else comes spatially near and thus encroaches on their personal space (PS). Although many social psychologists have explored characteristics of PS of/between/among individuals so far, there is currently no empirical research on whether the PS of individuals expands into space surrounding their belongings (or objects) that are away from their body. This study measured the spatial distance between bags which participants and confederates left behind, and thus demonstrated that the distance between bags was modulated in response to the interpersonal relationship of their owners. The present study suggests new evidence for expansive PS, which is the concept that an individual’s PS expands into space surrounding his/her belongings.
著者
有賀 敦紀 西田 公昭
出版者
立正大学心理学研究所
雑誌
立正大学心理学研究所紀要 The journal of the Institute of Psycology, Rissho University (ISSN:13482777)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.45-49, 2013

Visually similar products with each other are recently pervasive in the marketplace. Specifically, the products that are aimed at humorously imitating the originals are called "parody products". This study examined how consumers perceive the similar products including parody products. Research I investigated participants' general impressions (visual similarity, likeability, familiarity, and so on)of the similar products, and then found a positive correlation between the visual similarity and the difference in the ratings given to the other impressions between them. In Research II, the effects of prior stimuli on likeability to the original and parody products were investigated. Then, the different modulations of likeability between the original and parody were demonstrated when the original product was repeatedly presented as prior stimuli. These results suggest that consumers establish different representations for visually similar products, and importantly that they perceive the parody and its original in a totally different manner.
著者
高尾 沙希 有賀 敦紀
出版者
日本認知心理学会
巻号頁・発行日
pp.84-84, 2015 (Released:2015-10-21)

我々の視覚システムは,他者の視線が向けられた位置に対して自動的に注意をシフトする(視線手がかり効果)。このように,視覚システムは顔などの社会的な刺激に対して感度が高く,非常に高速に処理することができると考えられている。本研究では,視線による注意のシフトと一般的信頼性の相関について調べることを目的とした。参加者の課題は,視線手がかりを無視しながら,顔の左右いずれかに呈示された標的の位置を報告することであった。その結果,手がかりと標的のSOAが117msの条件でのみ,視線手がかり効果が認められた。さらに,この非意図的な視線手がかり効果と一般的信頼性得点の相関係数を算出したところ,弱い正の相関が認められた。したがって,一般的信頼性は社会的刺激に対する非意図的な視覚情報処理と関連していると結論することができる。つまり,騙されやすさは比較的初期の認知プロセスに依存している可能性があることが示唆された。
著者
有賀 敦紀
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, no.2, pp.186-190, 2016 (Released:2016-07-08)
参考文献数
29

People feel uncomfortable when someone else comes spatially near and thus encroaches on their personal space (PS). Although many social psychologists have explored characteristics of PS of/between/among individuals so far, there is currently no empirical research on whether the PS of individuals expands into space surrounding their belongings (or objects) that are away from their body. This study measured the spatial distance between bags which participants and confederates left behind, and thus demonstrated that the distance between bags was modulated in response to the interpersonal relationship of their owners. The present study suggests new evidence for expansive PS, which is the concept that an individual’s PS expands into space surrounding his/her belongings.
著者
有賀 敦紀
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, no.2, pp.186-190, 2016

People feel uncomfortable when someone else comes spatially near and thus encroaches on their personal space (PS). Although many social psychologists have explored characteristics of PS of/between/among individuals so far, there is currently no empirical research on whether the PS of individuals expands into space surrounding their belongings (or objects) that are away from their body. This study measured the spatial distance between bags which participants and confederates left behind, and thus demonstrated that the distance between bags was modulated in response to the interpersonal relationship of their owners. The present study suggests new evidence for expansive PS, which is the concept that an individual's PS expands into space surrounding his/her belongings.
著者
有賀 敦紀
出版者
立正大学心理学研究所
雑誌
立正大学心理学研究所紀要 The journal of the Institute of Psycology, Rissho University (ISSN:13482777)
巻号頁・発行日
no.13, pp.9-13, 2015

There have been numerous attempts to measure the effects of clothing color on the impression ofan individual, however, these studies mainly focused on the implication of results by quantifying theeffects that are driven by the relative evaluation of an observer. I argue that this is not the case in ourdaily lives. When we meet a person for the first time, the color of his/her clothing affects our firstimpression based on our absolute evaluation and not on relative evaluation. From this perspective, Ihave studied the implications of clothing colors (e.g. red, blue, black and white) on the impression ofobserver during the process of his/her absolute evaluation. In the first study, interpersonal impressionof the observer was measured against a person with a given colored clothes. 7-point scale was used tomeasure the 5 interpersonal impressions. The result showed that the clothing color did not have anysignificant effect on the observer's impression. However, in the second study where 6 people with thesame color uniform appeared in front of the observer, the effect was quite evident. From this study,we can draw a conclusion that the uniform color of a group affects the impression of the observer. Inother words, impression of a group can be controlled under specific conditions.