著者
林 葉子
出版者
ジェンダー史学会
雑誌
ジェンダー史学 (ISSN:18804357)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.35-49, 2009 (Released:2010-11-02)
参考文献数
67
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between Isoo Abe's pacifism and his recommendation that 'weak' men be sterilized. We are here concerned with the problem of manliness in Isoo Abe.Little attention has been given to Abe's argument in the 1920s about the necessity for sterilization of the weak. However, it is important to note that Abe was a pacifist and recommender of sterilization in 1920's. In his view, sterilization and 'peace' were inseparably related; American society as 'civilization' was the model for Abe's image of a 'peaceful' society.Abe was influenced by the American birth control movement of Margaret Sanger, and by the American eugenic movement of Paul Popenoe and Eugene Gosney. Abe insisted that the nation should exclude immigration and 'improve the race (jinsyu-kairyo),' in order to maintain homogeneity of the 'race.' That is to say, he attached importance to the 'race' problem in order to obtain 'world peace.' To solve the 'race' problem, he introduced 'birth control' to the Japanese people, and sterilization was one of the most important means for his theory of 'birth control.'Abe promoted the sterilization of weak men, because he attached importance to manliness. He believed that it was possible to create an 'ideal' society which was based, like an army, on strong people who have 'strong bodies' and 'masculine spirit.'This issue of Abe's image of manliness is surely not irrelevant to the issue of manliness in America which was examined in the studies about American history. For example, Gail Bederman has argued that there is a strong connection between ideas of 'civilization' and 'race' and the construction of manliness in America, and therefore it is not at all strange that one of the Japanese intellectuals who had been influenced by American culture also drew a connection between the notion of manliness and 'civilization' and 'race.' Further we can identify intellectual influences of this stream of thought on the international eugenic movement that includes the problem of eugenics of Nazism.
著者
林 葉子
出版者
同志社大学
雑誌
同志社法學 (ISSN:03877612)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.4, pp.143-201, 1999-02-27

研究ノート
著者
土井口 祐一 岩崎 勝郎 山田 健治 高端 克郎 手島 鍛 貞松 俊弘 富田 雅人 楢林 葉子
出版者
West-Japanese Society of Orthopedics & Traumatology
雑誌
整形外科と災害外科 (ISSN:00371033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.2, pp.641-645, 1992
被引用文献数
33 10

This study was designed to identify the change in radiological shape of the pelvic cavity caused by sagittal pelvic inclination and to learn the correlation between inclination and progression of osteo-arthritis (OA) of the hip joint.<br>As a preliminary study, antero-posterior (AP) and lateral radiographs of 10 bleached pelves were taken simultaneously in seven different sagittal tilt angles.<br>The degree of sagittal tilt of the pelvis (A) was then compared to the longitudinal: transverse axis length (L/T) ratio of the radiological shape of the pelvic cavity in AP radiographs. This study revealed a linear relationship between the two parameters that led to the equation: A=-67.0°×L/T+55.7° in males and A=-69.0°×L/T+61.6° in females. Using this the sagittal pelvic tilt can be calculated from the radiological shape of the pelvic cavity.<br>Applying this equation to pelvic radiographs of 212 patients; 52 normal hips and 160 with OA hip of varying severity, pelvic tilt was calculated to investigate whether it relates to the aging of the patient or involves progression of OA.<br>There was a significant correlation between age and pelvic tilt angles of patients in both normal and OA hip groups; the pelvis tended to incline posteriorly with increasing age. Further studies are required to elucidate the participation of the pelvic inclination on progression of OA of the hip.
著者
林 葉子
出版者
ジェンダー史学会
雑誌
ジェンダー史学 (ISSN:18804357)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.35-49, 2009

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between Isoo Abe's pacifism and his recommendation that 'weak' men be sterilized. We are here concerned with the problem of manliness in Isoo Abe.<BR>Little attention has been given to Abe's argument in the 1920s about the necessity for sterilization of the weak. However, it is important to note that Abe was a pacifist and recommender of sterilization in 1920's. In his view, sterilization and 'peace' were inseparably related; American society as 'civilization' was the model for Abe's image of a 'peaceful' society.<BR>Abe was influenced by the American birth control movement of Margaret Sanger, and by the American eugenic movement of Paul Popenoe and Eugene Gosney. Abe insisted that the nation should exclude immigration and 'improve the race (jinsyu-kairyo),' in order to maintain homogeneity of the 'race.' That is to say, he attached importance to the 'race' problem in order to obtain 'world peace.' To solve the 'race' problem, he introduced 'birth control' to the Japanese people, and sterilization was one of the most important means for his theory of 'birth control.'<BR>Abe promoted the sterilization of weak men, because he attached importance to manliness. He believed that it was possible to create an 'ideal' society which was based, like an army, on strong people who have 'strong bodies' and 'masculine spirit.'<BR>This issue of Abe's image of manliness is surely not irrelevant to the issue of manliness in America which was examined in the studies about American history. For example, Gail Bederman has argued that there is a strong connection between ideas of 'civilization' and 'race' and the construction of manliness in America, and therefore it is not at all strange that one of the Japanese intellectuals who had been influenced by American culture also drew a connection between the notion of manliness and 'civilization' and 'race.' Further we can identify intellectual influences of this stream of thought on the international eugenic movement that includes the problem of eugenics of Nazism.
著者
林 葉子 ハヤシ ヨウコ
出版者
大阪大学
巻号頁・発行日
2008-03-25

著者の希望により、博士論文の目次、序章、第四章のみの公開とする
著者
小林 葉子 KOBAYASHI Yoko
出版者
岩手大学人文社会科学部
雑誌
アルテスリベラレス (ISSN:03854183)
巻号頁・発行日
no.86, pp.95-105, 2010-06

本稿1)では,外国語教育の目的である基礎的な外国語運用力(4技能)習得を長い間達成できずにいる日本の英語教育を見つめなおし,このような状況にも関わらず,新たに議論されている目標3つを整理し,そうした目標を必要だとする声の背景と,目標設定の問題点を明らかにする.具体的には,日本人に欠けている・磨かなくてはいけない能力として最近盛んに議論されている,異文化への寛容な態度,グローバル社会に対応できる英語力,そして自己表現力としてのコミュニケーション能力を取り上げ,そうした態度・能力を英語教育という授業の中で育成しようとする動きとその限界を議論していく.理論的枠組みとして,留学生教育,国際ビジネス,第二言語教育を含めた応用言語学,コミュニケーション学,文化心理学などの学問領域にその知見をもとめる.