著者
入口 敦志
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.14-17, 2019

<p>Publications became popular during the Edo period. Knowledge of health spread through the publication of books on health. "Publication of longevity" which is the first publication of the Edo period was published many times through the Edo period. I will pursue what "penetration for longevity" changed notation, change its form, change the title, permeating among the common people.</p>
著者
德元 裕子 豊里 竹彦 眞榮城 千夏子 平安名 由美子 遠藤 由美子 照屋 典子 玉城 陽子 髙原 美鈴 與古田 孝夫
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.1, pp.3-11, 2018-01-31 (Released:2018-02-16)
参考文献数
40

Objective: This study aimed to clarify the association between sense of filial responsibility, local residents’ subjective economic status, and attachment to the local community, and to contribute to local community policies and measures including support systems for elderly in need of care and family.Methods: We conducted in-home interviews in 2015 in Okinawa, Japan. A total of 2,663 local residents were selected, and after invalid responses were excluded, 1,656 responses (62.2%) were analyzed. Participants were asked about demographic variables (sex, age, marital status, birth order, subjective health, living arrangement), subjective economic status, attachment to the local community, and sense of filial responsibility (such as caring for and supporting their elderly parents).Results: Age, marital status, birth order, and attachment to the local community were positively associated with sense of filial responsibility. Participants with low subjective economic status had low sense of filial responsibility. Even if subjective economic status was low, participants with high attachment to the local community had significantly high sense of filial responsibility. Moreover, participants with high attachment to the local community provided and received more instrumental support than participants with low attachment to the local community.Conclusions: Our findings suggest that high attachment to the local community can form a support system in local areas, and that support systems in turn help local residents when they support their parents. In light of these findings, measures for creating networks between local residents, as well as improvement of the physical environment, are necessary for local community planning.
著者
望月 友美子 西川 浩昭
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.2, pp.39-51, 2018-03-31 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
36

Purpose: Occupational health nurses are considered specialists of health management for the workers in their companies, but they are working with many kinds of difficulties.Nevertheless there are little studies of influences owing to the numbers of workers in the companies, therefore, we tried to make it clear that there exist the component pattern of the difficulties which effects on occupational health nursing activities and the differences depend on the number of workers, between less than one thousand and more.Object: A questionnaire survey was conducted for the occupational health nurses who were on the active services and attended the seminar held by the Occupational Health Promotion Center in the Tokai area. 28 items of experiences felt difficult in the business, were used for exploratory factor analysis, and t-test of the factor scores were conducted between the groups composed the numbers of workers. 4 items of experiences felt difficult in the business, and learning environment such as possibility study of in/out office were compared using Mann-Whitney’s U testResult: The response rate was 75.4% and number of valid respondents was 240 (73.8%). According to the exploratory factor analysis of difficulties in business, 4 factors were obtained, and called Factor1 co-operation and using information with related workers, Factor2 Activity and evaluation of the occupational health activities, Factor 3 activity one’s company and Factor 4 treatment of mental health. No differences on the numbers of the companies were seen the means of factor score by using t-test.Conclusion: We found it clear that there are four component factors which effect the difficulty business of the occupational health nurses. About the difference of difficulty in the activity to be able to put according to a scale, the significant difference was not recognized.

2 0 0 0 OA お茶と養生

著者
岩間 眞知子
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.30-42, 2019-01-31 (Released:2019-02-25)
参考文献数
48

Health care is about leading a healthy live style and avoiding getting sick.Eisai, the Japanese monk from medieval times, claimed in Kissa Yojoki (“Notes on Tea and Health Care”) that “Tea is the best medicine for longevity.”Longevity depends on both physical and psychological care. Not only does tea provide many good nutrients for the body, but it also offers social interaction between people. In addition, it enhances one’s creativity and appreciation of art. In this way, tea has existed with mankind for over 2000 years, providing a good physical as well as psychological influence. One could even say that the meaning of tea and health care comes from selecting suitable teas to enjoy in different states of health and with different foods.
著者
浦山 きか
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.18-29, 2019-01-31 (Released:2019-02-25)
参考文献数
14

Ishimpo is a medical book edited by Tamba, Yasurori, in Heian Period of Japan.It is different in construction from Chinese traditional medical books, which first describe diseases due to natural phenomena, second ones related to the viscera, and finally ones seen at various sites of the body.In contrast, what becomes problematic in the construction of Ishimpo is that acupuncture and moxibustion are placed in the second volume, that stone drugs, a life nurturing skill of Taoism, is not included in the life nurturing volumes, and how to interpret a disease of “fatigue of deficiency type”. As we investigated the answers of the problems, we could understand that Ishimpo emphasized acupuncture and moxibustion and that the interpretation of “fatigue” was limited and also show the essential points of life nurturing ideas in Ishimpo.In conclusion, Ishimpo considers diet therapy the most important in life nurturing. Therefore, in Ishimpo’s life nurturing ideas, recreating “five viscera” leads to reviving not only the body but also “spirit and vitality” and “Qi”, which is thought to be the very curing. Also, Ishimpo may suggest that they explored more realistic and Japanese-style life nurturing.
著者
叢 麗 宮前 珠子
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.43-50, 2019-01-31 (Released:2019-02-25)
参考文献数
25

The purpose of this study is to explore and analyze the occupation activities applied in the historic Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) from commentary books and to compare them with modern occupational therapy. As the result, 80 cases were found from classic references authored by doctors in successive generations. These cases were firstly classified by history era, activity, area and disease, with considering both the theories of Traditional Chinese Medicine and occupational therapy. These cases are also classified by mental health, physical disabilities, developmental disabilities, gerontology and healthy person. 22 kinds of activities including gardening, music, reading and calligraphy were used. In addition, they can also be classified to self-care, productivity, leisure and others. These cases can be interpreted by both the Traditional Chinese Medicine and the modern occupational therapy. TCM considers that humans live amidst the universe and our vital activities are inevitably influenced by the natural laws of material movement. All activities of the human body have formed close patterns with nature. In occupational therapy, treatment is selected according to individual values, interests, habit, and the role.
著者
階堂 武郎 鈴木 幸子 本田 靖 本城 綾子 前倉 亮治
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.3, pp.85-93, 2017-05-31 (Released:2017-06-26)
参考文献数
18

A cohort study was conducted on 27 patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and visiting outpatient medical facilities within Osaka Prefecture, to elucidate meteorological factors related to their complaints of dyspnea and disease exacerbation.Measurements in patientsʼ bedrooms made daily between 00:00-06:00 from July 1 to August 31, 2012 showed that the percentage of patients exposed to a wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) of ≧ 28°C increased between mid- and late July, reaching a one-day peak of 21%. In addition, 62.5% of patients experienced a WBGT of ≧28 °C at least once during the monitored hours in the same period. The results of applying a logistic regression model to data from June 1 to September 30, 2012 showed that the minimum WBGT in a patientʼs bedroom, even when controlled for daily minimum temperature, has statistically significant association with complaints of dyspnea and bad physical condition. This finding demonstrated that regulating a patientʼs bedroom environment is very important in the summer season.
著者
Haruka SHOZAKI-ITO Mayumi OHNISHI Tomoko SHIBAYAMA Yumi MATSUYAMA Rieko NAKAO Kanako MORIFUJI
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.3, pp.111-120, 2020-05-31 (Released:2020-06-25)
参考文献数
27

親密なパートナーからの暴力は,社会的,経済的,宗教的あるいは文化的背景に関わらず,公衆衛生上の健康課題となっている.日本においても,他の諸国と比較して低い状況とはいえ,親密なパートナーからの暴力が発生している.本研究では,大学1年生に対して,交際相手からのデートDV被害を受けた経験とその後の援助希求行動について,25の被害経験シナリオを含む無記名自記式質問票を用いて横断研究を行った.371人から回答を得た.男子148人(60.2%)および女子81人(64.8%)が,交際経験があると回答した(χ2=0.754, df=1, p=0.385).交際経験がある学生中,男子69人(46.6%)および女子49人(60.5%)が,何らかのデートDV被害を受けており,女子の方が統計的有意にデートDV被害を経験していた(χ2=4.033, df=1, p=0.045).最も回答が多かった被害経験は,「交際相手から『ブス/ブサイク』や『バカ』などと言われたことがある」であり,男子24人(16.2%)および女子26人(31.2%)であった.デートDV被害後,援助希求行動について回答した115人中,19人(16.5%)が相談していたが,相談先としては,19人全員が「友人」,4人が「母親」と回答した.専門職・機関に相談した者はいなかった.自分の意志に反したキスあるいはセックスといった性行為の経験があると回答した11人のうち,誰かに相談した者は4人,またその後交際を解消した者は4人であった.デートDVの予防や早期に適切な相手・機関への援助希求行動を促進するための介入プログラムを講じる際には,性別や文化的要素について考慮する必要性が示唆された.
著者
逢見 憲一
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.2, pp.47-64, 2020-03-31 (Released:2020-04-15)
参考文献数
78

We calculated age structure of long term elongation in life expectancy using Japanese life tables, mainly complete life tables and complementarily abridged life tables, examined quantitatively the role of medicine and public health.The life expectancy of modern Japan has been achieved by nearly 50% before the 1950s in which anti-tuberculous drugs etc. are wide-spread, and achieved by 60% or more before the universal health insurance coverage and national health promotion projects, just as Thomas McKeown has pointed out, known as “McKeown Thesis”.The rate of decrease in mortality rate and extension of life expectancy from before World War II until the middle of the 20th century has hardly changed after the spread of effective medical technology such as anti-tuberculosis drugs etc. This suggests that the mortality rate declined consistently from before and throughout World War II, and as well as the decrease in mortality rate and average life expectancy after the spread of effective medical technology such as anti-tuberculosis drugs etc. Thus, the decrease in the mortality rate and the extension of the life expectancy after the spread of effective medical technology, it was not much greater than the reduction of the mortality before the spread of medical technology.Looking at these findings, the role of the modern medicine and public health after the mid-20th century should be, based on the mortality rate achieved before the mid-20th century, to maintain and to improve the level of mortality.
著者
伊藤 早苗 朝倉 敬子 杉山 賢明 高倉 実 等々力 英美
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.2, pp.76-82, 2020

<p>Salt and potassium intake were estimated from spot urine obtained from children and their mothers at public elementary schools in Okinawa Prefecture. Estimated salt intake was 7.8 ± 1.6 g / day for children and 8.9 ± 2.1 g / day for mothers. Estimated potassium intake was 1157 ± 273 mg / day for children and 1580 ± 322 mg / day for mothers. The proportion of those who meet the Dietary Goals of the dietary reference intakes for Japanese (2015 edition) was determined. Only 5.7% of the boys, 13.8% of the girls and 12.0% of the mothers met the Dietary Goals for salt. Only 3.3% of the boys, 0.7% of the girls, 2.0% of the mothers met the Dietary Goals for potassium. There was a significant positive correlation between salt intake of girls and their mothers. In boys, there was no significant correlation with mothers for both salt and potassium intake. It is expected to improve their diet for reducing salt and increasing potassium intake while taking this gender difference into consideration.</p>

1 0 0 0 OA 健康の経済学

著者
近藤 正英
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.2, pp.37-38, 2018-03-31 (Released:2018-04-20)
著者
德元 裕子 豊里 竹彦 眞榮城 千夏子 平安名 由美子 遠藤 由美子 照屋 典子 玉城 陽子 髙原 美鈴 與古田 孝夫
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.1, pp.3-11, 2018

<p><b>Objective: </b>This study aimed to clarify the association between sense of filial responsibility, local residents' subjective economic status, and attachment to the local community, and to contribute to local community policies and measures including support systems for elderly in need of care and family.</p><p><b>Methods: </b>We conducted in<tt>-</tt>home interviews in 2015 in Okinawa, Japan. A total of 2,663 local residents were selected, and after invalid responses were excluded, 1,656 responses (62.2%) were analyzed. Participants were asked about demographic variables (sex, age, marital status, birth order, subjective health, living arrangement), subjective economic status, attachment to the local community, and sense of filial responsibility (such as caring for and supporting their elderly parents).</p><p><b>Results: </b>Age, marital status, birth order, and attachment to the local community were positively associated with sense of filial responsibility. Participants with low subjective economic status had low sense of filial responsibility. Even if subjective economic status was low, participants with high attachment to the local community had significantly high sense of filial responsibility. Moreover, participants with high attachment to the local community provided and received more instrumental support than participants with low attachment to the local community.</p><p><b>Conclusions: </b>Our findings suggest that high attachment to the local community can form a support system in local areas, and that support systems in turn help local residents when they support their parents. In light of these findings, measures for creating networks between local residents, as well as improvement of the physical environment, are necessary for local community planning.</p>
著者
Yuko S. YOSHIMOTO Ako IMAI Shimako MUTO Junko FUJIKURA Hiromi KATURAGI(IKEDA) Takanori MAESAKO Katsusuke SHIGETA Akiko NAKAZAWA Taiichiro OKUBAYASHI Spence W. ZAORSKI Hideya MATSUKAWA Osamu MORIKAWA Surasak BOONYARITICHAIKIJ
出版者
日本健康学会
雑誌
日本健康学会誌 (ISSN:24326712)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.2, pp.41-53, 2017-03-31 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
14

本研究は,日本・タイ国児童を対象に「適切な食品・食事の選択・組み合わせ」スキルの向上を目指した,視覚対話システムの超鏡(HyperMirror)活用の食育プログラムの教育効果と超鏡の食育への適用性を検討することであった.超鏡は,遠隔地の相手像と自己の鏡像とを合成し,同一画面上に表示して相手と同室感覚を作りだすことができる.食育プログラムは,前後比較デザインを用いて,2006年(テーマ:食品群から食品を選択する)と2007年(テーマ:食品群から食品選択し,栄養バランスの良い朝食を計画する)に実施した.また,初回の食育の学習内容を対象児童に保持させるために教育支援教材(ニュースレター)を,2回目の食育授業実施前まで定期的に配布した.対象者は,2006年と2007年の両年とも食育授業に参加した日本都市部(70名)とタイ国都市部(21名)の児童(2006年時9歳から10歳の小学生5年生)である.各年の食育授業終了後に学習環境調査を実施した.また,2007年の遠隔食育授業の約3週間後に食育プログラムの“影響評価"(適切な食品・食事選択に関する知識,意識,および行動の変容)と“行動目標評価"(目標1:適切な量と食品の組合せの食事を摂取できる,目標2:外国の食環境・食文化を理解し,興味・関心をもつことができる,目標3:自分の食生活に関心をもつことができる)を実施し,検討をおこなった.超鏡の学習環境については両年平均で日本3.8,タイ国4.4で児童の評価は高値であった.また両国の児童に適切な食品・食事選択に関する知識,意識,および行動の変容が確認された.行動目標1は両国の児童の50%以上が「できる」と回答した.行動目標2と3はタイ児童のほうが日本児童より「できる」の回答率が高く,教育支援教材による効果もみられた.本報告では超鏡による食育の教育効果と適用性が確認できた.