著者
髙坂 康雅 澤村 いのり
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.1, pp.29-42, 2017-08-28 (Released:2017-09-11)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
4

The present study investigated relationships between reasons for having sexual intercourse with an intimate partner; satisfaction with sexual intercourse and satisfaction with their relationship among university students. The participants were 141 university students who have intimate partners and have sexual intercourse with their partner. They were asked to respond to 45 questions relating to reasons for having sexual intercourse with their partner. In addition, there were a question relating to satisfaction with sexual intercourse; and further a question relating to satisfaction with their relationship. A results of factor analysis identified six factors; sexual desire, confirmation of their love, demand of their partner, pressure from society to have sexual intercourse, a method of control, and seizing an opportunity. Structural equation modeling showed that confirmation of their love increased their satisfaction with sexual intercourse, which in turn raised their satisfaction with their relationship. In contrast, in the case of males, pressure to have sexual intercourse lowered their satisfaction with sexual intercourse, and consequently their satisfaction with their relationship went down.
著者
高坂 康雅
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.147-158, 2011-12-25

Psychological characteristics of young people not desiring a steady romantic relationship (Love-Unnecessary group) were compared with those that desired the steady relationship that they had (Love group), and those that desired a steady relationships that they did not have (Love-Longing group), from the perspectives of ego development, mental health, and individualism. A survey inquiring about psychological stress reactions, identity, sense of fulfillment, individualism, state of the romantic relationship, and the reason for not desiring a steady relationship, was conducted with university students (n =1350). The results indicated that 18.0 % of the participants belonged to the Love-Unnecessary group. Moreover, there was a bigger proportion of girls in the Love group and a bigger proportion of boys in the Love-Longing group, whereas no significant differences were observed in the proportion of boys to girls in the Love-Unnecessary group. Furthermore, the Love group scored high in identity establishment and mental health, whereas the Love-Longing group scored moderately in identity establishment and low in mental health. The Love-Unnecessary group scored low in identity establishment, lacked motivation, and displayed arbitrary thinking.
著者
上長 然 齊藤 誠一
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.133-146, 2011-12-25 (Released:2017-05-22)

This study examined whether pubertal development influenced on adolescent aggression directly or this effect was mediated by athletic competence and body satisfaction. The pubertal development was assessed in terms of pubertal status and pubertal timing. Junior high school students (n=551) including 273 girls and 278 boys were asked to complete questionnaires. Main results were as the follows: (1) For girls, at any pubertal status and pubertal timing, athletic competence positively predicted linguistic aggression and negatively predicted hostility. (2) For boys, pubertal status positively predicted hostility. In addition, earlier matured boys showed higher athletic competence and body satisfaction than the counterparts; athletic competence positively predicted physical and linguistic aggression; and body satisfaction positively predicted linguistic aggression and negatively predicted physical aggression and hostility.
著者
赤木 真弓
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.2, pp.109-125, 2020-03-13 (Released:2020-04-05)
参考文献数
30

The life of the American novelist Margaret Mitchell was examined as a case study of an unhealthy “foreclosure status” that transformed into a state of “diffusion”. The relationship between Mitchell and her mother indicated the following: (1) Mitchell had become subordinate to her mother through the pressure from her mother and her sense of inferiority towards her mother (Subordination with Conflict). Consequently, Mitchell studied to become a doctor to conform to her motherʼs wish, although it was opposed to her desire. (2) This caused her to enter an unhealthy “closed foreclosure”, which is characterized by the fear that her mother might deny or leave her. (3) She persisted in the goal of becoming a doctor while her mother was alive and consequently experienced a high degree of stress. She abandoned this goal after her motherʼs death and reached a state of diffusion. (4) She could not independently explore her identity even after her mother died, because she had suppressed herself. A new hypothesis concerning mother-daughter relationships resulting in unhealthy foreclosure is developed by analyzing Margaret Mitchellʼs life. Key words: mother-daughter relation, identity formation, foreclosure
著者
加藤 弘通 太田 正義 松下 真実子 三井 由里
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.25-40, 2018-08-31 (Released:2018-09-19)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
4

The aim of this study is to address the decline of self-esteem in puberty from a viewpoint of development of thinking, especially critical thinking disposition. The sample consists of 633 junior high school students from four schools. We conducted nine separate questionnaires. We first estimated the mean pattern of self-esteem. It showed that self-esteem declines until Time 5 (Grade 7) after that it increased; however, there was more variation after Time 5. Then we examined self-esteem across five different time points to address the decline by using a latent growth curve model. The model showed an acceptable fit to the data. The change of Individual differences of self-esteem were shown to be related to critical thinking disposition (Time 1). The results revealed that the development of critical thinking in puberty had a negative effect on the change of self-esteem: if students have a higher level of development critical thinking disposition, it predicts that their self-esteem will decline. Thus, it appears that the development of thinking would be related to the decline of self-esteem in puberty.
著者
山田 剛史
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
no.16, pp.15-35, 2004
被引用文献数
1

The present study investigated about life history in adolescence through making life-history graph from dimension of important event, and impression and describing change of feelings and meanings about them on questionnaire. Furthermore, the purposes of this study were to understand self-development of adolescence in past-present-future and to investigate effects of reflection taken by graph making. Each time dimension were positioned as "meaning's re-construction toward affirmative vector for past life event", "affirmative meanings for present self", and "affirmative meanings for future". As a result, multiple aspects of self-development were shown by description-based qualitative analysis. Also, reflection effects such as "affirmative self-understanding", "eagerness to self-development", and "unfavorable self-understanding" was achieved. Furthermore practical significance was found. Throughout all discussion, possibility of "qualitative questionnaire method" by active usage of the life-history graph as adolescent psychological research method and descriptive data such as meanings and reflection was suggested.
著者
水間 玲子
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, pp.21-39, 2002-12-27 (Released:2017-05-15)
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to clarify the meaning of orientation toward ideal self, i.e., the orientation toward actualization of ideal self, from both positive and negative points. We examined positive meaning from the relationship between orientation toward ideal self and the degree of self-development and negative meaning from the relationship between self-evaluation and orientation toward ideal self. We requested 638 university students to answer the questionnaire. As a result, it was shown that orientation toward ideal self was significantly positively related with expectation of future self-development and evaluation of past self-development, and it insisted that orientation had positive meaning on this point. The negative meaning of orientation toward ideal self, however, couldn't be found clearly. With further investigation, which implied that orientation toward ideal self was also related with acquirement of steps and acts to actualize ideal self, these results would be caused not only because that orientation toward ideal self meant the strength of one's heart but also because that it was followed the steps or acts to actualize ideal self.
著者
吉田 加代子
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.1-15, 2014-07-30 (Released:2017-05-23)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
3

The capacity to be alone (CBA) is a concept proposed by Winnicott. A scale for assessing CBA that can measure anxiety in both solitude and individuation was developed, and the relationship between acquiring CBA and the internal object was investigated. University students (N = 220) responded to a questionnaire. Factor analysis of their responses using principle factor method and Varimax rotation indicated that “the Scale of Anxiety about Being Alone” consisted of two factors: “Avoidance of intimacy” “Anxiety about solitude”.Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the two factors were indicative of sufficient reliability (.91 and .90, respectively). Moreover the difference in the inner object among the following groups: “High-CBA”, “Anxiety about solitude”, “Anxiety about intimacy” and “Low-CBA”, divided by each factor score was analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance. The results indicated that “High-CBA” was characterized by an inconsistent object rather than by a good, or a bad object. The group with anxiety about solitude, which mostly tended to imagine a good object, also tended to recollect an inconsistent object. This result suggested they were vulnerable to object constancy.
著者
髙坂 康雅
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.2, pp.107-121, 2018-03-02 (Released:2018-04-11)
参考文献数
23

This study investigated differences of self-confidence in communication and same-sex friendship among people in a steady relationship, those desiring a steady relationship that they do not have (Love-longing group), and those not desiring a steady romantic relationship (Love-Unnecessary group) in adolescence and early adulthood. A survey inquiring about selfconfidence in communication, same-sex friendship, and reasons to not want a steady romantic relationship was conducted with 1950 people (18 to 34 years old; Love group 750, Love-longing group 300, and Love-Unnecessary group 900). The Love-unnecessary group was classified into 4 types based on reasons to not desire a steady romantic relationship using principal component analysis. The results of an Analysis of Variance indicated that the Love group had total selfconfidence in communication and intimate friendships, the love-longing group hoped for wide and deep friendship, people who refrained from a steady romantic relationship avoided intimate friendships, and people who reported self-mistrust had totally lower self-confidence and left their friendship.
著者
石黒 香苗
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.1-15, 2016

<p>The purpose of this qualitative study is to elucidate themes related to the process from the beginning of employment seeking until deciding to enter a less desirable company. This study consists of semi-structured interviews of new employees, who were not able to enter the company of their choice. Interviews were analyzed via Modified Grounded Theory Approach (M-GTA). Our results identified 26 concepts, organized into 6 superordinate categories. The central theme of changing future perspectives and expectations united the observations, and divided them into four chronological periods, (1.) Creating an ideal perspective, (2.) Wavering from the ideal perspective, (3.) Avoiding a critical future, and (4.) Creating a temporal perspective. From these results it can be concluded that employment seekers may experience mental instability when realizing that they will not receive the job they desired. However, it is also suggested that many of them settle into their new positions with a degree of acceptance, specifically through setting up a "temporal perspective".</p>
著者
高田 治樹
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.2, pp.71-89, 2018-03-02 (Released:2018-04-11)
参考文献数
57

Psychological outcomes achieved by university students as a result of club activities were investigated, and club activities were classified in relation to organizational traits. University students (n=459) participated in Study 1 and (n=193) participated in Study 2. The results indicated that psychological outcomes could be classified into three categories: adjusting to the group, practicing, and growth through events. Adjusting to the group was related to events that cultivated personal exchanges, practicing was related to events that completed practice, and growth through events was related to events associated with facing the self. Moreover, psychological outcomes were related to organizational traits of openness and group formality. Based on these findings, suggestions for achieving efficient group management are discussed.
著者
若松 養亮
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
no.17, pp.43-56, 2006-02-28

The present study examined the nature of difficulties for undecided students of faculty of education. A questionnaire was administered to 572 junior students in November. It contained revised Career Decision-making Difficulties Questionnaire (Gati et al., 1996). On responses to the scale, factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted, which produced seven factors and six subtypes of undecided students. The subtypes were different as to sense of comfort (Jones, 1989) and indecisiveness, so the clusters were consistent with groups which preceding studies constructed. Most factor scores for each difficulty didn't vary much in the same subtype, whereas in case of 'interest' and 'method for decision making' factors two clusters ranked higher order compared with other difficulties. Sense of comfort for career decision making was most correlated to how much confidence about interest he/she had. And two-way ANOVA examined effects of alternative-depended factor (whether teaching profession had been one of his/her alternatives or not) and decided/undecided factor on sense of each difficulty.
著者
草野 いづみ
出版者
日本青年心理学会
雑誌
青年心理学研究 (ISSN:09153349)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.41-50, 2007-02-28 (Released:2017-05-15)

This study examined the structure and the interaction of Sexual Self-Consciousness and Sexual Risk-Coping Consciousness of university students, and how each consciousness was correlated with sexual intercourse experience. The subjects were 302 students (male 138, female 164), to whom a questionnaire was distributed. After the review of related previous studies Sexual Self-Consciousness and Sexual Risk-Coping Consciousness were defined specifically for this study. Following the definitions the questionnaire items were completed. As a result of factor analysis of items concerning Sexual Self-Consciousness, two factors, namely the positive feeling towards one's own sexual relationship and the feeling of satisfaction towards one's own sexual attractiveness, were extracted. The scores of the two subscales of Sexual Self-Consciousness showed positive correlation between the two. As a result of factor analysis of items concerning Sexual Risk-Coping Consciousness, only one factor was extracted, with no subscales classified. Hence, the score of this scale was also called Sexual Risk-Coping Consciousness which proved to have positive correlation with the two subscales of Sexual Self-Consciousness. Further, the scores of the two subscales of Sexual Self-Consciousness and the scale of Sexual Risk-Coping Consciousness were significantly higher for both sexes who had experienced sexual intercourse than those with no experience of sexual intercourse.