著者
西台 満 NISHIDAI Michiru
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 人文科学・社会科学 (ISSN:1348527X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, pp.1-5, 2012-03-01

A person who gains a profit without a legal cause commits “the unjust enrichment” in Civil Law. He is required to recover the original condition by compensating the other party for his loss.The profit to be restored, however, is limited to “as much as existing” when he is asked for compensation, provided that he made the profit in good faith. Good faith means that he received the goods or money believing that he was entitled to do so.Money spent for amusements is commonly considered “not existing” so that he doesn't have to return it to the opponent. On the other hand, money spent for living expenses is counted “existing”, because it lets him escape paying the same sum of money from his savings.I take objection to such common view in this paper. Profiteer should pay the whole amount of ill-gotten gains including the amusement expense. But he doesn't have to return even the living expenses, when he has no means. I interpret that this is just the effect of good faith.
著者
KAWAMATA Kunihiko SUZUKI Kazushige
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 自然科学 = Memoirs of Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University. Natural sciences (ISSN:24334960)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, pp.23-27, 2018-02-23

In the present study, the fluctuations in the sex ratio of the ostracod Vargula hilgendorfii (Müller, 1890) were studied. Specimens of stage-5 juveniles (last instar) were collected from Akita Port every 5 or 7 days and were reared until they reached maturity. The sex of the adults was identified under a stereomicroscope to determine the sex ratio. The sex ratio varied among collection dates, whereas at the beginning of the generation, the sex ratio was 1:1, a female-bias was apparent in the middle of the generation. These fluctuations were also observed in the second generation. This same sex ratio fluctuation was also observed in 2010 and 2011. These results revealed that the sex ratio varied among collection dates and suggested that sex determination is related to some specific environmental factors.
著者
藤井 慶博 高田屋 陽子 FUJII Yoshihiro TAKADAYA Yoko
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 教育科学 = MEMOIRS OF FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND HUMAN STUDIES AKITA UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES (ISSN:13485288)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, pp.93-101, 2017-03-01

A questionnaire survey was conducted on teachers at schools for special needs education to identify the current state of development and use of individualized education support plans and to examine into policies aimed at effective application of such plans. The findings show that the teachers found development of such plans burdensome and that such plans were not being utilized effectively. For individualized education support plans to function effectively, support meetings by relevant parties, study in application systems and participation of special needs students and their guardians in plan development are regarded necessary. The findings reveals that in developing such plans it is necessary to study into formats that are suited to the real conditions at the school and to promote further coordination among relevant organizations. Additionally, it is suggested that the cooperation between the school and the students and their guardians will possibly contribute to career development of the student.
著者
大城 英名 OSHIRO Eimei
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 教育科学 = MEMOIRS OF FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND HUMAN STUDIES AKITA UNIVERSITY EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES (ISSN:13485288)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, pp.1-10, 2017-03-01

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of language training in a formation of referential function of word as receptive language for severely child with intellectual disabilities. The subject who was 10 year-old boy with intellectual disabilities, was given six language training tasks for a year and half to form referential function of word. The tasks of this language training involved: 1) formation of identificative and discriminative action with objects, 2) formation of concrete action with objects, 3) formation of classificative action with objects, 4) comprehension of a relation between objects and their sounds, 5) formation of symbolic gesture with objects, 6) formation of referential function of words as receptive language. The language training were arranged to gradually trigger the transformation of concrete actions to inner speech. The main findings were as follows: (1) The subject learned identificative, discriminative and concrete actions with objects in the language training process. Multiple effects were observed between the formation of concrete actions with objects. The formation of these actions generated a formation of representational function with objects. (2) Comprehension of a relation between objects and their sounds, and formation of referential function of word as receptive language. These findings indicated the language training are effective in the formation of referential function of words as receptive language for severely child with intellectual disabilities.
著者
松本 奈緒 MATSUMOTO Naho
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 教育科学 (ISSN:13485288)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, pp.59-69, 2016-03-01

This study shows students' conception of rhythmical dance class with developmental teaching devise to usemovement variations in creating group dance work through cards and XBOX 360 Kinect dance application atUniversity dance class. The subject were nine students of third grade, most of them already had experienced withprior dance class experience at school before, who liked dance but did not think be evaluate themselves to be goodat dance based on a pre-study questionnaire. Method was inductive analysis students' free comments throughballoon method handling by one dance education specialist. From 154 students' comments big 74 concept and 10small concept emerged as results. In this study, it was found that developmental teaching devise with cards andKinect dance application led student from conceptual understanding to gave them the ability to do a variety ofmovements on cue, repeat it many times, and understand some points in comparison with model's movement. Asrhythmical dance characteristic, students expressed their conceptions about dance such as dance as whole bodyvigorous exercise, understanding how to move, difficulty in movement, awareness of body and body parts,movement in relation to rhythm and mood, motivation for independent and continuous study, peer leaningeffectiveness about various movement and expression with other person. A limitation of this way of learning is thelack of a step-by-step guide in mimicking the movements. As the class progressed, students' conception ofmovement shifted from just affection to deeper thinking and understanding about movement variation and how tomove, and finally reach to attaining feeling of accomplishment. Negative thinking and difficulty with unison,moving to music, and creating group dance work emerged but it caused from deeper thinking about movement andhow to move, thus it must being connected to productive movement leaning.
著者
外池 智 TONOIKE Satoshi
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 教育科学 (ISSN:13485288)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, pp.1-18, 2015-03-01

In this study, study on the inheritance of telling war experience from study promoted from fiscal2009 war ruins of the2012 fiscal year promoting continuing research, and to announce the end. Being expanded throughout the country today in these studies, coming after 70 years, reduction of the direct experience of war and battlefield experience in the archives of the war ruins and war experience narratives inherited programs regarding went content configuration for basic research and analysis. Especially in the latter case, the Hiroshima, for example, Hiroshima citizens Bureau by a-bomb experiences tradition of training projects, as case 3 of the , Nagasaki national peace Memorial Hall for the atomic bomb victims radiation exposure experience record readings project / readings volunteer training and dispatch Nagasaki case 2 of the and taken volunteer training by the Okinawa prefectural Peace Memorial Museum, Okinawa Prefecture case study 4 . However, these are rather deployed as part of a citizen, is not necessarily limited to school education. So, what peace education is conducted in the present study, based on previous research, school education teacher training, or its present research and analysis to like. Featured continued pioneering initiatives for peace education as a specific case study, Hiroshima City and Nagasaki City, Naha city, I want to analyze and attention to the positioning of peace education in teacher training, structure, curriculum and teaching materials.
著者
和泉 浩 IZUMI Hiroshi
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要. 人文科学・社会科学自然科学 (ISSN:1348527X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, pp.25-36, 2016-03-01

There has been a flurry of studies on senses, sound, hearing and listening, alongside of studies on body, inhumanities and social sciences since the early 1990s. These studies reconsider the modern visualist paradigm,hegemony of vision and modernity through excavating other senses ― hearing, touch, taste, smell ― in varioussocial, historical and cultural contexts, therefore they share aims, concepts and theoretical frameworks with postmodernism,post-structuralism, gender studies, queer studies, post-colonialism, spatial-turn. This paper outlines thesociological perspective on relationships between senses and society, sees viewpoints of recent studies on senses,especially sound studies in a sociological light, and sheds light on the problems relating to ‘alternative’ ways ofthinking and ‘reflexivity’ ― positioning and accounting for own positions and questions ― which is insisted as animportant point of sensuous scholarship and sound studies. Including this abstract, studies on senses are obsessedwith visualist concepts and metaphors, and ‘alternative’ ways of thinking and ‘reflexivity’ should confront thisthorny problem which might not be solved by constructivism, contextualism and thought of ‘in-betweenness’which apparently deny dualisms. This paper also points out that sound studies must take seriously Judith Butler’sassertion: ‘It would make no sense to define gender as the cultural interpretation of sex, if sex itself is a genderedcategory’, in order to reconsider dualisms; nature and society, sound and auditory culture, body (matter) andsociety, and sound studies should reflect its naturalistic name.
著者
和泉 浩 IZUMI Hiroshi
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 人文科学・社会科学 = Memoirs of Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University. The humanities & the social sciences (ISSN:24334979)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, pp.11-21, 2018-02-23

The purpose of this paper is to consider Tim Ingold’s four objections to the concept of The purpose of this paper is to consider Tim Ingold’s four objections to the concept of soundscape, in order to reconsider the concept of soundscape in relation to the concepts of light, sound, landscape, related to sound studies, study of visual culture and auditory culture. Ingold thinks ‘the concept of sound scape would be better abandoned’ based on the four reasons. This paper points out six problems with Ingold’s objections. (1) Ingold defines sound as ‘I can hear’ depending on Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology and he also situates sound as ‘medium’, but he does not explain the relationship between Merleau-Ponty’s ‘il y a’ and James Gibson’s ‘medium’. ‘il y a’ and ‘medium’ are different. (2) Phenomenological existential conditions are fundamental in a sense, but cultural, social and historical contexts or conditions of sound, light and ontology should be considered. (3) Sound and light have different aspects. (4) His strong nostalgia for nature and past causes narrowing experiences of sound and soundscape. (5) Although he criticizes the confusion of ‘scape’ with ‘scope’, he confuses them in his argument. (6) One can explain nothing in the pure fluxes of medium, distinctions must be made to say something.oundscape, in order to reconsider the concept of soundscape in relation to the concepts of light, sound, landscape, related to sound studies, study of visual culture and auditory culture. Ingold thinks ‘the concept of sound scape would be better abandoned’ based on the four reasons. This paper points out six problems with Ingold’s objections. (1) Ingold defines sound as ‘I can hear’ depending on Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology and he also situates sound as ‘medium’, but he does not explain the relationship between Merleau-Ponty’s ‘il y a’ and James Gibson’s ‘medium’. ‘il y a’ and ‘medium’ are different. (2) Phenomenological existential conditions are fundamental in a sense, but cultural, social and historical contexts or conditions of sound, light and ontology should be considered. (3) Sound and light have different aspects. (4) His strong nostalgia for nature and past causes narrowing experiences of sound and soundscape. (5) Although he criticizes the confusion of ‘scape’ with ‘scope’, he confuses them in his argument. (6) One can explain nothing in the pure fluxes of medium, distinctions must be made to say something.
著者
立花 希一 TACHIBANA Kiichi
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要. 人文科学・社会科学自然科学 (ISSN:1348527X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, pp.37-49, 2016-03-01

This paper considers how we distinguish between authoritarian and critical societies. The critical tradition ischaracterized by a negative attitude toward surreptitious changes. A society may therefore be called critical if it isalert to any surreptitious changes. Is this the case with Japanese society?
著者
西台 満 NISHIDAI Michiru
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 人文科学・社会科学 (ISSN:1348527X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, pp.61-67, 2013-03-31

I discussed the standard of proof in the criminal suit under the title of ‘‘The Principle of the Free Discretion of Judges as to the Probative Value of Evidence and ‘the Degree of Proof’ ”published in Memoirs of Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University No.65, 2010. I insisted there that ‘‘the preponderance of evidence” would be enough for the prosecution to convict the accused of a crime. In the same way as in the criminal case, a plaintiff does not have to produce evidence to such an extent as to make the judge confident that his claim is well-grounded. Because it is not going too far to say that both parties have no conclusive evidence in the civil action. ‘‘The Burden of Proof” nowadays hotly disputed in the Civil Proceedings Law Society, therefore, is a sterile flower caused by the unreasonable demand from the plaintiff.
著者
森田 信博 MORITA Nobuhiro
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 教育科学 (ISSN:13485288)
巻号頁・発行日
no.58, pp.65-73, 2003-03-01

The purpose of this study is intended to investigate progress of Budos(japanese military arts, chiefly Kendo and Judo) in Akita prefecture in Meiji era. The national institute of gymnastisc insistes upon normal gymnastics for school physical education. After 1886 military gymnastics were used inschools as teaching materials, too. But traditional Budos were not adopted as indispensable teaching materials in Meiji and Taisho era. Conclusions of this study are following.1. Tradional Budos were adopted as teaching materials in number of lower secondary school in Akita.And after 1906 Budos were used as indispensable materials.2. Budos were more popular as extra-curricular activities(club) that extensively executed interclass and interschool matchs.3. The participants of interschool Budo meeting (Kendo and Judo) increased every year. This meetingwas most important aim among all students in Akita.4. The encouragement plans for Budos in Akita made Budos more popular in School and local society.
著者
徐 志嘯 石川 三佐男
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部教育実践研究紀要 (ISSN:13449214)
巻号頁・発行日
no.26, pp.89-99, 2004-04

本研究は平成十五年度秋田大学教育改善推進費の助成を得て行った合作研究「日本亜州文化研究」の成果である。それを踏まえての徐による秋田大学教育文化学部における学術講演、二十日余に及ぶ徐と石川の意見交換が基本になっている。ちなみに本論考で扱った赤塚忠先生は、石川三佐男の大学院時代の指導教官である。東京大学教授・日本中国学会理事長等を歴任されるなど、日本を代表する中国思想・哲学・文学研究者として世界的に知られる。本論考の主な内容は以下の通りである。一、楚文化の起源とその特徴 : 1、特有の楚文化、2、楚文化形成の原因、3、楚文化を切り開く段階、4、楚庄王と楚文化の繁盛、5、呉起変法と楚文化の変化、6、楚文化の特徴と歴史中の位置、二、赤塚忠先生の楚辞研究 : 1、赤塚先生について、2、赤塚忠先生の楚辞研究の内容と方法、3、赤塚先生の楚辞研究の特点と貢献