著者
北村 紗衣
出版者
武蔵大学
雑誌
研究活動スタート支援
巻号頁・発行日
2014-08-29 (Released:2014-09-09)

SNSを利用した大規模な受容の調査については倫理的に問題があり、実施できないだろうという結論に達した。一方でSNSを用いてシェイクスピア劇の受容状況を調査する事例研究については、演劇においては上演中にリアルタイムでのツイートができないためツイッターハッシュタグのあり方が他のイベントと異なっていて活用がしづらい一方、うまくマーケティングツールとして利用している演劇祭や上演もあり、またツイッターを用いて活発に意見交換を行っている観客層も存在することがわかった。
著者
長田 典子 北村 紗衣 湯澤 優美 斉藤 賢爾 門林 岳史 折田 明子 横山 太郎 木下 知威 森山 至貴 松田 英子 北村 紗衣
出版者
北村紗衣
巻号頁・発行日
2012-04-12

表象文化論学会第4回大会パネル「共感覚の地平 : 共感覚は『共有』できるか?」, 2009年7月5日, 京都造形大学, 京都
著者
北村 紗衣
出版者
一般財団法人日本英文学会
雑誌
英文学研究. 支部統合号 (ISSN:18837115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.149-167, 2011-01-20

In J.M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians, the barbarian girl, one of the main characters, suddenly begins to menstruate during the journey to the territory of her people, the barbarians. This scene of menstruation might seem irrelevant to the rest of the novel, which deals with the conflict between the Empire and the barbarians. Few critics have mentioned the menstruation in this novel, although Waiting for the Barbarians has been the subject of considerable commentary. However, if it is irrelevant to the novel's plot, why does Coetzee go out of his way to describe menstruation, even though literature seldom mentions it? In fact, some haunting images in Waiting for the Barbarians, such as children and blood, are closely linked to menstruation. This paper discusses how menstruation, a phenomenon that has many layers of meaning, works in this novel, focusing mainly on its physiological and symbolic meanings. On the physiological level of meaning, menstruation in Waiting for the Barbarians means that the barbarian girl is not pregnant; and it serves as a kind of foreshadowing of her clear break with the Magistrate, an officer of the Empire and the novel's narrator. After the Magistrate has sex with the barbarian girl, for a quick moment he dreams of making a family with her; but her menstruation shows that it is impossible for them to have children together. She leaves him and returns to her people just after menstruating. On the symbolic level of meaning, the barbarian girl's menstruation means that the "flow," which the Empire's control blocked, returns at the "margin," or the boundary, where the Empire's power intertwines with that of the barbarians. Under the Empire's control, blood is described as stagnant and clotted, and natural phenomena's flow is also disrupted. The flow, however, is visualized as menstruation when the barbarian girl reaches the boundary between the Empire and the barbarians' territory. Menstruation, the physiological phenomenon of blood leaking from a woman's body at its margin, symbolises boundary-crossing and overlaps with the act of geographic boundary-crossing, the barbarian girl's and the Magistrate's transition from the Empire to the barbarians' territory. Although both the Magistrate and the barbarian girl become boundary-crossers by being involved in geographic boundary-crossing and menstruation, the barbarian girl achieves greater fluidity than the Magistrate. This is because fluidity, a dangerous attribute, is traditionally ascribed to women in literature. In Waiting for the Barbarians, menstruation is used to symbolise the contrast between the Empire as a patriarchal, solid order and the margin where the Empire and the barbarians encounter each other, creating fluidity. It also symbolises the contrast between the woman who can achieve great fluidity, and the man who cannot escape from the Empire's solid order. Menstruation, which is fluid and cyclic, also symbolises the cycle of nature, especially reproduction, which the Empire hinders. In Waiting for the Barbarians, the Magistrate thinks that the Empire does not respect nature's cycle and that it deprives its people and its land of fertility. As Julia Kristeva points out in "Women's Time," the time of history is linear and often is ascribed to men, but the time of nature is cyclic and often is ascribed to women. The Magistrate feels antipathy toward the time of history of the Empire, and he hopes that the barbarian girl, who achieves great fluidity through menstruation, will have children and regain nature's cycle.
著者
北村 紗衣
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
特別研究員奨励費
巻号頁・発行日
2008 (Released:2008-04-01)

当特別研究員の研究課題は、シェイクスピアを中心としたイギリス・ルネサンスの悲劇における女性表象である。2009年度は前年度に引き続き、このテーマに関する考察を深めるべく研究を進めた。本年度は昨年度に引き続き修士論文の一部を発展させ、シェイクスピアの恋愛悲劇『アントニーとクレオパトラ』におけるクレオパトラ像のあり方をそれ以前のクレオパトラを扱った悲劇群と比較し、シェイクスピアの作品は古代からルネサンスまでの「クレオパトラ文学」とも言えるような伝統の中にどのように位置づけることができるかを分析した論文「イギリス・ルネサンスにおける『クレオパトラ文学』--シェイクスピアのクレオパトラとその姉妹たち」を執筆し、『超域文化科学紀要』に投稿した。投稿後、その内容を5月31日の日本英文学会にて発表した。また、シェイクスピア劇がアメリカ映画においていかに受容されているかについての予備的な研究を開始し、5月23日の大澤コロキアムにて"Shakespeare in High School : The Taming of the Shrew and 10 Things I Hate About You"というタイトルで発表を行った。この他、シェイクスピアにおける共感覚(synesthesia)的な比喩に関する予備的な研究を開始し、7月5日に京都造形大学で行われた表象文化論学会第4回大会にて「共感覚の地平-共感覚は『共有』できるか?」という研究パネルを組織し、「感覚のマイノリティ-共感覚と共感覚者をめぐるフィクション」と題して文学における共感覚の一般的表現に関する発表を行った。
著者
北村 紗衣
出版者
一般財団法人日本英文学会
雑誌
英文学研究. 支部統合号 (ISSN:18837115)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.149-167, 2011-01-20

In J.M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians, the barbarian girl, one of the main characters, suddenly begins to menstruate during the journey to the territory of her people, the barbarians. This scene of menstruation might seem irrelevant to the rest of the novel, which deals with the conflict between the Empire and the barbarians. Few critics have mentioned the menstruation in this novel, although Waiting for the Barbarians has been the subject of considerable commentary. However, if it is irrelevant to the novel's plot, why does Coetzee go out of his way to describe menstruation, even though literature seldom mentions it? In fact, some haunting images in Waiting for the Barbarians, such as children and blood, are closely linked to menstruation. This paper discusses how menstruation, a phenomenon that has many layers of meaning, works in this novel, focusing mainly on its physiological and symbolic meanings. On the physiological level of meaning, menstruation in Waiting for the Barbarians means that the barbarian girl is not pregnant; and it serves as a kind of foreshadowing of her clear break with the Magistrate, an officer of the Empire and the novel's narrator. After the Magistrate has sex with the barbarian girl, for a quick moment he dreams of making a family with her; but her menstruation shows that it is impossible for them to have children together. She leaves him and returns to her people just after menstruating. On the symbolic level of meaning, the barbarian girl's menstruation means that the "flow," which the Empire's control blocked, returns at the "margin," or the boundary, where the Empire's power intertwines with that of the barbarians. Under the Empire's control, blood is described as stagnant and clotted, and natural phenomena's flow is also disrupted. The flow, however, is visualized as menstruation when the barbarian girl reaches the boundary between the Empire and the barbarians' territory. Menstruation, the physiological phenomenon of blood leaking from a woman's body at its margin, symbolises boundary-crossing and overlaps with the act of geographic boundary-crossing, the barbarian girl's and the Magistrate's transition from the Empire to the barbarians' territory. Although both the Magistrate and the barbarian girl become boundary-crossers by being involved in geographic boundary-crossing and menstruation, the barbarian girl achieves greater fluidity than the Magistrate. This is because fluidity, a dangerous attribute, is traditionally ascribed to women in literature. In Waiting for the Barbarians, menstruation is used to symbolise the contrast between the Empire as a patriarchal, solid order and the margin where the Empire and the barbarians encounter each other, creating fluidity. It also symbolises the contrast between the woman who can achieve great fluidity, and the man who cannot escape from the Empire's solid order. Menstruation, which is fluid and cyclic, also symbolises the cycle of nature, especially reproduction, which the Empire hinders. In Waiting for the Barbarians, the Magistrate thinks that the Empire does not respect nature's cycle and that it deprives its people and its land of fertility. As Julia Kristeva points out in "Women's Time," the time of history is linear and often is ascribed to men, but the time of nature is cyclic and often is ascribed to women. The Magistrate feels antipathy toward the time of history of the Empire, and he hopes that the barbarian girl, who achieves great fluidity through menstruation, will have children and regain nature's cycle.